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ROY'S WIFE OF ALDIVALLOCH.

YORKSHIRE FLINT ARROW HEADS. Many of our most popular ballads have originated in In January Current Notes, p. 8, it is stated, that a the traditionary relation of some incident, the particulars person in the East Riding of Yorkshire had employed of which have become mystified or forgotten, or have himself in manufacturing imitations of ancient fint been based on rude fragmentary lyrics which have been arrow-heads. The assertion had its rise at a meeting transmitted by successive generations eternising some of the Society of Antiquaries, and has since been made cherished memorial of events in local history, or cele current in various forms, but it is nevertheless wholly brating some well known hill, or dale, or stream. an error. None but a good workman could produce Among these, none are better known than the song of flint arrow heads with any approach to excellence as to • Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch ;' but the allusion to per- deceive any one who had seen a genuine specimen, while sons was without elucidation, and the name of the writer the operation of fabrication would be so tedious, and the was become a matter of question. Allan Cunningham chances of sale so precarious, that no one, however disobserves— Cromek, an anxious inquirer into all matters honest, could possibly obtain any thing like remuneraillustrative of northern song, ascribes Roy's Wife of tion. The paragraph in the Illustrated Times, Dec. 13, Aldivalloch, to Mrs. Murray, of Bath; while George p. 395, which has occasioned all this stir, has been ably Thomson, and all other editors of Scottish song, impute answered by Mr. Thomas Wright, whose sagacity as an it to Mrs. Grant, of Carron. I am not aware that the antiquary had been rather cavalierly treated; in the authorship has been settled. The doubt rested with same paper, for January 10, p. 27. Another reply, in Cunningham, who appears to have not been aware that reference to this controversy, has since appeared in the the writer married her cousin-Grant, of Carron, near Hull Advertiser, in the following terms:Elchies; and upon his decease, married secondly Dr. As comparatively few of our Yorkshire friends may not Murray, a physician resident at Bath. Whether there either see that publication, or, seeing it, may not fully was some tradition in Aberlour, her native place, as to understand the subject, the writer of this, (who is in no wise the courtship and inconstancy of the bride, or that Mrs. connected with any of the parties concerned, nor in the Grant may have taken up the burden of some former,

least interested in the matter, except for truth's sake, and but now forgotten ballad, is not known. Recently, on

having some knowledge of the subject in dispute) begs to

say that, independently of, and without any reference to examining the parish register of Cabrach, Banffshire, for some other affair, the circumstances of the marriage of

what Mr. Wright has stated, the engravings above referred

to, in the tract published by Mr. Wright, were taken from the veritable Roy of Aldivalloch and his once fickle wife, Flint Implements, now in the possession of Mr. Edward so famous in Scottish song, was discovered. They had | Tindall, of Bridlington, and that all of them, with the exbeen previously contracted' on January 28, 1727 ; but ception of two, are of Mr. Tindall's own finding, chiefly on February 21, following, John Roy, lawful son of within short distances from Bridlington. In the museum Thomas Roy, in Aldivalloch, was married to Isabel, of Sir George Strickland, Bart., at Boynton Hall, near daughter of Alister Stewart, sometime resident in Bridlington, there is a small but fine collection of flint and Cabrach. The braes of Balloch are in the neigh- stone implements, consisting of a stone hammer, stone and bourhood of Aldivalloch, and possibly all the circum

flint celts, as they are called, and spear or arrow-heads of stances were long the current gossip of the district, as

Aint, which have been in the museum between thirty and Mrs. Grant was not born till 1745, and she died in 1814.

forty years. Some of these articles were found on the estate at Boynton, and others on an estate belonging to the

same gentleman, near Malton. Implements of flint, namely ENGLISI EPISCOPAL CHAPEL, MONTROSE.

