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required by other agencies and their needs complement its program objective. Work done for State, county and municipal agencies is almost always done on a cost-sharing basis.
Most of the funds received by the Survey in fiscal year 1982, both appropriations and reimbursements, are distributed through budget activities that roughly correspond to its mapping, geologic, hydrologic, information transfer, administration, facilities, and regulatory areas of responsibility. During fiscal year 1982, the “Conservation of Lands and Minerals' activity ($129.9 million) in the "Surveys, Investigations, and Research" account functioned under the name "Minerals Management Service.” In fiscal year 1983, portions of Offshore Geology and the support organizations will be transferred to the new Minerals Management Service which will have, given Congressional approval, its own appropriation account.
At the end of fiscal year 1982, the U.S. Geological Survey had 7,293 permanent fulltime employees on board, a decrease of 2,145 from fiscal year 1981. Most of this decrease was associated with the transfer of personnel to the Minerals Management Service. More than one-half of the Survey's permanent full-time staff are professional scientists, and approximately one-fourth are technical specialists. Hydrologists and geologists predominate among the professional group, which includes members of more than 30 other disciplines, such as geophysicists, cartographers, chemists, and engineers.
The Survey's work has been accomplished with a virtually level full-time work force since 1973; moderate increases in the Geologic Division and the support Divisions have been offset by decreases in the National Mapping and Water Resources Divisions. The additional workload on these scientifically oriented components has been supported in part by the rapid expansion in the use of grants and contractual services and, in part, by the extensive use of temporary and part-time personnel.
The number of these other-than-full-time permanent employees has more than doubled since 1973 and includes many students and faculty members from colleges and universities and summer hires from various categories. The Survey has profited greatly from its association with the academic community. The expertise of many eminent specialists has become available to the Survey in this manner and has given it great flexibility in solving problems and meeting surges in its workload, especially during the field season. The relationship also has been an invaluable channel for recruiting young professionals of demonstrated ability for permanent full-time positions upon the completion of their studies.
Each year employees of the U.S. Geological Survey receive awards that range from modest monetary awards to recognition of their achievements by large professional societies. The large number of these awards attests to the quality of the individuals who are the U.S. Geological Survey. This year, the Survey wishes to acknowledge those individuals who either received high honors from or were elected to high office in professional societies and those individuals who received the Department of the Interior's highest award.
The U.S. Geological Survey has often been referred to as the “Mother of Bureaus" because many of its activities have led to the formation of new organizations when a managerial or developmental function evolved. Some of the organizations that have emerged from the Geological Survey include the Reclamation Service in 1901(now the Bureau of Reclamation), the Bureau of Mines in 1910, the Federal Power Commission in 1920, and the Grazing Service in 1934 (since combined with other functions into the Bureau of Land Management).
During the last year, the Geological Survey has gone through yet another partitioning. On January 19, 1982, Secretary Watt announced his decision to establish a Minerals Management Service, originally to consist of the Geological Survey's Conservation Division. In May 1982, the decision was made to consolidate all OCS lease-related functions within the Minerals Management Service. This action involved moving components from the Bureau of Land Management and Office of Policy Analysis, as well as part of the Geological Survey's marine geology program. Subsequently, the decision was made to consolidate onshore mineral-leasing functions of the Minerals Management Service and the Bureau of Land Management within the Bureau of Land Management, and in the case of Indian Lands, within the Bureau of Indian Affairs. However, this later action did not directly impact the Geological Survey. Harold E. Doley, Jr., was appointed as the first Director of the Minerals Management Service. The Minerals Management Service reports to the Assistant Secretary for Energy and Minerals. The Secretary's decisions were made to accomplish several objectives: strengthen the royalty-accounting function; streamline lease-related activities; and strengthen the scientific capability and image of the Geological Survey. The Secretary has stated on several occasions his desire for the Geological Survey to be his principal scientific advisor. It is his belief that these decisions will place us in a better position to fulfill this role.
Formation of the Minerals Management Service had a significant impact on the survey. The total Survey budget was reduced by 29 percent ($150 million) and total personnel was reduced by 23 percent (2,400 positions).
During the process of forming the Minerals Management Service, several questions were raised about the division of responsibilities. The marine geology question has been specifically addressed, and the decision was made that the Geological Survey will retain the responsibility for marine geologic research to include, among other things, regional geologic studies and hazards evaluation and assessment of potential seabed mineral resources.
