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I caunot parfitly my paternoster as the priest it singeth,
Vision of Pierce Ploughman.
There strides a warrior dark and grim
He pauses—fronting in his path
" And I am a chief from Palestine,
Yon coppice forms my leafy bower,
God rest the soul of Robin Hood,
And his gallant band I pray.
J. F. R.
Kino John, Roein Hood, AND MATILDA. than this of Davenport's tragedy on the
subject; and I should therefore be inclined (For the Year Book.]
to think that he was misinformed, and A correspondent in the Table Book, that the event recorded by him never vol i., p. 803, writes, “ How comes it happened.” Master Davenport's testithat Robert Davenport, in the seventeenth mony is, in the main, correct. After her century, should be so well informed as to husband's murder, Matilda fled to Dunknow that Matilda ended her days in a mow Priory,—for there her monument is nunnery, by poison administered by order still preserved. It stands on the left side of king John, when there is no tradition of the chancel, in the church adjoining extant of the time and manner of her (which was formerly a part of the condecease. We have no other authority vent), and a black stain disfigures her fair marble effigy, designed to show that she And her eyes grew glazed, and she uttered a died by poison.
yell Malone remarks of Matilda that this
Too horrid for mortal ear, lady was poisoned by king John, at Dun- And laughter rang—'twas the mirth of hell mow priory, and Brand is of the same Through that pile so lone and drear. opinion.
On ye self-same night ye murdress died, There are good reasons for the ignorance
But she rotted not alone, of the contemporary chroniclers. It is For they laid her carcase side by side little likely that Marian, Aeeing from a
With Robin of Huntingdon. vindictive tyrant, would have disclosed
And they placed a fayre stone on ye mossy
bed the place of her retreat ; neither would
Of that brave but erring one, king John have cared to increase his
And many a pilgrim hath wept when he read unpopularity by publishing his barbarous
What is written that stone upon. orders. The recluses (probably awed or bribed
Next follows his epitaph. into silence) caused the monument to be
The pedantry of the last stanza but one erected over the grave of the victim, and
savors strongly of the monastery, but no Robert Davenport may have been the first
monk would have called the outlaw's comperson who noticed it.
pany “ a noble clan," neither would any
of the earlier minstrels have stolen ideas Another correspondent, in the Every Day Book, denies the authenticity of Ro
from the pagan mythology. It may have bin Hood's epitaph, “Hear undernead been first composed in the sixteenth cendis laitel stean," &c.; whereas, Ritson,
tury. the most cautious and fastidious of anti
I am, &c., quaries,' seems inclined to admit its ge
J. F. R. nuineness.
June 16, 1831. Among an odd collection of MS. songs
P.S. Some of your readers may have in my possession, I find the following,
other versions of the above ballad ; if so, which asserts (though without foundation) they would do well to forward them 16 that the outlaw was poisoned by his sister,
the Year Book. the prioress of Kirklees. Here it is :
St. Thomas a Becket, at whose loinb To Kerklees stately priorie
Ilenry II. submitted to the penance of Came an old time-worn man,
flagellation. And for food and shelter prayed he, Ye chief of a noble clan
Flagellation. He was--who in Burnsdale and merrie Sher. wood
Among instances of correction bestowed Sported blithely in time agone,
by saints upon persons who did not ask And albeit full could crept his sluggish blode, them for their advice, none can be quoted Yt ye step was firm and ye bearing proud, more remarkable than that of St. Romuof Robin, ye outlawed one.
ald, who severely flagellated his own fa
ther. Cardinal Damian greatly approves And ye prioress gave him a brimming bowle, this action, and relates that after St. RoAnd bade him drink deep therein, “ 'Twould solace” she said, “his fainting muald had received permission from his sowle ;"
superiors to execute his purpose, he set And her's was a deadlie sinne.
