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detained in custody, arrangements having pistols, and pikes procured, and Brandreth been made to send him and Owen, the recognized as a chief. On the night of the other informer, out of the country. Mr 9th of June, (which was appointed for the O'Connor underwent a long cross-examin- general rising of the disaffectal,) Brandreth, ation, principally respecting his religious at the head of about 100 persons from the belief, in the course of which he avowed his neighbourhood of Pentridge, Southwingdisbelief in divine revelation, saying, he field, &c. armed with guns, pikes, &c. set believed our Saviour was the dupe of his out for Nottingham; they were to be joinown imagination. The judge told the ed by other parties on Nottingham Forest, jury, that although he would not say Mr and to proceed to Nottingham in a body. O'Connor's testimony was altogether to be On their route they attacked various houses, discredited, yet, after the avowal he had demanding and taking guns, &c. and omade, he left it with themselves to give bliging the men to join them, for refusing what credit to his evidence they thought to do which, Brandreth shot a servant of proper. The consequence was the acquit- Mrs Hepworth of Southwingfield, who imtal of the prisoner.
mediately after died of the wounds. On Liverpool. It is affirmed that there are their nearer approach to Nottingham, more new houses building at this time in George Weightman (one of the prisoners) Liverpool, than at any one period since the was sent forward to that place, to see how establishment of the port.
matters went on; he returned, and with a Accidents in Coal-mincs. The follow- view to cheer the party, told them that ing fatal accident is another example of the Nottingham was taken by the revolutionfolly and danger of using candles in place ists, and all was going on well. The par. of safety-lamps in coal-mines : The week ty told those whom they had forced into before last the workmen in the coal-pit in their ranks, that the Government did nothe Newton Green, Ayr, went to work with thing but plunder them, and must be candles, when the flame of the candle of overturned ; and James Barnes (another of one of the men, who was working apart the prisoners) said on the road, that he had from the rest, came in contact with inflam- seen a letter the day before, by which he mable gas, and by the explosion, the man learned that the keys of the Tower of Lonlast mentioned was killed on the spot. don would be given up to the Hampden Another man, who was working in another Club party, if they were not already. At part of the pit, on hearing the explosion, in- several of the houses which they plundered, stantly ran to the place from whence it pro- they told the inmates, that if they did not ceeded to assist his fellow-workman, or to see join them, they would be swept away by a if his two suns, who were at work near the cloud of revolutionists who were on their spot, were safe ; and he also was suffocat- march from Yorkshire and the North. On ed to death. T'he two sons, however, and the arrival of the party on Nottingham the other workmen in the pit, escaped un- Forest, a small body of the military from hurt. We are informed, that this coal. Nottingham came up; the ringleaders then work is amply provided with safety-lamps, attempted to form the party in a fighting and that the circumstance of candles being attitude, but they threw down their arms used instead of lamps, proceeds principally and fled; many escaped, some were from the workmen themselves incautious taken by the cavalry, and others were af. ly preferring the candle-light to that emit.
terwards apprehended by the civil power. ted from the lamp.
