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Ζεὺς Καταιβάτης of an archaic inscription from Koutíphari (Thalamae).1
Central and Northern Greece.-Nor have Central and Northern Greece proved at all productive during the past year. Megara is represented by a couple of epitaphs,2 Boeotia by a vase-inscription interesting for its alphabet and dialect,3 Callion in Aetolia by two insignificant fragments. The fragments of a Phocian dedicatory inscription of the fourth century from Delphi have been published and two possible restorations suggested, while the same place gives us also a text of the year 86-5 B.C. The law epi oivov from the Delphic stadium has been republished and a new reading proposed, the inscribed base of the famous bronze charioteer has been further discussed, and the votive buildings and the topography of Delphi form the subject of two careful articles by Pomtow, in which constant reference is made to epigraphic sources.10 From Malis we have a police regulation of Lamia," while coming to the Greek colonies of the N.E. we may notice two new inscriptions from Cavalla (Neapolis) and corrections of several already published from Philippi and the neighbourhood,12 an epitaph from Maritzi in the hinterland of Salonica,13 and eleven texts from Constantinople, mostly epitaphs from an ancient Christian cemetery in Pera.14 E. Bauer's studies in the geography and history of north-western Greece, based upon Delphic inscriptions, should also be mentioned.15
1 Rhein. Mus. lxiii. 313 ff.
2 Am. Journ. Phil. xxviii. 433, Nos. 9, 10. 3 Glotta, i. 82 ff. 4 Bull. Corr. Hell. 1907, 311. Cf. Philologus,
5 Paus. x. 13, 7.
lxvi. 597 f. 'Ep. 'Apx. 1907, 91 ff. 7 Ibid.
8 'Ep. 'Apx. 1906, 157 ff. Cf. Congrès Intern. d'Arch. 266; Rev. Et.
Anc. 1905, 14.
• Gött. Nachr. 1907, 258 ff; Münch. Sitzb. 1907, 241 ff.; Rev. Arch. xi. 126 ff.; Am. Journ. Arch. xii. 198 ff.
10 Klio, vii. 395 ff., viii. 73 ff.
12 Ath. Mitt. xxxiii. 39 ff.
13 Ibid. 160. Cf. 'A0ŋvâ, 1906, 35.
11 'Ep. Apx. 1906, 185 f.
14 Ibid. 145 ff.
16 Untersuchungen zur Geographie u. Geschichte der nordwestlichen Landschaften Griechenlands nach den delphischen Inschriften, Halle.
Islands of the Aegean.-Eighteen new inscriptions are published from Aedepsus, Chalcis, and Tamynae in Euboea, the most interesting of which are the long epitaph of a sea-captain of Nicomedia and the dedicatory inscription of Athen and Proxenus.1 Tenos, Ceos, Paros, and Melos are represented each by one new text and by notes on inscriptions previously published,2 Thasos by a fresh publication of an archaic dedication to Dionysus,3 Crete by a fragment from Lebene 4 and a discussion of the moods and tenses of the Cretan dialect inscriptions.5 Reference has already been made to the publication of the inscriptions of Amorgos and the neighbouring islets in the Inscriptiones Graecae: simultaneously the longest and most interesting of these documents was published separately by F. Hiller von Gaertringen with a commentary by E. Ziebarth, while a French translation by R. Dareste has also appeared. Delos provides two dedications, seven honorary decrees of the Delian council and people and a decree of the Confederacy of the Nesiotae, while fresh fragments are added to two decrees previously published and new restorations are proposed in the case of several decrees of the Nesiotae already known. In his reports 10 on the work carried on at Delos by the French School during 1906 and 1907, M. Holleaux publishes fragments of dedications of Antigonus Gonatas, and summarises the other inscriptions of interest found during the excavation. The chronological investigations of W. S. Ferguson, based on Attic and Delian documents, have already been referred to. The transference to Athens of the famous stele from Lemnos, containing two pre-Hellenic
1 'Ep. 'Apx. 1907, 11 ff.
