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MATHEWS CANYON RESERVOIR, NEV. The next project, sir, is a reservoir project, one of two small reservoirs, on the Meadow Valley Wash tributaries in the State of Nevada, the Mathews Canyon project.

The project has had no funds appropriated to date; $40,000 is recommended for fiscal year 1955. This will bring this particular reservoir to a construction status. The two reservoirs are considered collectively as having a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.32 to 1.

Senator ELLENDER. What is the status of the other reservoir ?

Colonel STARBIRD. The other reservoir has had no planning funds, and construction has not been initiated, sir.

Senator ELLENDER. Why do you not try to work these together? If the benefit-cost ratio is 1.3, why don't you?

Colonel STARBIRD. It is not that they are dependent upon one another so much as the two are necessary to give the desired degree of control downstream. They are not on the same tributary. Building one will give a measure of control. Building the second will bring us up to the desired degree of control.

Senator ELLENDER. Control of the tributaries of the river, both flows, but on separate streams?

General CHORPENING. This project is considered to be the one that should proceed first.

CHAMITA RESERVOIR, N. Mex. Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is also a reservoir, the Chamita Reservoir project in the State of New Mexico. The project has had $455,000 planning funds. For 1955, $175,000 additional is recommended. This will bring one element of the unit to a construction status. The project is actually a part of a large comprehensive project. On an overall comprehensive basis it has a benefit-cost ratio of 1.59 to 1. This is purely a flood-control, sediment-control reservoir.

Senator DWORSHAK. What river?

Colonel STARBIRD. It is on the Rio Chama, which is a primary west bank tributary of the Rio Grande and enters the Rio Grande approximately 100 miles above Albuquerque.

Senator ELLENDER. We have a dam site where electric power is going to be generated ?

Colonel STARBIRD. The project you are referring to is another small flood-control reservoir without power which is one of the elements of this comprehensive system and which has been completed.

Senator DWORSHAK. Is there any power in this reservoir?
Colonel STARBIRD. No, sir.
Senator ELLENDER. How about irrigation?
Colonel STARBIRD. There is no irrigation in this reservoir.
Senator ELLENDER. Purely flood control!
Colonel STARBIRD. Yes, sir.

Senator ELLEN DER. That is to build a dam with an ultimate cost of $26,315,000?

Colonel STARBIRD. Yes, sir. Actually, it is a system of two structures.

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Senator DWORSHIAK. Do you not utilize most of those reservoirs in that area for generating power to help repay the cost to the Government ?

Colonel STARBIRD. In this particular case, water is a very serious problem as you know. We do not have any authorization here for power reservoirs.

PAST FLOODS

Senator ELLENDER. Will you give us the number of floods you had in the last 50 years in that area?

Colonel STARBIRD. We have had very serious floods there in 1920, 1935, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1949, and 1952. I say "in this area." Of course the reservoir itself is on a major tributary of the Rio Grande. It provides protection all the way down the Rio Grande. We are also building at this time protection for a section of an area around the city of Albuquerque. The maximum flood of record past Albuquerque has been about 100,000 cubic feet per second. We are building the levees to a capacity that will handle 40,000 cubic feet per second. The reservoirs will effect an added degree of control.

Senator ELLENDER. Aside from this reservoir and the Jemez Reservoir, how many other structures will have to be built in order to give the protection you are seeking?

Colonel STARBIRD. The reservoirs included in the authorized construction are the Chamita and the Jemez Canyon Dams only.

General CHORPENING. In answer to your question about hydroelectric power, Senator Dworshak, in this instance the need is for flood control and the capacity that we shall secure is only such that once we trap the floodwaters, then we must release them as rapidly as possible so that we have an empty reservoir to again hold water. You could not hold the water, nor is there certainty of enough water to make power beneficial.

Senator DWORSHAK. You are not sure that the water will be stabilized enough to justify installation?

ALLEGHENY RIVER RESERVOIR, PA., and X. Y.

Colonel STARBIRD. The next is the Allegheny Reservoir project on the Pennsylvania-New York line on the Allegheny River. This project has had $116,500 in planning funds appropriated to date. Fifty thousand dollars additional are needed for fiscal year 1955. There will be a relatively large sum still required for planning thereafter.

Senator McCLELLAN. Which one is that?
Colonel STARBIRD. The Allegheny Reservoir.

Senator DWORSHAK. Have they had considerable damage from floods there?

Colonel STARBIRD. Yes, sir. This is a part of the Ohio comprehensive system.

There are 80 authorized reservoirs on the Ohio: less than 40 have been completed to date. This is one major reservoir on the Ohio system. The project has a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.26 to 1.

Senator McCLELLAN. Have all of these projects gone through that process of reevaluation that the Corps of Engineers recently started ?

Colonel StarBird. All of them are carried as active projects.

Senator McCLELLAN. I notice a while ago you had one with the benefit ratio of 1.29 to 1. It did not go back to the study; whereas, some did.

Colonel STARBIRD. That was the Pomme de Terre Reservoir which is a major control reservoir in the Osage system and in the MissouriMississippi system.

General CHORPENING. Where we have received recently adequate planning funds the economies of such projects are not in question since we know that our estimate cost and our benefit data are up to date.

DAVENPORT CENTER RESERVOIR, N. Y. Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is a reservoir project, Davenport Center Reservoir in New York. It is one of several reservoirs on the north branch of the Susquehanna River. The project has had planning funds in the amount of $284,400 appropriated to date. The amount recommended for fiscal year 1955, a total of $50,000, will bring the reservoir to construction status. The reservoir has a benefit-tocost ratio of 2.04 to 1.

Senator ELLENDER. What will the construction consist of?

Colonel STARBIRD. In this case, an earth-fill dam on one of the tributary streams of the north branch of the Susquehanna River.