At the conclusion of these trials, the 7.--Trials and Erecutions at Derby for agents for the other prisoners proposed to High Treason. The trials of the persons the crown solicitor to withdiaw their plea accused of conspiring against the King of not guilty, and throw themselves on the and Government in June last, in the coun- mercy of the crown. This they accordingties of Derby and Nottingham, took place ly did, and twenty of them were brought at Derby before a Special Commission, up and received sentence on Saturday, the and terminated on Saturday the 18th ult. remainder being discharged. It is expectin the conviction and sentence of four ofed the sentence on those who thus pleaded the principal conspirators, namely, Jere guilty will be changed to various terms of miah Brandreth, who was called the Not- banishment or imprisonment, according to tingham Captain, William Turner, the their degrees of guilt ; Weightman has second in command, Isaac Ludlam, and also been respited to the 14th instant, and George Weightman. It appeared very it is thought will be banished ; but the clearly, from the testimony of the various sentence of the law was this day carried witnesses, adduced on these trials, that a into execution upon the other three. Aflarge body of the lower orders, resident in ter hanging till dead, their heads were seDerbyshire and Nottinghamshire, had de- parated from their boilies with an axe, the termined, however contemptible their executioner holding them up successively, means might appear, to attempt a revolu- and proclaiming, “ This is the head of a tion. For this purpose meetings had been traitor." held at Pentridge and other places, guns, 10.Lamented Death of the Princess Charlotte of Wales and her Infant Child. replied, by requesting her Royal Highness -The intelligence of this unlooked for and to compose herself. She breathed a geriafflicting catastrophe reached us with the tle sigh, and expired. London post of yesterday, and has spread a And thus, in the enjoyment of health mong all ranks of society one common sen- and beauty at the early age of 22, was timent of deep lamentation and sorrow. snatched away from this world this accomSuch a tragical event, even in private life, plished Princess. She was neither too tall cannot be contemplated without the deep- nor too short, about the middle size, inest emotion : but in the present case, pub- clining rather to the embonpoint, but not lic considerations are blended with feelings so much so as to impair the symmetry of of sympathy for individual suffering; for, her form. Her complexion was beautiful by the death of this beloved, but ill-fated ly fair-her arms delicately rounded, and princess, are cut off all hopes of a direct her head finely placed. There was a minsuccession to the Crown of these kingdoms. gled sweetness and dignity in her look, a It was at nine o'clock on Wednesday even full, intelligent eye ; and when she was ing, the 5th instant, that the Princess, af. engaged in conversation, particularly in fater a telious but apparently not dangerous miliar conversation, much liveliness in the labour, was delivered of a still-born male expression of her countenance. The rechild, at Claremont-House, in the vicinity semblance to her illustrious father was of London; and her situation continued striking. To these accomplishments of to be favourable till about half-past twelve person, her Royal Highness added the next morning, when some alarming symp- more valuable qualities of the mind and toms began to appear, and at half past two heart. She had read much, and with disshe expired in the presence of her beloved crimination, particularly since her mar. consort, Prince Leopold of Saxe Cobourg, riage. One of her most pleasing occupa. whose attentions to her had been most as. tions was to accompany her illustrious considuous and affectionate, and whose conse- sort in his study of the English language, quent affliction it is beyond the power of in which he was so diligent, that he has language to describe. Expresses were im- been able to read our best writers upon mediately dispatched to her illustrious fa. history and jurisprudence. She was of rether at Carleton-House, to the Queen at ligious habits, and a strict observer of the Bath, and the other branches of the Royal Sabbath, as well as her husband, who refamily, acquainting them with the irre- gularly read to her, after the church ser. parable loss which their house had sustain vice, one of our best English sermons ed; and in London, and throughout the She was a most affectionate child ; and, country, all the anxious preparations that as a wife, was a model for her sex. had been made in the view of a favourable She looked up to her husband with the event, have now given place to general and most perfect affection and respect, and he deep felt lamentation.
deserved it all. His influence over her was A very few minutes previous to the de. unbounded, though the exercise of it was livery of the Princess, it was known that of the gentlest kind. the infant was alive, and her Royal High- · Orders were issued on the 7th for the ness bore the intelligence of the child being Court to go into mourning ; and it was restill-born with much resignation. She quested at same time, that all persons continued sensible to the moment of her should put themselves into decent mourndeath. About five minutes before she ing; which will no doubt be as general as breathed her last, she said to the medical ever took place in this or any other coun. attendants, “Is there any danger ?” They try.
BRITISH LEGISLATION. Acts passed in the 57th Year of the Reign of George III. or in the Fifth Session of the
Fifth Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Cap. XXXV. For punishing Mu. Cap. XXXVII. To erplain and a. tiny and Desertion ; and for the better mind an Act of the Fifty-third Year of his Payment of the Army and their Quarters. present Majesty, relating to Tolls or Car. -June 20.
riages used in Husbandry, and to remove Number of forces, 121,035.
