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Scarce Tracts, &c.

(May 1, till the 21st of July 1807 ; when a coup de

a convulsive lethargr. Ón opening his soleil* reduced hiun to an incurable state, head, it was found that there had been a and ultimately put an end to bis lifé large ulcer on the surface of the left side after six days passed in the agitations of of the brain, but which bad healed to

the extent of two-thirds: this probably An affection not ui commun in warmer was the cause of his first attack, and climates, proceeding from exposing the head would have healed entirely if a fresh up the too powerful beat of the sun.

accident had not oceurred to prevent it.



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It is proposed in future to derole, a few Puges of the Monthly Magazine to the

Insertion of such Scirce Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be favoured by our Correspondents; and under the same Head to

introduce also ihe Analyses of Scurce und Curious Books. * The Hierarchie of the blessed Angels; the polytheists: the author's orthodoxy is

their Names, Orders, and Offices; the exemplary: Fallof Lucifer with his dngels: wrillen

The monady, or number one, we see by Thomus Hoyrood.London, 1635.

In this great godhood doth arise to three ; VIIIS is a poem in nine books, to . And then this mystical trine, sacred alone, Which are poached profuse notes; 50

Retires itself into the number one. that one is at a loss to guess whether the Three persons in this trias we do name; verse was made in order to usher in the But yet the godhood still one and the same:

Each of the three by right a God we call; prose,orthe prose to usher in the verse. The author is a sincere friend to piety and su.

Yet is there but one God among them all. perstition : he is willing to worship the

The third book is called Zaplikiel, or Trinity and all the nine orders of angels; the Thrones; and describes the structure and to believe in devils, imps, alastors, of the universe. and every other class of cacodemons.

The fourida book is Zadchiel, or the His poetic and his religious love of the Doniinations. According to the aumarvellous are so mingled, that it may thor's own arguinent, or summary, it be doubted whether he abhors achcisin examines more as the foe of imagination, or as 'the

What ternions and classes be foe of credulity:

In the celestial hierarchie;
The first book is entitled Uriel, or the With what degrees they are instated;
Seraphim; and descants on the being of 'n How 'mong themselves concatenated :
God. Instances are given of heaven's Angels and dæ nons made apparent,
revenge against impiety. This is one:

By ethnic and by scripture warrant.
The atheist Lucian held God's son in scorn; In a note to this book the following
And, walking late, by dogs was piecemeal anyusing relation occurs:

“ I have read of a noble centurion in Yet for the love I to his learning owe, the lower part of Germany, of great This funeral farewell I on him bestowe. Unhappy Lucian, what sad passionate opinion and estimation with the people,

for his approved goodness and known how Shall I depose upon the marble stone

nesty, who reported this discourse follow. That covers thee? How shall I deck thy thicket or grove, not far distant from the

ing: That walking one evening through a herse With bays or cypress? I do not bemone place in which he lived, with only one Thy death, but thus thy dying. Had tly man and a boy to attend him, he saw creed

approaching toward him a fair and As firm been as thy wit fluent and high, goodly company of knights and gentleAll that have read thy works would have

men, all seeming persons of great emi. agreed

nence, for they were mounted on tall and To have transferr'd thy soul above the sky,

brave horses, and well accommodated at And sainted thee.

all points; all which, without any salutaThe second book, or tractate, is called tion, in great silence past by him. la Jophiel, or the Cherubim; and treats of the lay of the troop, he fixed his eye with Aliw unity of the Godhead, in opposition to some astonishment on one, who, to his





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present imagination, had served him, and sympathy, between the angelic hierarchy
been his cook, who was dead and buried and the planetary system.
some days before this apparition. This The sixth book is named Raphael, or
fellow was as well inounted as the rest, the Powers; and describes the fall of Lu:
and led an einpty or spare borse by the ciier. The war of these angels ditfers

from that of Miltou's. Our poet says: “ The centurion, being a nian of un

Shall I now tell daunted spirit, went up close to him, and The weapons, engines, and artillery, demanded what he was; and whether he used in this great angelomachy? were the same cook who had lately Noiances,swords, nor bombards, had they then, served bine, and whoin he ball seen Or other weapons r.'w in use with men ;. coflined, and laid in the earth? Who an- None of the least material substance made : swered him again, that, without any Spirits lıy such give no offense or aid. doubt or scruple, he was the self-same Only spiritual arms to them were lent, Ilis master then asked him, what And these were called affection and consent,

