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SHAKESPEARE AND CAMDEN SOCIETIES.
PHNICIAN PALEOGRAPHY AND LITERATURE. In Current Notes, 1852, pp. 31, 39, were notices of
On the observations of the Editor, who appears to the termination of the Percy Society, and the final
lean to the general opinions of Oriental scholars, on the adjustment of its pecuniary affairs, honourable to all parties by whom they had been conducted.
subject of Paleography and Phænician literature, but on
which a volume inight be written ; attached to the article There are, or were, two other similar Societies; the
in Current Notes, vol. iii. p. 73, I proffer the followShakespeare Society and the Camden Society, concern-line
ing remarks :ing which little officially has been heard recently, so as
First. Herodotus says the Phænicians came as coloto learn whether they are defunct, or only in a state of
nists to the Syrian coasts from the Erythræan seas. suspended animation. As regards the Shakespeare, it
Strabo, that they came from the Persian gulf. Vallanhas certainly been stated in several booksellers' cata
cey, that the Phænicians and the Persians were of the logues that it is closed, and the stock of books and the
same family; and as to the language calļed Phænician, Shakespeare portraits sold off; but I am not aware that
I can assert it was used over a much wider extent of any announcement of such being the case, has been
country than was occupied by the Arabians and Persians. officially made, or any account of the funds furnished to
In this language, which in fact resembles the Chinese, the members.
in its almost total absence of grammatical inflections, It would be satisfactory to the subscribers to receive
are written those ancient remains which have of late any information or explanation regarding these matters,
caused considerable sensation throughout the literary through the medium of your useful and entertaining
world, viz., the cuneiform monuments of Babylon, Ni. Current Notes.
F. R. A. The SHAKESPEARE SOCIETY ceased at the close of 1853;
neveh, Persepolis, and Behistan. On the north part of the reason stated, that the Honorary Officials were desirous
: | the pillar of Alahabad, we find, in a character not as yet of retiring. In March 1854, the entire stock of the works,
deciphered, as I am aware by any but myself, a history printed at the expense of the members, was sold by public which appears to be an account of the deluge, and deauction for about 4601., the disposal, to Mr. Skeffington, of scribing the spot where Noah was buried. See Asiatic the remaining impressions of the Ellesmere Shakspeare por. Researches, vol. vii. p. 180, pl. 6. All these writings trait was a private arrangement. No official account of are to be read from left to right. May not this Phænithe affairs of the Society, or its termination, has been pre- cian language, this older dialect of the Arabic have been pared for the members, nor does it, on enquiry, appear that almost universal in the days of Heber? Again, may it any such statement is contemplated.
not have been remodelled about six hundred years after, Our Correspondent may rest assured hopes are enter
in the days of Ishmael, to somewhat in its present form? tained, that the CAMDEN SOCIETY is about recovering from its supposed state of suspended animation, by the following
Secondly, Gesenius in his Monumenta Phænicia, has signs. During 1854, the members have received the " Letters
numerous specimens of this language ; and the Sinaic of Lady Brilliana Harley," and the first part of “ Bp. Swin
Valley has supplied 178 inscriptions in the same ford's Ilousehold Roll.” Some Extracts from Grants temp. language. See Trans. of Royal Society of Literature, Edward the Fifth, are promised during this month, January vol. ii. part 1, plates. In these inscriptions, written 1855; and also, the Report of the Council elected May 2, some before, and others soon after the exodus of the 1853, with the report of the Auditors upon the Society's Israelites from Egypt, one word occurs more than one receipts and expenditure“ from the 1st of April, 1853, to hundred and forty times, a sufficient evidence to prove the 31st March, 1854.”.
