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PAPAL SOVEREIGNTY OVER ENGLAND. It is with no ordinary feelings of regret that we an- The Earl of Desmond, in the time of King Henry the nounce the death of Mr. James Brown, of the well-Eighth, made an offer of Ireland to the French king, known publishing house of Little, Brown and Co. Boston, and Archbishop Usher attests the instrument remained United States; which took place on March 10th, after as a record in the Courts of Paris. a brief and painful illness, in his fifty-fifth year.

Subsequently the Pope transferred the titles of all Few booksellers were better known on both sides of our kingdoms to the Emperor Charles the Fifth, who by the Atlantic than Mr. Brown. His business both as a a new grant in the time of Queen Elizabeth, transferred bookseller and publisher, was very extensive, and his them to his son Philip the Second, with a resolution to purchases in this country were annually, for many settle the crown upon the Spanish Infanta. years, at the rate of some thousands of pounds. Many valuable and expensive publications which would not

SHROPSHIRE EPITAPHS. otherwise have been ventured upon in this country were On a headstone in the church-yard at High Ercal, is undertaken in consequence of his guaranteeing to pur- the following encomium on the dead :chase for the American market a considerable portion of ELIZABETH the wife of RICHARD BARKLAMB the impression. Among other works, Mr. Murray's passed into Eternity on Sunday 21 may 1797 series of “ British Classics," and Mr. Pickering's edition

in the 71 year of her age. of Milton's Works, edited by Mitford, were published

RICHARD BARKLAMB at his suggestion, and with his co-operation. The death

the antespous uxorious was interred here of such a man will be severely felt, for he was not only

27 Jan 1806 in his 84 year. energetic and intelligent in his business, but strictly

WILLIAM BARKLAMB upright and conscientious in all his transactions, and Brother to the preceding Sep 25 1779 aged 58 years. kind-hearted and courteous in his manners.

When terrestrial all in Chaos shall exhibit effervescence We cannot do better than quote the following tribute | Then Celestial virtu's in their most Refulgent Brilliant to his memory, written by a friend who had known him Essence, long and intimately.

Shall with beaming Beauteous Radiance thro' the Ebullition " Mr. Brown was possessed of large natural abilities, and

shine, was eminently a self-made man. Like almost all of those

Transcending to glorious regions, Beatifical Sublime; who in America have arrived at any desirable distinction Human power, absorbed, deficient,to delineate such effulgent in any department of life, or exercised any considerable

lasting sparks, influence, he was born in humble circumstances, and by

Where honest plebeians Ever, will have presidence over his own industry, perseverance, and enterprise, worked ambiguous great monarchs. his way up to that high social position which he had at. Ante spous uxorious doubtless implies, “ formerly the tained at his death, and to that eninence which he oc- loving husband." I consider these lines as the best specicupied in the pursuit he had chosen, as its acknowledged men of pompously unmeaning words, I have yet seen. head and most able representative in this country.

On a headstone at Ludlow“Energy, firmness, and promptitude were among his

Sacred to the Memory most distinguishing characteristics, and these united with sterling good sense and a judgment that rarely erred, con

of tributed largely to that success which continually marked

* * * * * * his progress in life. In the finer quality of good taste he who for forty ycars drove the stage waggon between this was not lacking, and the books issued by the house of which

Town and London. he was a member, bear ample testimony to the exercise of

A good Servant, his nice discrimination in their production. He understood

A careful driver, his business well, and was familiar with all its details; and

And an honest man. this may be said of him not only in a mechanical, but in a

His journey o'er, no more to town, much higher sense,-for he not only had a knowledge of

His onward course he bends, the market value and fitness of the warts in which he

His team unshut, his whip laid up, dealt, but also an intellectual appreciation of their worth.