sling stones, knives, celts, spear and arrow heads, saws, St. Peter's English Episcopal Chapel, Montrose, was I drills, flat sling stones, and some round, size of a halffounded in 1722, and consecrated in 1724. Dr. John- crown; also, others of various shapes, the use of which canson during his journey to Scotland, after inspecting these not now be satisfactorily ascertained. Some of the flints fragments of magnificence,' the ruins of the Abbey of are rounded, and about the size of a child's ball; some less, Aberbrothoc, founded in 1178, proceeded on to Montrose, and some sharp pointed like a lance, and, at the same time, of which town and its buildings he speaks with much like a penknife blade in shape. These and many others, too commendation •We then went to view the English numerous to mention or describe, are now in the possession Chapel, and found a small church, clean to a degree,

h dean to decree of Mr, Tindall, who has been a most diligent gatherer of unknown in any other part of Scotland, with commo

these things upwards of four years; he has, indeed, such a dious galleries, and what was yet less expected, with an

collection of these antiquities as probably is not to be found

out of any museum in England, except that of Thomas organ. The organ, in 1833, was replaced by one of

Bateman, Esq., of Youlgrave, Derbyshire. The writer has superior construction, at a cost of three hundred pounds; I also authority for saying, if any person wished to see Mr. and a new front to the chapel, with other improvements, | Tindall's collection he may do so free of expense, by prowere recently completed, but the whole was destroyed ducing a letter of introduction from the secretary of any by fire on the evening of Saturday, 7th inst., the accident antiquarian society ; or from the authorised officers of any originated in the over heating of the flues of the stove. scientific society in the kingdom, The curiously painted altar-piece of Moses and Aaron Feb. 8.

K. P. D. E. was also consumed. Large subscriptions have however already been effected for the rebuilding of the chapel. Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper, painted al fresco, Brechin, Feb. 16.

A.J. is by order of the Emperor of Austria, to be restored.

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DERIVATION OF THE WORD COWARD.

or to cower, a word forinerly in common use." (see That Coward' is derived from Con-heart, as Mr. | Tooke.) Thus Johnson derives the word directly from Pilson thinks, is highly probable, though the popular

h the popular the old French noun couard ; Richardson, following etymology is cow-herd Spencer writes cow-heard.

Tooke, from the English verb to cower. Ogilvie, Imp. Dict. sub voce, says it has been supposed

I believe Johnson is right. Thata word similarly spelt, to be from culum vertere, to turn the tail, the old French

and identical in meaning with the word coward, is found being culvert, now couard. This suggestion receives

in French, Spanish, and Italian, and is not found in any countenance from the corresponding word in Italian,

German dialect, is strong proof of its Latin origin, and codardo, which would seem to be derived from coda, the

the fact that it did not become a portion of the English tail; and it is confirmed by the use of the term in he.

language until after the diffusion of the Norman literaraldry to signify a lion borne in the escutcheon with his ture points out the way by which it was introduced. tail doubled between his legs. The Spanish cobarde is Couard is a word of frequent recurrence in old French a corrupt form, with b for d.or the French and Venetian writings, both verse and prose. It was variously spelt u (comp. cul, queue, coua), while the Armoric couhard coard, coars, coart, couurd, coward. I am disposed to comes from the French. To cow is to depress with fear. consider coard the earliest spelling, but about the midThe Scottish cowe, which is identical with the Icelandic

the Icelandic dle of the fourteenth century couard became the usual Kuga or Kufna, to depress, signifies also to crop, to orthography and

orthography and remained so until the time of Louis lop, to switch the head off. A cowed cou' is a hornless | ATV., when the word tell

| XIV., when the word fell into disuse. That the word or dodded cow. I'll cowe yer lugs,' is a common tl reat

couard was not employed in France in writing only, but held out to mischievous boys. A brume cowe' is a

was made use of in common conversation is shewn by broom stalk, deprived of its leaves. To cuff, is an almost

| its being found in many proverbs of that country. Cotsynonymous Scottish and English verb with cone ; and

grave gives four of these—“ Plus couard qu'un lieure," both cuff and cowe may be traced through many lan

Le couard n'aura belle amie," “ Hardie langue, guages. The Scottish has cluff' with a similar meaning. coua

couarde lance ;" “ Mieux vaut couard que trop hardi.” Compare the English clan, German klar-, klapt-,

To which may be added : Swedish klapp-, klepp-, Dutch klapp-, Spanish golp,

"A horions et escarmouche Italian colp-, French coup., Latin culp-, colaph-, Greek

Le couard se cache, au se couche." kolap-, kolaph-, Hebrew or Arabic kaluf, Sanskrit klap.

