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into the movement for heartier union, believing it to be the work of the Lord, for the good not only of our Churches, but for the common cause, and for the world's best interests. In these times of Popish aggression and Puseyite progress, the sturdy lover of the good old way must make a closer league with all who are like-minded, for now is not the time to quarrel and divide upon unimportant matters. Our dear friends, W. Brock and W. Landels, have cheerfully joined with us in the formation of an Association of our Churches in London ; a meeting will speedily be called, and progress will be reported in our next number. November 10th is the day selected for the meeting to discuss the matter. The pastors will meet in the morning for conversation, and having dined together, will then meet the deacons and elders for prayer, and after tea a great united prayer-meeting will be held. The Metropolitan Tabernacle as the largest of our buildings, will be the place of meeting. Tickets for the prayer-meeting may be had if early application be made. O for the dew of Hermon to rest upon the brethren dwelling together in unity. There may

the Lord command the blessing, even life for evermore.

Specimen of Church of England Worship. .


to the service on purpose to watch the proceedings, we can bear witness that the gentlemen have not overdrawn their own likeness. And this occurred in Clapham! In Clapham, once the stronghold of Evangelicals! Thus the better and less honest part of the Anglican body is supplanted by the infamous but more honest section. Can we be too severe when such things are occurring all around us? We have here a flower-show, a pantomime, and a nursery combined: and these “ fantastic tricks before high heaven" are to be the substitute for the gospel of the blessed God!

CHRIST CHURCH, CLAPHAM.–The harvest festival at this Church has been kept this year with even greater heartiness than usual; and either in the decoration of the fabric, or in the beauty and devotion of the services, there are few Churches in England which surpassed or will excel it. At the west end was suspended an inscription of the triple Alleluia, bordered with laurel leaves, and here hung a banner of the Agnus Dei, over a beautiful festoon of evergreens, corn, and dahlias. The font, which is always exquisitely adorned, was this time decked with, beside wheat and flowers, ears of Indian corn, pine-apples, green and purple grapes, apples, and . pears, all of English growth, as was everything in the Church. Round the aisle windows ran a label of ivy leaves, and between the windows were small crosses of dahlias. Over the pillars of the nave were targes bearing corn, and the pillars themselves were alternately wreathed in a short single, and a long double spiral with ivy leaves. The pulpit was most effective, the panels being filled with moss, sprinkled with small flowers, while larger flowers were disposed at various points. The rood-screen was wreathed as usual, but on the rood-beam was a novel feature. Three miniature sheaves of corn stood on each side of the rood, which was a mass of white, with a circle of red dahlias, and between the sheaves were, on either side the rood, two groups of three long wax candles each, these candles being lit at evensong, and producing a superb effect. The choir stalls were very elegantly decked, and from the front of each, three little moss baskets of flowers were suspended. On the wall of the chancel, as well as in the side chapel, hung silken banners of various colours, and on the east wall were targes of corn, while several garlands of moss and flowers aided in filling up certain blank spaces, and in enhancing the general effect. We were glad to note that the plan of filling up the floor of the sanctuary with large pots of flowers has been abandoned ; for though the effect on some past festivals has been very good, it is more than doubtful whether a better use cannot be made of the beautifully-tiled sanctuary than turning it into a conservatory. The altar was vested in the white frontal, and on the re-table were, beside the candlesticks and the brazen cross, six vases of choice red and white flowers, while the remainder of the super-altar was loaded with apples, pears, large bunches of grapes, and other fruit, which will probably be presented to some hospital

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for the use of the patients. The first celebration on Thursday week was at quarter past seven, matins being said at eight o'clock. At eleven, when the high celebration commenced, nearly every seat in the Church was occupied, there being from sixty to seventy priests among the congregation. The choir entered, chanting “Come, ye thankful people, the thurifers in scarlet cassocks swinging incense, and the celebrant, the Rev. B. Abbot, with the deacon, the Rev. Hesketh Fleetwood, and the sub-deacon, the Rev. W. H. Hyde, properly vested in the white chasuble, dalmatic, and tunicle, which were so much admired at Norwich. Before the acolytes walked several priests, among them being the preacher of the day, the Rev. Dr. Neale. The music was chiefly from the Missa de Angelis, and the gospel was intoned by the deacon. Dr. Neale took for his text, Ruth i. 22, “And they came to Bethlehem, in the beginning of barley harvest.” It is needless to say that the sermon was both eloquent and mystical, the text being applied with happy ingenuity to much of which ordinary minds would never have dreamed. Words would fail to describe the solemn and impressive grandeur of the remainder of the great function, which was brought to a conclusion about half-past 12. At 8 p.m., every seat in the Church being filled, and from three to four hundred persons having to content themselves with standing room, the choir and clergy again appeared, singing a harvest hymn, the fine processional cross as in the morning being borne on high, and the thurifers again swinging the smoking

