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B.-Statement of surveys made under the act of Congress approved May 30, 1862.

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C.-Statement showing surveys contracted for under the appropriation for the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1868.

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D.— Statement showing the amount of salaries paid surveyor general and clerks

for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1867; also incidental expenses for same period.




Whence ap


Time of service.

Amount paid.

John Pierce... Surveyor general Connecticut .. Col.... 11 months, 3 days. $2,777 47 W. H Lessig.. Pennsylvania. Penn

27 days

222 57 E. M. Ashley Chief clerk Ohio.... Col.... Entire year..

1, 800 00 R. Fisher.. Draughtsman Rhode

1,500 00 C. R. Pierce... Transfer clerk... Ohio... .. do.... 11 months, 3 days 1,388 74 T. W. 27 days...

10 26

Total ...

7,800 00


Expended for 1st quarter, 1866.
Expended for 2d quarter, 1866,
Expended for 3d quarter, 1866.
Expended for 4th quarter, 1866

$494 36
348 39
417 75
496 24

Total incidental expenses

1,756 74

E.-Sta'ement showing the number of townships surveyed during the year end

ing June 30, 1867, and the area of public land contained in the same.

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E.-Statement showing the number of townships surveyed, 8c.-Continued.

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Annual report of the surveyor general of Nevada, 1866–67.

Virginia City, Nevada, August 5, 1867. SIR: In compliance with instructions from the department, I herewith submit my annual report, in duplicate, in refererce to the surveys executed in the State of Nevada, and other operations of this office, during the year ending June 30, 1867. I also forward statements of the business appertaining to this surveying department, to accompany the report, as follows, to wit :

A. —Statement of contracts entered into during the year 1866–67.

B.—Statement of account of appropriation for the survey of public lands in the State of Nevada to June 30, 1867.

C.-Statement of account of appropriation for compensation of the United States surveyor general, and the employés in his office, during the fiscal year 1866-'67.

D.-Statement of account of appropriation for rent of office, fuel, books, stationery and other incidental expenses, including pay of messenger, for the fiscal year 1866–267.

E.-Statement of plats made in the office of the United States surveyor general of Nevada for the fiscal

year 1866–67. F.—List of lands surveyed in Nevada during the fiscal year 1866–67.

G-Estimates for the surveying service in the district of Nevada for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1869.

In addition to the office work, as set forth in the foregoing statement, the employés, consisting of a chief clerk, draughtsman, and messenger, have been engaged in the following duties, viz:

1. Making a new map of the State of Nevada.
2. Copying correspondence of this office.
3. Making out contracts in triplicate.
4. Making sketches to accompany contracts of public surveys.
5. Keeping in order the records, plats and field-notes of public surveys.
6. Making out quarterly accounts and certificates to vouchers.

7. Posting the books of accounts and records appertaining to the business of the office.

The State of Nevada was formerly connected with and under the jurisdiction of the surveyor general of the State of California, but a separate department having been formed, the office of surveyor general for Nevada was filled by my predecessor, William B. Thornburgh, esq., he having taken possession of the office on the 27th day of November, 1866, and held the same until I assumed

the duties of the office on the 17th day of May, 1867. During my predecessor's administration very little business had been transacted, and on entering upon the duties of my office I found it expedient to rent suitable rooms and furuish the same for the transaction of business.

In order to be able to act from personal knowledge in reference to future surveying operations, I have recently travelled extensively throughout the State, and find the localities most needing an extension of the public surveys to be embraced within the Humboldt, Paradise, and Quin's River valleys, comprising the richest agricultural districts of the State.

Paradise valley coutains about 40,000 acres of excellent land, producing of wheat from thirty to sixty bushels, and of barley from forty to eighty bushels per acre. It is connected with the main Humboldt river by a small stream called the Little Humboldt, and extends north from the main river about fifty miles. It contains quite a large settlement, and is rapidly increasing in population. To accommodate this section of the country I have let a contract to William Epler to survey the Humboldt river guide meridian, commencing at the fourth standard parallel north, running north between ranges 35 and 36 east to the Oregon line. From this meridian, township, and subdivision lines' can be extended over the best portion of the agricultural and mineral lands of that part of the district which commands immediate attention. Extending up the Humboldt river, on either side, are many other productive valleys, but settlements have thus far been retarded on account of the hostility of the Indians.

I deem it advisable to run a guide meridian as soon as possible from the fourth standard parallel north, commencing on the Reese River valley and running south to the first standard parallel north. From this meridian township lines can be run over the agricultural lands of Reese river, Smoky and Monitor valleys, also over the rich mineral lands of Lander and Nye counties.

