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TYLER & REED,

PRINTERS,

BOLT-COURT, FLEET-STREET.

PREFACE.

The Fifth Volume of the CHRISTIAN Witness is now completed,-a circumstance which reminds both our readers and ourselves that time is passing, while both they and we, with the same rapidity, are passing along with it. Many eyes that looked with pleasure on our opening Number of the present year, are now for ever closed to all below. Our pages, we have reason to hope, have helped to meeten them for the change, and have refreshed and animated the hearts of multitudes still on earth; preparing one class for active duty, another for meek submission, and a third for following those who are gone before, with firm confidence in the Divine mercy, and steadfast hope of eternal life. Our columns have, this year, recorded the decease and embalmed the virtues of some of the best and greatest of the servants of the Most High in our communion, who have finished their course on earth, and exhibited shining examples of the beauty of holiness, and impressive illustrations of the force of Christian character. We also encourage ourselves in the belief, that the tone of our Journal is in harmony with the character which requires to be formed among Nonconformists, to meet the exigencies of the altered and still altering times, as well as those of the coming age. The days in which a soft sentimentality sufficed for Christian profession, are departed; and days are at hand which call for a character based on true principle, braced with moral health, and trained both to do and to suffer whatever

may

be

necessary for the glory of God. A dread uncertainty hangs over the future of the Nations of Europe. The form they may ultimately take, and the spirit of which that form will become the body, none can tell

. No inference from any existing data, at all approaching probability, can yet be drawn; but it seems beyond doubt, that these kingdoms can never become what they were, and that, in the end, the cause of true religion, by recent occurrences, will be infinitely the gainer. No year, in European history, has been so signalized by political convulsion and constitutional change. The year 1848 had scarcely dawned when the work of overturning began,-opening with the insurrection of Sicily on the 12th of January, and on the 29th the new Constitution was proclaimed ; on the 20th, the King of Denmark expired, and the 29th announced the granting of a new Constitution; and the 7th of February proclaimed a like blessing for Sardinia. From the 7th to the 12th, the subject of Reform was fiercely debated in the French Chambers; on the 22nd the people of Paris rose against the constituted authorities; on the 24th the Monarchy fell, and a Republican Government was set up in its place! On the 8th of March, the Freedom of the Press was proclaimed in Saxony, and the Censorship abolished. On the 13th, the spirit of Revolution broke out in Vienna; the chains of the Empire, in a moment, were snapped asunder. Metternich, the patriarchal high-priest of the temple of Austrian despotism, fled, and the Imperial Deity did homage to the throne of constitutional freedom! Five days after, the rhyming King of Bavaria cast away the crown he had so unworthily worn, and made way for another.

On the same day, the flame of Revolution burst forth in Berlin. It were long to recount the series of smaller changes: suffice it to say, all the minor powers of the Continent have been, more or less, revolutionized. From the Atlantic to the Vistula, every throne has been shaken ! The shores of the Baltic and the mountains of Sicily have alike been swept by the mighty whirlwind! The laws, governments, and armies, of fifteen centuries, departed like a scroll—they are gone ! At eventide they existed in full power, and, in man's esteem, in more than pristine glory; and, on the morrow, they were not! The regal Master of a million of soldiers in the morning, in the afternoon found himself abandoned, helpless, alone, on the brink of destruction, and fled for his life! The question, then, for Christian philosophy, is, the bearing of these unparalleled events on the kingdom of God upon earth, and, through that, on the ultimate destinies of Europe, and through Europe on the world. Viewed in these relations the subject is vast and grand. The inhabitants of the chief Continent on the globe,—the home of knowledge and wealth, of wisdom and power,—while buried in deep sleep, and in chains, as if roused by the Archangel's trump, awoke, lifted up their heads, felt the burden of their chains, and but frowned on their oppressors, who, overwhelmed with fear, either fled or fell before them! Old things passed away, and all things became new. These are facts alike true and marvellous; the point for inquiry, therefore, regards their character and their effects on the cause of true religion. "No man, we think, who is a believer in Revelation, and a student of the Scriptures, can, for a moment, doubt that the hand of God is in this wonderful shaking of the nations, and that it is conducted upon principles most intimately connected with the destruction of the kingdom of Antichrist, and the establishment of the Empire of the Messiah. As long as these kingdoms, now shaken, remained as they were at the opening of the present year, they constituted a barrier against the spread of the true Gospel, which nothing could surmount: that barrier is now in the way of being removed completely, and, we hope, for ever. The tongue, the pen, the pulpit, the press—all are free! Even the Waldenses, immemorially afflicted and persecuted for righteousness' sake, now rejoice in the possession of complete liberty, both Civil and Religious. Even those hereditary and mindmanacled bondsmen, the Romans, are emancipated, and exulting in the immunities of political liberty! In those parts of the Continent, too, where the thraldom of man was most thorough and debasing, there the liberty is the most expansive and complete. Millions of men, without a moment's preparation, have passed-not by successive stages, but at a single bound—as if from the frozen to the torrid zone, both in regard to religion and to liberty. Even in Austria, with her thirty-five millions of serf-born subjects

