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1791. Powers of city boards of examination. Each city board of examination has power,
First. To adopt rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of this state, for its own government and for the examination of teachers.
Second. To examine applicants, and to prescribe a standard of proficiency which will entitle the person examined to receive, - 1. A high school certificate, valid for six years, and authorizing the holder to teach any pri. mary, grammar, or high school in such city; 2. A city certificate, grammar grade, valid for six years, authorizing the holder to teach any primary or grammar school in such city; 3. A city certificate, primary grade, valid for two years, authorizing the holder to teach any primary school in such city. They shall report the result of the examination to the city board of education; and said board of education shall thereupon issue to the successful candidates the certiticates to which they shall be entitled.
Thiril. To recommend applicants for special certifi. cates, valid for a period not to exceed six years, upon such special studies as may be authorized by the city board of educution of such city.
Four, For iminoral or unprofessional conduct, profanity, ... temperance, or evident untitness for teaching, to recommen l to the city board of education the revocation of any certificates previously granted by said board of cducation in such city, or city and county. (Amendment approved March 23, 1893; Stais. 1933, p. 202; in effect immediately. ]
This section was also amended in 1891: Stats. 1891, p. 163.
1792. City certificates. City or city and county boards of examination may also recommend the cranting ut city certificates, and the renewal thereof, in the manner provided for the granting and renewal of county certificates by the county board of education in section one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five of this code. [ Amendment approved March 23, 1893; Stats. 1833, p. 262; in effect immediately. ]
The original secuon was also amended March 20, 1891 (Stats. 1891, p. 104), .. , follows:
The city board of examination may also, without examination, grant city certificates, and fix the ç'ade thereof, to the holders of California life diplomas, Caliiornia, Nevada, and Oregon educational diplomas, California stato normal school diplomas, California State University diplomas when recommuided by the faculty of the university, San Francisco normal e'ass diplomas when recommended by the superintendent of public schools, certificates granted in other cities, couniics, inca cities and counties of California, and the life diplomas and the state normal school diplomas of other states; and may a!:0, without examination, renew, and for immoral or unproiessional conduct, profanity, intemperance, or evident untitnes for teaching revoke, any certificates previously granted by them in such city, or city and county,
1793. Eliyirility of holders of city certificates. The holders of city certificates are eligible to teach, in the cities in which such certificates were granted, in schools of grades corresponding to the grades of such certificates, and when elected shall be dismissed only for insubordination or other causes, as mentioned in section seventeen hundred and ninety-one of this act, duly ascertained and approved by the board of education of said cities; and city superintendents of public schools clected by city boards of education shall be elected for a term of four years; and said city boards of education shall have full power to fix the salary of all employees. The holders of special city certificates are eligible to teach the special studies mentioned in their certificates in all the schools in the city in which such certificates were granted. (Amend. ment approveil March 23, 1893; Stats. 1893, p. 262; in effect immediately.)
This section was also amended in 1891: Stats. 1891, p. 164.
Restoration of dismissed teacher - Mandamus: 82 Cal. 483.
Transfer of teacher: 82 Cal. 483.
1817. County superintendent to estimate school fund re. quired. The county superintendent of each county having à population of less than two hundred thousand inhabi. tants must, on or before the first regular meeting of the board of supervisors in September in each year, furnish the supervisors and the auditor, respectively, an estimate, in writing, of the minimum amount of county school fund needed for the ensuing year. This amount he must compute as follows:
First. He must ascertain, in the manner provided for in subdivisions one and two of section eighteen hundred and fifty-eight, the total number of teachers for the county.
Second. He must calculate the amount required to be raised, at five hundred dollars per teacher. From this amount he must deduct the total amount of state appor. tionments, and the remainder shall be the minimum amount of nty school fund needed for the ensuing year; proviileil, that if this amount is less than sufficient to raise a sum equal to six dollars for each census child in the county, then the minimnuin amount shall be such a sum as will be equal to six dollars for each census child in the county. (Amendment approved March 23, 1893; Stats. 1893, p. 203; in effect immediately.] 1818. An act to provide for the lovy and collection of taxes by and for school districts, c.cccpt in municipal corporations of the first class.
(Approved February 14, 1891; Stats. 1891, p. 4.] SECTION 1. In all cases where the board of school trustees, board of school directors, board of education, or other governing board of any school district in this state, except in municipal corporation of the first class, has or may hereafter have power to raise money by taxation without a vote of the people of the school district, in addition to the funds provided by state and county for school or educational purposes, such money shall be raised and such taxes shall be levied and col. lected in the manner following, to wit: The board of trustees, directors, or board of education shall, within the limits fixed by law, estimate the amount of money to be so raised by taxation, and required by their recrctive districts for school purposes during the year next en ing, which year shall begin on the first Monday of January, ali twelve o'clock, M. Said meeting for such purpose shul be held between the first and the wen. tieth day of September in each year; said estimate, showing the amount and for what purpose the same is to be used, shall be entered upon the records of the board making the same, and signed by a majority of aid board, and attested by the clerk or secretary of said board. Said clerk or secretary shall immediately furnish to the board of supervisors of the county in which such district is situated a copy of said record containing such estimate, which shall show the name of the district, the amount of money to be raised, and the purposes for which it is to be used.
