Page images
PDF
EPUB

are

Warwickshire antiquaries, who have col- fully dried by filtering paper, cut a thir lected much original matter of local in- slice, divide it into as many pieces as terest and historic importance from va can expeditiously be done, and introduce rious private repositores hitherto unex each piece into a small bottle, with us plored. The work will be comprised in much line as will surrown it. Lime three volumes folio; and, in addition to slakedi in the air, and submitted to a stong such of the original subjects as must ne red heat in a black-lead crucible for cessarily be re-engraved, will be embel- twenty minutes, is in a good state fur lished with select views of the most in the purpose. The burtie s ben full may teresting objects of architectural and an- be exposed, corked, to the radiant heat tiquarian curiosity in the county. of a fire, till some of the pieces of phase

Mr. Turner, of the Middle Temple, phorus have assumed an oranye tint. It is preparing a new work on Conveyan. will then be ready for inmediate use. cing, to consist of a collection of mudern. But the beating is not necessary, if the precedents, with notes and illustrations; bottle is not wanted for immediate os, and a practical introduction on the lan- and it will continue longer in a service guage and structure of Conveyances. able state. In using the bottle the monita

Mr. Josepu Jarpur has nearly ready should be closed as soon as the sath for publication, an Essay on the Princi- is withdrawn. Bottles thus prepared ples of Philosophical Criticism, applied continue serviceable four or five moaths, to poetry:

though very frequently used. A third and last volume of the Temple Mr. YEATES has been for some time of Truth, under the title of Additional employed in collating the manuscripts Studies, is in the press.

brought from India to England by the The Travels of Mirza Abu Taleb Khan, Rev. Dr. Buchanan, and presented by commonly called the Persian Prince, in him to the University of Cambridge. Asia, Africa, and Europe, during the From the account giren of thein by Mr. years 1799, 1800, 1801, and 1802, writ. Yeates, the following particidars are ten by himself in the Persian language, exiracted :-These manuscripts and translated by CHARLES STEWART, chiefly biblical, and are written in the esq. are preparing for publication. Hebrew, Syriac, and Ethiopic, languages:

The History of Lincoln, with an Ap- the Hebrew manuscripts were obtained pendix, containing a list of the members from the black Jews, who have had returned to serve in parliament, will settlements in India from time iromeno. speedily be published in a duodeciino rial. These Jews differ in many respects voluine.

from those of other countries, and bear Mr. Tox has in the press, a work on evident marks of being descendants from $cripture Geography, containing a de- those ancient dispersions we read of in scription of the most distinguished coun. sacred history. They call theiaselves tries and places noticed in the Holy Bene Israel; they have the llebrew Scripture, with a brief account of the Pentateuch, but scarcely know of ang most remarkable historical events con- other books of Scripture. A copy of the nected with the sulject, intended to fa. Hebrew Periateuch, written on guat. cilitate the study of the sacred writings. skins, and found in one of their syna

A new edition of Bishop Earle's Mi- gogues, is in the Buchanan coliection. crocosmography, is in the press. This The Syriac manuscripts were collected curious and entertaining volume from the Syrian Christians in Travancore originally printed in 1628, and contains and Malayala, where a race of Christiat 5 a variety of illusions illustrative of the bad existed ever since the apostolic manners ofihat age.

times: and the native Indian claristians The Norri:lan prize in the University bear the name of Christians of St. of Cambridye, is this year ajudged to Thomas to this day. They have the HENRY JEREMY, B. A of Trinity Col. Bible, and other books, wat in our canon, lege, for his Essay on the Connection of extant in the Syriac language ; and theirs Learning and Religion

is perhaps the purest of all the versions By an accurate calculation, it appears of Scripture now known. There is in thui, in the course of the last year, Great Dr. Buchanan's collection, a copy of the Britain producerl 600,000 packs of wool, Bible, containing the books of the Oid each weiuning 2101us.

and New Testainent, with the Apocry. A co.espondent gives the following pla, written on large folio velluin, and in improved method of preparing pliospho- ile ancient or Estrangelo character, and d'us bottles. The pilosphorus being care which was a present to the doctor trag