, the Suffrage is Universal, and every fetter is struck from off the conscience-religious liberty is perfect! Throughout the great regenerated family of Continental Nations, Civil Liberty is triumphant, and fortified by Constitutional Government, Trial by Jury, Freedom of the Press, and the right of public meeting, What triumphs! What conquests! What grounds for hope in behalf of humanity ! What a highway is thus opened for the ultimate diffusion of the Truth, which alone can heal the moral maladies of the nations !

Let no man suffer his hope to be shaken by the temporary tumults which now exist, or which may arise hereafter. A political machinery so vast, and everywhere so new, necessarily superintended and worked by hands wholly unpractised, and, in many cases, with hearts far from cordial, demands time, and needs patience, before it can be brought into full and efficient play. There must, without miracle, be, for a long season, much friction, and frequent breakage; but time and experience will work wonders, and set all right. When death shall have swept away the present race of Kings, Princes, Potentates, and Aristocracy, with all who now mourn their departed glory, and who never can forgive the authors of their humiliation,—when this is done, and when a new race shall have sprung up around the New Institutions, with minds and hearts cast into their mould, and inspired by their spirit, it will then be seen that truth is for man, and man for truth,—that perfect liberty is the condition of all real human happiness, and true national glory! We look forward, with exultation, to the day when Europe shall become one great School of the Young, and one great Church of the Old, —when the word of the Lord shall have free course, and be glorified ! Let the people of God lift up their heads, for their deliverance draweth nigh!

In our own land, the year now closed has been one of the most severe affliction, and the rod which has smitten the nation has not spared the church. Every institution connected with the kingdom of Christ has more or less suffered through the failure of commerce ; and, with these, all the instruments of literature issued for the promotion of religion. The Periodical Literature, in particular, of every denomination, has shared in the common calamity; and, so far as we can learn, none of our contemporaries have weathered the storm so satisfactorily as ourselves, both as to the Christian Witness and the Christian's Penny MAGAZINE: during the brief space of three years, there have been issued of the latter no fewer than three AND A HALF MILLIONS,-a fact to which there is no parallel, and an omen for good to the cause of true religion in these realms. The Periodical Press, whether for evil or for good, is fast becoming the chief intellectual power among mankind: the World knows this, and acts upon its knowledge. Would that it were more extensively known, more deeply felt

, and more generally acted upon by the Church! Once more, then, we tender our most cordial thanks to our friends, of every rank and class, all and sundry, who have, in any way whatever, aided us in our arduous enterprise ; while, with all respect, we urgently solicit the continuance of their generous and much-prized assistance, if possible, with increase. Individual condition and the times require it. It is well, as life draws on to its close, and as the developments of Providence are multiplied, that the children of the kingdom should quicken their pace, and increase their knowledge, that they may“ haste to the coming of the day of God!” November 20, 1848.