that for the most part, I speak cautiously, and think I The Camden Society appears to have lost of its phalanx may say altogether, Phænician inscriptions must be read of members, nearly one half. It is lamentable to reflect, from left to right. The one word alluded to is in numb. how perverted have been the means and resources of this
142, nu sna, Mount Sina. The first letter is the once leading and embodied power of deservedly distinguished men of all professions. Had the subscriptions and
Hebrew, samech, or s; the second is the Syriac and the labours of the members, located as they were and are
Arabic, nun or n; and the third, is the Samaritan and in all the counties, been devoted to the enlargement and
Runic alaph, or a; sometimes the letters are joined as reconstruction of Camden's Britannia, they would have in numb. 2, where it occurs three times ; and at others, conferred especial honour on the name of the Historian the letters are somewhat altered in form, but always diswhose celebrity they usurped to emblazon a notoriety which tinguishable, even to a tyro. Surely, this word proves they have but faintly attempted to maintain. Such a work that all the sentences must be read from left to right; would have resulted in establishing an eternal national mo- and also, that the writing is made up of MIXED ALPHAnument, and created a halo of imperishable glory on the Bets. Society; or, had that been deemed too much, a republica- ! Thirdly, I have a printed copy of the Magni Atlantis tion of Horsley's Britannia Romana, with additions based ) et soubmersæ Atlantidis Reliquiem, called Phenician. upon the annotated copies, by Professor Ward and others,
but which I think to be Runic. The heading “Atlan," in the British Museum Library, would really have rendered
is from right to left, but the narrative is alternately up an important service in aid of Historical Literature, while on the contrary, many of their distributed emanations are
and down, in eighteen lines of two feet one inch in fourd on book-stalls neglected and unheeded, a memorable length. This professes to have been written seven memento of the mischiefs of inefficient or misdirected hundred years after the deluge, which it describes in talent, and ample pecuniary means.
most poetical language, and in which are mentioned as
situated in the mountain passes of the Atlantic range, having in front, by way of security, a wooden door, with inns for the refreshment and rest of travellers. The iron hinges and bolts. A few of these ambries are still writing on this Atlantic monument has been considered found about the remains of old kirks, vestiges which to be "pseudophoenicia et spuria," but those, who with very laudably have been preserved long after the old the late E. H. Barker, considered it as a forgery, knew fanes were demolished; but none of those in the counties not how to decypher it. See Gesenii Scripturæ Linguæque of Angus or Mearns, present a better representation of Phæniciæ, cap. ix., where the first sign on the right the old ambry than that at Airlie, which is built into the hand at the lower end of the inscription, being a hiero- porch on the west side of the parish kirk, situated in the glyph, is read as a letter, and some few of the letters south-western part of Angus. themselves not being understood, no sense has been made of the whole inscription, but its internal evidence is quite sufficient to prove it not a forgery.
Southwick, near Oundle, Jan. 15. T. R. Brown.
MISQUOTATION.-Butler makes the knight while reasoning with his lady love, observe,
For what is worth in any thing,
But so much money as 'twill bring?
Hudibras, Part II. Canto i., Edit. 1678, p. 219.
For what's the worth of any thing,
Athenian Sport, 1724, 8vo. p. 154.
The value of a thing
The front, decorated with the sculptured denotations Dublin, Jan. 1.
of the five Passion wounds of Christ, shows by the broken moulding, the former sockets for the embedding of the
| iron fastenings. On the wall within, cut into the stone, ABC SES IN THE ARMY.
are the initials a. f. with three crescents, the armorial Cradock, in his Literary and Miscellaneous Memoirs, bearings of the family of Fenton, originally from the vol. i. p. 171, referring to Lord Chancellor Erskine, border, but who were the lords of the lands and barony says, “ Erskine sent me his pamphlet on the Abuses of of Baikie, in the parish of Airlie, in 1291, if not before, the Army, and we afterwards examined together his and were extinct in the male line about the middle of Remarks on Annuities, they were both printed by Tom the fifteenth century.* Davies of Russell Street, Covent Garden."
Possibly the ambry was made at the expense of one These productions of the noble author do not seem to of the lords of Baikie; or, during the incumbency of one be known, at least they are not to me; but, as it is of the family, as parson of this kirk, the initials and pretty well known that abuses in the army have not arms being intended to denote the period. ceased to exist, it would be curious to see whether they The same symbols of our Lord's Passion, represented in any way differ from those which engaged the atten- on the ambry, are also found on the coping stone of an tion of Erskine, and I shall be glad if you, or any of old burying aisle, with the addition of the Scourge, the your readers, will furnish some information on the pillar to which Christ was bound, holy lance, and the subject.