At the Magnificat, which was preceded by its proper antiphon, the clergy went up to the altar, which was incensed, and during all the psalms and canticles, the great voice of the mighty congregation completely drowned the choir. The sermon, which was eloquent, and also extempore, was preached by the Rev. George Nugee, of Wymering, who held the crowd in rapt attention for nearly half an hour. A solemn Te Deum concluded this service, as well as the high celebration in the morning. During the octave, the festival has been kept up, the services on Sunday last being an almost exact repetition of those of Thursday. The preacher in the morning was the Rev. W. H. Hyde, and in the evening the Rev. D. Cleaver, late of St. Barnabas. The offertories during the octave have been very good, and will be devoted to the further and permanent decoration of the sanctuary and chancel. They amounted to £45.


Gleanings from Nature.

DUST. How ubiquitous is dust, does it not in nature we must be content to endure houses on most unseasonable occasions, would enjoy the greater benefits. If it but into our cupboards and drawers, is beneficial that winds should blow, defacing and soiling our domestic trea- clearing away the mists and scattering sures ? Although it may be true that the vapours which would become pestia bushel of dust in the month of March lential, it must needs be that sweeping is worth to the farmer a king's ransom, over the ground they should lift up, whatever that may be, we are of opinion carry along, and disperse minute fragthat the tidy housewife would not desire ments ground off by the passage of many to deprive him of a single particle, but vehicles or the tramp of innumerable would gladly, if she could, present him feet. If the world is benefited by the with the whole. Nor is dust any more unceasing motion of the great "world of favorably regarded by the pedestrian, who waters” ever ebbing or flowing, now pursuing his way struggling against the breaking in gently murmuring ripples rude attacks of Boreas, has ever and on the beach, or dashing with a force anon to meet flying clouds of fragments that undermines and rends away large of granite or other rock, the sharp angles masses of its rocky barriers; the action of which grind against his skin, or enter- must necessarily be accompanied by a ing his eyes, excite the fountains there breaking and grinding of the fragments provided to pour out their streams to that will result in vast quantities of sand, wash away the intruder.

either to be thrown upon some portion In this as in so many other instances of the existing coast, or carried by marine



currents far away, to be deposited in some the Diatomacea are furnished with an ocean bed, there to rest “the dust of external coat of flint, which in ordinary continents yet to be.”

circumstances is indestructible. The inIt is not of common dust however that dividual cells (termed frustules) consist we design to write a few sentences, nor of two portions usually of the same form, of that dust which, however noble when and generally, but not always, similar animated with life, becomes sufficiently to each other; these two parts which base when that has departed.

cover the inner portion in the same Imperial Cæsar dead, and turn'd to clay,

fashion as two shells cover an oyster or Might stop a hole to keep the wind away :" muscle, are not however united by a but to direct attention to the beautiful hinge as are the oyster shells, but are forms and great masses of organized connected by a band of flint of brilliant dust, the result of animal or vegetable transparency, small enough and sufficigrowth, with which “the invisible world” ently beautiful to become the bridal ring is adorned. Take a small quantity of of Titania or any other fairy queen, if mud, no very difficult task, from the these canny ones be united in such munbed of the River Thames, let it dry, and dane bonds. The forms of the cells are amongst the dust will be found organized extremely various, being circular, reparticles wholly undistinguishable by sembling pieces of money ; oblong, like the unaided sight but yet possessing a bag drawn to a point at each end; or forms of the most exquisite beauty. simply linear; others are like a saddle ; When the bed of the Atlantic Ocean many elegant species are boat-shaped ; was surveyed, previous to the route being some are triangular, others are nearly determined along which should be laid square; some like little pill boxes, while that cable which we believe, notwith many can only be compared to bales of standing repeated failures, will yet be a wool or bags of hops with each corner tied medium of communication between the up; some are round, others oval, shaped great continents of the eastern and west-like a wedge, or curved, and some twisted ern halves of the globe, the sounding like the figure 8; there are species poslead brought from a depth of upwards sessing stalks by which they are attached of two miles soft mud; this on being dried to other bodies, and some of these subwas found to be dust, the component dividing spread themselves in the most parts of which consisted almost en- elegant fan-like manner, while another tirely of organized atoms, the skeletons form is composed of a large number of of minute plants and animals that had cells united together as a chain. It is flourished within the range of the warm not only in their curious forms that the waters of the gulf stream in the solitudes microscopic observer finds matter for of that vast depth.