Doubts as to Exemption of Curriages, rol Cap. XXXVI. To regnlate the Trade wholly laden' with Manure, from Payment to and from the Places within the Limits of Toll.—June 20. of the Charter of the East India Company, Not to exempt certain carriages from and certain Possessions of his Majesty in tolls. the Mediterranean. June 20.
Cap. XXXVIII. To continue, until
the 15th day of June 1818, an Act of the circulated or passed, whether such person 52d Year of his present Majesty, for the shall be or have been concerned in the more effectual Preservation of the Peace, original issuing or circulation of any such by enforcing the Duties of Watching and token, or only the bearer or holder thereof Warding.June 20.
for the time being, forfeit any sum not less Cap. XXXIX. To extend certain than two shillings nor more than ten shilProvisions of the Acts of the 36th and lings, at the discretion of the justice or jus620 Years of the Reign of his present tices of the peace who shall hear and deMajesty to Matters of Charity and Friende termine such offence. ly Societies. June 20.
Not to affect Bank of England tokens. Cap. XL. To authorize the rewarding Sheffield penny tokens issued for the relief Officers of the Customs for their Services in of the poor may circulate to 25th March preventing illicit Distillation in Scotland, 1823.Birmingham penny tokens issued under an Act passed in the last Session of for the relief of the poor may circulate to Parliament.-June 20.
25th March 1820. Cap. XLI. To repeal two Acts passed Cap. XLVII. For settling and secur. in the 54th and 55th Years of his presenting Annuities on Lord Colchester, and on Majesty, relating to the Office of the Agent the next Person to whom the Title of Lord General, and for transferring the Duties Colchester shall descend, in consideration of of the said Office to the Offices of the Pay. his eminent services. June 27. master General and Secretary at War. Cap. XLVIII. To make further June 20.
Provision for the Adjustment of the AcCap. XLII. To revive and continue, counts of the Consolidated Fund of the until the 25th Day of March 1819, an Act United Kingdom, and for making good made in the 44th Year of his present Ma. any occasional Deficiency which may arise jesty, for permitting the Exportation of in the said Fund in Great Britain or IreSalt from the Port of Nassau, in the Is- land respectively; and to direct the Appliland of New Providence, the Port of Exu. cation of Monies by the Commissioners ma, and the Port of Crooked Island in the for the reduction of the National Debt. Bahama Islands, in American Ships com- June 27. ing in Ballast. June 27.
Cap. XLIX. For altering and amendCap. XLIII. For granting, for Two ing the Laws of Excise with respect to Salt Years from the 5th Day of July 1817, and Rock Salt June 27. Bounties on Sugar refined otherwise than Cap. L. To continue an Act made in by Claying.June 27.
the 54th Year of his present Majesty's Cap. XLIV. To allow Corps of Yeo. Reign, intituled, “ An Act to provide for marry or Volunteer Cavalry, when assem. the preserving and restoring of Peace in bled for the Suppression of Riots or Tu- such Parts of Ireland as may at any Time mults, to be quartered and billetted, and Of- be disturbed by seditious Persons, or by ficers on Half Pay to hold certain Commise Persons entering into unlawful Combinasions in such Corps, and to exempt Mem- tions or, Conspiracies.”_June 27. bers in such Corps from scrving the Office Cap. LI.. To regulate the Celebraof Constable.—June 27.
tion of Marriages in Newfoundland. Cap. XLV. For the Continuation of June 27. all and every Person or Persons in any Cap. LII. To alter an Act passed in and every Office, Place, or Employment, the 11th Year of the Reign of King George Civil or Military, within the United King- the Second, for the more effectual securing dom of Great Britain and Ireland, Domi. the Payment of Rents, and preventing nion of Wales, Town of Berwick-upon. Frauds by Tenants. June 27. Tweed, Isles of Jersey, Guernsey, Alder. The remedies by the said recited act ney, Sarke, and Man, and also in all and given to lessors and landlords, in case of every of his Majesty's Foreign Possessions, any tenant deserting the premises, and Colonies, or Plantations, which he or she leaving the same uncultivated or unoccu. shall hold, possess, or exercise during the pied, so as no sufficient distress can be had Pleasure of the Crown, at the time of the to countervail the arrears of rent, shall be Death or Demise of his present Majesty, extended to the case of tenants holding until removed or discharged therefrom by any lands, &c. at a rack-rent, or where the the succeeding King or Queen of this rent reserved shall be full three-fourths of Realm.June 27.