Formation of the Minerals Management Service should permit the Geological Survey to focus more clearly on its principal mission as defined in the Organic Act of 1879, which is "to classify the public lands, examine the geologic structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain. . . ." The Geological Survey looks forward to fulfilling this traditional role as well as to cooperating with the Minerals Management Service and the Bureau of Land Management in their new undertaking.
Walter B. Langbein, Senior Staff Hydrologist, received the 1982 International Prize in Hydrological Sciences from the International Association of Hydrological Sciences for his long career of scientific excellence and accomplishment.
Francis T. Schaefer, Assistant Northeastern Regional Hydrologist, was named the "Engineer of the Year" by the National Society of Professional Engineers.
Charles W. Spencer, Research Geologist, was given the Levorsen Award of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. The award is presented annually for the paper that best reflects creative thinking toward new ideas in petroleum exploration.
Richard F. Meyer, Research Geologist, received the Distinguished Service Award from the American Association of Petroleum Geologists "for outstanding contributions in the field of national and international energy resources and for eminent service to this country and AAPG."
Robert B. Halley, Research Geologist, was appointed a Distinguished Lecturer by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. His lecture, which was entitled "Evolution of Carbonate Porosity During Burial Bahamas, Florida, Gulf Coast, Jurassic to Holocene," was presented at 10 institutions.
international prestige he has brought to the Geological Survey;
Peter F. Bermel, Assistant Division Chief for Plans and Operations (NMD), for his exemplary and resourceful leadership, his scientific integrity, and his distinguished career as an administrator;
John D. Bredehoeft, Western Regional Hydrologist, in recognition of his major contributions to the development of this country's water resources;
Robert J. Dingman, former Assistant Chief Hydrologist for Scientific Publications and Data Management, for his exceptional contributions to the field of hydrology;
Frederick J. Doyle, Senior Adviser for Cartography, for his exceptional contributions to the National Mapping Program;
Doyle G. Frederick, Associate Director, for his many significant contributions in the development and management of cartographic and earth sciences programs of the Geological Survey;
Wayne E. Hall, Research Geologist, for his many contributions as a scientist and as an administrator and in recognition of the prestige he has brought to the Geological Survey;
Warren Hamilton, Research Geologist, for his highly innovative research on the relationships of fundamental geologic processes to tectonics and for the international prestige he has brought to the Geological Survey;
Gerald Meyer, former Ground Water Branch Chief, for his exceptional contributions to the development of ground-water programs and resources;
Avery W. Rogers, Western Region Management Officer, in recognition of his essential support role which has contributed so significantly to the accomplishment of the Geological Survey's Western Region scientific and research programs;
Hansford T. Shacklette, Research Botanist, in recognition of his eminent career as a scientist and of his exceptional contributions to the important fields of environmental geochemistry and mineral exploration geochemistry;
Norman F. Sohl, Chairman of the Bureau's Geologic Names Committee, in recognition of his outstanding accomplishments and the excellence of his scientific reports; and
David B. Stewart, Research Geologist, in recognition of his outstanding research in experimental studies of rock-forming minerals and his contributions to the national program to manage nuclear wastes.
National Mapping, Geography, and Surveys
The National Mapping Division conducts the United States National Mapping Program to make cartographic and geographic information available in graphic and digital form. A family of general-purpose maps in various formats and scales, as well as basic cartographic data, is being produced in four regional Mapping Centers to meet the expanding mapping needs of the Nation. The Division prints Survey map products and stores and distributes all Survey map, text, and photography products. The Division operates the National Cartographic Information Centers, the Earth Resources Observation Systems Data Center, and the Public Inquiries Offices.
Budget and Personnel
For fiscal year 1982, National Mapping Division available funding amounted to about $87 million. Included are funds from 34 States, which, together with matching Federal funds, amounted to about $6 million for joint funding agreements for mapping. These joint funding projects mutually benefit the State and national programs by ensuring completion of map coverage sooner than would otherwise be possible.
The permanent full-time personnel strength of the Division at the end of fiscal year 1982 was 1,840, encompassing a variety of professional skills incuding geography, cartography, data processing, engineering, physical science, and photographic and remote-sensing technology.