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tember 7, 1916, entitled “An Act to provide compensation for employees of the United States suffering injuries while in the performance of their duties, and for other purposes”, covering the same period of time; but this provision shall not be so construed as to bar the right of any claimant to the greater benefit conferred by either Act for any part of the same period of time.

Fees for examinations made under the provisions of this section, by physicians or surgeons who are not medical officers of the United States, shall be fixed by the Civil Service Commission, and such fees, together with the employee's reasonable traveling and other expenses incurred in order to submit to such examinations, shall be paid out of the appropriations for the cost of administering this Act. (May 22, 1920, sec. 5, 41 Stat. 616; July 3, 1926, sec. 6, 44 Stat. 907; May 29, 1930, sec. 6, 46 Stat. 472; July 3, 1930, sec. 2, 46 Stat. 1016. Apr. 7, 1934, Executive Order 6670; Aug. 4, 1939, sec. 3a, sec. 3b, 53 Stat. 1202; 5 U.S.C., sec. 710, 711, 712, 713, 714.)

239a. Credit for past service.—Beginning with the effective date of this Act, all employees who may be brought then or thereafter within the purview of the Act by legislative enactment, or by appointment, or through classification, or by transfer, or reinstatement, or Executive order, or otherwise, shall be required to deposit with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of the "civil-servico retirement and disability fund” a sum equal to 242 per centum of the employee's basic salary, pay, or compensation received for services rendered after July 31, 1920, and prior to July 1, 1926, and also 31/2 per centum of the basic salary, pay, or compensation for services rendered from and after July 1, 1926, together with interest computed at the rate of 4 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each fiscal year, but such interest shall not be included for any period during which the employee was separated from the service. All employees who may hereafter be brought within the purview of this Act may elect to make such deposits in installments during the continuance of their service in such amounts and under such conditions as may be determined in each instance by the Civil Service Commission. The amount so deposited, less $1 for each month, or major fraction thereof, of service after the effective date of this Act, shall be credited to the employee's individual account, as provided in section 12 (a) hereof: Provided, That failure to make such deposit shall not deprive the employee of credit for any past service rendered prior to August 1, 1920, to which he or she would otherwise be entitled: And provided further, That, notwithstanding the failure of an employee to make such deposit, credit shall be allowed for the service rendered, but the annuity of such employee shall be reduced by the amount such deposit would purchase if made, unless the employee shall elect to eliminate such service entirely from credit under this Act. (July 3, 1926, sec. 9, 44 Stat. 910; May 29, 1930, sec. 9, 46 Stat. 475; Apr. 7, 1934, Executive Order 6670; June 23, 1938, 52 Stat. 943; 5 U. S. C., sec. 736b.)

240a. Deductions and donations. Beginning as of July 1, 1926, there shall be deducted and withheld from the basic salary, pay, or compensation of each employee to whom this Act applies a sum equal to 31/2 per centum of such employee's basic salary, pay, or compensation. The amounts so deducted and withheld from the basic salary, pay, or compensation of each employee shall, in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by the Comptroller General of the United States, be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the “civil-service retirement and disability fund” created by the Act of May 22, 1920, and said fund is hereby appropriated for the payment of annuities, refunds, and allowances as provided in this Act.

Any employee may at his option and under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Civil Service Commission deposit additional sums in multiples of $25 but not to exceed 10 per centum per annum of his annual basic salary, pay, or compensation, for service rendered since August 1, 1920, which amount together with interest thereon at 3 per centum per annum compounded as of June 30 of each year, shall, at the date of his retirement, be available to purchase, as he shall elect and in accordance with such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Civil Service Commission with the approval of the Board of Actuaries, in addition to the annuity provided by this Act, an annuity according to the experience of the civil-service retirement and disability fund as may from time to time be set forth in tables of annuity values by the Board of Actuaries based on an interest rate of 4 per centum. In the event of death or separation from the service of such employee before becoming eligible for retirement on annuity, the total amount so deposited with interest at 3 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each year shall be refunded in accordance with the provisions of section 12 of this Act.

The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and empowered in carrying out the provisions of this Act to supplement the individual contributions of employees with moneys received in the form of donations, gifts, legacies, or bequests, or otherwise, and to receive, deposit, and invest for the purposes of this Act all moneys which may be contributed by private individuals or corporations or organizations for the benefit of civil-service employees generally.

