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countries, their past history, or legendary lore are there The parish church is a gem in its way for any person retained in their original and quaint guise. of an ecclesiological taste, and greatly resembles in The employments of the districts which find markets form those so frequently observable in Kent. It has a for their goods in particular cities or towns, are readily square tower, but no spire, has a regular nave, lateral perceptible in the signs which hang over the shop doors. aisles, and a perfect chancel. The piercings for the In North France, they are resplendent in colour and windows are much like those we see in the ruined abbey gilding; in Holland they are quaint and sober; in and church walls, which had their day some six or seven Germany they are generally substantial, and often centuries since. A pointed arch forms the windows, but wildly imaginative; and in Belgium, a mixture of each a stone mullion in the centre divides it into two light of these countries, with an air of pasteboard and negligé, lancet arches within. In the chancel there are three not very inviting, however attractive or good may be the very narrow windows on the south side, and two on the contents of the shop. This classification may of course north. The other windows are of elegant formation, be carried into the provinces and minor divisions, where while the fretted quoins and mullions have a venerable the neighbourhood of the cloth manufactory, or spinning. aspect. The exterior walls are covered with a yellowish wheel, the hop.ground, or the flax-field is perceptibly kind of lichen; and the roof seems tanned as it were by stamped with tolerable plainness in the signs of the the effects of Sol's rays during the lapse of centuries. principal towns; but nowhere are signs and signboards On one of the beams of the roof, in the interior, is the seen to better advantage than at Lille, the centre of a date 1595. The pews have a coarse old appearance, and fertile and rich district, the market of a busy and indusare mostly all open. The font is large, and has an trious people, the chief city in North France, and in aperture at bottom, but was evidently constructed for truth, the paradise of good shops and polite merchants. the dipping of children, in accordance with the general Bordering on Flanders, the old historical memories of practice in England, until with Calvin's dogmas of the land of artizans and people-power remain on the faith, sprinkling or affusion was substituted.

signs. Lille, indeed, is still the capital of a little mannIs there any known legend or tradition in connection facturing kingdom, rendered by its own industry and with the well that gives name to the parish of Holywell, natural fertility tolerably independent. similar as it might be premised to that of the famous The golden signs predominate in Lille, as indeed well of St. Winifred, that supplies the name to the they do in all parts of French Flanders, and in their parish of Holywell in Flintshire? The well here, with ludicrous connection with the commonest articles of a view to its preservation, is now enclosed by a newly every-day life, they bring back the story of Midas's constructed wall, and partly covered over. Whatever touch of gold, and its unfortunate results. was the legendary story, it seems now to be wholly Small and common as it may seem, the sketch of the unknown to the present generation of the inhabitants. Green KnightCan any reader of Current Notes supply any facts in reference to this legend ? Downpatrick, Dec. 18.

JAMES A. Pilson.


WALLingtox's JOURNAL.-In Notes and Queries, vol. v. p. 489, is an inquiry respecting a manuscript journal of Nehemiah Wallington, 1618-36, that was sold at the dispersion of Gulston's library in 1784. At that sale it was purchased by Mr. George Baker of St. Paul's Churchyard, and in 1824, if not before, passed into the Upcott Collection, from which it was purchased for the Corporation Library, Guildhall, London, for Twenty-five pounds.

made by me from a sign, while rambling in the strects CONTINENTAL SIGNS AND SIGN-BOARDS.

of Lille, .n August last; serves to awaken some few The good old custom of placing a sign above the shop

historical reflections. The • Flander's mare,' clumsy, by way of distinction, from the very general mode of num

fleshy, and thick set, reminds one of Cuyp's pastures, bering now adopted, has been rendered unnecessary in and the remark in connection of Anne of Cleves, and England, and is with us almost extinct. It is only in

her sometime lord and master, our own bluff Harry, our hostelries that signs have been retained, and in many

while the Knight who bestrides the prancing steed, with instances these are becoming superseded in the grander

his cloud formed cloak and sword almost as long as Hotels ; however, we still in general look for real com

himself, smacks somewhat of the Spanish occupafort and good old English cheer at the Tabard or at the tion. The sign subscribed LE CHEVALIER. VERT., is Boar.

in date probably of that awful period in the history of All persons who have visited foreign parts must have the Netherlands, whose annals are inscribed in letters of noticed that signboards though rare with us, are commonly in use abroad; and the peculiarities of these' Dec. 4.

