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CROSS AT ST. BORYAN, CORNWALL.

THE CRIMEA SEVENTY YEARS SINCE. The antiquity of Crosses everywhere, but especially

ally Blinded by political prejudices, England appears to in Cornwall, is an old and somewhat worn subject, but have turned a deafened ear to all the aspirations of I consider one in the churchyard of St. Buryan in that warni

warning against the aggressions of the Russians in the county, is entitled to more than a passing notice. I

Black Sea, abetted as they have been by the assistance have looked into all the Cornish histories at my com

or connivance of both Austria and Prussia. No one who mand, but in none of them do I find the Buryan Cross

reads Capt. Sutherland's Tour from Gibraltar to Conengraved. The Rev. W. Haslam, known as the dis

stantinople, printed in 1790, will fail being inipressed coverer of the old Oratory of Perran Zabuloe; not many

y with surprise that warnings so broadly and so unequivoyears since engraved some of the Cornish Crosses, which

cally expressed, should have failed in exciting a more in that part are very abundant, two of them were in

particular attention on the part of successive governSt. Buryan parish, but that of which I forward a sketch

ments in England to our national interests. The is a third.

Russian fleet in the Black Sea was then officered by Englishmen, and under their superior abilities and nautical experience, in the bay of Chisemê inflicted a fatal blow to the Turkish Empire, and created that naval supremacy for the Russian, which has in 1855 been wholly subverted. The ambitious projects of the Empress Catherine, in 1788, with the entry of the Austrians under the Prince of Saxe Cobourg into Moldavia, created a determined resistance on the part of Turkey, which elicited from Capt. Sutherland the fol. lowing animated remarks on the cupidity of our rulers.

As an Englishman, policy obliges me to wish success to the Turks. I feel the utmost detestation of the ambitious

combination entered into by the Emperor of Austria and TomTom (SKUS

the Empress Catherine to extirpate the Turks, merely because Nature has been bountiful to their soil, and because their country promised an easy conquest. These Powers could scarcely imagine that Europe would look on with indifference: but they trusted they had a sufficient party to prevent any open declaration in favour of the injured

Turks. These expectations the total suspension of the It is of a form rarely met with in Cornwall-a Maltese powers of France must have frustrated. cross surrounded by a circle; a beautiful emblem of The writer in calling upon Prussia and England to the eternal efficacy of the Atonement. On one side, support the Turk, if on no better terms than the strict somewhat mutilated and time-worn, is the crucified observance by Russia of the Treaty of Cainardgie, a Christ; on the other, as shewn in the sketch, are the treaty which England was bound to redress, observes — emblers of the five wounds received on Calvary.

What has become of that spirit of virtue and generosity, The devotional character and thought about this which not fifty years since led us to enter into an expenCross may well serve as a suggestion for the church sive war, in favour of Maria Theresa, merely because she restorers of the nineteenth century.

was then an unfortunate Princess, oppressed by an ambiI should be glad to know the order in which the

tious neighbour, whose usurpations like those of Russia, various forms of crosses may be arranged, from the

threatened in time to affect ourselves. Latin cross, to the more elaborate sculpture of the

It is, no doubt, a considerable abatement of the honest

joy an Englishman feels in contemplating this act of magdecorated period of English architects. Where may

may nanimity in his ancestors, to find, that ingratitude has such a classification be found ?

been the only return which has been made to us. In Feb. 12.

T. H. Pattison. cherisbing Austria and Russia, we may really be said to

bave nurtured the viper in our bosom, which in the moment HOYLE.-Huddesford in his Catalogue of Anthony of our distress attempted a mortal wound by forming the Wood's Manuscripts, in the Ashmolean Museum, Armed Neutrality, or in plain language, a combination to Oxford. describes, no. 84.66. as an account of the supply our enemies with implements for our destruction. Nobility and Gentry, buried at Oxford, since 1643, etc.