Therefore this dreadful battle fought we gentleiner, or rather noblemen, as ap

find, peared by their babit, were those that By the two'motions of the will and mind: rid vcfure; and to what purpose he led Now both of these in Lucifer the devii, that empty horse in his hand? To all And his complies, immoderate were, and which he replied in order : that those evil. horsemen were men of note and quality, Those that in Michael the arch.angel naming to bim divers whom he knew were reign'd, deceased ; and that they were now upon And his good spirits, meekly were maintain'd. a voyage to the Holy Land, whither be The description of hell is quite as unlike himseli was likewise bound; and that the that in the Paradise Lost: spare horse was primed on purpose to do bim service, if it so pleased bin, and In kell is grief, pain, anguish, and annoy,

All-threatening death, yet nothing can that he had any desire to see Jerusalem. The centurion made answer, that with There's ejulation, clamor, weeping, wailing,

destroy. great willingness be should find in his Cries, yeids, howls, ynashes, curses neverheart to see that city, and visit the holy failing; sepulchre, whrieber, it means and leisure Sighs and suspires, woe and unpitied moans, had favowed his purpose, be long since Thirst, hunger, want, with lacerating intended a pilgrimage. The other cold groans : Prim, now was the ume, his borse ready, Of fire or light no comfortable beanis, do necessaries wanting, and he could not

Heat not to be endur'd, cold in extreams : go in better company.

Tornients in every artyre, nerve, and vein, “At these words the bold centurion In every joint insufferable pain : leapt into the empty saddle, and was

In head, breast, stomach, and in all the

presently hurried away from the sight of Each torture suiting to the foul offenses,
his servants in the twinkling of an eye.

But with more terror than the heart can “ The next evening, at the same hour.

think, and in the same place, he was found by The sight vi h darkness, and the smell with liis servants and friends, who were there assembled, seeking and enquiring atter The taste with gall in bitterness extreme, luim, To them be related bis journey, The hearing with their curs-s that blase and all he had seen in the holy city, de- pheme ; scribing punctually every monument and The touch with snakes and toads crawling

about them,
place of remark; which agreed with the
relations of sucła travellers and pilgrims Aflicted both within them and without them.
às had been there, and had brought certi- The seventh book, called Kainael, or
ficate and assured testimony from the Principates; imitates sume passages
thence. Ile showed unto them likewise of Dante about the rebel angels.
a kerchief, which that cook his servant, or The eighth book, Michael; treats of
rather devil in his likeness, had given him, succubæ, incubi, alastors, and in gene-
stained with blood; but told him, if at ral of “Satan's wiles and feats presti-
any time it were foul or dirty he should gious."
casi it into the fire, for that was the only Now of those spirits whom Succubæ we call,
way to make it clean."

I read what in Sicilia did belall.
The fifth book, entitled Ilaniel, or the Rogero reigning there, a young man much
Vertues'; treats of the consonance, or Practis'd in swimming, for his skill was such


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Scarce Tracts, &c.

[May 1, That few could equal him, one night: being Was from his fellows snatch'd, away, 268 late

drownd Sporting i th’sea, and thinking then bis By the same spirit, his body no where found.

The ninth book is entitled Gabriel, Had been before him, caught him by the

or the Angel ; and professes to tell hair To drag him to the shore, when one most Of Robin Goodfellow, and of fairies, fair

With many other strange vagaries Appeard to him, and softly gaz'd at him : her Done by hubgoblins. head

It will be perceived from the foregring Seeni'd as in golden wires apparelled ;

speciniens, that ihe pauses are, as in And lo quite naked she's before him found, Save that her modest hair doth clothe her end of the line; that the versification

blank verse, studiously reinote from the round.

is natural but vulgar, easy but insipid, Astonish'd much to see so rare a creature, Richly accomplish'd both in face and fluent but diffuse; and that it is not feature,

as a mine of diction, but only of fable, He views her still, and is surpriz'd at last, that this poem can be consulted with And over her his upper garment cast,

advantage by future writers. The notes, So closely brought her home, and then on the contrary, contain much curious convey'd

information, inarvellous anecdotes from Her to a private chamber, where she stay'd forgotten writers, and moral commonSo long with him, that he with her bad places robed in that solemn antique

garb which secures to usual truths a Such grace, she was deliver'd of a son

more than usual attention. The firinness Within some forty weeks. But all this of the author's faith, will, in these days

while, Though she had lent him many a pleasant out quoting his own words: book iv,

of scepticism, hardly be imagined with, smile, She never spake, nor one word could he p. 219. hear

“I began the former tractate with the Proceed from her, which did to him appear

hierarchy of angels, their three classes, Something prodigious; and it being known or ternions, their order and concatenaHow this fair sea.born Venus first was tion, in which I have proceeded with that shown,

plainness, that I hope they need no fure A friend of his said, he was much misled iher demonstration. As also of the opiTo entertain a spectre in his bed.

nion of the Sadducees and others, who
At which words, both aftrighted and inrag'd wili allow no spirits or angels at all,
To think how desperately he had ingag'd their weak and unmomentary tenets
Both soul and body, at the nymph he breaks
Into loud terms, yet still she nothing speaks. Angels were the first creatures God

being with much facility removed. He takes his sword, and son, then standing with ile light to serve God, who is the

made, created pure as the light, ordained by, And vows, unless she tell him whence she lord of light. They have charge to con

duct us, wisdom w instruct us, and grace To sacrifice the infant's tender frame.

to preserve us. They are the saints After some pause, the Succubus replied: tutors, heaven's heralds, and the budy's “ Thou only seek'st to know wbat I would and soul's guardians. Furthermore, as hide.

