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authority, upon the good government of the same, to the end that the affairs and businesses which from time to time shall happen and arise concerning the said lands and the plantation of the same, may be the better managed and ordered. We Incorporahave further hereby of our especiall grace, certain knowledge Grantees of and meere motion, given, granted and confirmed, and for the said us, our heires and successours, do give, grant and confirme Land. unto our faid trustie and well-beloved subjects, Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott, Symon Whetcomb, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniell Wright, Samuel Vassall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pinchon and George Foxcroft, and for us, our heires and successours, wee will and ordaine, That the said Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Younge, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humfrey, John Endecott, Symon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Alderfey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pinchon, and George Foxcroft, and all such others as shall hereafter be admitted and made free of the companie and society hereafter mentioned, shall from time to time and at all times forever hereafter be by virtue of these presents one body corporate politique in fact and name, by the name of the Governor and companie Name of the of the Maflachusetts Bay in New England: And them by Corporation the name of the Governor and Companie of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, one body politique and corporate in deed, fact and name, wee doe for us our heirs and succeffors make, ordaine, constitute and confirme by these presents, and that by that name they shall have perpetuall succession, Perpetual and that by the same name they and their fucceffors shall and Succession. may be capable and inabled, as well to impleade and to be Capacity to impleaded, and to prosecute, demand and answer, and be an- plead and be fwered unto, in all and singular suites, causes, quarrels, and impleaded. actions, of what kind and nature foever. And also to have, Capacity ta take, pofsesse, acquire and purchase any lands, tenements, Lands of or hereditaments, or any goods or chattells, the fame to Goods; and lease, grant, demise, alien, bargain, sell and dispose of, as to grant or other our leige people of this our realme of England, or any
other corporation or body politique of the fame may lawfully doe. And further, that the said Governor and Companie and their successors may have forever one common seale to be used in all causes and occasions of the said Companie, and
the fame seale may alter, change, break and new make from The Go
time to time at their pleasures. And our will and pleasure is, the said and we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, ordaine and Corporation grant, that from henceforth for ever there shall be one GoA Governor vernor, one deputy Governor, and eighteen Affiftants of the and eighteen fame Companie, to be from time to time constituted, elected
and chosen out of the freemen of the said Companie for the
time beinge, in such manner and forme as hereafter in these TheirPower presents is expressed. Which said officers shall apply themand Duty. selves to take care for the best disposing and ordering of the
generall business and affaires of for and concerning the faid lands and premisses hereby mentioned to be granted, and the plantation thereof, and the government of the people there. And for the better execution of our royall pleasure and
grant in this behalfe, we do by these presents, for us our Nomination heirs and succeflors, nominate, ordaine, make, and conftitute of the first our well beloved the said Matthew Craddock, to be the first Governour
and present Governor of the said. Companie, and the faid Thomas Goffe to be deputy Governor of the said Companie, and the said Sir Richard Saltonstall, Isaac Johnson, Sao muel Aldersey, John Ven, John Humfrey, John Endecott, Symon Whetcombe, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Na. thaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Laton, Thomas Adams, Thomas Hutchins, John Browne, George Foxcroft, William Vaffall, and William Pinchon to be the present Affiftants of the said Companie to continue in the said several offices respectively for such time and in such
manner as in and by these presents is hereafter declared and Power to af- appointed. And further we will, and by these presents, for
us, our heirs and successors, do ordaine and grant that the said Com. Governor of the said Companie for the time being, or in panic.
his abfence, by occafion of fickness or otherwise, the deputy Governor for the time being shall have authority from time to time, upon all occasions, to give order for the afsembling of the said Companie, and calling them together to con
sult and advise of the business and affaires of the said Monthly Companie. And that the said Governor, deputy Governor Courts, or and Assistants of the said Companie for the time being, shall of the Go or may once every month, or oftner at their pleasures, afvernor and semble and hould and keep a court or affembly of themAlliftants. felves for the better ordering and directing of their affairs.
and Alli ftants.
And that any seven or more persons of the Affiftants, together with the Governor or deputy Governor so affembled, shall be said, taketi, held, and reputed to be, and shall be a full and sufficient court or assembly of the said Companie, for the handling, ordering and dispatching of all such businesses and occurrents, as shall from time to time happen, touching or concerning the said Companie or plantation. And that Four general there shall or may be held and kept by the Governor or de-Courts of puty Governor of the said Companie, and seven or more of Company in the said Affistants for the time being, upon every last Wed- a Year: nesday in Hillary, Easter, Trinity and Michaelmas Termes respectively for ever, one great; generall and solemn assembly, which four general Affemblies fhall be styled and called, the foure greate and generall courts of the said Company : In all or any of which said greate and generall courts so affem. bled, we do, for us, our heires and succeffours, give and grant to the said Governour and Companie and theire fucceflours, that the Governour, or in his abfence the deputy Governour, of the said Companie for the time being, and fuch of the Affiftants and freemen of the said Companie as shall be present or the greater number of them so affembled, whereof the Governour or deputy Governour and fix of the Affiftants, at the least to be seven, shall have full power and Power to authority to choose, nominate and appoint such and so many elect Freea others as they shall thinke fitt, and that shall be willing to said Comaccept the fame, to be free of the said Company and Body, pany; and them into the fame to admit: And to elect and constitute and to elect such officers as they shall thinke fitt and requisite for the or- officers of dering, managing and dispatching of the affaires of the said the same; Governor and Companie and theire fucceflours: And to and to make make laws and ordinances for the good and welfare of the faid laws and orCompanie, and for government and ordering of the said lands dinances for and plantation, and the people inhabiteing and to inhabite the same. the same, as to them from time to time shall be thought meęte. So as such lawes and ordinances be not contrary or repugnarit to the laws and statutes of this our realme of England. And our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby The Gover for us, our heires and succeffours establish and ordaine, That nor and dem yearely once in the yeare forever hereafter, namely the last pory Gamers Wednesday in Easter terme yearely, the Governour, deputy fittants, lhall Governour and Afiftants of the said Companie, and all other be chosen officers of the said Companie shall be in the generall court,
at Easter, or assemblie, to be held for that day or time, newly ehosen for the yeare infueing by such greater part of the said Companie for the time being, then and there present, as is aforesaid.
