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hood of Perth. These brooches were first exhibited to the Society by the late Mr Andrew Heiton, F.S.A. Scot., in whose possession they then were, in 1872, and are noticed in the Proceedings, vol. x. p. 27, but without detailed description or illustration. They were afterwards described with illustrations by Dr Joseph Anderson in the Proceedings, vol. xiv. p. 449.

The smaller and finer of the two brooches (fig. 3) is of silver and penannular, the ends terminating in circular expansions. The penannular ring of the brooch is a flat band half an inch in width, ornamented by two rows of gilt bosses in a sunk panel. A raised band of semicylindrical form separates the two rows of bosses, and divides the panel into two equal parts longitudinally. The middle part of the ring of the brooch opposite to the penannular opening is occupied by an oblong panel with rounded ends, the flat bottom of which was originally covered by a gold plate ornamented with filigree work. This had been extracted and melted before the brooch came into Mr Heiton's possession. Towards the terminations of the penannular ring, where they join with the circular discs which form the expanded ends, there are half-oval panels similarly filled with gold plates ornamented with filigree work. From one of these half-oval panels the gold plate has been extracted and lost, but it remains in the other, and presents the figure of a serpentine creature twisted into a double figure of eight, formed by fine filigree work of beaded or notched gold-wire. The circular discs forming the penannular terminations have a chased border of S-shaped scrolls. On this border rest the heads of three dog-like animals placed with their muzzles projecting towards the centre of the disc and dividing the circular space into three sections. The centre of the disc is occupied by a setting of red glass fixed in a thin circular plate of gold three-quarters of an inch in diameter, ornamented with a figure of eight pattern in filigree work of beaded gold wire. Surrounding this central plate is a concentric circular border three-sixteenths of an inch wide, enclosed between raised margins of silver, and subdivided into three panels of equal length by the heads of the dog-like animals before mentioned, whose muzzles extend across

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Figs. 3 and 4. Two Silver Penannular Brooches found near Perth. Pin of fig. 3, 54 inches in length. Pin of fig. 4, 8 inches in length.

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the panel to the inner raised margin. These panels are filled with thin plates of gold decorated with an interlaced pattern in plain raised lines. The pin of the brooch, 5 inches in length, is loosely attached by a loop passing round the back of the ring, which gives it free play. The head of the pin is expanded into a convex oval with a central setting, now gone, surrounded by an oval panel ornamented with double-spiral scrolls of beaded filigree implanted on gold plate. A chased and gilt pattern of interlaced work runs down the whole length of the front of the pin.

The larger brooch, which is also penannular in form, with expanded ends, is decorated entirely by chasing. There is no gold plating and no filigree. The ring of the brooch shows a small boss in the middle of its curvature opposite to the penannular opening, and the spaces between this central panel and the commencement of the expanded ends are filled on either side with a species of lacertine decoration, the body of the animal being indicated by a semicylindrical band along the middle of the panel lengthways, from a fish-like tail-piece to an exceedingly rudely indicated head with lozenge-shaped eyes and a projecting snout. The spaces on both sides of the body are filled with simulated interlaced work. The expanded ends are nearly triangular in shape and richly chased. The outer curve of each shows a narrow border filled with a simple plait of two strands, the inner border a thicker plait roughened on the surface with pellets. The spaces between these borders are filled with two rosette-like figures, one of which is in the rounded corner of the space; the other is almost in the middle of the field, which is covered with interlacements, roughened with pellets. The pin, which is 8 inches in length, has a loop going loosely over the back of the ring of the brooch, and is ornamented by a triangular pattern of interlaced work on the front of the upper part and a small oval in the middle of its length.

A polished Stone Axe of indurated clay-slate, 37 inches in length by 2 inches in greater breadth at the cutting edge, and three-quarters of an inch in thickness, the sides rounded off, and tapering to the butt, which is slightly broken, found at Forgandenny, Perthshire.

Polished Adze of porphyritic stone, 10 inches in length, 24 inches in breadth above the rounded cutting edge, and 1 inches in greatest thickness, the sides swelling slightly from the cutting edge upwards to about one-third of the length, and tapering thence to a rounded butt 11 inches in width. One face of the implement is flattened to a slight curvature near the sides, the other face is boldly rounded, and the flatter face shows polish by friction where it has been fixed on to the handle. fine adze was found in a moss in Delting, Shetland.


Axe of greenstone, 6 inches in length by 2 inches in breadth above the rounded cutting edge, and 14 inches in thickness, the sides rounded and tapering to an ovally rounded butt, found at Dunnottar, Kincardineshire.

Five hundred drawings, sketches, and sheets of measurements of the Ecclesiastical Buildings and Monuments in Iona, made by the late Sir Henry Dryden, Bart., 1874-1877.

There were exhibited :

(1) By Mr JOHN M. ORR, Saltcoats

Three of the Cinerary Urns found in the Cairn at Stevenston.



(2) By Bailie JOSEPH DOWNES, Irvine—

Cylindrical Beads of Greenish Vitreous Paste, found in Stevenston


(3) By Dr MUNGLE, Kinross

Pounder of Quartzite, found in the Stone Circle at Orwell, Kinross

The following Communications were read :




On 29th May 1905, in a conversation with Mr William Cargill, builder, Forfar, he told me of a remarkable Jug (fig. 1) which he had found in Forfar during some excavations about eighteen years before.

The Jug was found in clay, at a depth of about 2 feet from the surface, in a low-lying district of the town, now known as Canmore Park. The Jug is now in possession of Mrs Alex. Cargill.

It is of reddish clay, fully a quarter of an inch thick, well formed, like the ordinary domestic jug, with a moulded bow-handle on one side, bulging body, slightly moulded narrow neck, very slightly everted at the lip, which at front has a small depression or a spout.

The Jug, which measures 10 inches in height, 3 inches diameter at mouth, 8 inches at widest part, and 6 inches across where the bottom begins, is in perfect condition, except that it has lost, probably from long immersion in damp soil, a yellowish-green glaze with which it had at one time been covered, evidences of which exist in small patches here and there over its surface.

The remarkable feature of the Jug, however, is in the form of the bottom, which is rounded, so that it cannot stand in an upright position, but is in danger of falling over on its side. To prevent this it has, arranged at about equal distances apart round the bottom, a series of three groups of slight projections formed by the impress of the fingerpoints of the maker, who, by pulling downwards the soft clay, has formed a slightly serrated edge, which (like the legs of the once familiar three-legged pot) serves the purpose of keeping the round-bottomed vessel from capsizing, since, in whatever direction the Jug should incline,

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