Origen saith, every one's gel that hath Never did husband to himself more wrong,

guided himn in this life, shall at the last Than thou in this, to make me use my day produce and bring his charge forut, tongue."

whom he hath governed. They, at all After which words she vanislı'd, and no

times, and in all places, behold the maWas thienceforth seen. The child, threatenid jesty of the bearenly Father. And, before,

according to saint Augustin, they were Some few years after, swimming in the created immortal, beautiful, innocent, place

good, free, and subtile, thus resembling Where'first thic father saw the mother's afar off the essence of God himself,"




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Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters.

Mycone; De la Mottraye, (vol. i. p. 431)
F ;

been reckoned among the delights ler, (p. 188) those of Smyra; Maillet,
of the palate. Shaphan, the scribe, who (p. 107) those of Cairo; and lady Worta
made, for the use of the young king ley Montagi, (vol. ii. p. 169) those of
Josial, that compendium of the law of Tunis. What less can be inferred from
Moses, which is called Deuteronomy, the conspiring testimony of the most
enumerates among the praises of his learned of the travelled, and of the most
country, (Deuteronomy viii. 8,) that it travelled of the learned, than that where-
was a land of figs. And the poetic spi. ever there is a fig there is a feast?
rit of the prophet Amos was formed It remains for Jamaica, and the con.
(Amos vii. 14,) under the shade of fig- tiguous islands, to acquire that celebrity
trees, whose fruit it was his profession to for the growth of ligs, whicla yet attaches

to the eastern archipelago; to learn to
The Athenians valued figs at least as dry them as in the Levant; and to sup-
highly as the Jews. Alexis, (in the plý the desserts of the food-fanciers of
Deipnosophists) calls figs a food for London,
the gods.

Pausanias says, that the
Athenian Phytalus was

rewarded by Previously to the dissolation of moCeres for lois' hospitality with the gift of nasteries in England by king. Henry the first fig-tree. Some foreign guest, VIII., there was at Cardigan an image of po doubt, transmitted to him the plant, the Virgin, which was much resorted to wbich he introduced in Attica. Ii suce by pilgrims, even from distant parts, and ceeded so well there, that Athenæus produced very considerable revenues to brings forward Lynceus and Antiphanes, ihe church. Tradition asserted, that it (liv. xiv. p. 485,) vaunting the figs of had been originally discovered svimming Attica as the best on earth. llorap- in the river Teivi, with a lighted wax pollo, or rather his commentator Bolzani, taper in its hand; that after its removal, says, that when the master of a house is this taper burnt for several years without going a journey, he hangs out a broom any diminution of its substance; but that of fig-boughs for good luck. Our fore- on some persons committing perjury, in fathers pri lerred a broom of birch; as if, swearing upon it, it was suddenly ex. in the master's absence, it was well tó tinguished, and never burned afterwards, semeinber the rod.

Hence it became esteemed an invaluable A taste for fiys marked the progress of relic; and, as such, was declared by the refinement in the Roman empire. In monks entitled to receive adoration. Catu's time, but six sorts of tiys were The dissolution of monasteries, of course, known; in Pliny's, twenty-nine. (liv. xiii. put an end to its influence; and the first c. 7.) The sexual system of plants seems information was laid against it by Dr. first to have been observed in the fig-tree; William Barlow, bishop of St. Davids, whose artificial impregnation is taught by who at that time professed the principles Pliny, under the name cuprification. of protestantism, but wlin, a few years

In modern times, the esteem for figs afterward, recanted, and again became has been still more widely diffused. a catholic. When Charles V. visited slolland in The following is a copy of his curiouslet. 1540, a Dutch merchant sent bim, as ter, and of the consequent examinations the greatest delicacy which Ziriksee could respecting the taper, of the prior, and the offer, a plate of figs. The gracious em- vicar. In Barlow's letter, he earnestly peror dispelled for a moment the fogs of requests to have alie see of his bishopric the climate, by declaring that he had removed to Caernarthen. The year in pever eaten figs in Spain with superior which the letter was written is noi inserpleasure. Carter, (p. 367) praises the ted, but there is reason to suppose it was tigs of Malaga ; Tournefort,(vol. i. p. 19) 1537. those of Marseilles; Ray, (p. 456) “ After my right humble commendathose of Italy; Brydone, (p. 127) those ons, the benevolent goodness of your of Sicily; Dumoni, (p. 150) those of lordship toward me appeareth both by Malta'; Browne, (p. 144) ihose of Thes- your lordship's lettres, and by relacion saly; Pucocke, (vol. vi. p. 270) those of of M. Doct. Barnes concernyige soch