And he his journey ends.
He was well read in general literature, and the scholars of Death lock'd the wheel, and gave him rest,
America, and those who endeavour to encourage and pro-

And never more to move mote a taste for healthy reading, are greatly indebted to

Till Christ shall call him with the blest him for the publication and wide distribution of numberless

To heavenly realms above. works of real excellence; in which manner he has done a

The name and dates were inadvertently not taken service to our literature and education which it would not

when copying the inscription. To unshut the team is to be easy to estimate.”

detach the horses froin the waggon. Shortly after his death a large meeting of the book

SALOPIENSIS. trade of Boston was held, at which resolutions were passed expressive of their regret, and of their wish to Errata.-P. 22, col. 2, line 14 from bottom, for attend his funeral. They also determined to close their nurck, read never k. Line 6 from bottom, for Szcerbiec, places of business on the day of his obsequies.

read Szczerbiec.

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No. LIII.)

“ Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[MAY, 1855.

RUSSIAN EASTER CEREMONIES IN ENGLAND. | cloth, not touching it with his hands. We did not follow We have had great doings during Passion Week 1 them, but heard them singing in various places, and in and Easter among the prisoners. I suppose it has

| about ten minutes they re-entered at the further end seldom occurred to any one to be so completely in the

of the ward, the congregation dividing for the procession midst of so many religious sects, at their greatest fast to pass through. I imagine this was to represent or festival of the whole year, not excepting Christmas.

searching for our Saviour, when he had risen from the The Jews for the last ten days, have been supplied en

tomb. The priest several times during the service, tirely from the wealthy Jews in Plymouth, with every

turned to them, and said that Christ was risen, when thing to eat, drink, or use ; keeping strictly to the letter they each time answer

| they each time answered him with one voice. At last of the Levitical law. They even went the length of

the great ceremony commenced, viz., the cross which foregoing their tobacco, soap and vinegar, which hap

the priest first kissed, and then presented it to each pened to be served out twice during the time, because

Se member of the congregation, who kissed it, and then they would not take anything previously touched by

kissed the priest on both cheeks, he at the same time Gentile hands; and they have only to-day commenced

kissing them on the other cheek. This lasted a conagain taking the prison fare. The whole of the prison

siderable time, as may be supposed by there being five ers abstained from meat from Palm Sunday to Easter

hundred or more persons, every one undergoing the Sunday, and the Russian priest, through the Governor, same ceremony, and whe

same ceremony, and when they had finished kissing the supplied them with what they wanted. %y order of the priest, they began kissing each other ; the officers and Emperor. There were, independently of what each man their wives went down the room, right and left, kissing bought for himself, upwards of two thousand eggs, boiled

the soldiers. hard in logwood to colour them red; eighteen hundred

We did not leave the church until eight o'clock, and crossed buns varying in size from a penny to sixpence ;

as they neither kneel or sit, but stand the whole time, two shillings, and two shillings and sixpence; and

we found it very fatiguing. After the priest had blessed twenty-five pounds of butter for Easter day.

the hot cross buns and hard boiled eggs, and sprinkled It is their custom to paint eggs with curious devices

them with holy water, we left them to break their fast, representing our Saviourrising from the grave, ascending

and enjoy their feast. into heaven, the Virgin's heart pierced by the sword, the

The next day we went to the Polish ward, to see the Holy Ghost, etc., and on Easter-day and some days after

prisoners' dancing. They dance and waltz most gracewards, they give you the salutation, “ Jesus Christ is

fully, nor would you see in an English ball room better risen," accompanied by a kiss, and a present of an egg.

waltzing than I have seen here amongst the common These eggs as before stated, are all boiled hard, and

men, who dance with each other, one of themselves some of the cadets paint them most beautifully, others playing the violin and tamborine. The Countess of gild them with gold leaf. In Russia, they begin their Morley visited the cadets on Tuesday, when they all admass at one o'clock, and remain there till eight or nine;

vanced in a body and sang, each afterwards presenting but as it was thought the warders would require some

her with a painted egg; they then retired, and again sleep, it was arranged with the priest that the service

commenced singing, and to a lady who attended the should begin at five in the morning; accordingly at

