The Church in Africa, 1450-1950

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Clarendon Press, Jan 5, 1995 - History - 720 pages
"I can merely admire his courage in tackling so complex and difficult a subject; he should succeed in stimulating a fresh generation of research... this well-written, intelligent and lively study will greatly stimulate anyone fortunate enough to read it." Christianity provided the constitutive identity of historic Ethiopia. From the sixteenth century, and increasingly from the nineteenth, it entered decisively into the life and culture of an increasing number of other African peoples. In the course of the twentieth century, African Christians have become a major part of the world Church, and arguably modern African history as a whole is not intelligible without its powerful Christian element. Yet despite the great advance in African historiography over the last forty years, this is the first major volume to consider the historical development and character of the Christian Church in Africa as a whole, linking together Ehtiopia Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and the numerousm 'Independent' churches of modern times. The book focuses throughout on the role of coversion, the shaping of Church life and its relationship to traditional values, and the impact of political power. Professor Hastings also compares the relation of Christian history to the comprable development of Islam in Africa.
 

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Covering five centuries--from the rise of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in the 15th century and the early Portuguese missionaries right through to the Church and its key role in Africa today--this major new volume is the first complete history of the Christian Church in Africa. Written by aleading authority on Church history who has spent many years in Africa, it looks at all aspects of Christianity in Africa, including its relationship to traditional values and customs, politics, and the comparable rise of Islam in Africa during the period.  

Contents

The Ethiopian Church in the Age of Zara Yaiqob
3
Aladura
5
Ethiopias Hebraic Character
11
The Age of Baida Maryam
42
African Islam
54
The Christian Past of North Africa and Survival in Egypt
62
The Kongo Warri Mutapa and the Portuguese
71
Benin and Mutapa
77
mass Conversion in the 1890s
464
Buganda as a Model for its Neighbours
468
A Comparison between Conversions
475
Varieties of Ethiopianism
478
The Impact of World War
487
Independency and Prophetism
493
The Rise of Zionism
499
Elliot Kamwana
504

Rain
99
The Kongo Church in the Eighteenth Century
109
Ethiopia 15001800
130
FROM THE ANTISLAVERY TO TOTAL
171
Freetown
177
Ethiopia in the Nineteenth Century
222
The Victorian Missionary
242
Kings Marriage Ancestors and God
306
Marriage Circumcision and Secret Societies
317
Ancestors Deities and God
325
Christian Life in the Age of Bishop Crowther
338
Crowther and the Niger Diocese
343
Yoruba Christianity
357
The South African Predicament
358
Conversion Martyrdom and Civil War in the 1880s
371
Revival in the Kongo
385
The Niger Purge
388
THE CHRISTIANIZING OF HALF A CONTINENT
395
18901920
397
Islam within the Scramble
405
Missionaries and the Politics of Partition
408
The Changing Shape of Missionary Endeavour
417
The Ownership of Land
424
Missionaries as Critics of Colonialism
428
The Shaping of Conversion
437
West African Conversion Movements in the Age of Harris
443
The Catechist and his Tools
453
Logics of Conversion
461
Harrists and Kimbanguists
505
From Kunyiha to Lenshina
519
Independency in the 1950s
525
Causes and Motivations
527
The Character of Prophetic Christianity
533
Church School and State in the Age of Bishop Kiwanuka 54
540
The Second World War and the Triumph of Nationalisms
546
Protestant Missionary Priorities in the Oldham Era
550
The Catholic Breakthrough
559
The Missionary of the 1950s
567
The Character of Christian Community
571
Conversion Community and Catechist
575
Dreams
584
Church and Society
586
From Welfare Group and Manyano to Balokole andjamaa
592
A Modern Leadership
604
Kings of Ethiopia and Kongo Referred to in the Text
611
Maps
613
Christian Nubia
614
The Kingdom of Kongo fifteenth to seventeenth centuries
615
Islam in West Africa and the nineteenthcentury Fulani empires
616
The West Africa coast in the late nineteenth century
617
Protestant missions in South and East Africa established by 1885
618
The principal Catholic missionary societies at work in Africa between 1850 and 1890
619
Buganda and its neighbours
620
Bibliography
621
Index
687
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