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354 Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters. (May 1, somes of moneye as I am yndehted to the kyngs supreme maiestie to be amply. the kynys highnes favorably to be res. fied with the universall comoditye of bis pited, though I canot in this, por in 'graces subjects there restaunte, 20. other your manylold benefits, condignly novenge aon with discomoditie exceple make recompensation, yet the litile wat pelance foure or fyve prsons will sure I maye to the urnost of iny pore possi- nyse their pryvate pleasor to be anoyed bilitye. my unta vied endeavor shall not ji plytinge the conon wealth. fayle favıhefully to putine. Concernyige * And the cause pulye that moueth me your lordships letres, addresses for the this with imiorcomitye to be urgente in taper of liavertordie vest, ere the iny sute yes!!e ower sumpturus expences Teceyle of thein I had done rcformacon, that the canons have incryses in reedia and openly detected the abuse therof; fyenge the body of theyre catherirail all pries which before tyine repugned church, which cre it be fully funeshed penitently reconcvled.

will uteriy consume the smalt residex * But sythen I channced upon another of the church treasure remayninge in taper of most great credyte and of more their custody, without any profitable shameful detestaco!, called our ladyes effecte savinge to nourisdi claireringe taper of Cardigan, which I haue sente conveniycles of barbarous rorall psons: here to your lordship with convenyent

the detummed habitacons of the pore instructyons of that develish delusyon. cvilegyáns in such begçerly ruyac and For where I adınonished the carrons of 90 wretclkoily decayed that bonestre Sainte Davyds, accordinge to the kynus will aborre to beholde them, which to instructions in no wyse to set forth faynce remedy, pleasetli the kyngs ligghnes of reliques for to aliure people to super- bis gracious bountye to graunt the grey sticion, neither to advance the rayne freres place at Kermerd lyn, where hits observacons of unnecessary holy dayes, muste nuble pgenitor and graundefather abrogated by the kings supreme autho- lyerhi honorably entiered, lycensynge the rilye, at Sainte Davidó daye the people sec thydder to be translated, which (luis wiifully solennized the fcast; then re- grace pleasor condescendiye) mave be liques were set fortli, which I caused to pronunci vithout any chargeable dificul. be sequestered and taken avay, dietayning tie. And not only the pore collegvans, them is my custody untill I may be ad- but also the canons residentaryes, myghe vertised of your lordship's pleasure. The be there pleasantly enhabited with lias parcels of the reliques are these : two bundant pvision of all necessarie com. Dieedes of syluer plate, enclosinge two moditie, continually hauinge opportune

skulles stuffed with putrified occasion to ptite ihe kynys subjects, clowtes. Itent: two arvie bones, and a whereas at St. Davids lurking in a deworin caten bouke couered with syluer solate corner, they that be best mynded plare. Of the canons showinge vogli. can du veraye lile gond in case they gence towarde the presermente of Guds wold, sauyinge to themselues. And conword, and what ungodly disguysed ser- cernynge olie freies, that they netlier mnone was preached in the cathedrall shuld be agreeved with any piudice, I churche in the feest of Innocents last doute not but under the kyngs hyghnes passed, they being present with an au- faror of such plerrements as I haue of elitory of jij or in bundred psons, this bis grace, sutliciently to pyyde for erry bearer a wynister of the same church one of them that shall be funde an able shall forder declare, lauynge płe of the mynister of Christes church in con, said sermone in wrytinge apparente to petente lernynge and honest conversacon, be showed. Furthermore, though I Noreguer, i he sayde towne of Kermysht sewe inore presumptuous then merduyn beinge the most frequented neadeth to move any sute for the trans. place and indiferently situate in the lacion of the see from Suinte Daivds to myddle of the dyocesse, I myght thene, Kernieiddyn, yet my good lorde the (und God willinge s. I wolde) settle my juste equyiye iberens and expedyente contynuall consistory assisted with lerned utilycie enforcerbi me so to presume, psons, maynteynenge a free grairer scole consyderinge that a better dende for the with a dayly lecture of boly scripture, cunen wealth and dew reformacon of the whereby God's honor principally pre110€ mysordered dyocesse cannot be ferred, the Welsh rudenes decreasynyc, purposed as well for the preferremente christian cyvilitye njay be introduced, to of Gods word, as for the abolysiinge of the famous renowne of the kyuges sue a!! antichristian suspicion, and therein premyeye, whose princely maiestye Al




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