Countess, they each presented an egg; and to a third five we went to their church in the upper prison, and

and lady performed the same ceremony, each also presenting saw their rites performed. On Good Friday they buried her with an egg. our Saviour, that is, a large picture representing his! They certainly have very peculiar customs, yet amuse death was borne out by four of the officers, by one door themselves most rationally. One of our Poles obtained through the court, and with chanting brought in again

bis release about six weeks agone, since then they have at the opposite door.

all been placed by themselves in the lower prison, where Prayers having continued about half an hour, each

the governor and interpreter have had many consultations of the congregation bearing a lighted taper, the light of which it appeared to be their great object to maintain, the France, has re-appeared, so we expect every day some priest made a sign, on which the choristers and principal movement to take place, such as losing them. All are members followed him out of the room, followed by the willing to go, except a few, whose wives are in Russia, oldest officer, upon whom the priest placed an embroi. and who fear they would never see them again. dered cloth across his breast, and then laid on it the


Millebay War Frison, April 1 sacred book, which as it has all the pictures which they worship framed in the binding, he must hold with the

* Delayed too late for April number. VOL. v.


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EARLY ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS. THERE are few books in our language more interesting In Current Notes, 1854, p. 74, reference is made to or illustrative than Granger's Biographical History to the first papers of news which, according to Chalmers, the period of the Revolution, in 1688; and we have a were produced at Venice, in 1536, and were long after Continuation by the Rev. Mark Noble, to the end of the circulated in manuscript, as appears from a collection of reign of King George the First.

these gazettes in the Magliabechian library at Florence. Is it not high time the series should be continued to In England, there were evidently printed “Newes the beginning of the present reign ? There is no lack bookes" of a contemporary date, as at the close of 1544 of literary men well calculated for such a work, and king Henry the Eighth issued a proclamation for calling the materials would be most abundant.

in and prohibiting of “ certain bookes printed of newes In the present state of the Arts, and the improved of the prosperous successes of the Kings Ma'ties arms facilities of graphic embellishments, etchings in outline in Scotland," directing the same to be brought in and or wood engravings might accompany almost every burned within twenty-four hours after proclamation page, and it is easy to conceive that under the auspices made, on pain of imprisonment. This carries back the of some spirited and wealthy publishers, a most de

issue of English newspapers to a much earlier date than sirable and delightful work might be issued to the is generally supposed. public.

The proclamation states, “ the kings most excellent The admirable condensation of anecdote and matter, Majestie understanding that certain light persones, not with the lively and terse style so conspicuous in Granger, regarding what they reported, wrote or sett forthe, had should be the model. Noble might be compressed into caused to be imprinted and divulged certaine newes of smaller compass, and yet the number of lives increased, the prosperous successes of the Kings Majestie's army and by a judicious arrangement, the whole might be in Scotland, whereas, although the effect of the victory brought within six octavo volumes.

was indeed true, yet the circumstances in divers points Stradbrooke, May 11.

J. T. A.

were in some past over slenderly, in some parte untruly COINAGE OF EDWARD I. AND II.

and amisse reported; his Highness, therefore, not con

tent to have anie such matters of so greate importance It has often occurred to me to propose that a com

sett forth to the sluunder of his captaines and minisplete list, so far as your contributors would or could

ters, not to be otherwise reported than the truth was, make it so, should be published of all the varieties of

straightlie chargeth and commandeth all manner of pennies of Edward the First and Second. I know of no

persones into whose handes any of the said printed books printed Catalogue which purports to give the gleanings

should come, ymediately after they should hear of of even a few Cabinets, and yet, from those of many of this Proclamation, to bring the same bookes to the lord your readers, there might be brought to light possibly maior of London, or to the Recorder, or some of the some nearly unique coins of those kings. My proposal | aldermen of the same, to thintent they might suppresse is to reprint in the Notes, if it be allowable, the list of and hur

and burn them, upon pain that every person keeping coins found at Tutbury, in Staffordshire, published by

oshire, published by any of the said bookes twenty-four hours after the the Society of Antiquaries many years since, and to making of this Proclamation should suffer ymprisonmake this the basis of operations. Any coins of these monarchs differing in the slightest particular from those Maiestie's will and pleasure."

