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survey made in 1950 by the research staff of our association shows that for a long time there has been serious underemployment among rural people in 12 southwest Missouri counties where the Table Rock Dam site is located.
Since 1950, when the survey was made, farm income has declined, and a prolonged drought of unprecedented severity has prevailed. Therefore, the unemployment situation is much worse today. Considerable distress exists in the region, not only among farm people, but among townspeople as well. Construction of Table Rock Dam at this time would provide employment for many of these people who are in distress, and the recreational opportunities that would later be provided by the dam should provide a permanent cure for the economic ills of many people in the region.
Therefore, on behalf of the farmers of Missouri, and more particularly those who live in the region where the Table Rock Dam site is located, I respectfully urge that the Congress make adequate appropriations for the construction of Table Rock Dam.
I want to convey to this committee the thanks of the farmers of Missouri for the opportunity to present their views.
Senator DWORSHAK. Thank you.
Mr. Chairman, I would like at this time to insert in the record at this point a report to the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives entitled "Table Rock Dam, Missouri and Arkansas. The report is by Mr. Davis from the Subcommittee on Civil Functions and Military Construction, 83d Congress, 2d session. It is the report that Congressman Short and Congressman Trimble referred to a few moments ago that they had anticipated would be released today, and it does release the funds that have heretofore been appropriated in the amount of $2,349,546 to be available for construction.
I am very happy to get this news and I am confident, Mr. Chairman, that the Senate Appropriations Committee will act promptly and favorably so that the Corps of Engineers will have the go-ahead sign on this project. Senator DWORSHAK. It will be inserted. (The material referred to follows:)
TABLE Rock DAM, MISSOURI AND ARKANSAS Report to the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, by Mr. Davis, from the Subcommittee on Civil Functions and Military Construction
The civil functions appropriations bill, 1954, provided $1 million for construction of Table Rock Dam, Mo., and Ark., subject to the following language in the conference report:
“The conferees are in complete accord that no further construction is to be commenced at Table Rock Dam, Ark. and Mo., until approval has been obtained from the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and of the Senate. It is the desire of the conferees that a study be made of the project by the Corps of Engineers as to the need for power in the area, the ability of present governmental facilities and private power utilities to meet any future need that might exist and the adequacy of the present estimated cost of the project. Such study should be presented to the above-mentioned committees not later than January 1, 1954. There exists at the present time authorization for appropriations of $169 million in the White River Basin, of which $115 16 has been appropriated through fiscal year 1953. The conferees are in acord bat should the revised estimated cost of Table Rock Dam, when added to the bas of authorizations remaining, exceed that amount proper legislative autosty should be obtained from the Congress for the authority to appropriate funus : excess of the present authorization."
The amount of $2,349,546 is estimated in the President's budget, 19.13. to be available for further construction of this project. The committee approves te resumption of construction and the use of these funds in the manner as templated by the Corps of Engineers in testimony before the committee oa Jars ary 26, 1954, subject to the following limitations :
1. Approval of the revised project by the Public Works Committee otte House of Representatives prior to the obligation of construction funds. This is essential since there have been major modifications in the project sino auttast zation to the extent that the present estimated total cost of the Table Rock porn movie when coupled with funds appropriated for other projects in the comprehen«.re White River Basin program exceed the funds authorized for appropriation in this basin.
2. Specific allocations of costs and annual charges were presented to the mittee as part of the above-mentioned study. Use of the above-mentional SLC are approved with the specific understanding that these allocations are to be used to set power rates for marketing the energy to be generated by this projert Si that there will be no misunderstanding on this matter, the following to from the report of the Corps of Engineers on power aspects of the Tabie R** Dam and Reservoir is quoted :
“Of the total estimated cost of the project ($78,610,000), $17.160,000 wonid be allocated to flood control and $61,450,000 to power. Of the total annual haras ($3,241,000), $2,540,000 would be allocated to power. An equivalent express, -a of annual charges for power is 4.7 mills per kilowatt-hour of the average ant jai energy produced.”
Should actual cost experiences or other factors call for deriations from this allocation it will be expected that they will be submitted to this commitin ** approval.
Senator MCCLELLAN. The committee has received a statement of the Oklahoma Electric Cooperative, Inc., in support of the Table Run's Dam. Without objection, their statement will be placed in the reund at this point.
(The statement referred to follows:) STATEMENT OF THE OKLAHOMA STATEWIDE ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, Ise,
OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, my name is Flord W G. I am a resident of Oklahoma, and I am manager of the Oklahoma Stare de Electric Cooperative, an association which represents 26 rural electrie www tives with a total of some 130,000 consumers.