2 Musée Belge, xii. 5 ff.; cf. 111 ff.; Hermes, xliii. 173 ff.
3 Rev. Arch. xi. 29.
4 Rendiconti d. r. Accad. d. Lincei, 1907, 301.
5 H. Jacobsthal, Der Gebrauch d. Tempora u. Modi in den kret. Dialektinschriften, Strasburg (Trübner); 4 m.
6 'Ep.'Apx. 1907, 185 ff.
8 Bull. Corr. Hell. 1907, 335 ff.
7 Rev. de Philol. xxxii. 149 ff.
• Musée Belge, xii. 111 ff.
10 Comptes-rendus de l'Acad. 1907, 335 ff.; 1908, 163 ff. 11 Klio, vii. 213 ff.
inscriptions, has led to a careful revision of the texts and a fresh discussion of their linguistic affinities.1 From Cos we have a long document, dating from the first half of the third century, and containing a series of regulations dealing with various points of ceremonial and purification: the inscription is one of great importance to all students of Greek religion and ritual. Finally, we may refer to a dissertation on the inscriptions which are found stamped upon the handles of Rhodian amphorae.3
Asia Minor.-Paphlagonia furnishes no new texts, but Bithynia is represented by two late votive inscriptions to Asclepius from Myrlea (Mudania),5 two bilingual dedications set up at his birthplace by a certain T. Marcius Gamus, one to Zeus, the other to Tyche, two votive reliefs and five epitaphs. From Mysia we have a single fragment discovered at Troy' and a rich harvest of 287 texts from Pergamon. The fragments of ephebic lists, 134 in number, have been carefully classified and edited by W. Kolbe, who adds a short account of the puλai at Pergamon. More interesting are the remaining 153 texts edited by H. Hepding and classified as follows: I. Decrees, rescripts, etc.; II. Dedications to gods and emperors; III. Honorary inscriptions; IV. Aufschriften on epistyle-blocks, etc.; V. Epitaphs; VI. Miscellanea; VII. Graffiti; VIII. Stamps on clay water-pipes; IX. Amphora-handles. Special attention may be drawn to the long honorary decrees (Nos. 4, 8, 10, 11), the regulations of a society or college regarding admission to membership (18), an archaic votive inscription to Poseidon (22), and the σrixo iσónpoɩ of No. 115.10 In the Pergamon museum is also a newly published dedication 1 Ath. Mitt. xxxiii. 47 ff. Cf. ibid. 65 ff.; Rev. Et. Anc. x. 275 ff.
2 Arch. f. Rel. 1907, 401 ff.
3 F. Bleckmann, De inscriptionibus quae leguntur in vasculis Rhodiis, Göttingen.
4 But see Am. Journ. Arch. xi. 446 (Sinope).
7 J.H.S. loc. cit. 8 Ath. Mitt. xxxii. 415 ff.
9 Ibid. 241 ff.
from Elaea in Aeolis. Amongst the cities of Ionia, Ephesus has given us two interesting texts of the Byzantine period and a fragment of an earlier date,3 while from Miletus we have thirty inscriptions from the bouleuterion and the neighbouring Sebasteum, one of which, a rescript of G. Minucius Thermus, propraetor of Asia in 51-0 B.C., contains a reference to Cicero, at that time proconsul of Cilicia. The Hermus valley, Sardis, and Thyatira in Lydia supply each one new inscription, while two texts of Tralles give rise to an interesting discussion on the history of some families of Asia Minor.8 Caria is better represented with nineteen inscriptions, three from Iasos, including a curious modification of the orixo iσónpo, the remainder from the mainland opposite Rhodes,1o and Phrygia with twenty-five, twenty of which are from Dorylaeum.11 Sagalassus in Pisidia gives us a hitherto unknown cult of Zeus,12 while from Cyprus we have a brief votive inscription 18 and some epigraphical evidence for ancient place-names.14 Finally, we have an attempted restoration of a text of Aranda (Armenia Minor)15 and an edition of the long philosophical inscription of Oenoanda in Lycia.16
Conclusion.-The Greek inscriptions from Italy 17 and
1 Ath. Mitt. xxxii. 386.
2 Jahreshefte, x., Beiblatt, 61 ff.; Comptes-rendus de l'Acad. 1908, 207 ff.
3 Jahreshefte, x. 285; cf. ibid. 299 ff.; Boll. Comm. Arch. Com. Rom. xxxv. 108 ff.
4 T. Wiegand, Milet. ii.; H. Knackfuss, Das Rathaus von Milet. 6 Ath. Mitt. xxxiii. 156. Ibid.; cf. Jahreshefte, x. 299 ff.
