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COMMENTS.— Chief of the Pharisees. 7. Chief rooms. This means chief A Pharisee, who by his station in life, places or seats at the table, the best and learning or influence, had obtained a most honorable places, which were on inoral superiority over his co-religionists, the right or left hand of the host and as for instance, Nicodemus. The Jews near to him; and not rooms in our orwere accustomed to visit and give feasts dinary acceptation of the word. Choosor dinners on the Sabbath-day, which ing these places for themselves showed could also the more easily be done with a proud and ambitious spirit. out desecration of the holy day by un 10. Worship. Honor and respect. necessary work, because the food was 11. Exalt. To lift up, to push forprepared the day before, they not being ward. Abase. To make low, to huallowed even to kindle a fire on this miliate. day. Ex. xxxv. 3. They watched Him to see whether He would do anything

Motherly. which would be contrary to the Jewish law and traditions as they understood What a dear old Saxon epithet is the them, so that 'if He did anything word “motherly !” Motherly kindness, against them, they might charge it attention, nurture! The word is never against Him and injure Him.

unwelcome when fairly applied. Mo2. Dropsy. Unnatural collection of therly influence: who has not felt it? water in any part of the body. It is Motherly love: who has not enjoyed it? probable that this sick man was not an Motherly self-denial: often the secret invited guest, but was brought there by heading of the longest chapters of her the Pharisees for the express purpose of life, the memory of which long survives testing the Lord, to see what He would them all. Mother self-sacrifice; true do on the Sabbath day. The whole to the last, often appearing in some postprocedure was a trap set if possible to humous expression, like the voice from catch the Lord, which was a very un- the tomb. "My friend, the Rev. John kind and mean thing under the circum- Burbridge, of St. Stephen's, Sheffield, stances.

put it to the mothers and sons of his 3. Jesus answering, etc. They had church: “Does not history tell us how not asked him any question, but He St. Augustine, Theodoret, Basil, and knew what wicked thoughts and ques. Chrysostom owed everything to a motions were in their hearts, and He an- ther's prayers? Have we not read how swered them and thus gave them to under- Bishop Hall was dedicated to the serstand, before He wrought the miracle, vice of Christ by his mother on her that He saw through their wicked plot.death-bed; how Payson traced all his

silent, and pehaps for two reasons: if they nurture of his home; how Brainerd ashad answered, Yes, they would have cribed his deep religious feeling to the encouraged Him to perform the mir-education of his early years; how Philip acle, and thus would have defeated Henry and his five sisters avowed that themselves; if they had said, No, they what piety they possessed they owed, would have betrayed their own heart- under God, to their parents; how James lessness and hypocrisy towards the sick Montgomery traced his love for spiman. As they did not wish to do either ritual things to the instruction received of these things, they kept silent. in childhood; how the mother of the

5. Inasmuch as a man is more and Wesleys left impressions on the characbetter than an ox or an ass, it is surely ters of her illustrious sons which were more lawful to do an act of mercy for never effaced; how Romaine, DodHim on the Sabbath-day than to do the dridge, Felix Neff, Legh Richmond, like for either of them.

Richard Knill, and Robert Moffat, all 6. They could not answer Him. “No tell of the melting and moulding influman among them was shameless or uence of the Christian homes amid irrational enough to say, I would not which they were reared ?”— Quiver. do even that, but rather let my ox or | ass remain in the pit and suffer, or that To form great and good characters, to do that was less an act of labor than the mind must be trained to delight in the healing of a man.”





Eighteenth Sunday after Trinity. Matt. xxii. 34–46.

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34. But when the Pharisees had heard that he 41. While the Pharisees were gathered tohad put the Sadducees to silence, they were gath-gether, Jesus asked them, ered together.

42. Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose 35. Then one of them which was a lawyer, son is he? They say unto him, The son of Daasked him a question, tempting him and saying,

36. Master, which is the great commandment 43. He saith unto them, How then doth David in the law ?

in spirit call him Lord, saying, 37. Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the 144. The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy thy soul, and with all thy mind.

footstool ? 38. This is the first and great commandment. 45. If David then call him Lord, how is he

39. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt his son ? love thy neighbor as thyself.

46. And no man was able to answer him a 40. On these two commandments hang all the word, neither durst any man, from that day law and the prophets.

| forth, ask him any more questions,


34. Who, according to this verse, gathered to: 1 two commandments ? What is meant by hang! gether around Jesus? Why did they do so at this In what sense do all the law and the prophets time? Who were the Sadducees. When and depend on these two commandments ? how had Jesus put them to silence ? v. 23-30. 41. While the Pharisees were still together,

35. What did one of them do? What is he what did Jesus do ? called? What is the meaning of lawyer here? 42. What did He ask them? What does the What is meant by tempting Him?

name Christ mean? What did the Pharisees 36. What question did the lawyer ask? What answer? Was Christ the son of David ? Matt. is the meaning of great here?

i, 1; Luke ii. 4. . 37. What answer did Jesus make? Whence 43. What did Jesus say to them? What is did He derive this answer? Deut. vi. 4, 5. Does the meaning of in spirit? Where is this saying this commandment take in all the powers and of David's recorded ? Ps. cx. 1. Whom did faculties of man?

David call the Lord ? Whom did he call my 38. What does Jesus call this commandment? Lord ? Why does He call it the first as well as the 44. What question did Jesus now ask them ? great commandment ?

What does this question imply? 39. What does He say the second command. 45. Were they able to answer this question ? ment is ? Why is it like unto the first? What How does St. Paul answer it? Rom. i. 3, 4. is meant by neighbor? What by as thyself? Did they ask Jesus any more questions?

40. What did Jesus further say about these


XXXIX. Lord's Day.

104. What doth God require in the fifth com- and correction with due obedience; and also mand?

patiently bear with their weakness and infir. That I show all honor, love, and fidelity, to mities, since it pleases God to govern us by my father and mother, and all in authority over their hand. me, and submit myself to their good instruction

Join all the glorious names

Of wisdom, love and power,
That ever mortals knew,

That angels ever bore:
All are too mean to speak His worth,
To mean to set my Saviour forth.

My dear and mighty Lord,

My Conqueror and my King.
Thy sceptre and Thy sword,

Thy reigning grace I sing :
Thine is the power ; behold! I sit
in willing bonds beneath Thy feet.

COMMENTS. 34. Sadducees. This name us; but in a general sense, as here, it was given, in the time of our Saviour, means every fellow-being," especially to a sect of the Jews, who were usually every one in need, as our Saviour teaches at variance with the Pharisees. Some in the parable of the good Samaritan, say the name is derived from a Hebrew Luke x. 30-37. As thyself. As much word signifying the just; others, that it and as truly as thyself, so that everyis derived from one Sadve, a disciple of thing which we desire from God and one of the most celebrated teachers of our fellow-men for ourselves, we desire the age. They rejected all the tradi- also for our neighbour. The commandtions and unwritten laws which the ment strikes at the root of all selfishPharisees prized so highly, and pro- ness, which we, as well as the Pharisees fessed to consider the Scriptures as the and Sadducees, are very prone to indulge only source and rule of the Jewish re- and practice. ligion. They denied the doctrine of the 40. Hang. Depend, as a door on its resurrection and of the existence of hinges, or a cord on a nail. All the law angels and spirits; considered the soul and the prophets. The teachings of the as dying with the body, and of course Mosaic law and of the prophetical admitted no future state of rewards and books, hang or depend upon our duty punishments. They were of the rich- to God and our duty to our fellow-men. est and most fashionable class of the And the spiritual principle which binds people, and may be called the free all these teachings together, is love. It is thinkers and infidels of their age. the golden cord or silver hinge on which