Mlar

was

1. Mar Dionysius, the archbishop of the able so to affect the electricity of the

Indian church. But though all these clouds as to produce the same effects as MSS. were brought froin India, some Nature produces from the action of moun, were written at Antioch, in Mesopo- tains and the points of trees, leaves, tamia, and in other parts of Syria, Asia, and vegetables; and he submitted the and Africa. The Hebrew Pentateuch idea to the notice and adoption of paalready mentioned, being probably one triotic, and philosophical governments, of the oldest MSS. extant, is a curiosity The idea of regulating the weather may, of the highe-t value and importance. It is on a superficial view, appear to be a very written upon a roll of goat-skins, dyed bold one; but when it is considered red, and was found in the record-chest of that man triumphs over the seasons, a synagogue of the black Jews, in the and subjects Nature in many other interior of Malayala, in 1806. It mea respects to his rule, an artificial means sures in length forty-eight feet, and in of affecting the clouds ought not to be breadth about twenty-two inches, or a considered as impossible; and the noJewish cubit. The book of Leviticus, tion deserves to be re-considered on acand most parts of Deuteronomy, are count of the immense value and great in wanting. The original length of the roll portance of the objects in contemplation. was not less than ninety feet, as appears The following curious circumstance from calculation, and it is properly respecting the toad, is communicated by a Morocco, though now inuch faded. In correspondent to Nicholson's Journal: its present state, it consists of thirty “A person,” says he, " in the neighbourseven skins, contains one hundred and hood of Maidstone, who manufactures serenteon columns of writing, perfectly brown paper, informed me, while I was clear and legible, and exhibits a noble observing his people at work, that he bad example of the inander and form of the frequently placed a toad amidst a pile of must ancient Hebrew manuscripts among sheets to be pressed, and always found it the Jews. The columns are a palm alive and well on taking it out, though it broad, and contain from forty-five to must have sustained with the paper x fifty lines each. Some of the skins pressure equivalent to several tous; but a appear more ancient than others, and it frog could never survive the same degrec is evident, from a bare inspection, that of pressure. I sought a long time for a chev were not all written at the same toad to see the experiment myself, but period, or by the same hand.

was unable to find one till after the men The Droueur:- About twenty years had left work." ago, Sue Richard Phillips published a Sir George MACKENZIE, accompanied dissertation, in which, arguing from the by Mir. Henry HOLLAND, and Mr. Rranalogy of Nature, he conceived it in the CHARD Bright of the University oi Edinpower of man to regulate the weather to buryh, has sailed from Leith for Siroinness,

Nature, he remarked, whence they proceed to Iceland, in a provides high mountains and the innu- vessel from London. The object of this jerable spiculæ of leaves and grass, as arduous undertaking, is to explore a part means by which the electricity of the of that inbospitable country, which atmosphere and the clouds is regu. nevertheless, in the circumscribed state lated. Droughes arise when these, trom of our commerce, is well worth the attenau accidental absence of rain or mois. tion of Great Britain. In return for our ture, cease to be good conductors, and coarse fabrics, we might procure from it a ramy season is a consequence of these such articles as Iceland, with proper mabecoming too powerful as conductors. nagement, would yield in great pleuty, llence mountains, trees, and vegetation, such as fish, oil, leathers, and sulphur, the increase the quantity of rain in all coun: scarcity of which last article is such as tries, and the canse and effect alternately to have already attracted the notice of interchange. Hence too the immutable parliament. sterilily vi certain districts of Africa and At a late meeting of the Society of Asia; and hence likewise the changes Arts, a premiuin of fifty guineas was which have been oliserved to take place awarded to Mr. John Davis, of Johnin the fertility of countries. All the pe- street, Spitalfields, for a highly ingenious culiar phenomena of Peru, and other fire-escape, which promises to be of countries, may also be referred to the great utility in decreasing the number of

The practical deciuction personal accidents which are so frewhich Sir Richard Phillips made from quently occurring in cases of fire. This this reasoning was, that man, by means contrivance consists of a curious yet of very high metallic conductors, may be simply-constructed ladder, or rather

three

certain extenis.

