Page images
PDF
EPUB
[graphic][merged small]

G. P. W. Collection.

Plate VIII

Eugenia brasiliensis.

BRAZILIAN PLUM, OR SPANISH CHERRY.

This evergreen shrub, or low-growing tree, which in many countries is said to reach a height of but 6 feet, in Hawaii attains a height of 20 feet; and although it thrives in comparatively high altitudes, it bears best below the 200-foot elevation, and requires considerable moisture. The biuntish, dark, shiny leaves, which are scale-like along the branches, are obovate, oblong, and about 3 inches in length. The blossoming season var.es according to the location; however, the tree generally has flowers and fruit from July until December. The fruit is the size of a cherry, is deep purple in color, and the persistent calyx is very prominent. The sweet pulp has a very agreeable flavor.

Probably the first plants of this variety were brought here by Don Marin, about a century ago. Some fine trees may be found in Pauoa and Makiki valleys, and also in Nuuanu, in the garden which formerly belonged to Dr. Hillebrand.

[graphic][subsumed]

G. P. I. Collection.

PLATE SIV

Eugenia uniflora.

FRENCH CHERRY.

This shrub is said to be a native of Brazil. In Hawaii, it is a common garden plant, sometimes reaching a height of 10 feet. Its glossy leaves are ovate-lanceolate, and its peduncles short. It has small, single, white fragrant flowers. The mature fruit, which resembles a cherry, is about 1 inch in diameter, and is ribbed longitudinally. It has a cielicious, spicy, acid flavor. There is generally one large, round, smooth seed.

PLATE XIV.-French Cherry.

« PreviousContinue »