If justice to the Turks, wbom we have reduced to so

critical a situation ; if a sense of our national dignity; if Among the persons noticed is Joshua HOYLE, Master

our dearest interest and commercial concerns will not inof University College, and Regius Professor of Divinity.

duce us to speak boldly in a moment like this, self-preserTalbois.--No. 8465, in the same Collection, is a

vation at least should affect us. Let us recollect that folio volume of Pedigrees of the Nobility and Gentry of Russia is an evil-disposed aspiring child ; that we now England, transcribed by Ralph Sheldon of Beoley; have it in our power to curb her proud spirit; but that if among them is one of the Talbois family.

we neglect this opportunity and allow her to increase in

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pride, and in strength, in a few years she may perhaps The monument, which is fully described by Hutchins, trample on our breasts.

in his History of Dorset, as “a very lofty, noble, and Pax queritur in Bello is a favourite motto, but Wars superb one, of white marble, railed with iron," had till guarded against in peace, is in my opinion a much better recently the appearance as in the enclosed hasty sketch. one; and this is the motto England ought to choose. There is nothing in the present state of Europe, that Great Britain can in justice require, but what she must immediately gain. Let her then dictate terms to Russia, and check her ambitious views. If she refuses to subinit, shew us the Power who at this moment will dare to oppose the serious threats of England ? Vengeance would soon overwhelm her.

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CENSURE AGAINST SNUFF-TAKING IN CHURCH,

The Sessional Records of Brechin, contain the following reprehension against the taking of snuff during divine service.

1638, Oct. 2. Thomas Will, Alexander Gawin and others, being called in this day before the Sessioun for taking of snuff in tym of divyn seruice, and that publickly to the offence of vthers, ane ewill example to wyn to doe the lyk, they confessed and promises not to the lyk in tymes to come or wyf wayes to vnderlye the censur of the Session. Brechin, Feb. 7.

A. J.

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HOLLES MONUMENT, ST. PETER'S, DORCHESTER. After a highly successful appeal to the town of Dorchester, and the county of Dorset, in aid of a fund for the repairing and restoring the beautiful old church of St. Peter's, sufficient has been obtained for effecting the more immediate requirements, leaving contemplated improvements, works of ornament and minor importance, to be effected when further contributions could be afterwards collected. These repairs have been progressing

On the top, between two urns, an escutcheon encircled for some months past; and amongst the exceptions, by the Garter, containing the arms of Holles, Duke of caused by the inadequacy of means, was the removal of Newcastle.* Over all a ducal coronet, and on a the monument of Denzil, Baron Holles of Ifield, from cushion above it a ducal cap, motto-SPES AVDACES ADthe eastern window of the south aisle, to some other JVVAT. Under the curtain are three cherubim's heads, part of the church, in order to open that window, that and below these, the effigies of Lord Holles, in a robe had been completely blocked up by the monument. of loose drapery, and in a recumbent posture, his right One of the gentlemen of the Committee having given elbow leaning upon a cushion. On the outside of the orders for its removal, the monument has been taken

monument, the effigy on the right side, is that of a boy, down, and partly put up at the western end of the

and on the left, that of an angel mourning. Below the north aisle.

effigy, are the arms, supporters, and motto of Lord From the first I have been acting as one of the Denzil Lord Holles, by Dorothy Ashley, bis first wife, Honorary Secretaries to the Committee appointed for had an ouly son, Francis, who succeeded his father in the the effecting these repairs, and until the occurrence of barony. He died March 1, 1689-90, and was succeeded by this circumstance have been wholly in accord with the his only son Denzil, the third Baron Holles, who died in his persons of that Committee, and their plans; but in this nineteenth year, in 1694, when that honour became extinct, I unfortunately differ from the parties assuming the and the estates devolved upon bis beir-at-law, John l'olles, management, and consider this difference as being on a

fourth Earl of Clare, who having married Margaret, subject, beyond the mere question of ornament, and am

daughter and coheiress of Henry Cavendish, second Duke therefore induced to this remonstrance, in the hope of

of Newcastle, deceased 1691; was on May 14, 1694, created

| Marquis of Clare, and third Duke of Newcastle. He caused drawing the attention of all lovers of antiquity and the Holles Monument to be erected in St. Peter's Church, beauty to this monument, that a remedy may present in 1699, and dying in 1711, 8. p. m., his honours, notwithitself for that which I consider to be, to say the least of

standing the panoply of armorial glory displayed in this is, a most unjustifiable proceeding.

marble memorial, also became extinet.

Holles, with a baron's coronet. In a compartment on

THE LAST OF THE COURT FOOLS? the base are two inscribed columns, that on the right in Said Effendi, distinguished by the appellation of Latin, and that on the left in English.

