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IN preparing this edition I have had two distinct aims, to furnish the student who takes up Juvenal for the first time with everything necessary to the understanding of the author and his place in literature, and to offer to teachers and advanced students guidance and suggestion for a more detailed study of the Satires. Both Introduction and Commentary are accompanied by a series of footnotes, in which are contained alternative interpretations and critical discussions, as well as occasional references to standard sources and to recent literature bearing on Juvenal.

In the constitution of the text I have made use of all available critical materials, and in the case of the most difficult passages have usually stated in the notes the reasons for my preference. Apart from matters of punctuation the most important places in which I have ventured to differ from the last edition of Buecheler (1893) are 2, 106; 3, 322; 6, 167, 270, 415; 7, 12, 16, 24; 10, 295; 11, 148; 14, 113, 122, 216, 217; 15, 7. In these passages, with the exception of 6, 270, 415; 7, 16, 24; 10, 295; 11, 148; 14, 216, 217, I find myself in accord with Mr. S. G. Owen, whose Persius and Juvenal appeared several months after the text of the present edition was electrotyped.

I shall not attempt to make any detailed statement of my indebtedness to various sources of information; anyone who reads with care the Introduction and Commentary will rarely be uninformed on this point. Among the commentators the most helpful have been Mayor, Friedländer, and Duff, though most of the others from the time of Domizio Calderino to the present have been consulted. I gladly acknowledge also my 130,

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