I wish to submit this statement to you for your consideration in deliberat;- ** which will decide the fate of the Table Rock Dam in Missouri.
It is the understanding of this association that in addition to the floody trol, and other benefits to accrue from the construction of Table Rok 12"!. that hydroelectric power facilities also would he installed. As an O'.'ak: association, we are concerned primarily with the byproduit of electricity for ! generated if this dam is to be constructed.
At the present time, right today, there is a critical shortage of power in the Southwestern Power Administration pool to meet the needs of 13 munipat! in Oklahoma and 6 rural electric distribution cooperatives, all customers of SPA.
These customers have been informed summarily that their present form. contracts cannot be increased, and abrogation of present demand contras. threatened in the event that any of those customers exceed those contracts
These 19 customers in Oklahoma are in need of power right now. Sonra them cannot take additional load pressing them at this very minute.
Vith no additional hydroelectric power in sight beyond present SPA commitnts, the future appears dark indeed unless additional sources are made availe.
This can be done in two ways. Tirst, construction of Table Rock is needed urgently, and secondly, additional pacity should be installed at Bull Shoals Dam in Arkansas. Engineers are agreed that the maximum benefit from power sources at the vest cost is obtainable only through the integration of hydropower with steam wer. Neither hydro nor steam installations is keeping up with the growing power ids in the Southwest. Meanwhile, these Oklahoma cooperatives and municipalities are forced to seek her sources of power at a much higher rate than is called for in their present ntracts. It is obvious that even if construction of Table Rock Dam and its facilities ere resumed today, they could not be completed in time to alleviate the hortage now facing these preference customers in the Southwest.
Therefore, it is imperative that construction be resumed in an orderly manner n Table Rock Dam immediately.
This association would also like to remind the committee that the entire utput of Bull Shoals Dam was contracted to the Arkansas Power & Light 'o. to serve an aluminum plant in order that the Nation's defense effort could roceed.
With this contract, an oral agreement appears to have been made with the reference customers in the Southwest that in their relinquishing of the entire utput of power from Bull Shoals Dam, Table Rock Dam would be built in Irder to bridge the power gap which that contract made necessary.
The 150,000 kilowatts of capacity from Bull Shoals Dam, which the co-ops ind municipalities did not get, has created a power void for Southwestern Power Administration which already has reached these preference customers.
We are not in this statement making a determination of the funds needed to continue construction of Table Rock. However, it would appear that funds already appropriated be released for that purpose, and such additional funds as nicessary to rush Table Rock installations to completion be appropriated for the next fiscal year by the Congress.
We respectfully urge you to do this for the sake of the hundreds of thousands of consumers of electricity in the Southwest.
Senator McCLELLAN. We will call the next witness, Mr. Russell Gates. He is from Arkansas. I wanted to get somebody from Arkansas to help carry this load.
STATEMENT OF RUSSELL G. GATES, MANAGER, CARROLL ELECTRIC
COOPERATIVE CORP., BERRYVILLE, ARK.
Mr. GATES. I am sorry I am the only one from Arkansas that is here to represent Arkansas today. I am the manager of the electric co-op that is located adjacent to the dam on the south side of it. We have some lines that run into Missouri. I am from the town of Berryville, Jim Trimble's district. I know from all of the excellent testimony that has been given heretofore by Mr. Symington, Mr. Short, Mr. Trimble, and the others that there is very little that I can say that would add anything to that. However, I would like to take just a moment of the time and tell you of the interest of the people in that area in the construction of that dam. One of them a moment ago said 95 percent of the people living in the area of the dam was interested in its construction. I think the percentage in Arkansas is higher than that. I think it is almost universal.
Senator McCLELLAN. I do not know of anyone against it in ArkanMr. GATES. I do not know of anyone, either.
Senator McCLELLAN. I do not know of anyone now who regrets that we have the Norfork and Bull Shoals Dams. I think everybody is happy with them.
Mr. GATES. I think, particularly in our part of the country, they can look in the area of Norfork and Bull Shoals and see a difference in the economy of the country generally. Our areas are similar. It is rocky hillsides and they have considerably more private investment over there—that has been mentioned before-and the per capita income is higher and the prosperity is generally better than it is in our particular area which includes, Senator, as you are perhaps aware, Carroll, Boone, and Benton Counties.
Senator MCCLELLAN. There has been tremendous progress up there and developments since these dams went in. I travel it every year or so at least, each year during the recess period of Congress, and you just marvel. It seems like it is blossoming forth.