" Avec le renard on renarde The Scottish cowie agrees in sense as in sound with the

Avec le couard on couarde." Latin ceva, a small hornless milch cow.

Johnson appears not to have known the derivation of South Shields, Feb. 2.

W. B.

couard, and possibly the French philologists had not in

his time agreed upon it. Nevertheless it was known to Your Correspondent, Mr. JAMES A. Pilsox, Current

the Italians, for in Antonini's Italian and French dicNotes, p. 7, might find another derivation for the word

tionary, published in 1749, I find after the word CoCoward than those of Cow-herd and Cow-heart, in the

dardo “ Alcuni credono codardo derivarsi dalla coda, ancient Spanish word-- Cobardia, Covardia, cowardice

che frà le gambe portans i cani paurosi.” This deriva --and in the English word Cower, to crouch, to slink.

tion has been generally accepted by the French lexicoB. B. W.

graphers. Roquefort, after giving the meaning of coar

dise, goes on to derive it from “ coue, cauda, parceque Are not Messrs. Carrington and Pilson led too much

les animaux qui craignent portent la queue entre les by the ear in deriving Coward from Cow-herd or Cow. jambes.” Bescherelle at the word couard says “ du lat. heart? Neither comparative philology nor antiquarian | barb, codardus, même signif., formá de cauda, queue research offer anything in support of either of these de- parceque les animaux timides laissent pendre leur queue rivations. The nouns cow, herd, and heart, are Germanic, and are found in all the different branches of the

In old French the modern word queue was variously German language. But the word coward is found in / spelt coe, coue, coua, cowe, etc. These observations none of these save the English.

suffice to shew that coward is not formed from the verb The modern German for coward Feigling, faint-heart, to cower, nor is it a compound of the German words bears no relation to the English, and the substantive

cow, herd, or heart, but that it is a French word deKuhhirt, a cowherd, in common use, is applied exclu- rived from the Latin cauda or coda, a tail. sively to a keeper of cattle. Our chief authorities, | Salisbury, Feb. 10.

J. W. Johnson and Richardson, differ in their derivation of the word in question. Johnson has “ Coward; (couard Fr. of uncertain derivation.)" Richardson, “ Coward, The Abbé Chatel, founder of the French Evangelical French, Couard ; Spanish, Cobarde ; Italian, Codurdo, Church, died at Paris, on Friday the 13th inst., in the “Coward, i.e. cowrcd, concred, cower'd. One who has sixty-second year of his age. He was so reduced in cower'd before an enemy. It has the same import as circumstances, that to obtain a subsistence he for some supplex. Coward is the past part of the verb, to corre, years past gave lessons of instruction to young children. 1369.

SCOTTISI OVER DOOR INSCRIPTIONS.

family of Lyon of Glamis, they formed an ancient lordUpon the burial aisle of the noble family of Ruthven ship which gave during the middle ages surname and at Forgandenny, Perthshire, are the following appa

