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Jan. 1. and figurative acceptation of words, L ., a

INDISFARN, or the Holy Island, when their obvious and literal meaniniles from the N. E. coast of North- and unexceptionable. And this rule, umberland, is about eight miles in cir as it appears to me, is applicable to cumference, two miles and a quarter the subject, on which I have been deJong, and one mile and a half broad. sired, with so much civility, by two of It has a towo, consisting of a few scat- your Correspondents (pp. 115. 208.) tered houses, a church, and formerly to say something more ; namely, a castle of considerable strength. Une “ Whether our blessed Saviour ever der the antient castle is a commodious used irony in his discourses.” It is a harbour, defended by a battery. Here question of fact; did he, or did he is a life-boat, for the preservation of pot? But what fact can be established, shipwrecked mariners, which, on a if we allow ourselves to explain it sigual made from Bamburgh castle, away by figure or allegory? instantly puts off, in every weather, Irony is of two sorts, the grave and and has beea the means of rescuiog the jocular. Of the former there are, many from a watery graye. The I conceive, many instances in holy island consists of one continued plain, Scripture; and perhaps we may now the town standing on the most ele. and then discern something which apvated ground on the South point. It proximates to the latter. The Al. was antiently the See of the Bishop of mighty threatens, by the voice of the Lindisfarn, of whom there were twen- Preacher, that because, when be 1y-lwo successively, till the See was stretched out bis hand, no man retranslated to Durham. Considerable garded, therefore “I also will laugh remains of the old Abbey, subsequent. at your calamity, I will mock when ly founded, still remain; of the ruins your fear cometh.” Prov. i. 24. 26. of which you have given a view in if he ever did what he here deVol. LXXVIII. R. 1137.

nounces, who shall call him to acThe antient Church was in the form count, and say, What doest thou ? of a cross, the body and chancel of When Elijah i mocked” the priests which are yet standing'; the other parts of Baal, and said, “Cry aloud; for greatly ruived, and in some places le- he is a god, either he is talking, or he vel with the ground,

is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or The inside view (See Plate 1.) is peradventure he sleepeth, and must taken on entering the West doorway, be awaked” (1 King's xviii. 27.); and looks direct East ; and was coin what was thiş but sarcastic irony? mudicated by Mr. Wilson, the present But the grave irony, wbich bids a excellent Rector, who has a family man do a thing, meaning to deter him of twelve children. The architec- from it, is more common. The Lord ture is plain ; the columns and arches says to the House of Israel by Ezeon the left, by their circular turn, are kiel, “Go ye, serve ye every one his Saxon. On the right, octangular co idols" (xx. 39); on which Mr. Lowth lumns and pointed arches; a later remarks, that it is “ an ironical perwork, and not improbably of the fif. mission, full of indignation and reteenth century. 'Above the arches buke.” 'The Lord says by the proplaiu brackels. The windows in the phet Amos, “ Come to Bethel, and ailes pointed, agreeing in style with transgress; at Gilgal multiply trunsthe masonry on the right side, above. gression,” iv. 4. But did it then ever noted. There is also a similar taste enter into his heart to command, or in the font, which is octangular. The even to give licence to, any man to same method is observable in the sin ? Assuredly not; the meaning is pointed arch entering into thechancel, the same, as when he says in the next where, in the Eastern window, are chapter, Seek not Bethel, nor enter three small pointed windows united. into Gilgal.” The roof is plain, being entirely de To the blessed Jesus " the Spirit void of tracery.

AN OBSERVER. was not” indeed “ given by mea.

sure;” but it was the same Spirit, by Mr. URBAN,

April 20. which the Prophets also spake; and T is an acknowledged rule, in ex. the same Almighly Spirit speaking in

pounding Holy Scripture, that we both, why might not the language and should not have recourse to a remote forms of expression often be the same GENT. Mag. May, 1813.

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or similar ? When our Lord says, fluous adjunct, it being sufficient to " Fill ye up the measure of your fa- assert the fact simply, and without thers,” what is this but the prohibitory emphasis, and then to prove it, as our permission of the Prophet, “Go to Lord does, by aileging an instance. I Bethel,” that is, “Go not to Bethel! conclude, therefore, on the whole, go at your peril; go if ye are re that we cannot without violence desolved lo incur wrath and destruc- part from what I conceive to be the tion.” And though in the other pas. cominon punctuation and generally sage, “ Full well ye reject the com- admitted sense of these passages. mandment of God,” there is not the Yours, &c.

