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'In the second year of the reign of king James the second 'we had a quo warranto served upon us by Edward Randolph, 'requiring our appearance before his majesty's courts in En'gland, and although the time of our appearance was elapsed 'before the serving of the said quo warranto, yet we humbly 'petitioned his majesty for his favour, and the continuance of 'our charter with the privileges thereof. But we received no 'other favour but a second quo warranto, and we well observing 'that the charter of London and other considerable cities in 'England were condemned, and that the charter of the Massa'chusetts had undergone the like fate, plainly saw what we 'might expect, yet we not judging it good or lawful to be ac'tive in surrendering what had cost us so dear, nor to be alto'gether silent, we impowered an attorney to appear on our 'behalf, and to present our humble address to his majesty, but 'quickly upon it as Sir Edmund Androsse informed us, he was 'impowered by his majesty to receive the surrender of our 'charter, if we saw meet so to do and us also to take under his 'government. Also, Col. Thomas Dungan his majesty's go

• vernor of New-York, laboured to gain us over to his govern'ment. We withstood all these motions, and in our reiterated 'addresses, we petitioned his majesty to continue us in the free 'and full enjoyment of our liberties and properties, civil and 'sacred, according to our charter. We also petitioned that if 'his majesty should not see meet to continue us as we were, 'but was resolved to annex us to some other government; we 'then desired that in as much as Boston had been our old cor'respondents, and a people whose principles and manners we 'had been acquainted with, we might rather be annexed to Sir 'Edmund Androsse his government, than to Colonel Dungan's, 'which choice of ours was taken for a resignation of our charter, 'though that was never intended by us for such, nor had it the 'formalities in law to make it such. Yet Sir Edmund An'drosse was commissionated to take us under his government, 'pursuant to which about the end of October 1687, be with a 'company ofgentlemen and grenadiers to the number of sixty

• or upwards came to Hartford the chief seat of this govern'ment, caused his commission to be read, and declared our 'government to be dissolved, and put into commission both 'civil and military officers throughout our colony as he pleased. 'When he passed through the principal parts thereof, the good

people of the colony though they were under a great sense of 'the injuries sustained thereby, yet chose rather to be silent

'and 'and patient than to oppose, being indeed surprized into an 'involuntary submission to an arbitrary power.

'Hartford, June Robert Treat, Governor.

13, 1689. John Allen, Secretary.'

Thus did Sir Edmund Androsse and his creatures, who were deeply concerned in the illegal actions of the late unhappy reigns, contrary to the laws of God and men, commit a rape on a whole colony; for which violence it is hoped they may account, and make reparation (if possible) to those many whose properties as well as liberties have been invaded by them.

Captain Palmer in the close of his lwrtial account of ^lewEngland entertains his readers with an harangue about the sin of rebellion, and misapplies several scriptures that so he might make the world believe that the people of New-England have been guilty of wicked rebellion by their casting off the arbitrary power of those ill men who invaded liberty and property to such an intolerable degree as huth been proved against them. But does he in sober sadness think, that if when wolves are got among sheep in a wilderness, the shepherds and principal men there shall keep them from ravening, that this is the sin of rebellion condemned in the scripture? How or by whose authority our lawyer comes to play the divine we know not. But since he hath thought meet to take a spiritual weapon into his hand, let him know that the scripture speaks of a lawful and good rebellion, as well as of that which is unlawful. It is said of good Hezekiah that he rebelled against the king of Assyria and served him not, 2 Kings 18. 7. Indeed reviling Rabshakeh upbraided him, and said as in verse 20, thou rebellest (not unlike to Captain Palmer) saying to New-England, thou rebellest. Hezekiah's predecessors had basely given away the liberties of the people, and submitted to the arbitrary power of the Assyrians, and therefore Hezekiah did like a worthy prince in casting off a tyrannical government, and asserting the liberty of them that were the Lord's people, and God did signally own and prosper him in what he did, and would never permit the Assyrian to regain his tyrannical power over Jerusalem or the land of Judah, though for their trial he permitted their enemies to make some devastations among them. The like (we hope) may be the happy case of New-England. Mr. Palmer tells us, that New-England hath valued itself for the true profession and pure exercise of the protestant religion, but he intimates