There is urgent, necessity for the survey of Carson River valley; it will be embraced in one tier of townships until the river reaches the region of Carson lake, when the country spreads out into a level plain 20 to 25 miles in length, and from 18 to 25 miles in width, all of which can be made very productive by irrigation, the river affording an abundance of water for this purpose at a convenient distance. There are many settlers upon these lands, all of whom are very desirous of obtaining titles from the government.

I consider it important to extend the first, second, and third standard parallels and township lines over Walker river and other valleys in Douglas and Esmeralda counties, and subdivide the same.

I have recently contracted with R. R. W. Norris to complete the unfinished exterior and subdivision lines of townships 16, 17, and 18 north, range 21 east. The great Comstock lode and the cities of Virginia and Gold Hill are included in these townships, and I deemed it of the utmost importance to extend these surveys as speedily as possible, in order to connect the mining with the public surveys.

There are a succession of small and productive valleys embraced between the fourth standard, Pyramid lake, and the California State line ; and in view of the early completion of the Central Pacific railroad to this point, the rapid increase in population, and a general desire on the part of the settlers to obtain titles to their lands, I consider it necessary for the public good to prosecute this survey to its completion at the earliest date.

Regarding the rapid progress towards completion of the Central Pacific railroad through the State, it is important that the lines of surveys should be extended over the Humboldt and adjacent valleys, from the Humboldt guide meridian to the Utah line; these valleys embrace from fifty to sixty townships of land, most of which, by irrigation, is susceptible of the highest order of cultivation.

It will be necessary to extend the fourth standard parallel to the Utah line,

and most economical and advantageous to run a guide meridian from a point in Ruby valley north to the Idaho line and south to the Colorado river. `In explanation of the establishing of these several proposed guide meridians, I will state that large portions of the State of Nevada are a barren waste, and by run

ning these guide meridians the useful lands will be speedily surveyed and a • large expense saved in running the standard parallels over localities that will never be used.

I have received several communications from officers and prominent citizens of Lincoln county representing that there are many families and considerable wealth in that portion of Nevada formerly belonging to the Territories of Utah and Arizona, but since ceded by act of Congress to this State, and that said citizens refuse to pay taxes to the officers of this State, claiming still to be citizens of Utah.

I consider it important that an appropriation should be made, and that the boundary line should be established between Nevada and Utah as soon as practicable.

I have divided the State into eight mineral districts, but have not yet completed their organization by the appointment of deputies. There seems to be a general disposition on the part of the mining claimants to obtain patents as soon as the means of the applicant and condition of the mines will allow. There will, doubtless, appear many adverse claims on mines of established value; few mines in this State having ever become valuable that have not been entangled in expensive litigation, and in nearly every instance the party in occupation would have been allowed to obtain at the first a government title bad the law been in force before the value of the mine had been established.

The law seems to give general satisfaction, and will result in substantial benefit to the mining interest. It will prevent litigation, and thus give confidence and security to this class of property, and will be not only a great assistance in enlisting capital for the development of this vast mineral region, the extent of which is yet unknown, but will be the means of adding largely to the metallic currency of the country.

I would mention the difficulty that is found in obtaining the services of competent and scientific men to act as deputies in the mining districts; the pay established being less by one-half than that paid by private parties for similar services. Applicants also find it difficult to obtain the publication in the newspapers of their notices of intention without prepayment being made. I would, therefore, respectfully recommend that the per diem of deputies be increased, and that applicants be allowed to make their own terms with newspapers, and be relieved from depositing the same with a United States depositary.

Considering the vital importance to the welfare of the State of the introduction of railroads, it may not be irrelevant in closing my report to treat briefly on this subject, particularly in regard to the progress of our great national enterprise, the Pacific railroad.

The Central Pacific Railroad Company have at this date completed their road to the town of Cisco, California, a point in the Sierra Nevada mountains, thirteen miles west from the crest, fifty miles west of the Nevada State line, and 216 miles east of San Francisco. Work on the road is rapidly progressivg, the grading being nearly completed to the summit. Considerable material, with locomotive and cars, have been hauled by teams across the summit, and the track is now being laid down on the eastern slope of the mountain, and rapidly approaching the valley of the Truckee. This point once gained, no further dificulties will be encountered till the road reaches the vicinity of Salt lake. It is the intention of the company to have the road completed and in running order to the Nevada State line by the first day of December, 1867, a distance of 266 miles from San Francisco. From this point the road passes down the

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