Sime causes.

The process

three ladders, so combined as to admit

SWEDEN. of their being slid ont, like the tubes of a FAHLUN has lately witnessed an ind. pocket telescope, to the height of from dent which partakes of the romantic. forty to fifty fect, if required; carrying "p, In openiny a communication hitiseen at the same time, a box to receive two nines, the corpse of a miner was females or children, or small valuables, found in complete preservation, and in a while the less timid can descend the lad. sofi state, being impregnated with ite der. This box, by means of a chain and vitriolic water of the mine.

When pulley, worked hy the people below, exposed to the open air, it became sett, descends to the ground, where being The features were not recognized by aar instantly unhooked, another box is sent person present, but tradition had preup while the first is einptying. All this served the recullection of the accident be is performed in about two minutes. This which he had been entombed me than apparatus is erected on a carriage with haif a century azo. All farther enquiry four wheels, nine feet long and five wiile, was dropper, when suddenly a decrcond furnished with the usual apparatus and old woman advanced upon erriches, a: harness for yoking a horse in it, for the discovered that the deceased was a young more specily removal to the scene of man to whom she had been engaged by danger,

promise of marriage fifty years behe. Mr.KNIGHT, in his Report of the Trans. She threw herself on the body of tact actions of the Horticultural Society, men lover, and bedewed it with teais, at the tions an improved method of cultivating same time thanking, fleaven for dating the alpine strawberry.

once inore granted her a sight of the consists of sowing the seed on a mode- object of her affection before she de rale hot-bed, in the beginning of April, scended to the grave. The contrast and removing the plants, as soon as they between tirese persons, one of whom hadd have acquired sufficient strength, to herts been so long huried and yet retained the in the open ground. They will begin to features of youth, while the other was blossom after Midsummer, and afford an bowed down by the weight o years, abundant late autumnal crop. Mr. K. Inay be more easily conceived than thinks, that this strawberry ought always described. to be treated as an annual plant.

GERMANY, Mr, de Luc has invented a machine An officer in the Bavarian service, which he denominates the Electric who had made a variety of experintenta Coluinn, and which, by some of our na to ascertain the ingredients used in the tural philosophers, is considered the most composition of the Greek fire, whila important discovery in the science of recently enynged at Munich in an analy. electricity since that of the Voltaic pile sis for that purpose, was, by the explota He is preparing an account of it for sion of the article he was decomposing, publication.

propelled through the window, with lo RUSSIA.

arms torn off, and bis face so dreadfully The cranium of a horned animal, the burnt, that fie expired a few minutes after race of which seems to be extincr, has being taken up. been recently dug up near Minava. The following account of the present From the description given of this part state of the universities, and other of ihe skeleton, the animal must have seminaries of education in the new king hee! at least ten or twelve feet long. dom of Westphalia, has been published: The horns, which are attached to the head The universities of Halle, Gottingen, and have partly passed into a fossil state, Helmstadt, Marburg, and Rinteln, cons far exceed in size those of the oxen of tai 1907 s!udents. There are besides the present day. They are a foot and a in the kingdom 52 gymnasia or classical half in circumference at the root, and schools, at which are educated 6851 chil. two feet and a half long. It was hoped dien. The inferior schools, at which are that the entire skeleton wouid be reco taught reading, writing, and arithmetic, vered; but on further search, ino teeth amount 10 3600, and are attended to only were foundt. Foreign naturalists are 253,338 children of both sexes. In each of opinion, that this head must have of the two cities of Brunswick and belonged to the race of Urus or Aurochs, Magdebury, there are thirty-five pubic Thentioned by Cæsar in lois Commenta. institutions for every branch of educa. ries, and which some even suppose still tion, besides private seminaries. In the to exist in the mountains of Siberia and public schools, the bours of teaching are in the forests of Poland.