appa. title to a family of considerable local repute. rently renewed lines —

1627. ALL. MEN, THINK. ON. ZOVR, DYING DAY

MR. THOMAS LYON AND MRS. JEAN YOUNG. ZIT. IOY, TO. DIE. TO LIVE. FOR. AY

PROTEGENDAM PRÆSIDIO DEI GRADAS

SALVTEM. REM SOBOLEM DOMVM Over the small gateway to the Grey Friars' burial

NEC ÆDES VIS PROPIVS TVAS ground, in Perth, are these lines —

AVI DAMNA TANGENT ..... DEVS

ANGLOS CVSTODIÆ PRÆFICIT. HOC GENITOR GENETRIXQVE SITI, NVMEROSA VTRIVSQUE

Upon a house in Lawrencekirk, Kincardineshire, PROGENIES, NATI ET NATÆ, CHARIQVE NEPOTES, ET NEPTES, NECNON PRONEPTOS ATQVE PRONEPTES,

are these brief mementoes of sublunary hope and disapHÆC QVIQVNQVE LEGIS MORTI. NOS NOSTRAQUE CUNCTA | pointment. DEBERI, TANQVAM SPECVLO REFERENTE VIDEBIS;

1814. I THOUGHT ON BETTER TIMES, HÆC ETENIM TRANSIT GENERATIO, NASCITVR ILLA.

1816, BOT WORSE CAME. On the Police Office in the same town, are these Brechin, Feb. 6.

A. J. admonitory lines This HOVSE LOVES PEACE, HATES KNAVES, CRIMES NON-FREEMEN BARBERS AND PERUKE MAKERS.

PUNISHETH,
PRESERVES THE LAWS, AND GOOD MEN HONOVRETH. I

The following petition of the Company of Barbers

| and Surgeons, against a supposed innovation upon their Since the publication of the inscriptions on Mar's

rights and privileges by Foreigners who were non-freeWark, a building at the head of the Broad street in me

oad street in men peruke makers, in 1712, in the reign of Queen Stirling, begun by the Regent Earl of Mar, but now Anne, will doubtless be read with interest, as illustraa ruin; in Current Notes, July 1855, p. 53, I have had | tive of the then prevalent practice of wearing perukes full opportunity of comparing the printed versions with the originals, and finding them incorrect, I forward the l of that period.

so generally represented in the paintings and engravings following, which considering the decayed state of the

Lee Road, Blackheath.

J.J.H. letters are as near to the original as it is possible to render them. The first two couplets are on the front of

To the Right Honourable Sir Robert Beachcroft, Knt.

Lord Mayor of the City of London, and to the Right WorMars Wark.

shipfull, the Aldermen, his brethren. THE. MOIR. I. STAND. ON, OPPIN, HITAT

T'he humble petition of the Masters or Governors and MY. PAVLTIS. MOIR . SVBIECT, AR. TO, SITHT. Assistants of the Mystery and Commonalty of Barbers and 1. PRAY. AL. LVIKARIS. ON. THIS. BIGING

Surgeons of London.
VITH. GENTIL. E. TO. GIF. THAIR . IVGING*

Sheweth, That by Charter granted to your Petitioners by

King Edward the Fourth, no Surgeon within this city could The third is on the back of Mar's Wark, within |

exercise his art unless he was first approved and admitted the garden

thereto by your petitioners, and all the rights and privileges ESSPY. SPEIK. FVRTA. ANDSPAIR, NOTHT granted by such Charter were afterwards confirmed to your CONSIDDIR, VEIL. AND. CAIR, NOTHT.

petitioners, by Act of Parliament passed in the thirtyThe last couplet reminds me of an inscription upon

second year of King Henry the Eighth. And by Charters

of King James and King Charles the First, the examinaan old house in Dunfermline, which proffers more tion and upprobation of all Surgeons within seven miles of cautious advice, dictated, no doubt, by the discretion of London is likewise placed in your petitioners. the erector, who was Robert Pitcairn, Commendatory / That by the said Act of Parliament made in the thirtyof Dunfermline, and Secretary of State to Queen Mary. second year of King Henry the Eighth, intituled an Act The lines are engraved over the chief entrance door to for Barbers and Surgeons, it is among other things enacted Pitcairn's house in Maygate Street

that No manner of person after the feast of St. Michael SEN. VORD. IS. THRALL. AND. THOCT. IS. FRE

then next ensuing (Sept. 29, 1540] should presume to

| keep any shop of Barbery or Shaving within the City of KEIP. VEILL, THY. TONGE, I. COINSELL. THE