T. HARWOOD Pattison.

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PENGERSICK CASTLE, WEST CORNWALL. The following inedited document of authority affords The traveller as he passes along the Helston-road, in good evidence of the low condition of the surgical prac- the parish of Breage, may descry at about half a mile

e metropolis on the accession of Queen Eliza- distance, in a picturesque valley which slopes to the sca, beth, and cannot be perused without exciting consider the ruins of Pengersick Castle. A visit thither would able interest.

amply repay the artist or the antiquary, and as no view Holbein, on whose skill as a painter, Du Fresnov l of it has bitherto been engraved, I respectfully submit thus expatiates-his execution surpassed even that of to the readers of Current Notes, the accompanying ilRaffaelle, and I have seen a portrait of his painting, Ilustration. with which one of Titian's could not come in competition; has in his glorious picture of king Henry the Eighth granting the Charter to the Barber Surgeons' Company, eternised the portrait of Thomas Vicary, the Queen's Serjeant Surgeon ; it is to him, the burly monarch and father of Her Majesty is delivering the charter as the chief of the company.

The Great seal has been torn from the original licence, but there are remains to prove that it was formerly attached Lee Road, Blackheath.

J. J. H. ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, Quene of Englond, Fraunce, and Irelonde, Defender of the faith, etc.

To All Mavours, Sheriff's, Baylliffs, Constables, and all other our Offycers, Mynisters and Subjects thees our Lettres hearinge or seinge, and to euery of them greetinge.

The local historians state that the barton and manor We lett you wete, that for certeyn consideracions us of Pengersick,* was in the reign of Henry the Eighth, mouinge we haue by theise presents auctorised and ly- purchased in his son's name by—Milliton, a gentleman, censed oure Trustie and Welbeloued Seruaunte Thomas who having by accident or otherwise committed murder, VYCARY, Sergeant of our Surgions and the Wardens immured himself in a private chamber in the tower of of the Fellowshipp of the said Surgeons within our Cytie the castle, and was so effectually concealed from any of London that now be or hereafter shalbe, that they judicial inquiry, that except to a few friends, nothing was by themselfs, or their assigne, bearer hereof, shal and known respecting him, until upon his death, his retreat may from hensforth, take and reteyne at our wages as was discovered. well within the Cytie of London, as elsewhere within | Whether this castellated mansion, the family seat of any other Cytie, Towne, Boroughe or other place within the Millitons was built by them, or previously, is not rethis our Realme, as well franchised and privileged as corded. In 1547, Job Milliton, the son above noticed, not franchised nor privileged, suche and as many Sur. was appointed governor of St. Michael's Mount, in gions as they shall thinke mete and able from tyme to place of Humphrey Arundell, who was executed for retyme to doe unto us seruyce in the scyence of Surgerie bellion. William Milliton, bis only son, who had the at any season hereafter as well by sea as lande, and honour of being Sheriff of Cornwall, died without issue, further that the Sergeant and Wardeyns aforesaide in 15.95, when the family estate was divided among his shal or maye take of suche as be not able to serve, suche six sisters, who became his heiresses. instruments and other stuff of Surgerie as they shal Sir Nicholas Hals, Knight, on his first coming into thinke mete to same, agreinge and payinge therfor, to Cornwall, from Efford, in Devonshire, purchased a portion all suche of whom any suche instruments or stuff shal of the lands, and occasionally resided at Pengersick and be taken.

Trewinard, till he removed to Fintongollen. John Hals Wherfore We woll and comaunde you, and eùy of the thriftless son and heir to Sir Nicholas, by his impruyou that uinto our saide Sergiant and the Wardeyns dence, caused all the growing timber at Pengersick, aforesaid, and their assigne, bearer hereof, in the due of which according to tradition, there was great store,' execucion of this our aucthoritie and lycense, Ye be to be cut down and sold. Some portion of the lands aydinge, helpinge and assistinge as ofte as the case shal passed to the Duke of Leeds, as the representative of require without any your denyall, lett, or contradycion, the Godolphin family. as ye and cùy of you tender our pleasure and woll auoide | The tower of the castle consists of three stories, a the contrary at your peril.

passage of winding steps leads to the roof, from which In Witness whereof, We have caused theis our Let there is a pleasing though not extensive prospect. tres of Commissyon to be sealed with our Greate Seale. On the ground floor, the walls are pierced with loop.