35. Lawyer. One learned in the they hang. moral and ceremonial law of the Jews. 42. Christ. This name, like the He. Tempting Him. The word is here used brew Messiah, means the anointed one. in the sense of trying to entrap or en- 43. In Spirit, that is, David spoke tangle.

as he was inspired by the Holy Spirit. 36. Great. Chief and most impor- 44. The Lord refers to God. My tant. The Talmud reckons the laws of Lord to Christ. The question which Moses to be 613 in number, 365 prohi- Jesus asks implies that Christ was not bitions, and 248 commands. To keep only the Son of David, as to His huso many laws, said the Jews, is an man descent, but that He was also the angel's work, man cannot do it. Hence Son of God, and therefore also David's they had much dispute among them- Lord. selves which was the great commandment of all, so that they might keep

Reading. that in lieu of the whole.

37. Thou shalt love, etc. Supreme love to God is here made the basis of Let us take time for reading. It will all the commandments, and the source never come if we wait to have every of all true and comprehensive obedi- speck of dirt removed from every article ence. If we truly, heartily love God, we see. We can always find something we will also obey Him, and we will do else to do, and conscientious housekeepers so with all our powers of body, soul and with little taste for mental pursuits, are spirit in every act, word, thought and apt to make great blunders. “The life feeling.

| is more than meat, and the body more 38. The first, etc. This commandment than raiment,” which means that you is contained in the first commandment yourself, with all your immortal faculgiven to Moses on Mount Sinai, as he ties, are of vastly more importance than explains it, Deut. vi. 4, 6. It is, there your household affairs. No kind of fore, the first in the order of time. It labor is degrading if done from a worthy is also the first in the sense of being the motive, and no motive can be nobler most excellent commandment.

than the womanly desire to make a 39. Like unto. The second is like pleasant home. But our home cannot unto the first, because it also requires be properly attractive and profitable to love as the principle or motive of action our families, if we ourselves are dull and negatively forbids all hatred, envy, and harassed. It is necessary that good ill-will. Compare 1 John iv. 20, 21. housekeepers should also read and reNeighbor. "A neighbor is one near flect and listen and converse. — Exchange. Cheer Him.

ternoon. That is much more rapidly

than is the custom in this country in How nobly did brave men rush reference to murder trials, or in fact to through crackling flames and crumb- any kind of legal proceedings. After ling walls, to save the sick and helpless so great a transaction the Governor felt children at the awful fire in Chicago! disposed to do special honor to us During those fearful days and nights of strangers. As a preliminary to the dinhorror, a great many people, choked ner was, first, smoking; secondly, drinkwith the smoke, and frantic from excite-ing coffee; thirdly, washing hands. On ment, would have been roasted alive, this last point the Orientals are particuhad not the Lord put it into the hearts larly scrupulous before eating. When of some brave men to risk their own I saw how the hands were used at dinlives to save them from such frightful ner, I was glad they were washed. We deaths.

sat down on the floor to dinner. They There was once a large building on gave me a stool three inches high, but fire, and the engines and fire companies I found the floor more comfortable. hurried to the spot. The flames soon Each of us had six cakes, something got the mastery, and all that could be like buckwheat cakes, only crisp and done was to keep the water playing so more digestible. These were placed on the fire should not spread. But now it the bare floor. Then we had soup in was seen that one child still remained plates. Then came the great dish. In in the building. It was very dangerous a rich silver platter, ornamented with to attempt a rescue. A fireman sprang gold, was a pyramid of something that to a ladder, but was seen to falter. The looked like rice-smooth, monotonous risk seemed too great for a sane man to rice. The Governor gave a thrust with make.

his fist and pulled out the head of a Suddenly a voice in the crowd cried kid. So there was really meat in it. out: “Cheer him.” Then peal after The man at the right hand of the peal of hearty "hurrahs” went up, and Governor next thrust in his hand. He the man no longer faltered. The en- pulled out some meat and at once began thusiasm was contagious. He dashed eating. Then I did the same. You through the smoke, though the walls can see how badly our hands needed tottered, and the flames hissed, and both the wash-basin after this curious meal were rescued. Then you may be sure was over. In addition to the kid the the cheers were redoubled, and the man dish contained fowl, and several kinds became a hero.