ment of his bodye, and be further punished at the Kings which your readers possess, may be from time to time. The earliest printed Venetian Gazette, in the British recorded in your Current Notes, and in a short time a Museum, was printed in 1570, and is descriptive of the tolerably complete list would be the result.

far-famed naval conflict off Lepanto. Should this proposal meet with your approbation,

F. P. perhaps you would notice it in your next Current Notes, and next month I will send you particulars of a few coins in my possession, which differ from the Tutbury list.

SAAKESPEARE SOCIETY. Nottingham, May 10. F. R. N. Haswell.

To the Editor of Willis's Current Notes. *** Willis's Current Notes are open for all such communications thus kindly proffered by our correspondent, Ix your February number, you stated with reference but as regards the reprinting of Mr. Hawkins's list, to the above, that you were enabled to state on good printed in the Archæologia, in 1832, courtesy would authority, that the affairs of the Shakespeare Society require that permission for that purpose should be asked. would be publicly wound up at the usual Anniversary That list was materially increased by the discovery of Meeting, on the 27th of April last, when the audited another great mass of coins of these monarchs in Accounts would be laid before the Members, and the February, 1836, at Wyke, near Leeds, in Yorkshire, final Report of the Council be read. As a member of of which full particulars were printed in the Archæo- the Society I recently addressed you on the subject of logia, in 1839. This sequel to Mr. Hawkins's account its position before the public; my letter, was, however, of the Tutbury Coins has possibly escaped Mr. Haswell's not printed, but the paragraph was inserted by way of notice. -Ed..

palliative ; still the Council have not kept faith with the

promise made through your columns. I have to beg' JEWISH FESTIVAL AT JERUSALEM. that my original letter may now be inserted.

DOUBTLESS some of your correspondents will be able to May 4.

inform me which of the great feasts it was Jesus is reThe letter of January 30 is now printed in deference lated to have been at, at Jerusalem, John vii. 37. If it to the request of the writer.

was the Feast of Tabernacles, I presume in a design for I am glad that your attention has been directed to a picture, the apartment should be represented decorated the (late) Shakespeare Society; I say late, I presume, with palm trees and green boughs, or would it be held not unadvisedly, for I have your sanction that it ceased in the open air ?

PICTOR, at the close of 1853, although as a Subscriber for some At the time of this verse the Lord Messiah stood in the years, and Auditor during two several years, I have as cloister of Israel, which was the second court of the Temple. yet received no official announcement of the termination A colonnade of stately pillars surrounding an open quadof its existence. It is true, having received no volume rangle. It was the octave of the Festival of Tents, which since that issued in 1853, viz., Lodge's Defence of Poetry, was held in Tisri, or September, after barvest, and it began Music, and Stage Plays, I began to suspect something on the fifteenth day. There then stood Jesu, around him untoward had befallen the Society, but as I have not

the twelve men, the bearded Bishops of his future church, since then been applied to for any subscription, I could |

The columns and the court were wreathed with bowers of perhaps have palliated the disappointment occasioned by

green branches, from the patient palm tree with its turthe consequent indefinite postponement of Mr. Collier's

baned brow, and the willows of the water courses, which

in those days grew upright, but which after their rods had promised concluding volume of Extracts from the Re

been taken to scourge the Lord withal, drooped evermore gisters of the Stationers' Company, and Mr. Peter Cun