JOHN CAMPBELL.

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Theology.

Page

Page

Thoughts on Time

1 Prosperity

205

A Striking Likeness Twenty-one Years ago : “We Believe, and therefore Speak” 241

What is it now?

4 The Plague, and its Cure

243

Shakspere's House

5

Righteousness the Security of a Nation

245

Conversion of Zaccheus

Proofs of Election

245

Consistency

The Bible a Book for All

305

Soul Prosperity

9 Man's Fall from Glory

Beware of Delay!

10 Man his own Destroyer

309

Doing our Best.

11

Human Infirmity

The Protestant Manifesto of Chillingworth 11 Self Knowledge

310

"Why is a Christian like a Verb?"

11

Caprices of the Soul

311

A Thought on Prayer

12 Self-Deception :

The Great Remedy

49 False Appearances

Necessity, Nature, and Duty of Personal Self-Admiration

Piety

50 Judgment Endangered by Feeling

313

The Joy of Christianity

55 Doings and Dangers of Imagination . 314

The Believer's Dwelling.place

97 Sophistry of Sin

314

Congregational Churches in Asia Minor 101 A Seared Conscience

315

God's Goodness the Saint's Support

102 The One Thing Needful

316

The Pleasures of Sin

104 Jacob's Ladder .

317

What are you doing?

: 105 “Quench not the Spirit”

317

God's Registry

106 The Dying Christian

The Country of Beulah

107 Three Ways of Stopping a Parson

318

Views of Prayer

107 Remorse

Private Prayer in Public

Peace of Conscience

353

Some of the Causes which retard the Pro- The Church in Earnest

354

gress of Evangelical Truth among Con-

Man's Relation to his Maker

401

gregationalists

145 Man Dignified above Angels

• 405

Consolations for the Bereaved

148 Thoughts for Worldly Professors

408

The Way to Walk

Prayer a Privilege

Claims of the Bible

153

The Evening of Life

410

Love and Faith

“ Tlie Joy of thy Lord"

410

Calvary Calming the Conscience

154 The Sum of Religion

411

Religion the Basis of National Prosperity 154 Take and Give .

411

The Believer Longing

155 The Work of Christ

412

Reformation of Convicts

Decline of Spiritual Life

449

Is it Right?

155 The Saviour's Agony in Gethsemane . 450

The Dignity of Man

155 Mercy rather than Sacrifice

453

The Ways of the Most High

155 A Voice for the Prayer.meeting

455

To Parents

156 Christian Love.

457

The Missionary Spirit

193 More Puseyism .

458

Lot's Choice, Lot's Ruin

Burial of the Wicked

"Love not the World”

Good Men the Best Defence of a Country . 498

The True Foundation

201 Decline of the Spirit of Prayer

505

The Love of Jesus

202 The Unseen and Eternal

• 506

Efficacy of Prayer and the Faithfulness of Character of St. Paul

506

God

204 “ The Night Cometh"

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Lessons by the Way ; or, Things to Think On.