R. C. keen taunt of Elijah's “ Cry aloud,” yet surely there is a similar, but more Mr. URBAN,

April 13. gentle, rebuke or upbraiding. Walton's Polyglott, I am sorry to

FIND the observations you did I

me the honour to insert on the say, I have not at hand, nor Whitby Strand Bridge bave brought upon me on the New Testament, to which your the anger of R. G.“ Millwright.” Correspondent W. W. refers as autho. Upon reading his letter, I could not rities for translating the passage inter- forbear exclaiming, “What sudden rogatively, which he seems to prefer anger's this? How have I reaped it?" to the common 'version). But, with (Shakspeare's Henry VIIIth.) Why all deference to your learned Corre should a Millwright" feel himself spondent, I cannot bring myself to ap hurt? Does R. G. consider the conprove of this translation, “ Do ye struction of a centre as a piece of well reject * ?" Does this, like the millwrightery; and, therefore, feel question put to the Prophet, “ Dost sore for the credit of his craft? If thou well to be angry?" (Jonah iv. 4.) so, make yourself happy, good Mr. equally admit, in different circum Millwrighi, for no blame can attach stances, of Yes or No? Is there any to you. It is no part of your profesgood rejection of God's command sion to build a bridge, or lo compose ments, as there is, sometimes, justi. or construct the centering thereof. fiable anger? If there is not, then The whole of the business properly xahwe is either superfluous, or else we appertains to Architecture, which is are driven again io the ironical sense, equally a Science, as well as one of which we are so ansious to avoid. the Fine Arts. And let any man of Besides, what coherence is there in science look at the truss of the exter. this way?. “Do ye well reject ?-Fornal dome of St. Paul's, at the centre Moscs said.” Is not this the intro on which the painted dome of the duction of an argument on some pre

same building was turned ; and many ceding position or fact ?

other ingenious pieces of carpentry, S. R. refers me (p. 115) to another which will readily occur to the expelearned work, which, alas ! I do not rienced Architect; and even (notwithpossess-Bishop. Pearce's Commen- standing their faults) at the trusses of tary. He has also another expedient Blackfriars and Westminster Bridges ; in Ğ. Wakefield's " Enirely.In all and then turn to view the centre of the passages (and there are 36 of the Strand Bridge. The difference them) where xxas occurs,

must immediately strike the observer. tomary acceptation, "well,” yields a If, indeed, the latter was designed by commodious sense. There is perhaps

Millwright,the difference is an instance or two, which will bear easily accounted for; as his previous the sense of “entirely;" but Mark study and experience could not be exvii. 7. is not one of them. If "eu- pected to afford the information of tirely” means “ universally,” it is not ihe mode of action in the centre from true; for the Pharisees did not "re- the progressive weighting; or of the ject” all God's commandments, but requisite strength or combination to only such as interfered with their pre- counteract that action, so as to effect judices, or thwarted their covetous, the desired purpose with simplicity, pess. If καλως is rendered sevi. safety, and decent economy. Such a denter," or " clearly," it is a super- person would naturally be led to copy * W. W. translates it,

ye well

some precedent, and the last he would reject ?" But that rather requires a dif- probably take for granted to be the ferent reading: καλας ποιείτε αθετανες, as

best; and, not accurately comprehend2 Pet. i. 19. xc7.5 TOveils teposegories.

ing the principle, he would (under the


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R. G. says,

impression of an ignorant fear, and ter expressed, I admit, as well as more unrestrained by any attention to co- fully; yet I thought my language nony) he induced to make every part sufficiently clear to be understood by as strony as materials could make Architects or Carpenters, although them. But here, as in most cases, fear apparently not by a

Millwright.would defcat its own purpose ; and I He will there find that “ the science think I have pointed out instances of Carpentry consists in reducing all where the attempt at sirength actual strains to one; viz. that of compresly introduces weakness.

sion endways; in which case it is diffi. I fully agree with R. G. that no cụlt to perceive any limit to the man is to be blamed for copying a sirength of the timber.” Now, in "good precedent." I had gone fur- the Strand Bridge ceptre, the truss is ther than R. G. in my former letter; not so framed as to reduce the strains for I quoled with approbation the to this one. To point out wherein it remark, that.“ Happy appropriation is deficient, would be to repeat the is equal to originality.” And herein greatest part of my foriner letter. lies all the question : first, is it a good To your scientific readers must be precedent ? and, secondly, is it copied left the decision. and applied with judgment?

“there is scarcely any I will bey leave to add a few words angular motion, further than the elasmore in illustration of the trusses ticity of the timber ; of course little used at Blackfriars and Westminster tendercy to rise at the crown.” Now.. Bridges. Although I pointed out some the actual rising of Blackfriars Bridge defects, I was not blind to their merit, centre is a fact which is well rensem. but gave them the due praise of in- bered, as I before stated; and R. G. genuity. The truss for Westminster does not deny it. The qualifying was invented by Mr. King the car.' terms scarcely and little are very conpenter, whose abilities are well known venient for blinking, an argument. by other specimens of carpentry, as But, in a truss properly constructed to the tower of York Water-works, &c. tirn an arch on, there should be no The truss for Blackfriars was com- tendency to‘rise. posed by Mr. Mylne, architect; and There are some parts of R. Go's his design, 1 bave no doubt, was found paper of which I must confess my. ed on that previous example. But he want of understanding ; such as," The viewed it with the eye of a master; struts are equally strong, provided the and, in adapting it, he improved upon intersections be well made,” &c. He it in many respects, so as to be fully says, “there is little tendency to break entitled to the praise of a “happy at the intersections ;" if so, why so appropriation." And the best poso much strapping and bolting ? sibie proof of the truth and firmness The improvement by “ the three with which Mr. Mylne felt his powers cast-iron cases, distributing the force on the subject, is, that his design will' in three different places on the buto, bear an advantageous comparison with ment" (in Blackfriars on two only) is the former in point of econoiny: not quite clear.' Does he mean the

R. G. charges me with “misunder- iron plate, or shoe, immediately on standing the subject, and with "par- the striking plate? If so, I see no tial reasoning.” However deficient great improvement. There are at the in understanding I may be, and how. Strand Bridge six long timbers to bear ever partial my reasoning, R. G. has on the striking plate ; at Blackfriars, not succeeded in his attempt to fix only four. It would have puzzled that charge upon me.