SEC. 2. The board of supervisors, upon receipt of such estimate, must, at the time of levying the county taxes, levy a tax upon all the taxable property in the school district requiring such money sufficient to raise the amount; the rate of taxation shall be ascertained by deducting fifteen per cent for anticipated delinquencies from the aggregate assessed value of the property in the district as it appears on the assessinent Dull of the county, and then divide the amount to be raised by the remainder of said aggregate assessed value. The taxes so ked shall be computed and entered on the assessment roll by the county anditor, and collected at the same tiine and in the same manner as scale and county taxes, and when colletted, shall be paid into the county treasury for the use of the district for which said money was collected. The county treasurer shall, upon demand, pay out such moneys to the district entitled ihereto, in the same manner as other school moneys are paid out by such treasurer.
Sec. 3. All acts and parts of acts in conflict with this act are hereby repealed.
1830. Election for a tax for additional school facilities. The board of school trustees of any district may, prior to the tiiteenth day of August in any year, when, in their judgment, it is advisable, call an election, and submit to the electors of the district the question whether a tax shall be raised to furnish additional school facilities for the district, or to maintain any school in such district, or for building one or more school-houses, or for any two or all of these purposes; provided, that where a tax has been coilected for the purpose of building a school-house, and the erection of said school-house shall not have been commenced within two years from the time said tax was collected, the custodian of said money shall return the same to the parties from whom said tax was collected. (Amendment approved Varch 23, 1893; Stuts. 1893, p. 263; in effect immediutely.] An act to enable school districts in cities of the fifth class, and erintol districts which embrace territory ci portion of which is
thu and a portion of which is without such cities of the fifth e'xx, to issue bonds for the purpose of raising money to purchase chool lots, and jor building or purchasing one or more schoolhurreses, and supplying the same with furniture, necessary apparatus, and improving the grounds, and for liquidating any in tobtaos already inclrred for such purposes, and to repeal an act approrat March 31, 1891, entitled "An act to enable cities of the fih cla«s to issue bonds for the purpose of raisin, money to purchase school lots and for building or purchasing one or more school-houses, and supplying the same with furniture, necessary apparans, and improring the grounds, and for liquidating any indebtedness already incurred for such purposes."
(Approved March 23, 1893; Stats. 1893, p. 292.] SECTION 1. The board of education of any school district in a city of the fifth class, or of any school district which em.
braces territory a portion of which is without such city of the fifth class, may, when, in their judgment, it is advisable, and must when requested by the board of trustees of such city, call an election and submit to the electors of the district whether the bonds of such district shall be issued and sold for the purpose of raising money to purchase school lots, and for building or purchasing one or more school-houses, and supplying the same with furniture, necessary apparatus, and improving the grounds, and for liquidating any indebtedness already incurred for such purposes.
SEC. 2. Such 'election must be called by posting notices, signed by the board of education, in three of the most public places in the district, for not less than twenty days before the election, and by publishing such notices, in some newspaper published in such city, not less than once a week for three successive weeks.
SEC. 3. Such notices must contain,-
2. The names of one inspector and two judges in each voting precinct in said district, to conduct the same.
3. The hours during the day, not less than six hours, in which the polls will be open.
4. The amount and denomination of the bonds, the rate of interest, and the number of years, not exceeding ten, the whole or any part of said bonds are to run,,
SEC. 4. Such election shall be held, in all respects as nearly as practicable, in conformity with the general election law; provided, that no particular form of ballot shall be required, excepting that the words to appear on the ballots, which shall be “ Bonds - Yes," or “Bonds -- No"; nor shall any informalities, not amounting to fraud, in conducting such election, invalidate the same.
SEC. 5. On the seventh day after said election, at one o'clock, P. M., the returns having been made to the board of education, the board must meet and canvass said returns, and if it appears that two thirds of the votes cast at said election were in favor of issuing such bonds, then the board shall cause an entry of that fact to be made upon its minutes, and shall certily to the board of supervisors of the county in which said district is located the proceedings had in the premises; and thereupon said board of supervisors shall be and they are hereby authorized and directed to issue the bonds of such district to the number and amount provided in such proceedings, payable out of the bond fund of such district (naming the same), and that the money shall be raised by taxation upon the taxable property in said district for the redemption of said bonds, and the payment of the interest thereon; provided, that the total amount of bonds so issued shall not exceed five per cent of the taxable property of the district as shown by the last equalized assessment of the property in such school district.
SEC. 6. The board of supervisors, by an order entered upon its minutes, shall prescribe the form of said bonds, and of the interest coupons aitached thereto, and must fix the time when