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General, who only told him, that he ought to be there himself, when the said Jermain was put in possession. That he had not deserted the colony, though he was obliged to go to Carolina and trade betwixt the two provinces, or do any thing for an honest livelihood, not being able to support himself by cultivation under the restrictions in Georgia, which have been too severely felt by people in general, as he can witness. And farther this deponent saith not.
Sworn to before Thomas Wigg, one of his majesty's
justices assigned to keep the peace, in Granville County, South Carolina, this 26th day of January, 1741-2.
No. 3. South.
Mr. Bromfield to put Mr. Amatis into Horne's lot, which is forfeited.
The lot, late William Horne's, is now granted to Paul Amatis, by order of James Oglethorpe, Esq.
The house lot in Jekyll Tithing, Derby Ward, No. 4.
The farm is in the same ward and tithing of farms, No. 5, letter B.
Witness, John BROWNFIELD, Register. Savannah, June the 16th, 1736.
Joseph Watson, late of Grantham, bailiff, in the province of Georgia, aged forty years and upwards, maketh oath and saith, that in the year seventeen hundred thirty-four, he bought some cheese from the store-house, commonly called the Trustees' Store, in the town of Savannah, in the said province. That he was charged in his account with the
trustees for establishing the said colony, one shilling sterling per pound for the said cheese. That he believes it was what in London is commonly called Cheshire cheese. That the inhabitants in general in the said town and neighborhood thereof, often complained that they paid the same price for the same sort of cheese ; and that the said inhabitants did complain continually, that high prices were advanced on all sorts of provisions, and other necessaries, sold at the said store. And farther this deponent does not say.
JOSEPH WATSON. Sworn at the Public Office, 31st December, 1742, before
Sarah Turner, late of the colony of Georgia, maketh oath and saith, that she arrived at Savannah, in the said province, in December 1733, with her husband Richard Turner, where she resided till March, 1739-40.
That from the time of her arrival, to June 1738, Mr. Thomas Causton, late magistrate, store-keeper and cashier to the trustees for Georgia, had the sole disposal of the shop,
commonly called the Trustees' Store; where was always í kept a large supply of all provisions, clothing, working tools,
and other necessaries. That she has heard and doubts not, but that cheese has been sold from the said store, for one shilling by the pound; that she has herself bought Cheshire cheese (as she thinks it) of the said Causton's wife, (who kept a chandler's shop, which was generally thought, and she has great reason to believe, was supplied with goods out of the said store) for which she paid at the same time, in paper money of South Carolina, after the rate of eight-pence sterling per pound: that neither her husband (as she knows of) nor herself, did ever receive any part or share of the presents of cattle, provisions, &c. made to the first settlers of Georgia, by the provinces of South Carolina, Pennsylvania, &c. That neither she or her husband (as she ever knew of) did ever receive a cow or sow, as promised to the said settlers by the trustees : that she has heard frequent complaints among the first settlers (to whom such presents were said to be made) that they were made to pay for the same, as well as all other
sorts of provisions and necessaries received at the hands or by the order of the said Causton; and that they paid most extravagant prices for the same.
That on the removal of the said Causton, Mr. Thomas Jones was first made store-keeper, and then magistrate; which gave him an opportunity of exercising cruelties on the people, as Causton had done, and which were complained of by the people. That she has heard that the said Jones would allow one Parker, and other poor people, made magistrates by the trustees, no provisions, whenever they differed in opinion with him, in a case of justice; and he also sold all sorts of provisions from the said store at extravagant prices; that he would not pay laborers, and others employed in the public service, in money, but in provisions at a dear rate. That John Graham having sawed some boards, the said Jones would pay him in provisions only, which were not only dear, but unwholesome; and that she saw stinking flour which was damaged, being black and full of grubs, that had been delivered to others, for which they paid ten shillings per hundred pound; the price of the best flour being commonly about ten shillings in the merchants' ware-houses.
That on her leaving the province in March, 1739, the people in general were complaining as much of the cruel usage of the said Jones, as before they had been of the said: Causton's; and further this deponent saith not.
SARAH TURNER. Sworn the 6th day of January, 1742, in Lincoln's-Inn, before
: E. SAWYER.
Extract of a Letter from Mr. Lobb.
CHELMSFORD, Dec. 1, 1742. Sir. I send you a list of some goods, with the prices we were charged at the trustees' store-house in Savannah.
Coarse blue Duffles, at 4s. per yard.
Beef, at 2d. per pound.
These prices are what I can prove by their bills. Beef about that time, viz., 1736, I bought in Charleston, the very best the market afforded, at 9d.t their currency per pound; biscuit much about the same difference; and osneburgs at the meanest retailers in Charleston, might be bought at 8d. or under; the blue duffles, I am informed, I might have for almost half price in Charleston. I am, sir,
Your humble servant,
Extract of a Representation of the Grand Jury of Savannah,
to the Honorable the Trustees.
That the said Thomas Causton, by his office of storekeeper, hath the dangerous power in his hands, of alluring weak-minded people, to comply with unjust measures ; and also overawing others, from making just complaints and representations to your honors; and the known implacability of the said Causton, and bis frequent threatening of such people, is to many weak-minded, though well-disposed persons, a strong bulwark against their seeking redress, by making proper complaints and just representations to you, their benefactors, patrons and protectors.
That the said Causton has made great advancements on provisions and goods sold out of the trustees' store, to the
inhabitants, contrary to Mr. Oglethorpe's promise when he - first settled this colony; and contrary, as we apprehend, to - your honors' good intentions, and greatly detrimental to the
prosperity of the colony; and that he hath refused to pay the public debts, otherwise than in provisions at those dear rates, and sometimes bad and unwholesome, out of the
Seven shillings and six-pence sterling ; prime cost about five shillings. * One penny and one-eighth sterling.
public store, whereby the inhabitants were greatly distressed, and some have been obliged to leave the province.
In witness, &c. This first day of September, 1737.
A Representation from the Grand Jury to the Court of
SAVANNAH, May 20, 1742. The grand jury impanelled the 18th of this instant May, for the town and county of Savannah, humbly beg leave to offer the following reasons to this court, why they think themselves obliged to present Mr. Thomas Jones, the second bailiff of this town and county, and to examine witnesses duly sworn thereon.
Imprimis. That in pursuance of the oath, which they, as grand jurors, have solemnly taken, they are obliged to present all such matters and things as shall come before them, and that they shall leave no one person unpresented, through fear, favor, or affection.
2dly. That the matter of complaint against the said Mr. Thomas Jones, now before them, is (as they humbly conceive,) a crime of a very heinous nature, and (if not duly inquired into by them,) may be attended with very bad consequence, highly detrimental to the liberties and properties of his Majesty's liege people, inhabiting this colony.
3dly. We humbly are of opinion, that the president and assistants taking cognizance of any crime or misdemeanor, and representing the same to the honorable the trustees, cannot discharge the grand jury from making due inquiry into such matters and things as shall come before them, notwithstanding the said president and assistants have cognizance thereof; for if such things should be once allowed, we humbly are of opinion the course of justice would be diverted from its usual channel, and thereby render grand and petty juries entirely useless, contrary, as we humbly conceive, to the rights and privileges of our mother country.
4thly. We humbly are of opinion, that the court refusing