Senator ELLENDER. There is no local contribution there?
Colonel STARBIRD. There is no local contribution.
Senator ELLENDER. Neither in the Allegheny River?
Colonel STARBIRD. No, sir. There is none in that one either.

Senator ELLENDER. Will both of these assist the Ohio flood situation?

Colonel STARBIRD. No, sir. The Allegheny will. The Susquehanna River flows into Chesapeake Bay. The Susquehanna has a very bad history of flooding. Davenport Center is in the Susquehanna system.

Senator ELLENDER. Have you a series of dams you contemplate building to prevent floods on the Susquehanna River?

Colonel STARBIRD. Yes, sir.
Senator ELLENDER. Is this one of many?

Colonel STARBIRD. This is one of several, sir. There are also local protection projects authorized, and some are already constructed.

WELLSVILLE, N. Y.

Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is a small local protection project in New York State, largely a channel-improvement project. It is a project that has had $38,000 appropriated to date for planning, $26,000 more being recommended for fiscal year 1955. The project will have a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.38 to 1. The funds recommended for fiscal year 1955 will bring the project to a construction status. This is one where we have the normal cooperation expected of local interests. It has an estimated cost to them of $172,000, exclusive of maintenance and operation.

Senator ELLENDER. It is channel improvement?
Colonel STARBIRD. Largely, sir.

PENDLETON, OREG. Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is a local protection project for the area along the Umatilla River, adjacent to and in the city of Pendleton. The project has had no funds appropriated to date. The amount recommended for fiscal year 1955 is $15,000. This will bring the project to a construction status. This project has a benefitto-cost ratio of 1.6 to 1. This project is basically a channel-improvement project.

Senator DWORSHAK. Is that near McNary Dam? General CHORPENING. It is at the city of Pendleton on the Umatilla River.

Colonel STARBIRD. McNary Dam is just upstream of the point where the Umatilla River enters the Columbia River.

BRADFORD, PA.

Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is a small local protection project, again largely channel improvement, in the city of Bradford, Pa. There has been appropriated to date $64,000 for planning on this project. Eighty thousand dollars additional is recommended for fiscal year 1955, which will bring the project to a construction status.

This project has a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.1 to 1. I might mention that the degree of protection that could be provided in this particular project was less than we desired to provide. However, local interests have made a definite effort to help themselves here. It is estimated that their total cost in connection with the project will be somewhat over $3 million. Part of the work has already been undertaken by them and has reduced the Federal cost accordingly.

Senator ELLENDER. On what river is that?

Colonel STARBIRD. It is located at the junction of the East and West Branches of Tunungwant Creek, sir, a tributory to the upper Allegheny River.

Senator ELLENDER. You do not really mean that is a small project; its cost is in excess of $8 million.

Colonel STARBIRD. If I said "small," I am incorrect.
Senator ELLENDER. That is what the record will show.

Senator DWORSHAK. What have most of the damages inflicted heretofore been?

Colonel STARBIRD. This is a city which is spread over quite a distance along the river as contrasted with the width of the city. The industrial area and a large part of the residential area is along the banks of the stream. The work is largely channel improvement. It has as its objective the reduction of the flooding that occurs to the industrial and to the residential area.

WOONSOCKET, R. I. Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is a local protection project involving largely channel improvement and replacement of the Woonsocket Falls Dam. The project is located at Woonsocket, R. I. There have been no funds appropriated to date. For fiscal year 1955, $30,000 is recommended. This will not bring the project to a construction status. Approximately $100,000 additional will be required. The project has a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.4 to 1. Local interests will furnish the normal cooperation, and the estimated cost to them is $156,000.

SPANISH FORK RIVER, UTAH Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is a small local protection project involving the channel improvement and the construction of low levees. It is the Spanish Fork project in Utah. The project has had no funds appropriated to date. Sixteen thousand dollars are recommended for fiscal year 1955, which will bring the project to construction status. The project has a benefit-to-cost ratio of 3.1 to 1. The estimated cost to the local interests for their requirement cooperation is $80,000.

CCLFAX, WASH. Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is the Colfax project in Washington State. It is a project for channel improvement and low levees along extensive reaches of two rivers which join in the city of Colfax, The project has had appropriated to date $73,851. Twenty-five thousand dollars is recommended for fiscal year 1955. Slightly over $105,000 will be needed for later years before the project will be brought to construction status.

The project has a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.32 to 1. Local interests will furnish the normal cooperation, which has an estimated cost to them of $176,000.

EAGLE GORGE RESERVOIR, WASH. Colonel STARBIRD. The next project is a reservoir project, the Eagle Gorge project, on the Green River about 35 miles southeast of the city of Seattle, Wash. This project has had appropriated to date $301,200. $170,000 is recommended for fiscal year 1955, which will bring the project to a construction status. The project has a benefit-to-cost ratio of 1.27 to 1.

Senator DWORSHAK. Will it be used indirectly for the generation of firm power!

Colonel STARBIRD. Basically it is a flood control and conservation reservoir. Local interests will contribute $2 million to this project when construction is initiated.

Senator DWORSHAK. Will any of these floodwaters be used to generate power in downstream plants?

Colonel STARBIRD. I think not, sir. I know of none.

Senator DWORSHAK. I mention that merely to ascertain whether there could be any reimbursable costs recovered through the generation of power.

PREVIOUS FLOODS

Senator ELLENDER. What is your flood record in that area?

Colonel STARBIRD. We have had severe floods there in 1933, 1946, 1951, and 1953, with minor flooding during other years.

Senator ELLENDER. Does that affect the city of Seattle?

Colonel STARBIRD. It does. This river flows through a large portion of the heavy industrial part of Seattle.

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