Manner of And if it shall happen the present Governour, deputy Gosupplying
vernour and Affiftants by these presents appointed, or such the offices as shall hereafter be newly chosen into their rooms, or any of the said of them, or any other of the officers to be appointed for the said Company. occasioned
Companie, to dye, or to be removed from his or their severall by deaths or offices or places before the said general] day of election (whom · removals.
we do hereby declare for any misdemeanor or defect to be rePower given moveable by the Governor, deputy Governor, Afiftants and to the Com- Companie, or such greater part of them in any of the publick move their courts to be assembled as is aforesaid) that then and in every officers for such case it shall and may be lawfull to and for the Governour,
deputy Governour, Afiftants, and Companie aforesaid, or such greater part of them so to be assembled as is aforesaid, in
any of their afsemblies to proceed to a new election of one or more others of their Companie in the room or place, rooms or places, of such officer or officers, so dyeing or removed, according to their discretions. And immediately upon and after such election and elections made of such Governour, deputy Governour, Afiftant or Asistants or any other officer of the said Companie in manner and forme aforesaid, the authority, office, and power before given to the former Governour, deputy Governour, or other officer and officers foremoved, in whose stead and
place new fhall be lo chosen, fhall as to him and them and every The officers of them cease and determine, Provided also, and our will and of the Com- pleasure is that as well such as are by these presents appointed to take an oath
be the present Governour, deputy Governour and Afiftants of of office. the said Companie, as those that shall succeed thein, and all other
officers to be appointed and chosen as aforesaid, shall, before they undertake the execution of their faid offices and places respectively, take their corporall oathes for their due and faithfull performance of their duties in their several offices and places, before such person or persons as are by these presents hereunder appointed to take and receive the same, that is to say, the said Matthew Craddock, who is hereby nominated and appointed the present Governour of the said Companie, thalltake the said oathes before one or more of the Masters of our court of chancery for the time being, unto which Master or Masters of the Chancery we do by these presents give full power and authority to take and adminifter the faid oath to the said Governour accordingly. And after the said Governour shall be so sworne, then the said Deputy Governour and Afliftants before by these presents nominated and appointed, fhall take the faid several oathes, to their offices and places respectively belonging, before the said Matthew Craddock the present Governour fo sworne as aforesaid. And every such person as shall at the time of the annuall election, or otherwise, upon death or removall,
be appointed to be the new Governour of the said Companie, shall take the oathes to that place belonging before the Deputy Governour or two of the Alistants of the said Companie at the least for the time being. And the new elected DeputyGovernour and Affiftants, and all other officers to be hereafter chosen as aforesaid from time to time, shall take the oathes to their places respectively belonging, before the Governour of the said Companie for the time being. Unto which faid Governour, Deputy-Governour, and Affiftants, we do by these presents give full power and authority to give and adminifter the faid oathes respectively, according to the true meaning herein before declared, without any commiffion or further warrant to be had and obtained of us, our heirs and successors in that behalfe. And we do further Power to of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and meere motion, carry over to
New Eng. for us, our heires, and succeffours, give and grant to the said Governour and Companie and their successours for ever by persons as these presents, that it shall be lawfull and free for them and are willing
to go this their assignes at all and every time and times hereafter, out
ther, toges of any
of our realmes and dominions whatsoever, to take, thèr with leade, carry, and transport for, in, and into their voyages, cattle, and and for and towards the faid plantation in New England, all other things fuch and so many of our loving subjects or any other strangers for their that will become our loving subjects and live under our subsistence. allegiance, as fhall willingly accompany them in the same voyages and plantation, and also shipping, armour, weapons, ordinance, ammunition, powder, thott, corne, victuals, and all manner of clothing, implements, furniture, beasts, cattle, horses, mares, merchandizes, and all other things necessary for the said plantation, and for their use and defence, and for trade with the people there, and in passing and returning to and fro, any law or statute to the contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding, and without paying or yeelding any Exemption custome or subsidie, either inward or outward, to us, our heires or successours, for the fame, by the space of seven Customs or
payment of yeares from the day of the date of these presents. Provided fubfidies in that none of the said persons be such as shall be hereafter by
England for speciall name restrained by us, our heires or succesTours. And for their further incouragement, of our especial grace dinary inand favour, we do by these presents for us, our heires, and stance of fucceflours, yeeld and grant to the said Governor and Com- dispensing panie and theire fuccesfours and every of them, their factors and assignes, that they and every of them shall be free and Exemption quitt from all taxes, fubsidies and customes in New-England from taxes for the like space of seven years, and from all taxes and im
in Nenhage positions
seven years. An extraor