Let us see if even a “ Millwright to bring those he is himself free, Premising that, 'six timbers to bear on two places only. from the respect I bear to your va Perhaps he means the three enormous Juable pages,

I shall be as' concise as iron radiatiog plates, which I admit possible; and to the curious Reader, are a novelty, and suchi a novelty, that who may desire a further elucidation, I am at a loss to find a descriptive I would recommend the perusal of the name for thein; but that they are a article Curpentry, in the Edinburgh great improvement” I doubt. Tliey Encyclopædia, in which he will find the appear to have been an aster-thought, subject treated with great clearness, aird applied from a sense of weakness, elegance, and precision. He will there “Besides, they shorten the timbers.” fipd ibe principles I have quoted bet. The main timbers of the truss at


April 10.

Blackfriars are from eighteen to thirty minding him, that if his object be infeet long. At the Strand Bridge, the deed " calm discussion and investigatwo shortest are fifteen feet ; the tion,” for the advancement of science, fourteen others are from thirty to se he will best promote it by abstaining venty-six feet long; and by the halv- from such language as his concluding ing and shouldering at the intersec. paragraph. And I would recominend tions, the timber is reduced in its him, instead of general assertion, and scantling from thirteen inches by random quotation of principles whose twelve inches, to nine inches by six application he does not attempt, and jpches and a half. And some of these which if he did would defeat instead halvings, from the obliquity of the of support those assertions, let him istersections, are seven feet in length; give us a little logical precision ; and, each of the long timbers having five instead of unintelligible boasting, the of those halvings. Can these timbers common shift of an empty pretender, be said to be shortened? Are these let him give us matter of fact, and dethe assertions of au impartial “ Mill tail the expense of the centre. On the wright,strong in knowledge, impel- other hand, if he is determined to led by a sense of what is “due to make “ another side of the question,” truth and justice," to set others right and his object be to bolster up and And is this centre the work of a skil- advocate a lame cause, I commend his ful Architect, or of some assuming discretion in preserving a total silence Millwrighl.

on the important subject of æconony, For what purpose R. G. adds Schaff- and in endeavouring to divert the alhausen Bridge to the centres of Black. tention of your readers from plain friars and Westminster as an example, matter of fact to the mazy dance of I know nots for the comparison analytics. Yours, &c. would redound still more to the dis

GEORGE MONEYPENNY. grace of Strand Bridge centre. In the one all is clearness, intelligence, Mr. URBAN, and decision ; in the other, confusion, TOHN Carter is not contented with ignorance, and fear. R. G. says, “ in France most of he has already on his hands;

but I see their centres have been constructed from your last, p. 221, now before on the tye principle.” How does he me, that he bas allacked the whole make out this? I believe no Architect musical corps of the present day, and or Carpenter would call any of the threatened the overthrow of Mr. centres he refers to, (Neuilly, for in- Hawkins's History of Gothic Archistance,) in contradistinction to those tecture, just published; but, if John of Westminster and Blackfriars, a tye cannot exist without entering into gecentre. It has do main tye-beam. neral hostility with all mankind, I can Some of the timbers are drawn, and discover a peculiar cause of his hasome compressed endways ; and so it tred to Mr. Hawkins, because he has is in the other trusses. Furthermore, spoken with admiration of the repair the Neuilly centre possesses many, al now commenced of Henry the Sethough not all, the defects I have ventlı’s Chapel, and bestowed due pointed out in the Strand Bridge cen commendation upon the Mason who ire; such as having no principle to conducts it (see p. 229.): in the deresist change of form, rising at the fence of that Artist, in which I have crown when loaded on the haunch, so long been engaged, I am encou&c. At the same time it is free from raged by finding the number of John's the oblique halvings, and consequent adversaries increased in proportion to enormous unnecessary waste of mate the increase of his petulance. rial ; nor does it require such long For my own part, I have little to timber, wbich alone is an important say in answer to his last reply. Instead saving:

of refuting iny charge, he has evaded R. G. promises an ana lic investi. it; and I again say, that unless he can gation of the subject. Upon the ap make nine an even number, he never plication of analytics to bridge-build can establish his own position. I am ing, I may probably offer you a paper rejoiced, however, that he has deferhereafter. In the mean time, in re red his grand assault. If the controturn for R. Go's promised favour, to versy is never to have an end, an interBel me righi, I will conclude by re- val is necessary for both parties to re

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