F. R. A. pincers; with carvings of the fleur-de-lis, surmounted
by a coronet. These, I infer, from their superior deli
cacy of execution, are of later date to the emblems on AMBRY AND EFFIGY IN AIRLIE KIRK,
the front of the ambry. The coping stone is said to have THE Ambry, scot., almerie, or almorie, a recess in churches for depositing the alms for the poor, is of consi
• Nisbet, referring to Haddington's Collections from the derable antiqnity. Du Cange defines it " the Cæpe-hus
Registers, describes the arms of Fenton of Baiky, arg. three of Elfric ; a cupboard, storehouse, cabinet, etc.," in that
crescents, gules. William Fenton, Lord Baiky, is so desig
nated in a perambulation with Alexander Ogle, Sheriff of sense, closets, or presses, for containing food and articles
Angus, in 1410. By their arms in our old registers being for domestic uses are generally known. Every church
arg., three crescents gules, Fenton of Ogile, Fenton of or chapel in the days of Papal domination, had its Carden, and Fenton of Kelly, were cadets of Fenton of ambry; and were frequently hewn from one stone, Baikey. System of Heraldry, edit. 1804, vol. i. p. 92.
been taken from the old kirk, which was demolished in
PAISLEY BLACK BOOK. 1783. Built into the west gable of the kirk is a gaunt human
Can any of the readers of Current Notes furnish pareffigy, about three feet in height, but much mutilated. I ticulars as to the authorship, contents, and present place The writer of the New Statistical Account of the Parish, of deposit of this book ? It is not mentioned under the
head of “Paisley" in Bishop Nicolson's Historical Baptist, to whom, he adds, the church was originally de- Library, Macray's Manual of British Historians, or in dicated. The idea is certainly erroneous, for apart from the Cottonian, Harleian, or Lansdowne Catalogues. a small hamlet of houses, with a i ne spring and knoll, | Ashton-under-Lyne, Jan. 15.
J. R. C. close to the kirk, known by the name of St. Madden,
Refer to Crawford's History of the Shire of Renfrew, there is extant in the charter-chest at Cortachy Castle, | first printed in 1710, continued by William Semple, printed a document bearing date 1447, in which mention is at Paislev. 1782. 4to. p. 281. where it is said. : made of “the bell of the Kirk of St. Madden of of the abbey of Paisley wrote a Chronicle of Scotland, Airlie,'* and he doubtless was the patron saiut of the called the Black Book of Paisley, of which an authentic kirk. His festival is held on May 17, and as he is spe- copy was burned in the Abbey of Holyrood House, during cially said to have devoted certain days to the celebration the English usurpation." This assertion is derived from of the Eucharist and the Passion of Christ, the emblems Dunlop's Description of the Shire of Renfrew. Another on the ambry and coping-stone have most probably
copy is noticed in Sibbald's Theatrum Scotiæ, as having reference to that tradition. It may, however, be noticed,
been in the President Sir Robert Spottiswood's library, though the parish kirk was dedicated to St. Madden,
whence it was taken by General Lambert, and presented by there was formerly, about a mile to the south-west a
him to Colonel, afterwards Thomas, Lord Fairfax. There chapel, which had for its patron saint, St. John, and to
are here also other references respecting this supposed re
cord, of which after all, Chalmers, in his Caledonia, vol. which William de Fenton, in 1362, presented the adjoin III., p. 125, quoting Bp. Nicolson's Scottish Historical ing lands of Lunross;f yet to this, the statue cannot by Library, p. 93, thus summarily disposes—" The monks of the most distant probability have any reference.
Paisley are said to have written a Chronicle of Scotland, No description, or print of ancient armour, known which was called the Black Book of Paisley, from the to the writer, represents the peculiarity observable in the colour of its cover ; but this like the Black Book of Scone, singularly formed apron of plate mail, as shewn on this appears to have been merely a transcript of Fordun's Scotifigure. The carving appears to indicate
WEIGHT OF TOBACCO SMOKE DETERMINED.
Howell in his Letters, Book III. Letter 7, tells the
story of Sir Walter Raleigh winning a wager of Queen able to explain this curious ap
Elizabeth, by ascertaining the weight of smoke in a pound pendage of old costume. The
of tobacco. The incident was recently noticed in an animal on the book is possibly
hebdomadal contemporary, but neither the communicant, intended to represent a lamb;
nor the editor allude to the fact of the trick having hence, it may be inferred, the
been practised more than a thousand years before, as fore finger of the right hand points to we find in the Dialogues of Lucian, who died in the “the Lamb's book of life," an allegory year 180. not unworthy of a much later time than | In Franklin's translation, 1781, 8vo. vol. III. p. 88, that to which the statue appears to be- we read, “ Somebody asked him (Demonax) one day in a long.
scoffing manner, this question- Pray, if you burn a The Fenton estate in the fifteenth cen- thousand pounds of wood, how many pounds will there be tury became the property of the younger of smoke? Weigh the ashes, said he, and all the rest sons of Lindsay, Earl of Crawford, and will be smoke.”