Every employee coming within the provisions of this Act shall be deemed to consent and agree to the deductions from salary, pay, or compensation as provided herein, and payment less such deductions shall be a full and complete discharge and acquittance of all claims and demands whatsoever for all regular services rendered by such employee during the period covered by such payment, except the right to the benefits to which he shall be entitled under the provisions of this Act, notwithstanding the provisions of sections 167, 168, and 169 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and of any other law, rule, or regulation affecting the salary, pay, or compensation of any person or persons employed in the civil service to whom this Act applies. (May 22, 1920, secs. 8, 9, 41 Stat. 618; July 3, 1926, sec. 10, 44 Stat. 910; May 29, 1930, sec. 10, 46 Stat. 475; Aug. 4, 1939, sec. 4, 53 Stat. 1202; 5 Ü. S. C., sec. 719, séc. 719-1, sec. 721, sec. 722.)

250–1, Automatic separation; exceptions. The provisions of section 2 of such Act of May 29, 1930, and of section 204 of the Economy Act of June 30, 1932, and any Executive orders pursuant thereto, relating to automatic separation, shall not apply to any officer or employee to whom the provisions of such Act are extended by this Act, nor hereafter to employees of the office of the Architect of the Capitol. (July 13, 1937, sec. 3, 50 Stat. 513; 5 U.S. C., sec. 715d.)

250–2. Deposits by employees in legislative branch and of courts.—No such employee whose salary or any part thereof is paid by the disbursing officer of the Senate shall make any deposit required by section 9, or any redeposit required by subsection (b) of section 12, of such Act of May 29, 1930, and there shall not be deducted and withheld from the basic salary, pay, or compensation of any such employee the sum required to be deducted and withheld by section 10 of such Act of May 29, 1930, unless and until such employee shall have completed seven years of service: Provided, That before any such employee may derive any of the benefits provided by such Act of May 29, 1930, he shall be required to deposit an amount equal to the following sums: (1), The sum which would have been deducted and withheld from his basic salary, pay, or compensation but for the foregoing provisions of this paragraph, together with interest on such sum computed at the rate of 4 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each fiscal year; (2) any sum required to be deposited under the provisions of section 9 of such Act of May 29, 1930; and (3) any sum required to be redeposited under the provisions of subsection (b) of section 12 of such Act of May 29, 1930: Provided further, That should any such employee who shall have served for a total period of not less than five years become totally disabled for useful and efficient service, within the meaning of section 6 of such Act of May 29, 1930, before completing seven years of service, he shall be entitled to the benefits provided by such section 6, upon deposit of the amount required to be deposited under the preceding proviso. (July 13, 1937, sec. 2, 50 Stat. 513, as amended June 25, 1938, 52 Stat. 1197; 5 U.S. C., sec. 719a.)

COMPENSATION FOR INJURIES TO EMPLOYEES OF UNITED STATES

256a. Monthly compensation for total and for partial disability; increase on basis of expectancy of earning capacity; decrease on account of old age.-That the monthly compensation for total disability shall not be more than $116.66, nor less than $58.33, unless the employee's monthly pay is less than $58.33, in which case his monthly compensation shall be the full amount of his monthly pay. The monthly compensation for partial disability shall not be more than $116.66. In the case of persons who at the time of the injury were minors or employed in a learner's capacity and who were not physically or mentally defective the commission shall, on any review after the time when the monthly wage-earning capacity of such persons would probably, but for the injury, have increased, award compensation based on such probable monthly wage-earning capacity. The commission

may,
on any

review after the time when the monthly wage-earning capacity of the disabled employee would probably, irrespective of the injury, have decreased on account of old age, award compensation based on such probable monthly wage-earning capacity.

In addition to the monthly compensation the Employees' Compensation Commission may pay an injured employee awarded compensation for permanent total disability from injury an additional sum of not more than $50 a month, as the Commission may deem necessary,

when the Commission shall find that the service of an attendant is necessary constantly to be used by reason of the employee being totally blind, or having lost both hands or both feet or the use

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thereof, or is paralyzed and unable to walk, or by reason of other total disability actually rendering him so helpless as to require constant attendance. (Sept. 7, 1916, sec. 6, 39 Stat. 743; Feb. 12, 1927, sec. 1, 44 Stat. 1086; May 13, 1936, 49 Stat. 1270; 5 U.S.C., sec. 756.)

287a. Compensation for disability or death of Government employees; definitions. That wherever used in this Act

The singular includes the plural and the masculine includes the feminine.

The term "employee" includes all civil employees of the United States and of the Panama Railroad Company and all persons, other than independent contractors and their employees, employed on the Menominee Indian Reservation in the State of Wisconsin, subsequent to September 7, 1916, in operations conducted pursuant to the Act entitled "An Act to authorize the cutting of timber, the manufacture and sale of lumber, and the preservation of the forests on the Menominee Indian Reservation in the State of Wisconsin”, approved March 28, 1908, as amended, or any other Act relating to tribal timber and logging operations on the Menominee Reservation.