London, except he be a Freeman of your petitioners' ComOver the door of the farm house of Cossins, parish of pany, upon pain that every person who should offend Glamis is the following inscription. The stone taken against the said Clause should forfeit five pounds per month, from the castle of Cossins in its demolition, bears the one half to the King, and the other balf to the Informer. arms of the Lyon and Young families. Prior to the That Perukes not being in use at the time when your pelands of Cossins becoming the property of the noble

titioners were incorporated by the said act, in the manuer that they are now made, It has been doubted whether the making the same be a part of Barbery within the meaning

of the said Act of Parliament. • i.e. Judgment, or opinion.

And upon that presumption great numbers of persons, Foreigners, have of late years exercised the said Art of THE RAMBLER AND THE ADVENTURER. Peruke making within this City, privately in chambers, and The secret history of any popular work, «periodicals without the freedom of your petitioners' Company, or indeed more especially, as to who were the contributors, and in of this Honourable City, to the great prejudice and impo reference to the appropriation of the papers to their reverishment of the several members of your petitioners'

spective authors, has always been matter of interest and Corporation, who pay all public taxes and duties, and bear

moment with the public. The Rambler, by Dr. Johnson, all offices in their respective Parishes, Companies and Wards, whereas these unfreemen neither do one nor the

revigorated the taste for that species of reading, which other, and this notwithstanding that the Art of Peruke making

had been dormant from the period of the Spectator, the is an improvement from, if not y part of your petitioners' Tatler, and the Guardian ; but the Adventurer, as started trade of Barbery, and your Petitioners' own invention, and by Dr. Hawkesworth, from its pleasing variety, became has always been exercised by them as a branch of the Bur. at once more popular than the Rambler; the sale in bers' trade.

numbers was considerable, and four large editions were Nor have such unfreemen any skill therein but what they published in less than nine years. The elegance, indeed, have learned in their employment under your petitioners. of the composition, the charms of the narrative part, and

That your Lordsbip and Worships together with the its evident tendency to promote piety and virtue, are reCommon Council of this Honourable City, have in order to commendations which it is hoped, can never

commendations which, it is hoped, can never lose their redress grievances of this kind, been lately pleased to pass

effect. an Act, That no person not free of the City shall occupy any

To the Adventurer, Dr. Hawkesworth is chiefly inArt, Manual Occupation, or Handicraft, or keep any shop,

r, keep any shop, debted for his high literary character and fame. Among room, or place inward or outward for sale of any wares or merchandises upon pain of Five Pounds for every time

his early associates in this paper, the first number of that he shall do contrary to the said Act.

which appeared on Tuesday, November 7, 1752, conThat the said Law may have its due effect against sucbtinued on Saturdays and Tuesdays, to the one hundred persons as exercise the respective Arts of Surgery and and fortieth number; was Bonnell Thornton, whose conPeruke making, your petitioners are very willing to putt tributions are marked with the signature A, but his the said late Act of Common Council in suit at their own accustomed indolence occasioned irregularity in his comexpense against all such persons as use either of the said munications, and we find but eight papers, nos. 3, 6, 9, Arts without being Free of this Honourable City, by which 19, 23, 25, 35, and 43, bearing that signature; the last meaus your petitioners do not doubt but to bring more ad

being dated April 3, 1753, refutes the assertion of vantage to the City from the said Act than most other Com

Alexander Chalmers, that Thornton quitted the Adpanies.

venturer to become a joint partner with Colman, in the But that your petitioners may not fail of reaping the benefit thereof in some measure themselves, and for as much

Connoisseur, which did not appear till February, 1754. as Borders of Hair were made and worn, and were