the yearly value of the demised premises, Cap. XLVI. To prevent the issuing and who shall be in arrear for one half and circulating of Pieces of Copper or other year's rent, (instead of for one year, as in Metal, usually called Tokens.-June 27. the said recited act is provided and enact• No copper tokens to be made or issued ed,) and who shall hold such lands, &c. or circulated.
under any demise or agreement either Every person who shall, after the said 1st written or verbal, and although no right of January 1818, circulate or pass, as for or power of re-entry be reserved or given any nominal value in money or goods, any to the landlord in case of non-payment of s uch token, shall for every such token so rent.
PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.
PHILIP HUTCHINSON CLAY, of London, gentlernan, for a combination of machinery, for the purpose of repairing and improving turnpike and other roads and highways, and preserving and koeping the same in good order. May 22, 1817.
SETH HUNT, of the United States of Ameri. ca, now residing in Covent Garden, Middlesex, Esq., for an improved escapement for clocks and watches, and chronometers. Communicated to him by a foreigner residing abroad. May 22.
ROGER DIDOT, formerly a paper manufacturer in France, but now of Paddington, Middlesex, son of Peter Francis Didot, jun. late a cele brated printer in Paris, deceased, for certain improvements upon the machines already in use for iaking wove and laid paper in continued lengths or separate sheets. May 22.
GEORGE MANWARING, of Marsh Place, Lambeth, Esq., for improvements in steam-engines. May 22.
SETH HUNT, of the United States of Amcrica, now residing in Covent Garden, Middlesex, Esa., for certain combinations of improvements in machinery for making pins. Communicated to him by a foreigner residing abroail May 23.
CHARLES WYATT, of Bedford-row, Middlesex, coppersmith, for a new method or methods of preventing any disadvantageous accumu. lations of heat in manufacturing and refining sugar. June 3.
BENJAMIN AGER DAY, of Birmingham, Warwickshire, for certain improvements in chim ney ornainents, which said chimney ornaments are so constructed, that they may be used for firescreens, flower or sweet jars, túnepiece cases, candlesticks, toast-stands, and various other purposes. June 3.
GABRIEL TIGERE, Duke's Court, Bow Street, Middlesex, gentleman, for a process or method of manufacturing writing paper in such a manner as that it will be extremely difficult, if not impossible, afterwards to extract or discharge any writing from such paper. June 3.
JOHN PARNALL, of St Anstell, Cornwall, brazier, for a method of tinning, or covering with tin, sheets or plaies of copper, brass, or zink. June 10.
THOMAS WHITTLE, of Chester, Wharfinger, and GEORGE EYTON, of the same city, gentleman, for a new or improved kiln, for the purpose of drying malt, wheat, oats, barley, neas, beans, and other substances, by means of steam, assisted by air, June 10.
THOMAS WEDLAKE, of Hornchurch, Essex. agricultural implernent maker, for certain inaprovements on ploughs, July 5.
DAVID BREWSTER, of Edinburgh, Doctor of Laws, for a new optical instrument, called the Kaleidoscope, for exhibiting and creating beautiful forins and patterns of general use in all the ornamental arts. July 10.
SAMUEL BROWN, of Mark Lane, Commander in his Majesty's Royal Navy, for an improve ment in the construction of a bridge by the formation and uniting of its component parts in a manner not bitherto practised. "July 10.
WILLIAM HENRY SIMPSON, of Bickington, Devonshire, mechanie, for certain improvements in the machinery for the spinning of wool, cotton, and other fibrous substances. July 10.
RICHARD FARMER BRAIN, of Salford, Lancaster, brewer, for an improvement or apparatus calculated to obtain or generate gas in a more economical manner than heretofore from coal, or any other article, material, or substance, for lighting or heating houses, manufactories, or other places where light or heat is required. July 10.