Mussahib, or Imperial Buffoon, who had served in that The monument of such a man as Denzil Lord Holles, capacity four Sultans, and who notwithstanding his very is, I think it will be admitted, of more than local advanced age, was frequently commanded into the interest; perhaps, indeed, I should not go too far, if I presence of the present Sultan, to exercise his talent in said of national interest. Lord Holles is known as a smart sayings, and perform the antics of his office, man noble and illustrious in descent. In the reign of which the venerable old gentleman generally did with King James the First he represented Dorchester in remarkable agility, died at Constantinople on the 3rd parliament; and married Dorothy, daughter and heiress instant, at the age of 121 years and seven months. of Sir Francis Ashley, of Dorchester. He was created a peer April 20, 1661, and was honoured by representing COMPENSATION OF MAGAZINE WRITERS. his sovereign at several foreign courts; was a faithful

A correspondent of the Aberdeen Journal states of his counsellor to his prince, a patriot to his country, and I own knowledge, the following are the suns paid to a Christian towards God. He died in the eighty-second |

d in the eighty-second writers, by the proprietors of the periodicals named. year of his age, Feb. 17, 1679-80, and was buried in

We, ourselves, receive from Chambers's Journal, this church on April 10, 1680.* His wife was also

twenty-one shillings per page, and for the continuous buried here.

Tales in the serial, a guinea and a half per page is paid ; Now, of this monument, I confess, I with pain

in a page of Chambers there are about 1373 words. In observe it is intended to re-erect it in part only! Will

a page of the Leisure Hour, there are usually 1120 it be believed that it is contemplated to set aside the

words, and for that number, the Religious Tract Society pillars, the top, the urns, the curtain, and the cheru pays fifteen shillings. For a page containing about bims' heads, because the omission pleases the taste of 1250 words Eliza

1250 words, Eliza Cook used to pay us a guinea; and several gentlemen who have decided thereon ? On the Charles Dickens, Household Words, still pays that sum contrary, I consider it of great importance that thes for a page of not more than 1050 words. For the much whole should be re-erected, and not thus mutilated by

smaller pages of Tait's, Sharpe's, Bentley's, and the new way of “ improvement." A difference of opinion might New Monthly, half a guinea each is paid; while for possibly occur on the score of “improvement,” for quot

pages of about the same size, Blackwood, and the homines, tot sententiæ, and, in my humble opinion, the

Dublin University, pay double that price. For reviews, omissions apparently decided on would anything but the Athenæum pays half a guinea ; while the Critic and merit that name.

the Literary Gazette, pay seven shillings per column. Another argument for its complete restoration is, that, | The Quarterlies pay their contributors at rates varying I am credibly informed, there is a rent-charge of two from eight to

from eight to sixteen guineas per sheet of sixteen guineas per annum, derivable from the estate known as

pages. Holles Froome, near Dorchester, formerly the property of Lord Holles, reserved and payable for the cleaning STALL BOOKS.-In the Cambridge list of Wranglers and maintaining of this fine monument.

appears the name of — Tebay, B A., of St. John's ColOne word on “the right” to inutilate monuments. | lege. He was formerly a labourer at Preston, but an It might as well be said that the parties are equally old book purchased at a stall impelled him onward into empowered to take from, or add, at their will and

mathematical studies, in which his ability becoming pleasure, to any monument in the church, according to known to several gentlemen of that town, they sent their taste from time to time; unless it is contended, him to College, where his present position renders them which it would be idle to do, that the lapse of time due honour. since its erection would give them that right. I trust, therefore, that the parties in authority, who have VERSE VERSUS PROSE.—Her Majesty on the recomordered the omissions, will, on consideration, agree mendation of Lord Palmerston has conferred on Mr. with me that the monument ought to be reinstated, as Samuel Lover, well known for his Irish Songs and originally designed and planned by the sculptor, who Stories, an annual pension of 1001.; and has granted was surely the best judge of what was a becoming another of 501., chargeable upon the Irish civil list, to background for his own work ; and that such an Mr. John Dalton, of Dublin, the author of several Irish instance of bad taste may not mar the, in other historical works, including the Army List of King James respects, vast improvements to one of the finest and the Second ; the latter not yet completed. best-built churches of our county. Dorchester, Feb. 11.

JOAN GARLAND. The Fifth volume of Current Notes, with Index, in • The sermon preached at his funeral by the Rev. | extra cloth boards, uniform with the prior volumes ; may Samuel Rayner, then rector of St. Peter's, contains copious | now be had, price TOREE SHILLINGS. biographical details of Lord Holles. It was published by Subscribers are respectfully reminded that their subscripWilliam Churchill, bookseller in Dorchester, in 1680, 4to., tions for the forthcoming twelve months which are now but is now of considerable rarity.

due, can be forwarded in Postage Stamps.

No. LXIII.)

Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive.”-SHAKESPEARE.

[MARCH, 1856.

EARLY MERCIANTS' MARKS.