Hawkesworth has himself stated, the contributions from a part of Barbery and the Perukes at the time of passing

this channel “ soon failed," and its causes have here been your petitioners' incorporation Act of Parliament, whereby | explained on good grounds. all Barbers are obliged to be of their Company, and that The stipulated price which all the authors received the laws of your petitioners' Company are best contrived from Payne, the publisher, was two guineas for each for the government of the said Art, and a very few if any paper; this was advanced by the bookseller, who risked persons are now admitted into your petitioners' Company all expenses, and was soon amply remunerated by a except Barbers and Surgeons, so that your petitioners do more rapid and extensive sale than the Rambler ever no waies interfere with the other Companies of this Honour

obtained. Another of Hawkesworth's associates was able City. Your petitioners do humbly pray That your Lordship

Dr. Richard Bathurst, a physician of considerable skill, and Worships will be pleased to order that from hence.

but without much practice, and a member of the Johnforward No Surgeon or Peruke maker shall be admitted

| sonian Ivy-lane Club of Literati. He was the son of into the freedom of this Honourable City by redemption,

Colonel Bathurst, a West India planter, from whoin unless he has been first admitted into the freedom of your

Johnson received his black servant, Francis Barber. petitioners' Company of Barbers and Surgeons.

The colonel left his affairs on his death in absolute ruin, and the doctor's emoluinent arising from his contribu

tions to these papers were, it is believed, of considerable LOCALITY OF THE ABDUCTION OF MARY.

service to him in a pecuniary view-his papers have no Miss Strickland, in following the Act of Parliament distinctive marks; those with the signature A are, in by which Bothwell was forfeited, has stated that the the late editions of the British Essayists, improperly apprecise scene of the abduction of Mary, Queen of Scots, propriated to him- these were, indisputably, from style in April, 1567, was at Foulbriggs, now known as Foun- and subject, Thornton's; nor is there any memorandum tainbridge, a western suburb of Edinburgh; considerable extant by which those of Bathurst's can be separated doubt has, however, recently arisen, and it is now con- from those given to Dr. Hawkesworth. Employment tended from contemporary historians and the Privy abroad in his profession being proffered him, Dr. seal record, that Miss Strickland's is an erroneous asser- Bathurst readily accepted it, and in the expedition tion, and that the real spot was at the two bridges against the Havannah, he fell a sacrifice to the climate. across the Almond, on the borders of Edinburghshire Dr. Johnson, by whom he was, by reason of his amiable and Linlithgowshire.

manners, highly esteemed, in a letter to Bennet Langton, 39)

23 | 25

I am, your's sincerely

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PAYNE.

thus tenderly lamented his demise—“The Havannah is 133 Z. The paper I received yesterday. 134 H. 135 T taken, a conquest too dearly obtained, for Bathurst died | 136 H. 137 Z. 138 H. 139 T. 140 H. before it

By this disposition, which II. has given me, you will not Vix Priamus tanti totaque Troja fuit."

have room for your criticism on Othello, unless you can in. Chalmers, quoting Boswell, says, “ It cannot be

clude it in one paper, which is hardly possible. It may, known how much Ďr. Bathurst actually contributed

therefore, be useful to wind up your papers of that kind by

some general subject ; for Johnson says each must wind up We have, however, the express authority of Sir John Hawkins that Dr. Bathurst wrote the papers signed A ; sign till the last paprr.

his bottom, and not leave the world in ignorance of our de. and without depending implicitly on this authority, of ninety-two members, since you began (amending the which is certainly wrong, we may safely assert, that if whole) supposing the whole to be finished Dr. Bathurst did not write these papers, he did not write Hawkesworth will have written any part of the work, for all the other papers are appro The three signed Y were submittted for his 3 43 priated, upon undoubted authority, to Dr. Hawkesworth, And one sigued &.

