The Future of the Internet--And How to Stop It
This extraordinary book explains the engine that has catapulted the Internet from backwater to ubiquity—and reveals that it is sputtering precisely because of its runaway success. With the unwitting help of its users, the generative Internet is on a path to a lockdown, ending its cycle of innovation—and facilitating unsettling new kinds of control.
IPods, iPhones, Xboxes, and TiVos represent the first wave of Internet-centered products that can't be easily modified by anyone except their vendors or selected partners. These “tethered appliances” have already been used in remarkable but little-known ways: car GPS systems have been reconfigured at the demand of law enforcement to eavesdrop on the occupants at all times, and digital video recorders have been ordered to self-destruct thanks to a lawsuit against the manufacturer thousands of miles away. New Web 2.0 platforms like Google mash-ups and Facebook are rightly touted—but their applications can be similarly monitored and eliminated from a central source. As tethered appliances and applications eclipse the PC, the very nature of the Internet—its “generativity,” or innovative character—is at risk.
The Internet's current trajectory is one of lost opportunity. Its salvation, Zittrain argues, lies in the hands of its millions of users. Drawing on generative technologies like Wikipedia that have so far survived their own successes, this book shows how to develop new technologies and social structures that allow users to work creatively and collaboratively, participate in solutions, and become true “netizens.”
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Jonathan Zittrain. Acknowledgments. Many people helped bring about this book.
I am fortunate to have brainstormed, taught, and argued with Terry Fisher,
Lawrence Lessig, Charlie Nesson, and John Palfrey. They helped me discover,
Jonathan Zittrain. search and editing assistance. They include Erin Ashwell,
Megan Ristau Baca, Malcolm Birdling, Nick Bramble, Geoff Brounell, Bryan Choi,
Chloe Cockburn, Heather Connor, Charles Frentz, Steve Horowitz, Doug
Jonathan Zittrain. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. See, e.g., Susan Brenner,
Private-Public Sector Cooperation in Combating Cybercrime: In Search ofa
Model, 2]. INT. COMM. L. 86 TECH. 58 (2007) ; Byron Hittle, An Uphill Battle: The
Jonathan Zittrain. available at http://wvvw.nytimes.com/2007/03 /20/technology/
20myspace.html?ex :133204320086en: 8e52c7903cb7195986ei: 508886partner
: rssnyt86emc: rss. See Michael Liedtke, Google to Stop VVeb Video Rentals, ...
28. 29. 30. See Wikipedia, Blue Screen of Death, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Blue_screen_of_ death (as ofJune 1, 2007, 09:30 GMT). Seesupra Ch. 5, at 119.
See Jonathan Zittrain, A History of Online Gatekeeping, 19 H . J.L. T .