7 Ath. Mitt. loc. cit.; cf. Rev. Hist. xcv. 1907, 154.
8 Jahreshefte, x. 282 ff.
9 Ath. Mitt. xxxiii. 157 ff.
10 'Ep. 'Apx. 1907, 209 ff.
11 Échos d'Orient, x. 77 ff.; Mém. Soc. Ant. 1907, 29 ff.
12 Ath. Mitt. xxxiii. 150 f.
13 Memnon, i. 245.
14 'A@ŋvâ, xviii. 315 ff.; S. Menardos, Тorwμòv тs Kúpou, Athens, 1907. 15 'Ep. 'Apx. 1907, 26 ff.
10 J. William, Diogenis Oenoandensis Fragmenta, Leipzig (Teubner). 17 Notizie degli Scavi, iii., 474; iv. 470, 571; v. 59 ff., 64; Boll. Comm. Arch. Com. Rom. xxxv. 209, 229, 338; A. Calderini, Di una ara greca dedicatoria agli dei inferi, Milan (Hoepli).
Sicily,' published during the course of the year, call for no special notice, except the signature of the sculptor, Antonianus of Aphrodisia, on an Antinous relief, discovered at Torre del Padiglione, the archaic inscription on a protoCorinthian vase from Cumae3 and the series of thirty-five Christian epitaphs from Syracuse.* From Salona in Dalmatia come several votive and sepulchral texts, amongst them the epitaph of a Manichean from Lydia, while a fragment of a Greek epitaph has come to light as far north as Carnuntum. G. Seure devotes an article to the study of the history and epigraphy of Nicopolis ad Istrum, in which twenty-one new inscriptions are published, and a previously known text from Callatis on the Pontus, throwing light on the Roman official career, is fully discussed by E. Ritterling. Southern Russia is represented by the defixio from Panticapaeum already mentioned 10 as well as an important decree from the Tauric Chersonese, and Syria by a large number of texts, mostly sepulchral or votive.12 Finally, in addition to the collection of Greek documents from Egypt ad res Romanas pertinentes 13 and a selection of Christian texts,14 1 Monumenti Antichi, xvii. (Gela); Notizie, iv. 39, 485 ff. (Modica, Buccheri, Centuripa), 751; Führer u. Schultze, Die altchristlichen Grabstätten Siziliens.
2 Notizie, v. 51.
3 Ibid. 113 f.
5 Bull. Arch. Dalm. xxix. 121 ff.
+ Ibid. iv. 752 ff.
Ibid. 134; cf. Boll. Comm. Arch. Com. Rom. xxxv. 368.
7 Jahrbuch d. k. k. Zentralkommission f. kunst. u. hist. Denkmäler,
iv. 109; Rev. Arch. x. 469.
8 Rev. Arch. x. 413 ff.
9 Jahreshefte, x. 307 ff. For Bulgaria; cf. also V. Dobrusky, Matériaux d'Archéologie en Bulgarie, vi., Sofia, 1907, known to me only from S. Reinach's review in Rev. Arch. xi. 442 ff.
10 Arch. Anz. xxii. 126 ff.
11 Journ. Min. Inst. Publ. Russe, 1907, 141 ff.
12 Mélanges Fac. Orient. Beyrouth, ii. 1907, 265 ff.; Comptesrendus de l'Acad. 1907, 447 ff., 598 ff.; Rev. Arch. ix. 281 ff.; Am. Journ. Arch. xi. 315 ff.; E. Littmann and W. K. Prentice, Greek and Latin Inscriptions in Syria, §§ A, B, Div. III.
13 See above.
14 G. Lefebvre, Recueil des Insc. grecques chrétiennes d'Égypte,