Wytness ourself at Westmynstre, the storn by fold] th day of December (1559] the seconde yere of our l * Pen-gar-wick, also Pen-gars-wick otherwise PenReigne.

gweras-ike. See Gilbert's Cornwall.


h-les, and many of the apartments have fallen in. , desperation these events caused, excited the energies of Those which remain are used by a farmer as haylofts many persons whose characters stand forth magnificently and granaries. On the wainscot of the upper story, illustrious in English History, but to none can Englishelaborately carved and painted, are some quaint verses, men point with greater pride than to Ethelfeda, the now nearly effaced. The following are specimens ; youngest daughter of Alfred; the sister of Edward, surThe one nedith the other ys helpe

named the elder, who' every inch a king,' majestically The luime wyche lucketh for to yoo,

supported the functions of the monarch; and the wife Is borne upon the blynde is back,

of Ethelred, then Ealdorman of Mercia, which, by its So mutually between them twoo :

absorption with other states, had then ceased to be a The one supplieth the other's lack;

kingdom. In her person, emphatically styled the Lady' The blynde to laime doth lend bis inight,

of Mercia, Ethelfeda appears to have characteristically The laime to blynde doth yeld his sight.

embodied the soul-moving Heroine of Romance, to have These lines have reference to a painting of a blind

been embued with the sturdy valour of Ariosto's Braman, bearing one who is lame on his back.

damante; and to have shewn on all occasions, the PERSEVERANCE.

prowess of the bold Virago' as she was termed by all

the monkish writers; nor was her decision or prudence What thing is harder than a rock? What softer is than water clear?

inferior to her bravery. But will the same with often drop

Chester, that had been strongly fortified by the The hard rock pierce as doth appear,

Romans, and after the Roman period, successively ocEven so nothing so hard to attyne,

cupied by the Britons and the Anglo-Saxons, was during But may be hud withi lubour and payne.

the invasions of this period, abandoned by the latter; The arms of the Milliton family were from a supposed

but the Danes in 894, occupied it as a place of succour punning allusion to their name, a chevron, between three

against the advances of Alfred; they in their turn, were millot fishes hariant or erected, whereas Milliton is a

driven thence; and in 908, Ethelred having possession mill-town.

restored much of the ruined buillings, and walled it Penzance, Dec. 2.

about, enclosing the castle which till then had been be

yond its limits. ETHELFLEDA, TIE ‘LADY' OF MERCIA.

In 912, Ethelred died, and the rule in Mercia de

volved upon his widow Ethelfeda, who, having been England, notwithstanding the supposed ignorance of

taught by experience that much of the Danish success geographical knowledge manifested by most nations in

in their depredations was in great part owing to their the earlier annals of the world, appears to have been

| defensive fortifications, and that amidst all their appa*the golden land,' to which the most ruthless migratory inroads by hordes of barbarian northinen were ostensibly

rent irregularity, they effectually carried on war by

system; adopted the same course of strategy; and every directed and though attacked successively by armed

I place or point that could be rendered defensible, she hosts sufficiently caparisoned and inured to military evolutions, that on any other soil, would have served to

promptly secured. Worcester, her capital, had been forannihilate the very character and name of its aborigines,

tified by Ethelred. Hovenden, and other chroniclers still their innate bravery, and the irresistible pluck of

mention her proceeding with a large force, on May 6, the natives, has ever served to sustain their indomitable

913, to Sceargate, or Shiregate, and there built a strong

castle; and another on the west bank of the Severn, genius, wbich like hope was and is ever directed to the

called Bridge, otherwise Bridgenorth, in Shropshire. future, constantly undaunted in the conflict, and uncon