interesting observation, but also in the Although one might suppose the broom delicate sculpturing, chasing, or markof the housemaid would not be required ings which adorn their surface with dots at sea, yet mariners have not unfre- or punctures, and with bands and lines, quently found dust upon the cordage and either circular, and parallel to the cirsails of their ship as well as upon the cumference, or radiating from the centre deck and on their own persons, which outwards or crossing each other after upon being subjected to microscopical the manner of the engine-turned lines examination, has proved to be in great on the back of watches. Here is a wellpart extremely small flinty shells, the known form, Arachnoidiscus, the name of coverings of vegetable cells belonging which, spider's-web disc, indicates the to the farnily of Algæ, and known as nature of its marking; but although the Diatomacea. As these are veritably in- web of the spider is a beautiful and indeed visible plants they might have formed marvellous object, that of the most delipart of our last paper, but as that had cate spinner would in comparison with his grown to an inordinate length, and as the web be utterly eclipsed. The two shells species now under notice possess a dis- are equally beautiful, they are round, tinctive character, it was thought better very slightly curved, like a watch glass, then to exclude them.

and have at their junction a perfectly Unlike the slimy worts described last round ring of flint of extreme thinness. month, which when dead soon perish, That triangular object with a clear, welldefined margin, a large circular mark at these bodies, which are of a pale brown each angle, and a beautiful net work colour, travelling without any visible formed by depressions in the shell, is a means. They seem to move with toleraspecimen taken from the mud of the ble rapidity; but this is apparent only, Thames, proving that foul receptacles depending upon the fact that from the may contain beauties worth seeking. high magnifying power which it is necesNow we have one with a central spot sary to use, in consequence of their clear of markings, while the remainder extreme minuteness, the field of vision of the surface is covered with spots and is limited. It has been calculated that the disc divided into ten portions by an the most rapid traveller amongst them equal number of flutings in the shell. would occupy about three minutes in There is another form, the centre of which passing over a road no more than one is a five-rayed star, the rays being pro- inch in length, while the slowest of them jected out to the margin, while the spaces would require an hour to accomplish its between are sculptured or chased in a arduous journey of a similar length. manner as marvellous as it is beautiful ; These organisms multiply by division but as it is folly to attempt to describe as well as by conjugation in a manner beauties which must be seen to be ap- similar to the “invisible plants” despreciated, it needs only to be added that cribed last month. The act of division this tribe of vegetable beings offers for seems to be that by which the numobservation a rich and unfailing field : bers are most frequently increased, and for here the Creator has been graciously would appear to be carried on for a pleased to be lavish in the display of lengthened period. No sooner is one the beautiful works of his hand, the cell separate from its parent than it glories of which must for ever have been proceeds in its turn to perform the same hid from human observation had it not function, thus producing an almost indebeen for the aid the eye receives from finite number of separate beings. Prothe invention of the microscope. fessor Smith calculates that, presuming

We have not hesitated to classify these the act of division occupies in any single atoms with the vegetable kingdom, not- instance twenty-four hours, the progeny withstanding many observers still con- of but one frustule or single cell would sider them to be, as they were once in the space of a month amount to the almost universally regarded, members enormous number of one thousand milof the animal world ; because we believe lions of cells. Now if it be borne in the balance of argument is in favor of mind that the coverings or skeletons of their vegetable connection. They, like these cells are flint and almost indesthe plants previously referred to, have tructible, and that the species flourish the property of locomotion, although not to an enormous extent under favorable to a very great extent. When seen in circumstances, as in the beds of lakes the field of the microscope they may be and the depths of the sea, it will not observed to make movements in a short appear surprising that large tracts of and slow jerky manner; if their progress country should be found in various is barred they do not attempt to move quarters of the world composed entirely round the obstacle, but stay a short while of their remains, as at Richmond in against it, and then return to their original Virginia, United States of America, place, again after a while to move forward where they form a bed of vast extent, as before. There would seem to be no and from twenty to twenty-five feet in act analogous to volition in their pro- thickness. The polishing powder so well ceedings, but rather a mechanical, almost known as Tripoli, imported, among other rhythmical motion, the cause of which is places, from Bilin in Bohemia, where a involved in great obscurity, as no organs single stratum, extending over a wide of locomotion have yet been seen. Pro- area, and no less than fourteen feet thick, fessor W. Smith observes, that among is composed entirely of the flinty coverthe hundreds of species he has examined ing of these plants, so minute, that forty with glasses, whose excellency has not thousand million individuals occupy only been surpassed, he has never been able a cubic inch of space, and so light, that to detect any resemblance of a motile one hundred and eighty millions weigh organ. It is a strange spectacle to see no more than a single grain.