Mr. GATEs. It certainly is. Naturally, our people look over to that area and hope for some of that in our area. I do not want to take a great deal of the committee's time, but I do want to impress on the committee that it is the desire of everyone living in our area that you give it favorable consideration.
Thank you very much.
Senator MCCLELLAX. Thank you, Mr. Gates. You had a prepared siatement here.
Mr. GITES. Yes, sir.
I am Russel G. Gates. I am now, and have been for the past 11 years, manager of the Carroll Electric Cooperative Corp., whose main office is located at Bertrville, Ark. The area that will be covered by the lake created by the construction of Table Rock Dam is located on the north boundary of the rural area that we serve with electricity. This area, geographically speaking, is ideally suited for the creation of this reservoir. It is, for the most part, a hilly, wooded section covered with scrub timber of very little commercial value, and rocky slopes.
We are very interested in seeing this construction started and carried through to its completion. We can only look to the east of us in the area of Bull Shea s and Vorfork Dams and see the difference in the general prosperity of that count try compared to ours. For the past several years, we have been steadily losin: our rural population, while that area shows an increase. The counties where the present lakes are now located had perhaps the lowest per capita income in the State of Arkansas before the creation of these dams and since that time, have risen from that position to near the top.
Tourists being one of the greatest assets to our section of the country as it is now, the mountains that are located in the area will be far enhanced by the creation of this lake for recreation purposes.
Power produced from the generators can do much toward attracting industries into the area.
Agriculturally speaking, our country is poor. The last few years beef cattle and dairying, along with our poultry industry, hare been the main agricultura crops. The small acreage that is adapted to farming is not large enough to an economical unit and the industries that could be brought into the area hş a plentiful supply of power would do a tremendous lot for the prosperity of the country. I would like to call the committee's attention to the fact that there is a shortage of power in this area : this was demonstrated by the fact that to locate an aluminum plant, which was so badly needed by the defense net of our country, almost the entire output of Bull Shoals Dam was taken to sup's their demands. At the time this was taken, the people in the area were promised the Table Rock Dam was to be completed as soon as possible. The people of this area are unanimous in their approval and join with me in our request to this committee to give favorable consideration for its construction.
Due to the fact that this has been so near to the construction stage, many people have made investments in both land and planning for the development of the area surrounding this reservoir. It is my firm belief that this will do an immeasurable amount in helping to add to the general prosperity of the area.
Senator McCLELLAN. Mr. Yandell.
STATEMENT OF HAROLD YANDELL, APPEARING ON BEHALF OF
TABLE ROCK BOOSTERS ASSOCIATION AND THE BRANSON, MO., CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
Mr. YANDELL. My name is Harold Yandell. I live in Branson, Mo. I represent an organization known as the Table Rock Boosters Association with membership in 16 counties in northwest Arkansas and southwest Missouri. I also represent the Branson, Mo., Chamber of Commerce. I also am a hillbilly from the Ozarks. My great-grandfather homesteaded river bottom in White River in the 1840's. My grandfather was born in Taney County, my father was born in Taney County, and I was born in Taney County. I can truthfully say that the facts that have been presented here today pertaining to Table Rock are accurate.
I have a written statement I wish to be filed in the record. I wish to thank you, gentlemen, for the courtesy and the time that you have extended to us here today. We thank you for your interest.
Senator DWORSHAK. Thank you. Your statement will be inserted in the record.
Senator McCLELLAN. Thank you very much, Mr. Yandell. (The statement referred to follows:)
STATEMENT OF HAROLD YANDELL
My name is Harold Yandell. I represent the Table Rock Boosters Association, an organization with membership in 16 counties in northwest Arkansas and southwest Missouri. I am also representing the Branson, Mo., Chamber of Commerce.
1. Table Rock Dam is not a controversial issue. Public opinion in the area is overwhelmingly in favor of its construction. This is widened by the large and enthusiastic attendance at public meetings, by wires, letters, and petitions to Members of Congress, and by support of the newspapers of the area. Leaders of both political parties have endorsed this project.
The farmers who live in the area that will be covered by the Table Rock Reservoir want the dam built. They have lived for many years in a state of doubt and confusion. They have been unwilling to invest their money in farm improvements such as pasture-improvement programs, modern dairy barns, and new fences, because they expect that the dam will be built and their properties inundated. As a result, their farms are rundown and unproductive.
2. The topography of the land in the Table Rock Basin is largely mountains and valleys. Total acreage in the proposed reservoir area is 85,100 acres. Of this total only one-seventh is cultivatable. The remainder is pasture and meadow and brush woodlands. Six thousand acres of the best land is now owned by a public-utility company and is leased on an annual basis to tenant farmers.