The term "commission” shall be taken to refer to the United States Employees' Compensation Commission provided for in section 28.

The term “physician” includes surgeons and osteopathic practitioners within the scope of their practice as defined by State law.

The term "medical, surgical, and hospital services and supplies" includes services and supplies by osteopathic practitioners and hospitals within the scope of their practice as defined by State law.

The term “monthly pay" shall be taken to refer to the monthly pay at the time of the injury.

The term “injury” includes, in addition to injury by accident, any disease proximately caused by the employment.

The term "compensation" includes the money allowance payable to an employee or his dependents and any other benefits paid for out of the compensation fund: Provided, however, That this shall not in any way reduce the amount of the monthly compensation payable in case of disability or death.

Any award heretofore made by the United States Employees' Compensation Commission under such Act of September 7, 1916, to persons coming within the purview of the first section hereof, for disability or death resulting from a personal injury sustained prior to the enactment of this Act, shall be valid, if such award would be valid if made in respect to an injury or death sustained after the enactment of this Act. Claim on account of disability or death of any person coming within the purview of the first section hereof, for benefits on account of injury incurred subsequent to July 28, 1935, may be filed under said Act: Provided, That such claim be filed within one year after the approval hereof. (Sept. 7, 1916, sec. 40, 39 Stat. 750; June 5, 1924, sec. 2, 43 Stat. 389; May 31, 1938, 52 Stat. 586; Apr. 11, 1940, secs. 1, 2, 54 Stat. 105; 5 U.S. C., sec. 790.)

288–1. Benefits of the United States Employees' Compensation Act extended to members of the Officers' Reserve Corps and of the Enlisted Reserve Corps of the Army.-- That where in time of peace any member of the Officers' Reserve Corps or of the Enlisted Reserve Corps of the Army was physically injured in line of duty (1) while on active duty, or (2)

while engaged in authorized travel to and from such duty, or (3) while engaged in authorized training without pay, or dies or has died as the result of such physical injury, where such injury or death occurred between the dates of February 28, 1925, and July 15, 1939, both inclusive, when such injury or death results from an accident involving a military hazard such as flying in military aircraft, participation in military drills, target practice and tactical exercises, and in injury cases where such injury has resulted in permanent partial or permanent total disability, he or his beneficiary shall be entitled to all the benefits prescribed by law for civil employees of the United States who are physically injured in line of duty or who die as a result thereof, and the United States Employees' Compensation Commission shall have jurisdiction in such cases and shall perform the same duties with reference thereto as to the cases of civil employees of the United States so injured : Provided, That the benefits shall accrue to any such member, or his beneficiary, whether the disability or death is the result of sickness or disease contracted in line of duty while on active duty when such sickness or disease is proximately caused by service on active duty: Provided further, That employees' compensation under this Act shall not be paid concurrently with active-duty pay or pension based upon military service, and in the event a person becomes eligible for the benefits of the United States Employees' Compensation Act and is also eligible for, or is in receipt of, a pension based upon military service, he shall elect which benefit to receive: Provided further, That authorized training without pay is defined as inactive-status training under written authorization by competent military authority covering a specific training assignment and prescribing a time limit: Provided further, That for the purpose of determining benefits to which entitled under the provisions of this Act members of the Officers' Reserve Corps or of the Enlisted Reserve Corps of the Army physically injured when engaged in authorized training without pay will be held and considered as receiving the pay and allowances they would have received if in a pay status: And provided further, That nothing herein shall be construed to authorize compensation benefits which may have accrued for any period prior to the approval of this Act, but éligiblity for compensation benefits shall be determined as of the date of approval of this Act and any benefits payable shall date only from such approval and the eight-year period of limitation in section 10-G of the Federal Employees' Compensation Act of September 7, 1916, shall be computed for purposes of this Act, from the date of approval thereof.

Where injury or death has been sustained by any member of the Officers' Reserve Corps or Enlisted Reserve Corps while performing authorized training without pay upon inactive status it shall be presumed that such training was being performed under written authorization of competent military authority covering a specific training assignment and prescribing a time limit and thus subject to the provision of this Act unless a duly appointed Examining Board, appointed at the time of said accident, has found and reported to the contrary.

All claims for disability or death benefits allowed under the provisions of this Act shall be made within one year from its approval by the President. (July 18, 1940, 54 Stat. 762.)

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