il Johnson, and Warton, with the exception of two or three,

T. will have written for his own share the authors of which were unknown to the Editor, are

And for Hawkesworth pointed out in this edition."*

Which is two abore his number.
Z. will have written

24 That Boswell blundered egregiously cannot be questioned, both in this matter and the part Dr. Johnson

Which is one above his number, for

92 took in the Adventurer, when, by the loss of Bathurst,

Himself 39 and the uncertainty of Thornton, Johnson and Joseph Warton became Hawkesworth's coadjutors. Boswell

Hawkesworth should have written 46 &. has said Johnson began to write in the Adventurer on Ap: il 10, 1753, but the thirty-fourth paper, printed on Saturday, March 3, was certainly the production of his T. [Jobnson] pen; and an unpublished letter of Payne, the publisher, | And Z. (Warton] to Dr. Warton, furnishes data and facts connected with the progress of the Adventurer, which show that no certainty of appropriation of the papers to Hawkesworth

I have had no contents since no. 103. previous to that junction can be established -- at least as

Feb ? (1751). regards those which have no distinctive signature. Dr.

The words enclosed within a bracket (amending the Johnson asserted that the Hon. Hamilton Boyle wrote

whole) scored over by a pen in the letter, induces a supin the Adventurer; probably no. 33, that with the *.*,

position that Hawkesworth was faltering, and that to which in Chalmers' edition, is given to Hawkesworth, or

Warton was confided the strict revision of the whole ; one of the carlier papers which remain without assign

certain it is, that to him, in the conduct of the Advenment. Payne's letter is as follows:

turer, the province of criticism and literature was conRev. Sir,-As your paper (on what Arts the Moderns

signed, and most ably has Warton taught us how the excel the Ancients) will not be printed till Tuesday se'n.

brow of criticism may be sinoothed, and how she may night, I was willing to gratify your curiosity by sending The Connoisseur to night. It is full of dull commonplace

be directed, notwithstanding her severity, to attract and stuff, and is, I think, not worthy of Thornton. It is dis

to delight. gusting. I own, to give such imperfect translations of pas

Johnson's letter to Dr. Warton, dated March 8, 1753, sages selected for the peculiar purposes of our papers, but apprising him of the part in The Adventurer that would the Spectator, etc., began it, the unlettered expect the con- be assigned to him, if he would accept of it, states, “I tinuance of it, and we must gratify that expectation. The have no part in the paper beyond now and then a motto," translation of the passage from Dr. M[usgrave ?] which I -ques. what was meaned by part? The thirty-fourth sent you, is radically bad, and cannot be mended by altera paper, with his signature, T., had been printed on the tion. We must take our chance for a translation from Mr. third of that month, and a conjecture arises that that Johnson, which you must help me to procure, and which I

paper, the thirty-ninth and the forty-first, were really will print after the contents of the volume in which it occurs.

Johnson's, but contributed by Dr. Bathurst, as Boswell, Last Saturday Mr. Hawkeswortb got T. (Johnson) to supply his place; he has begged the same favour of him for Tues

in explanatiɔn, asserts “ Mrs. Williams told me that as day, on account of a violent pain in his face; but he does

he had given those essays to Dr. Bathurst, who sold not mean that T. should lose his own turn; the state of our

them at two guineas each, he never would own them, affairs, therefore, from last Tuesday se'nnight, stands

nay, he used to say he did not write them; but the fact thus:

was, he dictated them, while Bathurst wrote. I rear 127 Z. 128 T. for H[awkesworth.) 129 Z. 130 H. to him Mrs. Williams's account; he smiled and said Saturday, Feb. 2, these are published. 131 T. 132 H. nothing." Payne's letter speaks but of the twenty

three Johnson had written under the signature T. for * British Essayists, 1817, duod. Vol. xxiii. p. 24.

his own share; but there are twenty-eight papers with + The first paper of the Connoisseur, written by Bonnell

that distinctive mark, two having been written to assist Thornton, published on Saturday, February 2, 1754.

'T Hawkesworth ; Boswell was, therefore, possibly correct

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