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the Emperours clothes which he had (which there they pay him for his tribute) among those that would come to receive them. Those which had shirts of maile left, were glad men: for they had a horse for one shirt of maile: Some horsed themselues : and such as could not (which were the greatest part) tooke their iournie on foote: in which they were well receiued of the Indians that were in the townes, and better serued, then they could baue been in their owne houses, though they had been well to live. For if they asked one hen of an Indian, they brought them foure: and if they asked any of the Countrie fruit, though it were a league off, they ran presently for it. And if any Christian found bimselse euill at ease, they carried him in a
This is the chaire from one towne to another. In whatsoeuer towne they came, the Cacique, by an Indian which China, to carcarried a rod of lustice in his hand, whom they call rie men in
chaires, Tapile, that is to say, a sergeant, commanded them to prouide victuals for them, and Indians to beare burdens of such things as they had, and such as were needfull to carrie them that were sicke. The Viceroy sent a Portugall 20. leagues from Mexico, with great store of sugar, raisons of the Sunne, and conserues, and other things fit for sicke folkes, for such as had neede of them : and bad given order to cloth them all at the Emperours charges. And their approch being knowne by the citizens of Mexico, they went out of the towne to receive them: and with great courtesie, requesting them in fauour to come to their houses, euery one carried such as hee met home with him, and clothed them euery one the best they could: so that he which had the meanest apparell, it cost aboue 30. ducats. As many as were willing to come to the Viceroyes house he commanded to be apparelled, and such as were persons of qualitie sate at his table: and there was a table in his house for as many of the meaner sort as would come to it: and he was presently informed, who euery one was, to shew bim the courtesie that he deserued. Some of the Coquerors did set both gentlemen and clownes at their owne table, and many times made the seruant sit cheeke by cheeke by his master: and chiefly the officers and men of base condition did so: for those which had better education did enquire who euery one was, and made difference of persons: but all did what they could with a good will: and euery one told them whom they had in their houses, that they should not trouble themselues, nor thioke themselues the worse, to take that which they gaue them : for they had bin in the like case, and had bin relieued of others, and that this was the custome of that countrey. God reward them all: and God grant, that those which it pleased him to
deliuer Vol. IV.-No. 1.
deliver out of Florida, and to bring againe into Christendome, may serue bim: and voto those that died into that countrey, and vnto all that beleeue in him and confesse his holy faith, God for his mercie sake grant the kingdome of heauen. Amen.
CHAP. XLIV. Which declareth some diuersities and particularities of the
land of Florida : and the fruites, and beasts, and fowles that are in that Countrie.
Port de Spi $4800 a Rom the Port de Spiritu Santo, where ritu Santo is
they landed when they entred into in 29. degrees on the West
Florida, to the Prouince of Ocute, side of Flo
which may bee 400. leagues, little rida.
more or lesse, is a verie plaine Countrie, and hath many lakes and thicke woods, and in some places they are of wild pinetrees; and is a weake soile : There is in it neither Mountaine nor bill. The Countrie of Ocute is more fat and fruitfull; it hath thinner woods, and very goodly medows
vpon the Riuers. Fro Ocute to Cutifachiqui may Ocute, Cutifachiqui.
may be 130. leagues: 80. leagues thereof are desert, and haue many groues of wild Pine trees.
Through the wildernesse great Riuers doe passe. Xuala.
From Cutifachiqui to Xuala, may be 250. leagues: it is al an hilly Countrie. Cutifachiqui and Xuala stand both in plaine ground, hie, and haue goodly
medows on the Riuers. From thence forward to Chiaha, Coca, and Talise. to Chiaha, Coca, and Talise, is plaine ground, dry
and fat, and very plentifull of Maiz. From Xuala
to Tascaluga may be 250. leagues. From TascaTascaluca.
luça to Rio Grande, or ye Great Riuer, may be
300. leagues : the Countrie is low, and full of lakes. Rio Grande. From Rio Grande forward, the Countrie is bier
and more champion, and best peopled of all the
land of Florida. And along this Riuer from Aquixo,
Aquiro to Pacaha, and Coligoa, are 150. leagues :
the Countrie is plaine, and the woods thinne, and Coligoa.
in some places champion, very fruitfull and pleasant.
