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supports Ælian, and makes the emendation of S. Petitus (ad Thesmophoruzas) of no account.

880. Alludes to the custom at Athens of praying jointly for their own state and that of Chios.

920. The style of the dithyrambick poets, Simonides and Pindar, &c., laughed at.

934. Emolas, an upper garment made of skins.

942. In the fragment of Pindar, for Erpatwv, read Στρατος ; after ακλεης εβα, Something is wanting.

967. Ovdev olov coti, means here, nothing hinders. 995. Meto, the geometrician, ridiculed.

1023. ETLO KOTOL, a sort of deputies sent from Athens to inspect the allied cities, like the Spartan 'Apuootai, as the Scholiast says.

1025. Φαυλον βιβλιον Τελεου. The Scholiast says nothing upon this, nor any one else. Teleas, a bad author.

1036. Εαν ο Νεφελοκοκκυγιευς, &c. This is the beginning of a new law made on the occasion.

1073. I should imagine that the proclamation against Diagoras was made this very year during the Dionysia. (See Andocides de Mysteriis, p. 13), or that perhaps might be the time, when such proclamations against the publick enemies were made during these assemblies.

1114. MyVO KOL. These were plates of brass with which they shaded the heads of statues to guard them from the weather and the birds.

1149. 'Ymaywyevs. The name of a trowel, or some such instrument, but of a forked form, I imagine, like a swallow's tail. Notep traidia alludes to some children's play.

1157. I read, IIELEKWVtwv, instead of IIelekavtov.

1200. The part of Iris, played by some courtezan, which is not, as in the Irene and others, a mute personage.

1282. Εσωκρατουν. It seems, that it was now a sort of fashion in Athens, to imitate Socrates in his dress and manner, and to talk philosophy.

1294. This cannot relate (as Palmerius, deceived by the pseudo-Plutarch who wrote the life of Lycurgus, imagines) to that orator, who probably was not born at the time when this comedy was written. 1296. Chærepho, called Nurtepis.

1338. A parody of the Enomaus of Sophocles. 1374. Cynesias, a bad dithyrambick writer, called Þidvpivos, and why: he was lame. Parody of Alcæus and Simonides.

1485-93. Schol. The heroes who are supposed to walk in the night, and strike with blindness, or with some other mischief, any who met them. The persons, who past by their fanes, always kept silence.

1493. Ta e ideia. The nobler parts, the head and

the eyes.

1508. Ekladov, an umbrella, used by the Kavn popot, to keep off the sun in processions.

1655. The law by which a father could not give his natural son by will more than five minæ.

1675. Disputes between plenipotentiaries, determined by the majority.

1728. Alludes to the Troades of Euripides.

1762. The hymn of Archilochus to Hercules Callinicus.


Acted Ol. 92. 1. Archon: Callia. V. Palmerium. What

Petitus says here, is all wrong.

3. Τον σπλήνα κομιδή μ' εκβαλειν, I imagine he means with coughing; for it is a cold winter's morning

109. It cannot be the Chorus who accompany Agatho in his hymn here; if it were, they must hear all the distress of Euripides, and see Mnesilochus dressed up to deceive themselves. Therefore, it must be some of Agatho's admirers, like himself, dressed up in female habits; or it may be a chorus whom he is instructing to perform in some tragedy of his own; or perhaps, the Muses who (as the servant says, v. 40) are come to make a visit to his master.

Agatho, the tragick poet, is derided for his effeminacy and affectation. Euripides, his abuse of women.

142. The Lycurgïa of Æschylus parodied.

175. Philocles, Xenocles, Theognis, the dramatick poets, ridiculed.

201. The Alcestis of Euripides parodied. He is said to have preached up atheism in his tragedies.

260. Kpokwtos, a woman's vest, or under-garment, which they girt with the Etpoplov under their breast. (So in Catullus, "et tereti Strophio luctantes vincta


papillas.") On their head they wore the Kerpupados, bound about with a Mitpa or broad fillet. On some occasions they used a Κεφαλη περιθετος, or Φενακη, (see Plutus, Schol. on v. 271.) like a tower (tot compagibus altum ædificat caput, Juv. Sat. 6. v. 501.) or a peruke with the head-dress fastened on it. Over their vest they threw the EyKukdos, a broad flowing robe. In v. 270, Χαλαρα γούν χαιρεις φορών; is said by Mnesilochus : Agatho answers in the next line; EU TOUTO, &c.

554. The Melanippe and Hippolytus of Euripides : his Palamedes represented as writing on the fragments of oars, and throwing them into the sea.

654. Io Quov tiV' cxels. Kusterus is mistaken here: there are instances, in Thucydides and elsewhere, of ships drawn by land over the isthmus of Corinth.

811. Ναυσιμαχης μεν-and 815. Αλλ' Eυβουλης. The explanation which Palmerius gives of these two passages from history is very good and ingenious. Aristomache and Stratonice are, as I fancy, the names of two famous courtezans.

818. Ζευγει ες πολιν ελθοι. Το whom does this relate? The Cleophon (V. Isocrat. de Pace, 174.) here mentioned, and in the Ranæ, was put to death Ol. 93. 4. during the siege of Athens by the party who had a mind to settle an oligarchy there. See his history in Lysias, Orat. in Agoratum, p. 234. and Orat. in Nicomachum, p. 476.

847. Lamachus was slain in Sicily about two years before this, and Hyperbolus was murdered at Samos in this very year.

855. That tragedy bad and insipid. Parody of the Helena, and of the Andromeda. Echo introduced into it answering to the lamentations of Andromeda.

883. Proteas, the son of Epicles, is twice mentioned by Thucydides, as Etpatnyos commanding at sea, particularly Ol. 87. 2. : and he died, as it appears here, about Ol. 89. 3.

1069. The Andromeda of Euripides was played the year before this.

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