FRANCE.

our

so arranged, that the children who attend colony are more or less damaged. In them are generally able to earn their every part of the settlement the shocks livelihood in the intervals. On a mode- have been experienced, in some slightly, mte computation, there is a teacher for in others in a more violent degree. Salt every fifty children throughout the water has been thrown up in places at kingdom.

the distance of ihree or four miles from

the sea, without leaving any appearance The archives of the different states of springs or openings in the soil. In brought from Ratisbon, Rome, and Vin other parts, where the soil is black, as low enna, lo Paris, are to be deposited in a

down as welis have been dug, new building erected on purpose for them, several spots of white sand, about six to be called the Palace of the Archives feet in diameter, and generally of a of the Empire. The arrangement will circular formi, have been thrown up, include three divisions, French, German, evidently in union with water, which and lialian. All the papel archives, in immediately subsidest. Springs of water cluding the difierent documents relative have also burst out in many parts of the to the donations of Crosslantine and colony where there never

were any other emperors, are now on their way before. A wagyon, which came into from Reuse to Rheinis.

Cape Town two days ago, sunk to the The repairs of the church of St. Ge- top of the wheels in a quicksand, which nevieve, lately the Pantheon, are conti- is thrown up in the middle of a road that pued with activity. The pavement of was before as hard as a rock. If these black and white marbia, in compartments, are the only effects that will be produced is hegn. The repairs and embellish. by such subterraneous convulsions, we ments of the subterraneous church, rlese have great reason to lie satisfied with the tined to the intennent of eminent inen, result, since our climate appears to have will soon be completed. At the entrance been greatly ameliorated by them. of this vault are the toints of Rom.cau Ever since the first shocks, we have and Voltaire. The towers of this churati, experienced cool pleasant weather, and which, during the revolution, were alınost have been free froin those violent entirely nicmolished, will be rebuilt as winds, which at this season of the speedily as possible.

year, usually prevailed three days out of ITALY.

During the last month, which is LUCIEN BONAPARI E, who possesses a our Midsummer, the thermometer has fiuc villa in the vicinity of Rome, and re- seldom been higher than 720and the votes his atte:ition to theirts mini spien- barometer bas varied between 29.90 and ces, las recents made some snioalle dije 90'15. Our winter paused with only one coveries. Several houses belonging to the storm of thunder and lightning, and that ancient l'usculam have been discovereri, hyno means violent. The frst winter of in which have been found, besides various my arrival (1808,) I believe we had pieces of furniture, seven large statues, thunder two or three times a week, for one of them a Muse of singular beauty. five weeks successirelv. 11, as some The Roman antiquies estimate this philosophers asscit, electricity be the treasure at 22,000 wa dollars.

cause of earthquakes, may it not also

arcunt for the absence of thunder and In addition to the circumstances al lignung, which we have experienced ready detailed respecting the late earth- during the last minter?" quakes at the Cape of Good Hope, the following particulars are communicated Steam has been applied in the United in a letter, dated Cape Town), January, States, in the purposes of inhund vavi1810. My last letter was principaily gation, with simplu te succe 9. The about earthquakes, which diese heen

between New York and repeared almost every day since the 4th Albars is 109 fece lons, and ivide in ult. During the last week we hare had proportion, with accoinedation for 100 five or six shocks, but none except the passengers; and the machine which three on Decenber 1, and (ivo Sice, mores fer wheels is equal to the power have been violent. The Duch: inhabis of 23 horses, and is kept in motion by tants begin to console themselves with strann from a copper bojler, 8 or 10 feet the idea that the noises we hear are in length. ller route i: 150 miles, which thunder, although not a cloud is to be she performs regularly twice a week, and seen in any part of the sky. These sometimes in so little as 32 bours when earinquakes have greatly reduced the the wind is fair; light square sails are value of houses, most of which in the employed to incrcase her speed.

PROCEEDINGS

Seven.