INEDITED LETTER OF SIR WALTER SCOTT. The following two examples of Merchants' marks are

I forward you another letter* addressed by Sir Walter from rubbings of Sepulchral memorials in the London

Scott to “ James Ellis, Esq., Otterbourne, by Hexham, Churches,

Northumberland," perhaps not so interesting as the Is from the Flemish brass of | last, but still worth preserving. The volume, edited by Andrew Evyngar and family 1536,

Ellis, and dedicated to Scott, has the following titlein the Church of All-hallows, Bark

Poetry, Fugitive and Original, by the late Thomas ing. On this brass are two other Bedingfield, Esq., and Mr. George Pickering, with shields, the dexter charged with | Notes and some Additional Pieces, by a Friend, [i.e. the arms of the Merchant Adven

Ellis.] Collecta revirescent. Newcastle, 1815, 8vo. turers Company, barry nebule of Many kind thanks, my dear Sir, for Pickering and six, arg. and azure; a chief quar- | Bedingfield's poems, which I think greatly more valuable terly gules and or, the first and from being mingled with your own, which are comfourth quarters, a lion passant- pletely fitted to rank with them, and you know they guardant of the fourth. On the stand high in my estimation, I think you have made

second and third, two roses of the | a very acceptable present to the literary world, and third, barbed vert. The sinister shield bears the arms feel inyself much flattered in standing godfather to the of the Salters Company, per chevron az. and gules, volume. It is executed in a manner creditable to the three sprinkling salts argent.

Newcastle press, and without errors, which is equally The inscription in old English raised characters; the honourable to the editor and printer. The literary words within brackets being erased.

anecdotes are very interesting, and will be the means. [Off your charite pray for the sowls] of Andrew of preserving to posterity the memory of these two Evyngar cytezē and salter of London ; and Ellyn hys ingenious men, which must otherwise have perished [wyff on whoos soulys ihesu haue m'cy amē.)

with the generation in which they flourished. You In the church of St. Olave, Hart were fortunate in the opportunity of knowing them, and Street, on a mural brass, the de they not less so, in being known to one whose kindred vice marked on the representation talents have enabled him to preserve their fame. of a bale of wool; with the follow-| The Border Antiquities inust be given up, for I don't ing inscription

think the publishers have taken the thing by the right John Orgone and Ellyne his wife. As I was so be ye.

# In reference to the letter printed in Current Notes, As I am, you shall be.

pp. 4-5, Mr. White, it appears to me, is under a mistake, That I gaue that I haue. Current Notes, p. 14, in supposing that Sir Walter made a That I spent, that I had, slip respecting the lines on the North Tyne, The lines to Thus I end all my coste

which allusion is made are now before me, having been That I leffte, that I loste, 1584. printed in 1850, by Mr. Fenwick, from the manuscript in

Mr. Ellis's autograph. The tract is entitled-Dialogue Lee Road, Blackheath, March 8. J. J. H.

between the North and South Tyne Rivers. This Dialogue is the joint production of the late Dr. Shepherd, Preacher

at Gray's Inn, and the late Miss Davidson, who in 1817 TOMB OF HOMER.- The Sieur de Grun, a Dutchman had a friendly controversy on the respective merits, in in the Russian service, employed in searching for anti point of beauty and association of the two streams. quities in the islands of the Archipelago, wrote to a friend As far as I know, the other poem, edited by Mr. Adamearly in 1772, that he had discovered in that of Nio, the son, and entitled — The Marriage of the Coquet and the tomb of Homer, who was always supposed to have died Alwine, is still anonymous. The Editor observes—the there. That he found a Greek inscription on the se author of this poem is not positively known, but report pulchre which contained the skeleton of that poet, the attributes it to two different gentlemen, of whom each is most celebrated of all antiquity, but that it immediately

equally well known in the county of Northumberland, The

names of these two individuals I do not feel myself at crumbled to dust on being exposed to the air. He had

liberty to mention here, as by assigning it to any one also made many other discoveries of tombs and coins in

mn without certain information on the subject, I might, unthe islands of Naxio and Milo, as in that of Nio.

intentionally, subtract from the merit of the real coinposer, Wisbeach, March 7. M, S. F.