out upon his journey, barefooted, without For, although he called her his sister dear, either horse or cart, and only with a stick And she smiled when she poured for him in his hand; and, from the remotest borYe sparkling wine, there was poison there, ders of France, at last reached Ravenna, And herself had mingled ye druggs with care; where, finding his father determined to And she pledged her guest, with a thrill of return to the world, he put him in the fear,
stocks, tied him with heavy chains, dealt Though she touched but ye goblet's brim,
hard blows to him, and continued using Fearful and long was his dying groan,
him with this pious severity till he had As his spirit to Hades fled,
diverted him from his intention. And ye prioress stood like a rooted stone De Lolme says that an instance of a When she saw that ye erle was dede : sovereign submitting to a flagellation, may
be seen in our own days, at every vacancy
in a bull of absolution which was sent to of the see of Wurtzburgh, a sovereign the king. bishopric in Germany. It is an ancient custom in the chapter of that church, that the person who has been elected to fill the July 7. Sun rises
3 49 place of the late prince bishop, must,
8 11 before he can obtain his installation, run Raspberries begin to ripen. the gantlope, naked to the waist, between Most of the strawberries are in full perthe canons, who are formed in two rows, fection. and supplied with rods.
Among the sovereigns who were publicly flagellated was Raymond, count of Toulouse, whose sovereignty extended
July 8. over a very considerable part of the south of France. Having given protection in
On the 8th of July, 1726, died John his dominions, to the Albigenses, pope Crawfurd, of Crawfurdland, in Scotland.
Ker, of Kersland, of the ancient family of Innocent III. published a crusade against He was born at Crawfurdland-house, him; his dominions were in consequence August 8, 1673, and took the surname of seized, nor could he succeed in getting Ker from having married, in 1693, a them restored, until he bad submitted to receive discipline from the hands of the daughter of the head of the powerful clan
of Ker. His father, Alexander Crawford, legate of the pope, who stripped him naked to the waist, at the door of the
esq., a lawyer, was courted by James II., church, and drove him up to the altar, in but, as a firın presbyterian, who rejected
all toleration under å sovereign professing that situation, all the while beating him
the Roman catholic religion, he refused with rods. Henry IV., of France, was a sovereign John Ker, became a spy under queen
to receive court employment. His son, who submitted to flagellation from the church. It was inflicted upon his being of the Stuarts. Like other spies, when
Ann, to defeat the designs of the friends absolved of excommunication and heresy; he had porformed his despicable office, and it proves the fact that the most comfortable manner of receiving a flagellation
he was despised and neglected by those
whom he had served, and reduced, in his is by proxy. Henry IV. suffered the discipline which the church inflicted
old age, to supplicate the government for
upon him, through Messrs. D'Ossat, and Du support, while he acknowledged the dePerron. During the ceremony of the gradation of his employment. What he king's absolution, and while the choristers
received for all his patriotic pains, besides
two gold medals of the electress dowager, were singing the psalm, Miserere mei Deus, the pope, at every verse, beat with
and George I., does not appear. He a rod, on the shoulders of the two proxies. published memoirs of himself, in which As an indulgence to the king, his proxies
“ I confess, the public would be were suffered to keep their coats on during buried in oblivion : for I have seen too
at no loss if I were dead, and my memory the discipline. It had been reported, out of enry towards them, on account of the
much of the villany and vanity of this
world to be longer in love with it, and commission with which the king had honored them, that they had been made
own myself perfectly weary of it." He actually to strip in the church, and un
was long confined for debt in the king's dergo a dreadful Aagellation. This report ten years after the publication of his
bench prison, where he died in distress, M. D'Ossat contradicts in one of his
work.* letters, which says that the flagellation was performed to comply with the rules set down in the Pontifical, but that “they felt
h, m. it no more than if it had been a fly that Jnly 8. Sun rises
3 50 had passed over them, being so well
8 10 coated as they were.” The proxies of White bind-weed flowers in hedges. Henry IV. were made cardinals, and, Enchanters' nightshade, and Alpine though express mention of the above dis- enchanters' nightshade, flower. cipline was entered in the written process drawn up on the occasion, yet the French ministers would not suffer it to be inserted
and the victories of Gustavus Adolphus,
having excited the curiosity of our counPARLIAMENTARY DEBATES, AND EARLY trymen, a weekly paper, called The News NEWSPAPERS.