HENRY TRITTON, of Clapham, Surrey, Esq., for an apparatus for distilling. July 15.
THOMAS ASPINWALL, Esq. of Bishopsgate Churchyard, London, for an eliptic valve-puinpbox. July 16.
REUBEN PHILLIPS, of Exeter, gentleman, for a method of purifying gas for the purpose of illumination. July 19.
GEORGE WYKE, of Bath, Somersetshire, Esq. and EDWARD SHORTER, of Union Street, Borough, Surrey, mechanic, for certain improve ments in the construction of wheelcarriages. July19.
PETER HAMLIN, of Albany Place, Kent Nex Road, Camberwell, Surrey, merchant, for an improvement or improvements in the making a ce ment or composition for ornaments and statues, and for making artificial bricks, or an imitation of bricks, tiles, and stones, and joining and cementing the same, and for erecting, covering, and de corating buildings, internally and externally; and also an improvement or improvements in the misinz, working, and moulding of the said cement or composition upon any sort of materials, or in working and moulding whole and entire erections and substances therewith. July 19.
FREDERICK BRUNTON, of Bride Lane, Fleet Street, London, gentleman, for a mode of employing silk or other materials in the making hats and bounets, July 19.
ger, and G. for a new or jpoats, barley, neas
APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.
1. CIVIL. Sent. 4.-The Marischal College of Aberdeen conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws and Logic on the celebrated French philosopher, Jean Baptiste Biot; and also on Captain Thomas Colby, of the Royal Engineers.
29.-Lieutenant and Adjutant Robert Gilbert, of the Royal Marine Artillery, to wear the insignia of the Imperial Russian Order of St Wladimir, of the fourth class, conferred by the Emperor of Russia.
Oct. 10.-The honour of Knighthood conferred upon Thomas William Stubbs, Esq. Major-General in the Portuguese service.
13.-The Earl of St Vincent to wear the insignia of an Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Portuguese Order of the Tower and Sword.
14.-Charles Manners St George, Esq. to be his Majesty's Secretary of Legation at the Court of Stockholm.
19.-The University of Glasgow conferred the
degree of Doctor of Laws on the Rev. John Russell, minister of Dalserf.
20.-- Admiral Sir George Campbell, K. C. B. to be a grooın of his Majesty's bed-chamber, in roum of Charles Herbert, Esq. deceased.
Dublin, Oct. 23.-This day, the Hon. Justice Mayne was sworn in one of the Judges of the Court of King's Bench, and Mr Serjeant Johnson one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas. The vacancy made by Mr Serjeant Johnson's elevation is filled by Mr Burton, who is now the third Serjeant.
28.-The Right Hon. the Earl of Aberdeen to be Lord Rector of the University and King's Col lege of Aberdeen And Patrick Milne, Esq. of Crinonmogate, M. P.; Alexander Moir, 'Esq. of Scotstown; Thomas Buchan, Esq. of Auchinacoy, and Robert William Duff, Esq. of Fetteresse, to be his assessors.
29.--The honour of Knighthood conferred upon Robert Gifford, Esq. his Majesty's Solicitor-General.
30.The Rev. W. B. Smith of Edinburgh has
II. ECCLESIASTICAL. been chosen Professor of Greek and Humanity in the Belfast Academical Institution.
Oct. 17.-The Rev. John Morton, to the Rectory -The Marischal College of Aberdeen have con
of Thrigby, Norfolk ferred the degree of Doctor of Laws on Mr Wil -Rev. Joseph L'Oste, to the Rectory of Postliam Knight, Professor of Natural Philosophy in wich, Norfolk. the College of Belfast.
-Rev. Richard John Geldart, to the Rectory of 31. Alexander Ferrier, Esq. to be British Con- Little Billing, Northamptonshire. sul for the ports of Rotterdam, Helvoet, Dordrecht,
-Rev. Charles James Blomfield, to the Rec Schiedam, and the Brill.
tory of Tuddenham, Suffolk. Nov. 1.-Mr J. F. Denovan to be Consul for
-Rev. John Trevenen, jun. to the Rectory of Hanover at Leith.