The Song of Moses

13 The Good Steward
The Confusion of Tongues

13 Phraseology of Prayer
Bible Pictures for Young

13 Necessity of Tribulation
Commerce in the Days of Abraham

13 Importance of United Prayer
Identity of Human Nature

14 Tests of Ministerial Character
The Story of Moses

14 Grounds of Christian Safety
The Physique of the Priesthood

14 The Heart Prepared and Kept
Furniture of the Temple

14 Private Prayer in Public
The Deluge

14 Fearful Warning
Worldly Thoughts in Prayer

The Cup of Cold Water
Early Education

15 The Sufferings of Animals

Preaching

15 Leprosy

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Page

The Ark of God

60

Divine Truth

60

A Royal Student

60

Kindness

60

Influence of the Ministry

60

Vanity of all Things Human

61

The Best Sermon

61

A Rule

61

Time

61

Works of J. A. James

On Letter-writing

109

The Earth

109

The Necessary Obedience of God's Creatures 109

An Example

God to be seen only in Christ

Aiming at God's Glory

Education of Children

Consistency

110

Workhouse Baptisms

110

The Creature Finite, however Exalted

Christ is All in All

Advice to Avoid Bad Company

Prayer

The Drunkard

156

Be Kind to Each Other

Christ Alone

157

Paul's Cross

Exalting Jesus

Howe's Reasons for Nonconformity

Dying Experience

206

“ Abba, Father !”

Efficacy of Prayer

• 206

Value of Time

206

Importance of a Firm Religious Belief 206

Self-reflection

The Language of Canaan

207

Importance of Right Direction of Thought 207

Press On

207

End of Life

207

Scriptural Conundrum-The Titles of Christ 207

The Wrath to Come

207

Power of Gentleness .

208

Fifteen Minutes to go and Pray

A Short Sermon for Parents

Scene in an Iceland Church

How to make a Church Miserly

• 208

Like Wages, Like Work

Truth

Example-Look to it

247

247, 459

Gravity of Breakfast

248

Thoughts and Maxims

Forgiveness

Parsimony not Economy

.248

Three Faults of Nurses

Wonders of Art

248

The Seven Sacraments

How to take Pleasure Safely

Christ fully revealed in the New Testament 249

A Wonder!

249

The Idle Exposed to Temptation

A Cheap Religion

The Government of the Tongue

249

The Light of the Sun

Death or Life

249

Incompatibility of Papal Infallibility in the

Freedom of the Press

320

Priestly Morals in Mexico.

320

Family Worship

. 321

A City of Priests

321

Ireland's Disease and Remedy

321

Starting Children in the World

Martyrs

Page

Spiritual Decay in Churches

321

Laws of Giving

321

The Old Paths

Love and its Fruits

Crime in Scotland

322

The Bible in Scotland

322

Truth

322

Sin

322

Lost Time

322

The Root of all Evil

322

Answers to Conundrum in May

322

The Witness Box

323

The Happy Cottage

374

Hint to the Ladies

374

Longevity of Professions in America . 374

Care for the Young.

375

How the War-system sustains Despotism

“I don't like Controversy

375

The Two Laws .

Love of Country

Jesus at the Grave of Lazarus

Proof of True Charity

Humble Currents

Eternity

376

Religious Liberty

Cromwell's Dying Words

412

Omnipotence

412

Extent of the Creation

413

Our Country and her Claims

Poor Old Man!

A Man without a Hope

413

Good-bye.

Questions for Soldiers

413

Christian Resignation

414

A Parson in a Predicament

414

“I don't see it”

414

Man always in Want

414

Missionary Anecdote

Sentences for Worldly Professors

414

Arrears on the Glory and Slaughter Bills 459

Expenses of the Caffre War

Mr. Adams's Early Lessons

459

Influence of Breathing on the Atmosphere 460

State of Crime in France

460

Irish Crime

Home Truths

460

War and Christianity.--An Extreme Case 461

Causes of Church Disturbances

461

The Blessed Loss!

461

Sixty Thousand Slaveholders

461

Epitaph on John Locke

461

The Rose of Sharon

How to be always Easy

Meekness

462

The Bible in the Families of the Early

Christians

508

A Great Discovery

508

The Bible.

The Bible in Europe

Crusade of Children

Popery in India

509

Puseyism.

Twenty-seven Objections to Romanism 509

Increase of Roman Catholics in England 509

Roman Religionists in the United States 510

Epitome of Religion in France

510

The Popish Propaganda

Worldly Distinctions

Common Errors

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549

Heaven is Eternal

Hell is Eternal

The Spirit of God

550

The Bible no Cheat

• 510

510

. 549

• 550

• 550

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