In the spring of 914, she went to Tamworth, restored quered in death.

the town, and built the castle; thence, according to At the period of Alfred's accession, the Danes by

Matthew of Westminster, and Florence of Worcester, their brutal ferocity, had caused great devastation, and

| she proceeded to Stafford, and repaired that castle. In the Angles partially depressed by the innumerable hosts

915, as Hovenden records, she built Edesbury or Eddesof their assailants, experienced extreme misery and pri.

bury, and fortified Warwick ; and in 916, as Florence vation. Mercia, wholly in the power of the Danes, was

of Worcester relates, she built Cherbury, which he demost mercilessly ravaged, the greater part of the nobility had either fallen in battle, or had been driven

signates Cyriebyrig; Runcorn and other places were from their homes, and few but the peasantry or churls

| also successfully protected by the ramparts which she

raised. Each year of her sovereignty was characterised remained, to undergo oppression and plunder by Ceol

by bold and well-directed measures. In 917, occurred wulf, a Thane, who was advanced by the Danes to be for a time, their king or governor of Mercia.* The

the memorable assault on Brecanmere, or Brecknock,

designated by the Welsh–Gweyth y Dinas Newydh, * Ceolwulf, is said to have been the minister of Burgred,

i.e. the battle of the new city, Johannes Castoreus thus who when the latter was driven from his throne by the Dunes,

narrates the particulars. seized on the government, for a short time, till his own ex. Huganus, Lord of West Wales, perceiving king Edpulsion in 877 terminated the independence. The coins ward to be occupied far enough from him, in the Danish struck by Ceolwulf are the last of that Saxon kingdom. war; gathered an army of Britons, and entered the

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king's territories. Ethelfeda, king Edward's sister, been pledged in the reign of Charles II. or James II lipon hearing this, advanced with a strong army to princes of no remarkable regularity in their financial Wales, and fought the rebellious Welshmen at Breck- ¡ operations. nock, where having put Huganus and his followers to What became of these jewels, and what was their fight, she took as captives the wife of Huganus, with value ?

J. A. P. thirty-four of his men, and led them with her into Mer

SURNAMES ENDING IN WELL. cia. . Huganus thus discomfited, fied to Derby, where being of the people peaceably received, he in 918 with

Whence the origin and signification of the termination fifteen men at arms, and two hundred well appointed sol

vinted sol.


well,' to names of Places and Families, such as Biddiers, joined king Edward's adversaries, the Danes. The well, Boswell, Carswell, Creswell, Faxwell, Harewell,

fied this to the dauntless Leapingwell, Maxwell, Tanswell, Tregonwell, Tugwell, Ethelfleda, she followed him with a powerful force, to etc.? I have thought it a corruption of the Norman the gates of that town, and four of her chief officers ‘ville, but shall be glad to receive some definite inforwere there slain; but her steward, Gwyane. Lord of 'mation on the subject from any of your correspondents.

T. P. LAXGEAD. thie Isle of Ely; having set fire to, and burned the Inner Temple, Dec. 1. gates, the Britons being vigorously assaulted, Huganus Hereditary surnames are said to have been adopted in overmatched, and choosing to die by the sword, rather the kingdoms of the Saxon Heptarchy prior to the Norman than yield himself unto a woman, was there slain, Conquest. The termination ville' equivalent to our · ton'

By the capture of Derby, and of Leicester in 919, is frequent among the Norman names, and in the Batwere achieved great advantages, and having forced the

tel Abbey roll. Noble held such terminations as conclusive Danes to a capitulation, Ethelfeda thus regained im

evidence, the persons so named were Normans. The ter

mination ville, has in frequent instances been changed or portant portions of the old Mercian territory, and the

perverted into well, as Bosseville to Boswell, Fretchville submission of the Danish hosts stationed in and near!

to Freshwell and Fretwell, Rosseville to Roswell. Harethese towns comprised her authority.