that that they will be termed a land full of hypocrisy and rebellion, irreligion, and a degenerate wicked people, p. 39. And is this the sincerity and christian moderation which he boasts himself of in his preface? Surely these are the hissings of the old serpent, and do sufficiently indicate whose children the men are that use them. Since he will be at divinity, let him (if he can) read the apologies written by Justin Martyr and Tertullian, and there see if Fagans did not accuse Christians of old, just after the same manner, and with the same crimes that he wickedly upbraids that good and loyal people with. Who are they that use to call the holiest and most conscientious men in the world hypocrites, liars, rebels, and what not 1 but they that are themselves the greatest hypocrites, liars, and rebels against heaven that the earth does bear? It is hard to believe that Captain Palmer does not rebel against the light of his own conscience, when he affirms as in page 38, that in New-England, every thing that hath any relation to their majesties is neglected and unregarded, without any recognition oj their authority over those dominions. He cannot be ignorant of the humble addresses which the people in New-England have from time to time made to their present majesties, acknowledging their authority. He knows that on the first notice of their majesties being proclaimed king and queen in England, both those now in government in New-England, and the body of the people with them, did (without any command) of their own accord, with the greatest joy proclaim their majesties in New-England. He knows that their majesties have no subjects more cordialy and zealously devoted to them than those in New-England are, or that do with greater fervor pray for their long and happy reigns, or that are more willing to expose themselves to the utmost hazards in their service, and yet this man that knoweth all this, to cast an odium on that loyal and good people, insinuates as if they were rebels, and disaffected to the present government, and designed to set up an independent common wealth, and had no regard to the laws of God or men. After this lying and malicious rate hath he expressed himself. What rational charity can be extended so far as to believe that it is possible for him to think that what himself hath written is true? When Sanballat wrote that Nehemiah and the Jews with him intended to rebel, did he believe what he had written? Do, he did not, but feigned those things out of his own heart. The like is to be said of those Sa7iballats that accuse the people of New-England with thoughts of rebellion. And so we have

done Vol. IV.—No. 9. 31

done with Mr. Palmer. What hath been said is sufficient to justify the revolution in New-England, and to vindicate the people there from the aspersions cast upon them by their enemies. Several worthy gentlemen have under their hands given an account concerning some of Sir Edmund's arbitrary proceedings, which is subscribed by five (and more would have concurred with them had there been time to have communicated it) of those who were of Sir Edmund's council during his government there, and for that cause their complaints carry more weight with them, which shall therefore as a conclusion be here subjoined.


THERE is such notoriety as to matter of fact in the preceding relation, that they who live in New-England are satisfied concerning the particulars contained therein. If any in England should hesitate, they may please to understand that Mr. hlisha Cook, and Mr. Thomas OaJ,es (who were the last year sent from Boston to appear as agents in behalf of the Massachusetts Colony) have by them attested copies of the affidavits (at least-wise of most of them) which are in this vindication published, and are ready (if occasion serve) to produce them.


or Sir Edmund Androsse and his Accomplices,

Who acted by an Illegal and Arbitrary Commission from the late King JAMES, during his Government in NEWENGLAND.

By several Gentlemen who were of his Council.

To the R E A D E R.

THE particulars mentioned in the ensuing narrative, are but a small part of the grievances justly complained of by the people in New-England, during their three years oppression under Sir Edmund Androsse. For a more full account, the reader is referred to the justification of the revolution in NewEngland, where every particular exhibited against Sir Edmund and his accomplices, by the agents lately sent to England, is by the affidavits of honest men confirmed. If some men find themselves thereby exposed to the just resentments and indignation of all true christians, or true Englishmen, they must thank themselves jor publishing such untrue accounts as that which goes under the name of Captain John Palmer'5, and that scandalous pamphlet called New-England's Faction discovered, supposed to be written by an implacable enemy of all good men, and a person that for impudence and lying has few equals in the world. This which follows, being signed by several gentlemen of great integrity, who likewise had a particular knowledge of the things by them related, is therefore of unquestionable credit. The design in making of it thus public, is to vindicate their majesties loyal subjects in New-England, and to give a true representation of things unto those who have by false relations been imposed on.

Boston, New-England,
Feb. 4, 1690-91.

HAVING received from Mr. Addington by order of the Council and representatives of the Massachusetts colony a signification of their desire; That whereas we were members of the late council in the time of Sir Edmund Androsse's Government, we would give some information of the grievances


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