in memorial grief, the citron bough, heavy with fruit, and ningham's long expected Selection from Oldys' Manu- the myrtle tree. All at once there was the shout of the script Notes to Langbaine's Dramatic Poets, had not I trumpet, and a loud and lifted Psalm; it is that Ode which found at every bookstall, the Shakespeare Society pub is now read as the twelfth chapter of the book of Isaiah. lications offered for as many shillings as perhaps in the The Levites drew near, and a procession enters in solemn capacity of “One of the Shakespeare Society" I had array. They have drawn water from the brook of Siloam, paid pounds. This, I presume, results from the stock of which flows fast by the Oracle of God. A priest bears it the Society's publications having been sold off in March, / in a golden vase, and they pass on to pour it as their usage 1854, as stated by you ; without the sanction or even

was on the altar of the holocaust. PWTOV pev vowp, i.e. knowledge of the Members of the Society, I think I may

water was first. They have passed through the cloister of

the men, and as their voices fade into the inner sanctuary, fairly add. I must say I do not think the Council or

a deep and solemn tone proclaims in thrilling words_ If the Treasurer acquit themselves with the Members of

any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink !" the Society on the score of either candour or even

Were I a painter, I should pourtray the scene, at the courtesy, without presenting a final Report and balance right foreground Messiah with the traditionary features of sheet. This hint may perhaps induce its preparation. I Nicephorus ;* behind him, Simon, Andrew, James and

Finally, I am entirely surprised at your statement John. A pillar here and there en wreathed ; Hebrew that Mr. Skeffington purchased the remaining impres- children bearing boughs. A willow drooping nigh with sions of the engraving by Mr. Cousins from the Ellesmere prophetic leaves. On the left the Levite troop disappearing Chandos portrait of Shakespeare. I had always been with the golden pitcher in their hands. The finger of the

nderstand that enough copies had been worked Lord pointing towards them, as in the act of uttering the off merely to supply the Members of the Shakespeare ab

above summons. Society; and that the plate was subsequently defaced I

Morwenstow, May 17.

R. S. HAWKER. am well aware, as I have in my possession an impression

Bayle's Dictionary is more interesting as a defrom the defaced plate; if, however, an unlimited num

num- pository of opinions, than for its facts, though even in ber of impressions from the fair plate were, contrary to

this last respect it is doubtless of great value. guarantee, privately taken off, any value I might have assigned to my fair copy of the plate from its supposed • Great controversy exists about Præ and Post-Raphaelitrarity is at once removed.

ism, and great ignorance. The truth is this, until Raphael Hoping yet to hear from head-quarters something

grew corrupt he painted from legend. Every feature, more definite respecting the Society, I am,

every look was and is well known in the delivery of the

church, as the names of Jesus, or St. John. To desecrate A MEMBER OF THE (late) SHAKESPEARE SOCIETY.

from this traditionary type was to sin. Nevertheless, in January 30, 1855.

later life Raphael and his school painted Christs from

models chosen in Italian streets, and such guilty words FINKLE STREET, - In many cities and towns near to came in as “ Titian's Christ," etc. Moreover, the early old religious houses, are streets of this name. What is painters depicted the second body of the saint, the glorified its derivation ?

or etherealized frame of the arisen dead. They shewed Whitehaven, May 15.

JOHN Dixon.

their theme not gross or thick with Adam's flesh or blood

of Eve, but such as the dead will be who arise in the perIn Halliwell's Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words | fect stature of Christ. That which men call thin, or anis noticed—“FINKEL. Fennel. North. Fynkylside, feni- gular, or monotonous, or gaunt, was the second body of the culum.” Nominale Manuscript.


R. S. H.

On the wall facing the belfry of Maidstone Church, them, fleurs-de-lys, are a little different from your are some lines, part of the memento there raised as an woodcut. The rubbing well represents them; they will epitaphial admonition

hardly pass for hawthorns; nor can I discover that the Stop! Ringers all, and cast an eye;

families of Treffry and Decling had ever any connection You in your glory, so once was I.

with the parish. I add a tracing which will give you a What I have been, as you may see

correct representation of the crosslet, and its octagonal Which now is in the Belfree.

border, which I think should have been represented. An absurd rendering of the customary exhortation, The letters H. K., which you have detected, and which As you are, so were we :

I cannot help fancying to be an accidental resemblance, As we be, so shall ye.

are as plainly seen in this as in the sketch you have Something like this is found in the monkish rhymes given. indited as an epitaph on the detested Richard de Ma. We may hope to hear more respecting the character risco, Bishop of Durham, who died at the monastery of of these remarkably shaped vessels, and I expect some of Peterborough, on his way to London, in 1226. The line your readers will be able to furnish other instances of Quod sum vos eritis,

the occurrence of these arms.
Polperro, Cornwall.