of the Present Week, was printed by
Nathaniel Butler, in 1622, which was July 9, 1662, a question arose in the
continued afterwards, in 1626, under Irish parliament, concerning the publica- another title, by Mercurius Britannicus. tion of its debates, in an English news
These were succeeded by the German Inpaper, called “ The Intelligencer;" and the Irish speaker wrote to sic edward telligencer, in 1630, and the Swedish IntelNicholas, the English secretary of state,
ligencer, in 1631, which last, compiled by
William Watts, of Caius college, gave 10 prevent such publication in those “ diurnals."
the exploits of the Swedish hero in a The long parliament first published pe
The first regular newspaper, in the riodical appeals to the people, with accounts of their proceedings.
present form, was the Pubtic Intelligencer, earliest of them, called “Diurnai Occur- published by sir Roger L'Estrange, Aug.
31, 1661. rences of Parliament," appeared Nov. 3, 1641 ; they were continued to the restora
The first daily paper, after the revolution, somewhat in the manner of our
tion, was called the Orange Intelligencer.
From an advertisement in a weekly Magazines, and were generally called “ Mercuries," as Mercurius Politicus, 8, 1696, it appears that the coffee-houses
called the Athenian Gazette, Feb. Mercurius Rusticus, &c., and one of them, in London had then, exclusive of votes in 1644, appears under the odd title of of parliament, nine newspapers every Mercurius Fumigosus, or, the Smoking week; but there seems not to have been, Nocturnal. The publication of parliamentary pro
in 1696, one daily newspaper.
In 1709, eighteen newspapers were ceedings was prohibited after the restora
published ; of which, however, only one tion, as appears from a debate March 24, 1681; in consequence of which, the votes
was a daily paper, the London Courant. of the house of commons were first printed
In 1724 there was published three by authority of parliament.
daily, six weekly, and ten evening papers three times a week.*
The London Gazette commenced Nov. The policy of Elizabeth and Burleigh 7, 1665. It was at first called the Oxford devised' the first genuine newspaper, the
Gazette, from its being printed in that English Mercurie, printed during the city, during a session of parliainent held Spanish armada. The earliest number in there on account of the plague." the British Museum is marked 50; it is dated the 23d of July, 1588, and contains the following curious article :
July 9. Sun rises
3 51 “ Yesterday the Scotch ambassador had
8 9 a private audience of her majesty, and Milfoil flowers. delivered a letter from the king, his mas- Starlings flock together, and so continue ter, containing the most cordial assurances till winter. of adhering to her majesty's interests, and to those of the protestant religion : and the young king said to ber majesty's mi
July 10. nister at his court, that all the favor he expected from the Spaniards was the
10 July, 1700, died, at the age of 66, courtesy of Polyphemus to Ulysses, that
sir William Williams, a native of Wales, he should be devoured the last.”
eldest son of Hugh Williams, D. D., of These publications were then, and long
Nantanog, in Anglesea. He was sent to afterwards, published in the shape of
Jesus College, Oxford, and in 1654 was small pamphlets; and are so called in a
entered of Gray's Inn, to study the law: tract by one Burton, printed in 1614 :
he afterwards became a barrister, and in “If any one read now-a-days, it is a play
1667 recorder of Chester. In 1678, the book or a phamphlet of newes.'
electors of that city returned him one of From 1588, 10 1622, and during the
their representatives in parliament, and reign of James I., few of these publications appeared ; but the thirty years' war,
* Chalmers's Life of Ruddimann.