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LIBRARY

OF THE LELAND STANFORD KUNIOR

UNIVERSITY.

A.5246

Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1837, by James Lucas & E. K. Deaver,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Maryland.

Lucas & Dcaver, printers,

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Cecilius, lord Baltimore, prepares for sending out a colony—The Virginians pe-

tition against his charter-Decision thereupon against them-Lord Baltimore

appoints his brother to conduct the colony-Their arrival in the Chesapeake-

Their reception by the Virginians-They explore the Patowmack—The gover-

nor fixes upon St. Mary's for the first settlement-Circumstances favorable to

them-Proceedings of the colonists after landing-Great harmony between

the natives and colonists—Interrupted by Clayborne and his party—The first

assembly called and held— Clayborne resprtą to open military force—The lord

proprietor's instructions relative to grants of lands—Grants of small lots in the

town of St. Mary's—The nature of the first form of government of the colony

-An ordinance for that purpose-Proclamation in England against emigration

– The isle of Kent reduced to lord Baltimore's government-The county of

St. Mary's organized-An assembly of the province called— The second as.

sembly of the province meet—The assembly take into consideration the laws

sent in by the proprietor— The laws sent rejected-Courts of justice meet-

Proceedings therein against Clayborne's party-The inhabitants of the isle of

Kent refuse to submit-Governor Calvert proceeds with a military force against

then-Secretary Lewger authorised to hold the assembly-Act of attainder

against William Clay borne-Trial of Thomas Smith, one of Clayborne's men

- Inquiry by the assembly into the conduct of captain Cornwallis-Resolu-

tion of the assembly relative to servants— The assembly dissolved— The lord

proprietor refuses his assent to the laws enacted by the assembly-William

Clayborne's petition to the king in council, and order thereupon—The nature

of the provincial traffic with the Indians—Their coasting trade-Their trade

to Europe-The state of religion among the colonists-- The nature of the ad-

ministration of justice with them,

23

CHAPTER II.

Lord Baltimore assents to the right of the assembly to originate laws--An as-

sembly of the province called—Their proceedings - The constitutional act for

establishing the house of assembly-The house sit as a court of justice, and

adjudge several cases civil and criminal-The general act, ordaining certain

laws for the government, to wit, for securing the rights of holy church-for

prescribing an oath of allegiance to his majesty--for securing the rights and

prerogatives of the lord proprietary—for securing the rights and liberties of the

people--for the better administration of justice and conservation of the peace

—Some particular laws for the punishment of crimes—as for treasons, felonies,

and enormous offences-Laws for erecting courts of justice--A court of admi-

ralty-County courts--Court of Chancery- A pretorial court— The authority

and jurisdiction of justices of peace--the particular offences under their cog-

nizance-Inferior executive officers—the administration of justice in the isle

of Kent more particularly regulated-Oaths of office prescribed-Officers for the

forced-The English ordinance of 1646–7, relative to customs on goods ex-

ported to the plantations, and the first English excise law—The isle of Kent

submits, and the government thereof is settled—Governor Calvert's death and

character, Thomas Greene, esqr., his successor—Mr. Hill renews his claims

on the province-Corn (private property,) pressed, or seized, for the use of the

garrison of St. Inigoe's fort-War with the Indians of Nanticoke and Wicom-

oco-Cautious proceedings to regulate the return of the disaffected— The ex.

portation of corn and horses prohibited—The administratrix of Governor Cal.

vert adjudged to be his lordship’s attorney in fact, as governor Calvert had been

-An assembly called—They meet—Their proceedings—Proclamation of a

general pardon—The provincial court adjourned, and proclamation thereof

made-Affairs of England having relation to Maryland-Governor Greene re-

moved and governor Stone appointed in his stead—Strictures on his commis.

sion-A new oath prescribed to the governor-A new commission of the

council-Mr. Hatton sent in as secretary-A new great seal-Office of

muster-master general instituted-A new commission also for the commander

of the ise of Kent-Sixteen laws sent in, with a commission for propounding

them to the assembly–New conditions of plantation-Quarrel between gov.

ernor Green and the commander of the isle of Kent-Question, as to the right

of forfeitures for treason, accruing within a manor-Affairs of the mother

country in relation to Maryland-Session of assembly-Remarks on the acts

of this session—The act concerning religion—The letter of the assembly to

the lord proprietary–His lordship’s reply—the first settlement of the Puritans

at Providence, now Annapolis-New conditions of plantation, and grants of

land—Mr. Greene appointed governor in the absence of governor Stone-

Charles, the second, proclaimed king-Governor Stone returns, and convenes

the assembly—Their proceedings—The acts of this session—The governor

visits Providence, and organizes it into a county called Ann Arundel-The

commanders of the isle of Kent and Ann Arundel authorised to grant warrants

for land therein-King Charles the second, appoints a new governor of Mary-

land–The appointment of Mr. Gibbons, of New England, to be one of the

council-- An assembly called— The ordinance of parliament of 1650—The col.

ony at Providence refuses to send delegates to the assembly-His lordship’s

message on this subject—Sir William Berkeley's attempt to fix a settlement on

Palmer's island-Lord Baltimore's direction for remedying the loss of the re-

cords—and for civilizing the Indians—New directions for settling the province

-Mr. Mitchell removed from the council-A law against the spreading of

false news, proposed by his lordship-Proceedings in England for the " “ re-

ducement” of the colonies-Instructions to commissioners for the reducement

of Virginia—The commissioners sail on their expedition-Captain Curtis ar-

rives in Virginia, which is reduced-He, with the other commissioners, pro-

ceeds to Maryland, which submits,

292

issuing of writs—The early contests about the lands on the Delaware-State
of the Roman Catholic religion at this time in Maryland-Cromwell proclaim-
ed in Maryland as lord protector-Calvert county first erected-Governor Stone
revolts, and the province is again “reduced”—The government vested in cap-
tain Fuller and a council-An assembly called, which meets, Their proceed-
ings—Governor Stone re-assumes his office and powers as governor-organizes
a military force—And marches towards the Severn-The battle on the Severn
-The estates of the delinquents, (governor Stone's party,) sequestered—Fro-
ceedings in England relative to these provincial disputes-Fendall appointed
governor-He is arrested and imprisoned by the Puritans—The government of
England favourable to lord Baltimore-The agents, Bennett and Mathews,
persevere in their opposition to his lordship-Lord Baltimore's instructions to
his governor-Lord Baltimore sends his brother Philip Calvert to Maryland -
Mr. Barber appointed deputy governor in the absence of governor Fendall —
Fendall goes to England— The divided state of the province-Another Puritan
assembly is called, and meets—The agreement between lord Baltimore and
the agents, Bennett and Mathews-Lord Baltimore's instructions to his go-
vernor for the time being-Governor Fendall returns to Maryland-Negotia-
tions between the proprietary and Puritan governors for a surrender of the
province to the former-The final agreement and surrender in consequence
thereof,

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