THOMAS R. Couch. presents possibly the earliest known use of the phrase.

W. H. L.

PAPER.-A new material is stated to have been dis

covered in Australia, in the coating of the roots of the LANSALLOS BELL MARKS.

native palm, or wild pine apple, Zamia Spiralis. It is WHILST I, for one, acknowledge the service you have said to resemble cotton-wool, but is short in staple. done to Campanology, by inserting the curious devices on the Lansallos bell, in Current Notes, page 29, I

OVER-DOOR INSCRIPTIONS. would respectfully offer an observation or two on the remarks appended to the Rev. H. T. Ellacon,be's note. Most of the readers of your “ Current Notes” may When writing the description of the bell, I held the have observed a notice in the newspapers to the effect opinion which you advocate, that the arms were those that Lord Brougham had inscribed the following motto of local landowners, donors of the bell, though after a over the principal entrance to his country-house at diligent search among the families who have beld pos- / Cannes, in the south of France : session of the manors in the parish, I failed to identify

Inveni portam, spes et fortuna valete, them. The discussion which my queries occasioned has,

Me sat ludistis, ludite alios. however, changed that opinion, and I think Mr. Ella- This inscription may be the invention of the versatile combe has clearly made out that the names are not Baron,* but it is also one which a late occupant of the those of local gentry, but the devices of a fraternity of Chair of Humanity in the University of St. Andrews inbell founders; in proof of which, he remarks, the pots scribed upon the lintel of the garden entrance to the Manse as represented with covers, handles and spouts, are not of Cults, Fifeshire, which he inhabited as a parish minister heraldic ewers, and their occurrence “through such a previous to his appointment as Professor. I had occabreadth of country from Northumberland to Cornwall,'' sion to call upon his successor, the Rev. James Anderis conclusive against their being local.* .

ton, who took a pride in pointing it out, and stating that In the case of the bell at Compton Basset, Wilts, the he had caused it to be lately re-engraved in rei memoidentical shields and crosslet occur in the same order as riam. He besides informed me that he had ascertained on the Lansallos bell, and so similar were the rubbings that it was not original, but borrowed from a French from all these bells on which the pot arms are found, author; he had, however, never been able to discover that it is not improbable they all issued from the same the work in which it appeared. Probably some of the foundry.

erndite readers of “Current Notes" may be able to I have great pleasure in forwarding to you rubbings cast some light on the matter by their investigations, taken this afternoon from the bell at Lansallos, and and to them I look for assistance. having generally found that rubbings from figures in Strathmiglo, Fife.

David GALLOWAY. relief are unsatisfactory, I made at the same time a --truthful sketch of the two shields, which reveals a pecu- ! In one of the Gentleman's Magazines, before the birth liarity in the pots not hitherto remarked, namely, a of Lord Brougham, there is the following translation of this slight bar connecting the spont and neck. The handles, legend:-I find, are joined both above and below to the neck and

My bark, of waves and winds the sport, body of the ewers.

Escap'd the ocean's strife, I think you will see that the trefoils,f or, as I call

Has made at last its destined port,

And anchors now for life. * Notes and Queries, vol. xi. p. 293.

Adieu Hope's visionary scene, + The Editor thankfully acknowledges Mr. Couch's com

Blind Fortune's veering fate; munication, and freely admits the devices are clearly slipped

Too long your bubble I have been, trefoils, and not hawthorns, as at first supposed.

Seek others now to cheat !


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