ville, a name found in Leland's copy of the Battel Abbey Ethelfeda died at Tamworth, in 919, soon after these roll, appears in Holinshed's more modern version as Haresuccessful assaults, and was buried by the side of her well. husband, in St. Peter's porch, in the cathedral of Glou- ! Verstegan in 1605, descanting on English Surnames, obcester, having ensculptered on her tonıb, the following serves on those terminating in well, our Ancestors accordlines :

ing to the different issue of waters, did term them differ

ently, and among others, that which rose bubbling out of O ELFLEDA potens, ô terror virgo virorum,

the earth, they called well-water, as if they had said, bubO ELFLEVA potens, nomine digna viri.

bling water ; but this name of well grew afterward among Te quoque splendidior fecit natura puellam,

us to be the name of the bourne-pit where out the water is Te probitas fecit nomen habere viri.

drawn. In Brabant, a well is called a bourne-pit. Sundry Te mutare decet sed solum nomina sexus,

persons coming to possess places which were near unto Tu regina potens rexque trophea parans.

wells of especial note, having gotten thereby the name of Iam nec Ca sareos tantùm mirere triumphos,

such and such a well, became after them to be so called, Ciesare splendidior virgo, virago vale !

as Staniwell, of his dwelling at a well, so named of the When the old foundations of St Peter's church were stoniness thereof; and Moswell, of a well where much being excavated for the building of the present edifice, moss did grow. the bodies of Ethelred and Ethelfleda were found toge

Camden, in his Notes on English Surnames, merely notices ther and entire.

well, as a termination attached to some names : and that A woodcut nearly three centuries old, proffers an

ville had been corruptly turned as champ into feld or field, imaginary portrait of this celebrated Lady. Her face

as Baskerville into Baskerfeld or Baskerfield, and Somer

'ville into Somerfield. to the right, a richly flowing mantle on the shoulders.

I the shoulders. From Boswell is derived Bothwell; Verstegan in 1605, Her necklace and bracelets are studded with pearls or quoting the relation of some traveller in Palestine, relates a jewels, and on her head is placed a radiant diadem or romantic fuct, that passing through a town near Jerusalem, coronet. In her right hand, is a sceptre; and in her the relater heard a woman seated at a door nursing her left, are flowers—that beautiful emblem, the Forget child, singing as a lullaby, me Not, serving as a memento for remembrance to fu

Both wel bank thou bloomest fayre; ture ages—thus bloom for ever the actions of the Just. surprised at the sound, be accosted her, when she, equally Virago Vale! Brave Lady, Farewell!

delighted as himself, told him she was a Scotswoman, who E. P. S.

had passed first from Scotland to Venice, and from Venice

thither, her husband being then an officer under the Turk. JEWELS DISCOVERED IN THE EXCIEquer Office.

Robert Chambers, in his Collection of Scottish Songs, Edinb.

1829, vol. i. p. 2339, has there printed John Pinkerton's A quantity of jewels was discovered there in 1841,

song, entitled Bothwell Bank, to the Tune of Bothwell bank and was at the time the subject of much conversation.

thou bloomest fair; it appears to have had its origin in the The treasure thus recovered, was said to be of consider

line quoted as that of the tune to which it was purposed to able value, and according to appearances had been hidden be sung; but where are to be found the words of the ori150 years or more. The surmise was, the jewels had ginal Bothwell bank ?


WILLFORD'S MICRO-CHRONICON, 1651. Mr. Commissioner Goulburn, in a recent case of bank. Lately I picked up at an old book stall, a duodccimo ruptcy,* made a happy application of Jekyll's Epigram Manuscripto volune of the 17th century, pp. 240. respecting two Doctors, to the absurdity of employing neatly and well written, and entitled-A genuine De. two Attornies for the purpose of saving, as was alleged,

scription and Vse of the Perpetual Kalendar. Secondly, expense. I have put together a Latin version of this

a Temporary Table for Twenty-two Years to come. quatrain, which if you think proper to insert it in Cur

Thirdly, an Appendix fore shewing the effects of rent Notes, is at your service.

T. W. B.

| Eclipses and Prognostications of the Weather by the Lincolnshire, Nov. 28.