F. R. A. Halkett of Pitfirran. Baikie Castle stood on a rising ground, near the west side of the loch Howell's Letters are fictions, written by him while conof Baikie, but has long been demolished, and a new fined in the Fleet Prison for debt, and the story of the mansion, a little to the south, erected some years since.
wager with the Queen doubtless originated in one of his Brechin.
A. J. literary embellishments. Lucian's Dialogues were translated
by Hickes, and printed ut Oxford in 1634, where possibly Men often make others unfaithful by thinking them
llowell met with the jocosery, or, as he was quite capable,
he read it in one of the Latin versions, and, adopting the 50.- Seneca.
tradition of Raleigh's being the introducer of tobacco from
Virginia, made it an illustration of his intimacy with her * Spalding Club Miscellany, vol. iv. p. 118.
Majesty, in compliment to whom that country was so of Reg. Mag. Sirilli, p. 25.
The following beautiful lines, as yet unpublished, are
ROSEMARY BLOSSOMS. written by that eminent servant of God, and friend of Let some kindly hand make up a gathering. man, William Bengo COLLYER. They are in his own My thoughts have been wandering in scented chamautograph, on the fly leaf of Cowper's Table Talk and bers, and I wish some one would edit on paper of approother Poems, a volume in my possession, and highly priate blush, the association of Rosemary, Lavender, and prized by me.
| Rue-three favourites, long popularly united. In the Canonbury, Jan, 18. . George DANIEL. old music books, of an elementary character, the air of TOE DEATH OF COWPER.
“ Lavender's blue," is frequently found, but it has grown The swan, 'tis fabled, sweetly sings
vulgar, and both the words and tune are descending into With her expiring breath
mere traditionary matters.-
Lavender's blue, diddle, diddle, rosemary's green,
When you are king, diddle, diddle, I shall be queen.
Who told you so, diddle, diddle, who told you so ?
'Twas my own heart, diddle, diddle, that told me so.
Call up your men, diddle, diddle, set them to work,
Some with a rake, diddle, diddle, some with a fork, And was it then indeed despair,
Some to make hay, diddle, diddle, some to grind corn,
Whilst you and I, diddle, diddle, keep ourselves warm.
If you should die, diddle, diddle, as it may hap,
You shall be buried, diddle, diddle, under the tap. O had the darkness pass'd away,
Who told you so, diddle, diddle, pray tell me why?
Because you may drink, diddle, diddle, when you are dry.
The last stanza seenis to have been suggested by the
old monkish rhymes, ascribed to Walter de Mapes, the Then how his raptur'd soul of fire Had kindled into praise;
boosey Archdeacon of Oxford-
Mihi est propositum in taberna mori ;
Ut cum venerint Angelorum chori,
Dicant, Deus, propitius huic potatori !
which may be thus rendered -
May it be my good bap,
To die close by the tap!
That when call'd away,
Sweet cherubs may say,
God, be kind to this fellow !
For he lived and died mellow.
W. B. COLLYER. Gerard, gardener to Lord Burleigh, notices in
his Herbal, Rosemary grew in Languedoc in such MARY RUSSELL MITFORD, born at Alresford, in plenty that the inhabitants burned scarcely any other Hampshire, Dec. 16, 1786, authoress of Our Village, fuel.' In the gardens of Italy and England, he adds, and other popular works, died at Swallowfield, near they made hedges of it as an ornament, and it was called Reading, on Wednesday, the 10th inst., in her sixty- Rosemarinus Coronaria, “because women have been acninth year. These dates are based on the beginning of customed to make crowns and garlands thereof." Hence a letter addressed to one of her most intimate friends the propriety of its standing for the queen's emblem in
“ Swallowfield, Dec. 16, 1854. the old oral stanzas. Gerard, moreover, mentions it “My dear friend. This is a day I never thought to serving as spice in German kitchens and in other cold see again-my 68th birth-day.”
countries, in his day, as well as used in wine for inebria
ting, and as oil for medicinal purposes. GARRICKIANA.-Mr. O. Smith, the eminent comedian, | And hereupon follows another enumeration of blesshaving been obliged by deafness and declining health, to ings: relinquish his connection with the stage, which he has
Rosemary green, trodden with so much credit for upwards of half a cen
And Lavender blue, tury, his library and choice collection of MSS. and En
Thyme and sweet Margerum, gravings illustrative of the Drama, will be sold by auc
Hyssop and rue. tion by Messrs. Puttick and Simpson, at the close of next Rosemary has long been considered as a symbol of remonth. His GARRICKIANA, illustrative of Garrick and membrance, and was anciently supposed to strengthen his contemporaries, comprising almost every known en- the memory; prescriptions are found in the old medigraving connected therewith, will form one of the most cinal treatises for that purpose. Perdita, in Shakeinteresting features.
speare's Winter's Tale, act iv. sc. 3; with the flowers presented to Polyxenes and the guests, as a welcome to Rosemary was also adopted as an essential at funerals, the sheep-shearing, adds
possibly for its odour, and as a token of remembrance of For you there's rosemary and rue; these keep
the deceased Seeming and savour all the winter long.