E. H. A. VOL. VI.

handle, making the numbers far too large and miscel- , only a violent chicken-pox, and not the real variolous laneous. I have got a work for your acceptance- The eruption. Lord of the Isles-but I wait for the royal 8vo., which Once more, my dear Sir, my grateful thanks and will appear in a fortnight.

best wishes attend you, and I have just got from Mr. Bell the inaugural speeches

I am very much, at the opening of the Society of Antiquaries, * which

Your much obliged and faithful servant, shew much taste and spirit. I have thoughts of going Edinb. January 19, 1815. WALTER SCOTT. south this spring; perhaps, if I do not come down by sea, a mode of travelling to which I am rather partial,

scott'S WAVERLEY NOVELS QUESTIONED. I may have an opportunity of being present at a meeting. I have often thought that if Antiquarian Societies In Notes and Queries, there appeared recently cerwould bestow some expense and time in causing fair tain letters in which an attempt was made to discredit copies to be transcribed from curious old papers and Sir Walter Scott's right to be considered Author of records, they would render their associations of most what are usually denominated, the Waverley Novels. material use to history. About fifty years ago, an old This would be ainusing enough were there not involved Scotch gentleman, the Laird of Macfarlane, who in it an imputation on the memory of the truly great chanced to be a keen genealogist and antiquary, em- and good man of the most serious description. In ployed an amanuensis in making a collection of this assuming Scott to be the author of Moredun, the conkind. The volumes thus compiled were afterwards coctor of that eccentric and unequal production did not purchased by our Faculty of Advocates, and are in their touch his moral character. People might say, and fine library; and what points out the extrcme value of say with truth, that it was unworthy of his pen -- but such a collection, many of the originals from which that was all : whereas, the story now told just comes to they were copied have even in the comparative short this, that Scott appropriated for his own benefit the space of time, fallen aside, or been destroyed; so that works of others. these copies are now the only source to which we can

What is said ? Why, that Thomas Scott wrote the resort for the curious information which they contained whole or best part of the novels prior to Rob Roy; and Perhaps, the Antiquarian Society of the North may be that in particular he was the author of The Antiquary. induced at one time or other to take the matter under

What is the proof of this wondrous statement ? An consideration?

alleged letter in the Quebec Herald, of July, 1820. It Sometime since, I wrote you a long letter, which I has the date of December—but no year. It has neither hope came safe to hand. Mrs. Scott sends her kind signature nor address. The party who was the recipient compliments to Mrs. Ellis. Our eldest boy, Walter,+ is represented as dead; who sent it is not disclosed; whom you remember at Otterbourne, has had the small and where it was found -whether in New York or pox, or something very like it, and thereby made him- Quebec-is concealed. In this precious production, self the town-talk, for he was in infancy both vaccinated Thomas Scott is made to declare that he was the author and inoculated. He has now got thein well over, but of The Antiquary. It is asserted that the writer had the alarm prevented me writing this letter. The cir seen the original manuscript in full in Thomas Scott's cumstance of the small-pox, if such the disease be, re- hand-writing. viving like one of Ariosto's Enchanted Champions after An anonymous communication of this sort affords no it was supposed fairly slain, is a little startling. But evidence whatever. A court of law would dismiss it at as vaccination was then only new, it is possible the boy once, and common sense rejects it as worthless. Exmay not have had the right kind, and that the subse- amine the matter, and see how the thing stands. quent inoculation may not have taken effect, which Firstly, Was ever such a letter in existence, and if so, sometimes happens; or, the disorder may have been

where is it now? Secondly, Who was the writer, and to whom was it addressed? Thirdly, What was the date-- that is to say, the vear in which it was written?

Fourthly, Where is the alleged manuscript of The An* Scott was elected an Honorary Member of the New. tiquary in Thomas Scott's autograph ? In the next castle-upon-Tyne Society of Antiquaries on April 7, 1813 ; place, assume that Thomas Scott made such a stateseveral unpublished letters of Scott's in reference to his ment, was it done seriously or in jest- was it over his joining this Society, and the Border Minstrelsy, in the

cups, or was any body else present? The paymaster, Editor's possession, will appear in Current Notes.

as Thomas Scott is styled, was a fellow of infinite † Scott's only son, born Oct. 28, 1801. He adopted the

humour - full of frolic and fun. military profession, and was a Major in the 15th Hussars, when Sir Walter died Sept. 21, 1832, whom he succeeded

Like the late excellent Peter Robertson (Eheu ! !) he in the Baronetcy. He became the Lieutenant-Colonel of could not resist a joke; and to mystify a Yankeehis regiment, May 31, 1839, and served some years in could there be a greater treat ? Sir Walter, at the · India; on his return bomeward he died at sea, off the Cape dinner at which the secret of his authorship was made of Good Hope, Feb. 8, 1847. Dying without issue, the public, desired Robertson to announce himself as the baronetcy became extinct.

murderer of Begbie. Even very grave personages con

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