Planets; the litigious Termes and Returnes; a Table One Doctor single, like the sculler plies,

of the Norman Kings; the Marts and Faires in EngThe Patient struggles, and by inches dies:

land and Wales; with a Micro-Chronicon of Memorable But two Physicians, like a pair of oars,

Things, all re:dered facile by THOMAS WILLFORD, Waft him right smoothly to the Stygian shores.

| Philomathesis. Unicus ægrotum dum tractat, remigis instar,

After the title-page, which is too long to insert in Paulatim Medicus disperiisse videt,

full, follows an address— To the Ingeniously Wise Navigio celeri Stygias defertur ad undas Cui duo dant Medici, dira viremis, opem.

and Beneuolent Reader,' in which willford refers to T. W. B.

his · Bookes of Astronomie,' and his · Mcteorrologicall

Prognostications.” A Micro-Chronicon, or Abstract • In re Kirkman Lane, Solicitor, see The Times, Nov. 25,

of Historicall Computations collected chiefly from our p. 11, col. 3. The whole proceedings there reported, gave English Annalls, declaring many Memorable Accidents, occasion to the epigram having the most crowning effect.

Remarkable Events, and Things of Note, since Cæsar RICE FAMILY, NORFOLK.

invaded Britaine, continued unto the yeare of Grace, In the chancel of the parish church of Edingthorpe,

1650, commences at p. 135. This is by far the most Norfolk, on a black marble slab, is the following inscrip

interesting portion of the book, and especially that part tion :

of the Chronicle which treats of events during the Memoriæ Sacrum

reigns of James and Charles the First; many of the ERASMI Rice nec non dilecti fratris OLIVERI,

notices under these periods appearing to be original. quod ab Avo qui et ipse Rebellem in odio habuerit,

Under 1612, is the following reference to the then Sortitus est Nomen.

current suspicions of poisoning— Vpon the 6th day of

Nouember, Prince Henry died, hauing liu'd so long as In ERASMUM.

he could, but yett, generally thought not so long as he Pangere te juvenem mortales morte beatos

might haue done. Mirati fratres id didicere tuâ.

From various passages it is apparent Willford was a In Oliverum archytam alterum.

Papist and a Royalist. The Gunpowder Treason he Couldst (for this Land,) Thou hand to hand, describes as that senceless and inhuman conspiracie,' But rebel Noll have fought ;

which cast an aspersion vpon the Catholikes in Dear had been then, to Englishmen,

generall, and raised a persecution.' He continues, That name now come to nonght.

* God direct all Christians from such horrid designes Ob. ERASMUS Jan. 19, 1715,

and preserue the worst of men from sudden and miser

able ends, and all my enemies (if I haue any) from Ob. OLIVERUS.

violent deaths !" (Mediterraneis sepultus sub undis) Anno Nati Christi 1721.

Notices of earthquakes and tempests abound; and also

of Omens and Portents dire : .9.-In Februarie, The burial register, has the entry, Mr. Erasmus Rice 1644, there appeared in the north part of the Horizon, of Happisburgh,* was buried here, Jan. 23, 1715-16. a fiery impression, like a stand of Pikes, these after half

Theo. Rice, Rector. an houres space vanish'd, and then as many more did Can any of your correspondents inform me to what | rise in the West. Vpon the second of March, the family of the Rices, these parties belonged ?

Scots came ouer the River Tyne, at which time there Coleford, Dec. 2.

J. Lawson Sisson.

appeared a Meteor ouer the Citty of Yorke, representing

the forme of a St. Andrew's crosse. Vpon the second * Happisburgh or Hapsburgh, i vicarage in Happing Hun- daye of July was the battle of Marston-Moore neere dred, see Blomefield's Norfolk, continued by Parkin, Vol. Yorke, etc. V., Lynn, 1775, pp. 853-854.

The • Regall Table’ terminates with this obserBlomefield, Vol. I. p. 584, notices Henry Ryce, rector of vation—January 30, 1619, was the period to our Merton, from May 6, 1580, till 1590, when he was de- Monarchs, and the originall of our State, so now I must prived. Again, in the same volume, p. 574, Heury Rice, not here insert Charles the Second, by the Grace of is noticed as rector of Ovington, 1601-3.

God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Theophilus Rice appears to have held the rectory of Edingthorpe, on presentation by Queen Anne, from 1710

etc. till 1748.

The Micro-Chronicon is continued through most part

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