of fruit and preserves, up to the very So in life, you often meet the people top; but all concealed by the immense who need, most of all, cheering. “What | lot of rice. All courses were thus in made William T- turn out so badly?”' one. The cup-bearer stood at the right was asked about a son in a very fine, of the Governor. He had a silver cup talented family.

for the purpose of supplying the Gov“Want of sunshine," was the answer ernor with water. There was no wine. of one who knew him well. “There | The Koran says, “Let no man see thee was no one to cheer him. His lady sis. drink wine." So the followers of Moters, the stars of the family, absorbed hammed drink wine only in private. all the interest of the household. The The other cup-bearer was at the left of wayward, awkward boy was set aside, the Governor, with one cup which was and coldly turned off, so he went the for all of us. I did not want any water. natural way of talented boys so treated.” The customs of eating have evidently

not materially changed since the time

of Abraham. - Dr. J. F. Hurst, in The An Oriental Dinner.

Christian World. I took a meal with the Governor of Banias, or Cesarea Philippi, in the far north beyond the Sea of Galilee. There “For right is right, since God is God : had been a trial of a man for murder And right the day must win; that day. The murder took place that To doubt would be disloyalty, morning, the trial was closed in the af

To falter would be sin."

The Guardian.


OCTOBER, 1875,

NO. 10.

A Home Missionary Boy. could scarcely wait till he reached home

to unburden his troubled heart to his BY THE EDITOR.

mother. Scarcely had be said his

prayers at night, before he would plead Charlie Jones is a pious boy of nine again with her. Meanwhile, he found years of age. He has kind parents, but out that she was not baptized either. neither of them were members of the And that worried him still more. He Church: they were not even baptized. plead as only a child can plead. Charlie is their only living child. He "Mother, will you please ask our belongs to our Sunday-school. He is pastor to baptize me? I feel so unnever absent unless when he is sick. happy because I do not belong to the His teacher likes him very much, and Saviour's children. Why, mother, I well he may, for he is a noble little fel-might die to-night. And how can I low. One Sunday the pastor spoke to die without being baptized? Yes, and the Sunday-school, and reminded the you, too, must be baptized, mother. I children of their baptismal blessings. want you to go with me to our Saviour. How their parents had brought them He will care for us, and help us to love on their arms to the pastor, when they and obey Him. Mother, please, come were little babes, and had them bap- along with me on the way to heaven. tized. How in their names the parents Why, you would not wish me to go promised to “renounce the world alone, and you stay back. Mother, I with its vain pomp and glory, the flesh want you to be with me there." with its sinful desires," and that they One morning the pastor received a would strive to lead a Christian life. note from the family, requesting him to How they promised to train them up in call at their house. Charlie and his the nurture and admonition of the Lord. mother received him with their vsual And now the pastor and teachers were | kindness, but with an unusual air of trying to help their parents to train seriousness. She soon opened the subthem up piously, and that they must ject as follows: “Mr. , I have sent help too. He told them how, by virtue for you about an important matter. of their baptism, they were now our For some weeks past this dear child has Saviour's children, and that He always been to me a wise teacher. His mind watched them, and loved them with has been greatly troubled because he heavenly tenderness.

has not been baptized. He says he can Now it happened that Charlie had not rest until he has been given to the never been baptized, and he was very Saviour in baptism. And he has much troubled about it. For he in preached to me until I can withstand sisted on knowing for certain whether his entreaties no longer. We can not he had been given to our Saviour. For sleep at night, so much are we troubled several weeks not a day passed but for not having given ourselves and our what he argued with his mother about child to Christ. I can hold back the subject. During school hours the no longer. Will you please baptize us matter weighed on his mind, so that he both ?”

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