AFRICA.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

pa24.cat

[ocr errors]

PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES. ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. shall have no knowledge of the propera M

R. Davy, in his analytical experi- of the pure phosphoric elementi.

ments on phosphorus, says, the In considering the states of the cartina same analogies apply to this substance as, naceous principle in piucubago, ciers, to sulphur. Conumon electrical sparks, and the diamond, Mr. Davy wort: passes through phosphorus, did not evolve experiments of Messrs. Allen audici from it permanent gis; but when it was which have proved that plum trag , che acted upon by the Voltaic battery of 500 coal, and the diamond, produce very s. plates, gas was produced in considerable ly the same quantities of carbonico, quantities, and thic phosphorus became and absorb very nearly the same 412.5. of a deep red brown colour, like phose ties of oxygen in combustion. phorus that had been inflamed and ex- it is evident,” says Mr. Davy, "that she tinguished under water. The gas ex must consist principally of the same ti , amined, proved to be plosphuretted hye of matter; but minute researches en drogen; and the light of the Voltaic spark their chemnical relations whep elanudal in the phosphorus was at first a brilliant" by new analytical methods, will, 1 am yellow, but as the colour of the phosphue clined to believe, shew that the great rus changed it appeared orange. Froin ference in their physical properties de certain experiments, Mr. Davy supposes not merely depend upon the differ sure that phosphuretted hydrogen contains a of the mechanical arrangement of it minute proportion of oxygen, and con. parts, but likewise upon didit easy sequently that phosphorus likewise may their intimate chemical nature. Fra contain it; but the action of potassiuint the experiments mentioned, the quota on phosphorus itself furnishes more direct inters thai in plumbago the carbasse evidences of the circuinstance. One principle exists merely in coabins grain of potassium and one grain of phos- with iron, and in a form which may be phorus were fused together : they come regarded as approaching to that of bined, with the production of the most tal in its nature, being conductmy a : vivid light and intense ignition. During high degree opaque, and possessing we the process t'h of a cubical ineh of phos- siderable lustre. Charcual appear phuretted hydrogen was evolved. The 'contain a minute quantity of bysingtos whosphuretformed, exposed to the action combination. Perhaps the alke of diluted muriatic acid over inercury, earths produced during its cambitiwa produced agihs of a cubical inch of phos- exist in it not fully combined with uspe pluretted hydrogen. Iu a second expe- gen, and hence it is a very cunipuanza ument, one grain of potassium was fused substance, though in the main it contains and with three grains of phosphorus, and a of pure carbonaceous elenjent: liter quarter of a cubicalinch of phosphuretted periments on the diamond render a pin hydrogen was generated during the igni- bable that it contains us ygelig bus tion. But from the compound exposed quantity must be exceedmgly insis, to muriatic acid, only to be of a cubical though perhaps sufficient to render inch could be procured. It is not easy compound non-conducting: and if * to refer the deficiency of phosphuretted carbonaceous element in charcoal and hydrogen in the second case to any other, the diamond be considered as unted a cause than to the supply of oxygen to the still less foreign matter in quantity tiwa potassium from the phosphorus; and the in plumbago, which contains about go quantity of phosphureed · hydrogen of iron, the results of their combust evolved in the first casc, is much less than will not differ perceptibly.'' could be expected, if both potassium and In his experiments on the decomp» phosphorus consisted merely of pure com tion and composition of boracicac.., bustible matter. The phosphoric acid, Davy had noted in a former paper 1 d. formed by the combustion of phosphorus appeared to be decomposed bv buica through a crystalline solid, may contain electricity, a dark-coloured infanupaten

The bydrogen evolved from substance separating from it an that is phosphorus by electicity proves that this ga surface. He now attemp od 9 smeist be the case ; and, ihough the quan- collect quantities of it by means a la uity of hydrogen and oxygen in phosphorus battery of 500 double plates, and a may be exceedingly small, yet they may olive-browni matter immediately begans be sutficient to give it peculiar characters; foron on the negative surface, which s. and will the basis is obtained free, we dually increased in thickuess, anul 1 :

water.

appeal

« PreviousContinue »