Claud, in Cornwall. -John Stevenson, Esq. of Berwick, is appoint
28.-Rev. John Brocklebank, D.D. to the Reced Collector of Customs of that port.'vice James tory of Tavershamn, county of Cambridge. Clunie, Esq. deceased.
30.-Rev. William Jones, to the Rectory of
Seartho, Lincolnshirc. Chief Magistrates of Scottish Burghs, &c. -Rev. J. B. Jenkinson, to the Deanery of the Campbeltown-Colin Maclarty of Chestervale Cathedral of Worcester. Dingwall --Alexander Mackenzie of Hilton
Nov, 1.-The Rev. Alexander Torrence, on the Earlsferry-John Bruce
presentation of James Tytler of Woodhouselee, Haddington-John Martine
Esq. to be assistant and successor to the Rev. WilIrvine Right Hon. Earl of Eglinton
liam Torrence, his father, in the church and parish Kirkintilloch-John Freeland
of Woodhouselee, or Glencorse. Kirkwall-James Riddoch of Cairston
4.--The Rev. W. Webb, D. D. master of Clare Lesslic-Thomas White, sen.
Hall, Cambridge, to be Vice-Chancellor of that Maybole-Adam Niven New Galloway-Thomas Grierson
6.-Rev: James Anderson, to be Minister of the Newton-upon-Ayr James Wallace
Associate Congregation of Dunblane. North Berwick-John Dalrymple
METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. The abstract in our last number extended from the middle of September to the riddle of October. We apprehend, however, that our readers will be better pleased with the results of an entire month, and we have therefore given below an abstract for the whole of October. The weather, during the greater part of this period, was dry and steady, though unusually cold. The mean temperature of the last half of October has generally been found to be nearly the mean annual temperature of the place, but the remark has certainly not been verified this year. The mean temperature of the place where our observations are made, is from 45 to 46, but the mean of the last 15 days of October has been only 40%, and that of the whole month 41%. The mean of October 1816, at the same place, was considerably above 46. The weather, notwithstanding, was on the whole favourable, till towards the end of the month, when it became colder and wet with hurricanes of wind. The mean state of the atmosphere, with regard to dryness during the month, was 0.0015 grains of moisture to the cubic inch.
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE. Extracted from the Register kept on the Banks of the Tay, four miles east from
Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.
OCTOBER 1817. .
THERMOMETER. Degrees. Mean of greatest daily heat, . . 48.064 Greatest heat, 8th . . . .
51.500 cold, 36.274 Greatest cold, 3d,
29.000 .:: temperature, 10 A.'m. : . 42.887 Highest 10 A. M. 15th,
18.500 . . . . 10 P. M. . . 39.855 Lowest ditto, 28th,
37.000 of daily extremes, 12.169 Highest 10 P. M. 14th,
45.500 . 10 A. M. and 10 P. 41.371 Lowest ditto, 4th,
34.500 .. 4 daily observations,
30.350 Mean of 10 A. M. (temp. of mer. 17) 29.886 Lowest ditto, 30th,
28.555 . 10 P. M. (temp. of mer. 17) 29.893 Highest 10 P. M. 5th, . . .
30.315 ... both (temp. of mer. 47) . 29.890 Lowest ditto, 30th, . . .
28.750 HYGROMETER (LESLIE'S). Degrees.
HYGROMETER. Degrees. Mean of 10 A, M. 12.742 Highest 10 A. M. 2d,
28.000 . 10 P. M. • 8.322 Lowest ditto, 28th,
3,000 . . of both, . . . . . 10.552 Highest 10 P. M. Ist,
18.000 Rain in Inches, 1.474 Lowest ditto, 23d,
1.000 Evaporation in ditto,
1.104 Greatest rain in 24 hours, 30th, . . 0.475 Fair days 18; rainy days 12 31 Least ditto, 10th, .
0.017 Wind from W. of meridian, including N. . 11 | Greatest mean daily evap. 1s
0.046 from E. of meridian, including S. 0 l Least ditto, 16th to 21st,
0.022 General character of the period: dry and cold, the month concluding with stormy weather.