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The expectation of deriving resources or assistance of any kind from a nation so constituted, and living under such a form of government, could no longer be indulged. Indeed, from the day the troops ' rst landed, it was obvious that we had been deceived by erroneous accounts of the character and sentiments of the people, and that decided hostility from both Burmese and Peguer was all we bad to expect.'

pp. 17-19.

All this might, we apprehend, have been previously ascertained ; and it seems incredible, that bostilities should have been actually commenced in vague reliance upon unauthorized representations and conjectural reasonings which even the meagre information to be derived from the works of Symes, Cox, and Buchanan, might have shewn to be erroneous. Never was an army placed in a more discouraging and critical position, than the troops who invaded the jungles and ricegrounds of the Delta of the Irrawaddy; and the eventual triumph of the Britisb arms has been achieved in spite of every physical obstacle arising from the climate, the nature of the country, ignorance of the people and their language, and a treacherous enemy, as well as much gross mismanagement in the commissariat department.

The military details of this obstinately protracted contest will be found extremely interesting, but we shall not attempt to give any abstract of the successive campaigns. With regard to the issue of the contest, there seems good reason to believe that it has been successful to the fullest extent that could have been contemplated.

• The cession of Arracan,' says Major Snodgrass, provides for the freedom from Burmese interference with our Indian territories on that side. Our troublesome neighbours are now confined within their ancient boundaries by the lofty Anoupectoumiew; and the king is not ignorant that, should he again offend, we can march a force across these mountains, and appear on the Irrawaddy, from our post at Aing, in eight or ten days, and probably reach his capital within a month. Besides, he is aware that the feeling and character of his subjects have undergone a total change : for, without asserting that they either respect or love us, we may at least insist that they assuredly fear us; and whatever may have been, or still may be, their opinion of themselves, they are well satisfied from sad experience, that they would have little chance with such a force as the Indian Government can send into the field. The King of Ava can, under such circumstances, have neither interest nor motive in troubling us again.'

Notwithstanding that repeated attempts had been made to establish an amicable intercourse with the Burmese, it is not above six years since European goods were first iutroduced, in any quantity, into Ava or Pegu. The demand for them has annually increased threefold, and no country in the East seems to promise a more advantageous inlet to our trade. There is scarcely an article of dress among the natives, we are told, that is not already British, or certain to become so. Rangoon bas long been a mart to the Siamese, and, but for the grievous exactions of the Burmese authorities, the Chinese would long since have opened an extensive trade with the British settlers at Rangoon.

• A safe market for their goods alone is wanting, to ensure a large proportion of the Canton trade being carried over land through Ava; opening at once a wide and important inlet to the commerce of Great Britain. Even before the war, notwithstanding existing abuses and the insecurity attending mercantile transactions throughout the king. dom, silk, tea, vermillion, gold, and silver were imported in consider. able quantities from China into Ava; and with confidence once established in the Government, the general produce of the empire would pour in to any extent that might be required.'

The retention of the ceded province of Tenasserim is, in a mercantile point of view, highly important. The new settlement of Amherst town, in particular, is well situated as a mart for the Siamese, Burmese, and Chinese. It is situated on the east bank of the Saluæn river, the second of the four mighty streams which traverse the whole length of the Indo-Chinese regions, flowing through a tract of country wholly unexplored by Europeans. The climate at which the new settlement is situated, is said to be most excellent, greatly surpassing that of Bengal, • Madras, or, perhaps, any other spot situated in so high a lati• tude. During the time that sickness prevailed at Rangoon, the European convalescents were sent round in great numbers to Mergui, where they rapidly recovered. The harbour of Mergui is good, and contains safe anchorage for vessels of considerable burthen. The whole of the ceded provinces, now thinly peopled, will soon become populous from the crowds of emigrants fleeing from an oppressive government, whose industry, encouraged by security of property, will soon convert them into one of the finest countries in the world.'

The present Volume does not add very materially to our knowledge of the country or of its inhabitants. For this the Major apologizes, conscious that the hurried notes of a soldier, • taken while employed on active service in the field, would not

afford sufficient data for such an undertaking.' His representation of the Burmese character is, upon the whole, very favourable, and completely in accordance, in every important respect, with the testimony of Mrs. Judson.


• Unshackled by the caste of the Hindoo, or the creed of the intolerant Mussulman, but free from religious prejudice, and proud of himself and of the land that gave him birth, the Burmese is ready to receive any change which would tend to raise him in the scale of civilized society: so slight, indeed, is their regard for their present code of worship, that it has often been remarked, and not without strong and weighty reason, that the king of Ava could, by a simple order, change the religion of the nation without a murmur being heard.'

In war, the Burmban is ferocious, arrogant, and cruel, seldom giving or receiving quarter; but, in his private and domestic habits and deportment, he evinces little of this character.

• At home, the Burmese, probably owing to his military habits, is decidedly lazy and averse to his work-to his shame, allowing, or rather compelling his wife to toil hard for the support of his family, while he passes his time in idleness, smoking, or chewing betel. His wants, however, are few and simple : rice and a little pickled fislı constitute the chief articles of food, while water is his only drink. Naturally good-humoured and contented, he seems happy and resigned, bearing all the oppressions to which he may be subjected, with apathy and indifference; and in his own house he is kind and affectionate to his children, seldom evincing anger or ill treatment to any member of his family. It must be allowed, however, that the Burmese are little guided or restrained in their conduct and actions by any moral principle.'

Our Subscribers are requested to excuse the deficiency of a half sheet (in quantity) in the present Number, which will be supplied in the next.


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