Immense deposits of these tiny organ- beneficent arrangement which provides isms occur in several parts of the United those hosts of tiny plants, where no other States of America, in Saxony, in Nor- vegetation can flourish, to serve not only way, and Lapland, where the bed, thirty as food to the animals inhabiting the feet in thickness, is dug by the peasantry deep, but to aid in purifying the water, and used under the term Bergh-Mehl, by taking up the carbonic acid they exor Mountain Meal, to mix with the hale, and imparting in lieu of it oxygen, scanty supplies of flour to increase the without which the animals could not bulk if not the nutriment of their food; exist. but it is not improbable that the organic As we are not attempting to write a nature of the so-called meal may yield precise treatise, but simply endeavoursome nutrient properties. They are also ing to awaken attention to some of the found in great masses in the neighbour- beauties of the invisible world, we may hood of the Mediterranean Sea; in South be excused passing from the vegetable America ; at Dolgelly, North Wales ; the to add a few words concerning the coverIsland of Mull, on the Scottish Coast, ings of animals, which, although not so and at Mourne, in Ireland. They are minute as those of vegetable atoms, are frequently thrown out in company with yet so small as to render it necessary cinders and ashes from active volcanoes, that the eye should be aided in their and from their minute size and lightness examination, and which have been of exist long in the air, forming those re- no little importance in building up by markable clouds of dust occasionally met their dust the crust of the globe we with at sea far away from land: the vol. inhabit. canoes probably receiving them from the In the Island of Barbadoes is found a ocean by channels through which doubt-rock traversing an extensive district and less large quantities of water occasionally of considerable thickness, composed, to find their way to the regions of fire and a large extent, of animal remains, the heat.

dust of which has long been known in Owing to the remarkable facility af- this country by the term “Barbadoes forded by their flinty structure for their Infusoria.” We have now before us a preservation, the most delicate, beautiful, small portion of this dust, which, to the and rare specimens are obtained from unaided eye, scarcely dims the glass, those deposits of guano which have now but under the microscope displays á so long been dug to yield fertilizing charming variety of elegant forms shining matter for our gardens and fields; and with the resplendent effect of frosted from the stomachs of small marine ani- silver. Here are discs, balls, and cushions, mals numerous beautiful forms may some of them smooth, others covered constantly be obtained. But it is not with spikes ; there are boys' peg tops, at all necessary to resort to these sources or rather the resemblance of them; weafor ordinary examples, as they are in vers' shuttles; globes with long slender fact almost ubiquitous, existing abun- spikes through them; also vases of varidantly in a living state attached to sea ous forms. Here is a many-pointed star weeds as well as in fresh ponds, also in at the end of a long rod, a perfect but great numbers about the roots of plants miniature model of the weapon used in and diffused in moist earth: as one ob- the middle ages against men clothed in serves, “ They are inhabitants of earth, armour, and termed a morning star; some air, and water, and there is hardly á are baskets, others drinking-glasses, and roadside ditch, water trough, or cistern, some would form exquisite patterns from which will not reward a search, and fur- which to make silver holders for bouquets. nish specimens of the tribe.”

It is indeed surprising that our silverEnormous numbers of these infinitesi- smiths, jewellers, and other manufacturers mal organisms swarm in the icy waters of objects of luxury and beauty do not of the polar seas. Dr. Hooker found in more frequently seek their designs from the Antarctic Ocean that the numbers the suggestions of nature. These interestthrown up by the waves on the great ing and beautiful objects are the flinty fields of paek ice, and on the gigantic coverings, the external skeletons of anibergs, were such as to stain the ice a mals belonging to the class Rhizopoda, brown color ; and he remarks upon the a naked species of which was described

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