From Coligoa to Autiamque are 250. leagues of Autiamque.
hillie Countrie. From Autiamque to Aguacay, Aguacay.
may be 230. leagues of plaine ground. From
Aguacay to the River of Daycao 120. leagues, all hillie Countrie.
From the Port de Spiritu Santo vnto Apalache, Pagina 72. they trauelled from East to West, and Northwest. From Cuti fachiqui to Xuala from South to North. From Xuala to Coça from East to West. From Coça to Tasculaça, and to Rio Grande, as far as the Prouinces of Quizquiz and Aquiro from East to West. From Aquiro to Pacaha to the North. From Pacaha to Tulla from East to West : and from Tulla to Autiamque from North to South, to the Prouince of Guachoya and Daycao. The bread which they eate in all the land of
Maiz. Florida is of Maiz, which is like course millet. And this Maiz is common in all the Islandes and West Indies from the Antiles forward. There are also in Flo
Walnuts, rida great store of Walnuts, and Plummes, Mul- Plummes, berries, and Grapes. They sow and gather their Mulberries, Maiz euery one their seuerall crop. The fruits Grapes. are common to all: for they grow abroad in the open fields in great abundance, without any neede of planting or dressing, Where there be Mountaines, there be chestnuts : they are somewhat smaller then the chestnuts of Spaine. Fro Rio Grande Westward, the Walnuts
Soft Wlanuts differ from those that grow more Eastward: for
Eastward from they are soft, and like voto Acornes : And those Rio Grande. which
grow from Rio Grande to Puerto del Spiritu Hard Walnuts Santo for the most part are hard ; and the trees from Rio and Walnuts in shew like those of Spaine. There Grande. is a fruit through all the Countrie wbich groweth on a plant like Ligoacan, wbich the Indians doe plant. The fruit is like ynto Peares Riall: it hath a verie good smell, and an excellent taste.
There groweth another A Peare riall. plant in the open field, which beareth a fruit like vnto strawberries, close to the ground, which hath Strawberries. a verie good taste.
The Plummes are of two Plummes of kindes, red and gray, of the making and bignesse two kinds. of nuts, and haue three or foure stones in them. These are better then all the plummes of Spaine, and they make farre better Prunes of them. In the Grapes there is onelie want of dressing: for though they bee big, they haue a great kirnell. All other fruits are very perfect, and lesse hurtfull then those of Spaine. There are in Florida many Beares, and Lyons,
Beasts. Wolues, Deere, Dogges, Cattes, Marterns and Conies.
There be many wild Hennes as big as Turkies, Fowles. Partridges small like those of Africa, Cranes,
Duckes, Pigeons, Thrushes, and Sparrowes. There are certaine Blacke birds bigger then Sparrows, and lesser then Stares. There are Gosse Hawkes, Falcons, Ierfalcons, and all Fowles of prey that are in Spaine.
The Indians are well proportioned. Those of the plaine Countries are taller of bodie, and better shapen, then those of the Mountaines. Those of the Inland haue greater store of Maiz, and commodities of the Countrie, then those that dwell vpon the sea coast. The Countrie along the sea coast is barren and poore : and the people more warlike. The coast runneth from Puerto del Spiritu Santo to Apalache, East and West; and from Apalache to Rio de las Palmas from East to West : from Rio de las Palmas vnto Nueua Espanna from North to South. It is a gentle coast, but it hath many sholdes, and great shelues of sand.
Deo gratias. This Relation of the discouerie of Florida was printed in the house of Andrew D. Burgos, Printer and Gentleman of the house of my Lord Cardinall the Infante. It was finished the tenth of Februarie in the yeere one thousand, fiue hundred, fiftie and seuen,
in the noble and most
loyall citie of
A Discovery lately made on the Coast of
(From Lat. 31. to 33 Deg. 45 Min. North-Lat.)
By William Hilton Commander, and Commissioner with Capt. Anthony Long, and Peter Fabian, in the Ship Adventure, which set Sayl from Spikes Bay, Aug. 10. 1663. and was set forth by several Gentlemen and Merchants of the Island of BARBADOES.
Giving an account of the nature and temperature of the Soyl, the manners and disposition of the Natives, and whatsoever else is
Together with Proposals made by the Commissioners of the Lords Proprietors, to all such persons as shall become the first Setlers on the
Rivers, Harbors, and Creeks there.
LONDON Printed by J. C. for Simon Miller at the Star neer the
West-end of St. Pauls, 1664.