And lavender is passing sweet, Ophelia, too, presents Laertes a sprig of rosemary,
And so's the rosemary ; observing
And yet they deck the winding sheet,
Beneath the dark yew-tree.
Friar Lawrence on the discovery of Juliet's corpse, bids
Hamlet, act iv. sc. 5. the bystanders So Drayton, in his ninth eclogue, has lines to the same Dry up your tears, and stick your rosemary purpose
On this fair corse; and as the custom is, Him rosemary his sweetheart [sent], whose intent
In all her best array bear her to church, Is that he her should in remembrance have.
Romeo and Juliet, act iv. sc. v. On the festive occasion at Christmas, of bringing in the
Shakespeare was here referring to the custom as obboar's head, at Queen's College, Oxford, and elsewhere,
served in England. On some occasions rosemary was various carols were sung. One printed by Wynkyn de
buried with the dead. When to make room for the Worde, in 1521, commences thus
burial of an ordinary gentlewoman, the body of William
Parr, the brother of Queen Catherine, was dug up in the Caput afri defero,
choir of the collegiate church at Warwick, “it was found Reddens laudes domino. The bore's head in hand bring I,
perfect, the skin entire, dried to the bones, with rosemary With garlands gay, and rosemary ;
and bays in the coffin, fresh and green."* I pray ye all sing merrily,
Cartwright also alludes to the custom, on the bearing Qui estis in convivio.
of the body to the grave At weddings it was usual to dip the rosemary in the
Prithee see they have wine cup, and drink to the health of the newly married
A sprig of rosemary, dipp'd in common water, couple. So in Jaspar Mayne's City Match
To smell at as they walk along the streets.
The Ordinary, 1651, 8vo. act v.sc. 1. . Before we divide Our army, let us dip our rosemaries
The practice is noticed so late as the time of Gay, In one rich bowl of sack, to this brave girl, who in his Shepherd's Week, describing Blouselinda's And to the gentleman.
funeral, saysAnd in Killigrew's Parson's Wedding, is a similar To show their love, the neighbours far and near allusion
Follow'd with wistful look the damsel's bier. Go, get you in there, and let your husband dip the rose
Sprigg'd rosemary the lads and lasses bore,
While disınally the Parson walked before. mary :
Upon her grave the rosemary they threw, Sometimes it made a garnish for the meats. In The daisie, butter-flower, and endive blue. Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burning Pestle,
Fifth Pastoral; The Dirge, lines 133-138. 1613, 4to. it is said
Henry Kirke White too, bade the rosemary “scatter I will have no great store of company at the wedding, al about his tomb-a sweet decaying smell;" and the couple of neighbours and their wives; and we will have a Rosemary Lane of Newcastle, anciently known as St. capon in stew'd broth with marrow, and a good piece of
John's Chare, if in name only, keeps watch and ward beef, stuck with rosemary.
Act v. sc. 1.
over the graveyard of the beloved apostle.
During the civil commotions in the reign of King • In the first volume of Evans's Collection of Old Ballads, Charles the First, it appears to have escaped notice, a edit. 1810, is reprinted from “a Handeful of pleasant De-sprig of rosemary was the distinctive badge of the Parlites, 1584,” duod., a ballad entitled, “ A Nosegaie alwaies liamentarians. Baillie, in his diary, Dec. 2, 1610, sweet for Lovers to send for Tokens of Love at New Yeare's writesTide.” The third verse commences
On Saturday, Burton and Prynne came through most of Lavender is for Lovers true;
the City triumphantly ; never here such a show; about a but the lines in the fourth, beginning
thousand korses, and above a hundred coaches, with a world
of foot, every one with a rosemary branch.
Nathan Drake, in his manuscript Diary of the first
i siege of Pontefract, in 1644, in which he was a volunteer You present in my sight. are supposed to have been suggestive of the poetry in Ophelia's plaintive ditty.
* Dugdale's Baronage, as quoted by Nicolson and Burn.