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154

PEACE AND HUMILITY.

that fade out here as we gaze, are the enduring colors || nizing combat, which he felt in his interior, between of that mansion. The waters that shine there upon the natural affections of the inferior part of his soul the eye have no bitterness, and there, there is no and the holy resolutions of the superior. Let us do drouth. There is no separation there, and no chill of three things and we shall preserve the peace of our doubt, or decay, or jealousy cometh there, between souls. hearts that love. And the shadow of death entereth The first is, to have a pure intention to desire, in all not there! And they whom I loved, and with whom things, the honor and Glony of God. The second, I talked of that blessed home as we journeyed, are all to do all we are able, to attain this end. The third, to there! Though they passed from my sight like the fix this truth in our minds, that God is called the morning dew, yet have they left me a sign and a token Prince of Peace; and that wherever he is master, he where I should find them."

settles a profound and total peace in the soul. It is " And thou weepest, O traveler,” said the aged man, true, indeed, that before he can establish this peace in "and falterest on thy way to a home like this! Why any place, he raises a war there first, by stripping the girdest thou thy spirit not up, in the strength of that heart and the soul of their most dear, familiar and which is before thee? Go steadily on thy way. Why customary affections; such as an inordinate love of dost thou foolishly look to thy fellow travelers for themselves, self-reliance, self-complacency, &c. Yet guides? Behold they are weak; they are dim-sighted; even in doing this, we find some degree of peace, by they are bewildered as thou art. Hast thou not the reason of our conformity to the will of God. chart and compass of thy Father? Why askest thou Consider our dear Savior in the garden, and you their support, and seest not they are fainting at thy will find that, to be the Prince of Peace, is to preserve side? Thou shrinkest from the thorns in thy way, our peace in the midst of war, and to enjoy sweetness and seest not that their feet are bleeding. Thou in the midst of the bitterest aflictions. This will lookest on the fruits they chance to pluck, and for teach you that all those thoughts that cause in you gettest that thou gatheredst when they were an hun- disquiet and trouble of spirit, do not all come from gered, and they shared not. If thy sight is dim, and God, who is the Prince of Peace, but are temptations thine ear dull, hast thou jostled no one in thy path, of the enemy; and therefore you ought to restrain and flung the thorns from thy feet under those of no their motions and take no notice of them. other? Hast thou not passed by him whose wounds We must in every thing and at all times live peacethou shouldst have bound up, and heard not the cry ably, and this both in sadness and in joy. Is harm to of him who asked thy help. Complain not, O man, be shunned and avoided? Let us do it peaceably, of thy brother, nor embitter thy soul by thinking he quietly, and without disturbance. Is good to be done? careth not for thee. Look not upon the length of Let us do that, too, peaceably; otherwise we shall fall thy way, nor upon its toils, nor its desolateness, nor into many faults, through precipitancy and too much yet upon the deep waters, nor the valley and shadow haste. Nay, let us observe the same conduct even in of death thou must finally pass. But fix thine eye our works of penitence, and perform them peaceably. steadfastly on the home beyond; and, though dimness As for humility, it makes our heart kind and sweet, be upon thy vision, yet shalt thou pass on in safety both toward the perfect and the imperfect; toward and rejoicing, as one indeed, who, weary and worn those by RESPECT, toward these by compassion. from a long journey, yet beholdeth, from afar off, | Huinility makes us also welcome our sufferings gleaming through the wilderness, the lights of his sweetly, by knowing that we deserve them; and Father's mansion."

D. welcome those goods that befall us with a grateful

reverence, by knowing that we do not deserve them

at all. Exercise yourself, then, very much in acts PEACE AND HUMILITY. of humility and of charity toward your neighbor,

and be sure it will turn to a good account. When

you find yourself sick or over-wearied, it must be There is nothing that gives us trouble and disquiet your exercise to accept and love holy humility. By but our self-LOVE and SELF-ESTEEM. If we have not this means you will change the lead of your humility a melting tenderness of heart, or feeling sentiments, into gold; nay, into a more refined gold than that of when we are at prayer, we fall immediately into sad- the most lively gayety of heart. Do not give way to

If we meet with any difficulties, if any occur any complaining language, or say you are miserable, rence crosses our designs, we are presently excited, unfortunate, or such like, but avoid them utterly; for and exert all our strength to overcome those obstacles they are the sallies of a heart too much dejected and and rid ourselves of them; which cannot be done overwhelmed with temporal afflictions, and are not so without hurry and disquiet. And whence comes all properly to be called impatience as murmurings against this, but because we would have every thing go God, who tries you. smoothly according to our wishes, and, as it were, by Continue in your humility, as in a kind of hatred eating nothing but sugar; not casting our eyes on of any self-excellence of your own; and be courageously our blessed Jesus, who, prostrate on the earth, sweats and magnanimously humble in Him who placed the blood with the anguish he suffered through the ago- II great effort of his power in the humility of the cross.

BY FRANCIS DE SALES.

ness.

THE YOUNG MARTYRS.

155

THE YOUNG MARTYRS.

then they began to recite their creed. At last the

flames reached them; but the fire consumed the cords BY D'AUBIGNE.

which fastened them to the stake before their breath Tue inquisitors of the Low Countries, thirsting for was gone. One of them, feeling his liberty, dropped blood, scoured the neighboring country, searching upon his knees in the midst of the flames, and then, every where for the young Augustines, who had in worship to his Lord, exclaimed, clasping his handa, escaped from the Antwerp persecution. Esch, Voes " Lord Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on us!" and Lambert were at last discovered, put in chains, Their bodies were quickly wrapped in flame; they and conducted to Brussels. Egmondanus, Hochstra- shouted, “ Te Deum laudamus.” Soon their voices ten and several other inquisitors summoned them to , were stifled,—and their ashes alone remained. their presence. “Do you retract your opinion,” in. This execution had lasted four hours. It was on quired Hochstraten, “that the priest has no power to the 1st of July, 1523, that the first martyrs of the forgive sins, but that the power belongs to God Reformation laid down their lives for the Gospel. alone?"—and then he went on to enumerate the All good men shuddered when they heard of these other Gospel truths which he required them to ahjure. events. The future was big with fearful anticipations. “No, we will retract nothing !” exclaimed Esch and “ The executions have begun," said Erasmus. “At Voes, firmly: “we will not disown God's word, we length,” exclaimed Luther, “ Christ is gathering some will rather die for the faith!"

fruits of our preaching, and preparing new martyrs.” The Inquisitor. “Confess that you have been de But the joy of Luther in the constancy of these ceived by Luther."

young Christians was disturbed by the thoughts of The Young Augustines. “As the apostles were Lambert. Of the three, Lambert possessed most learndeceived by Jesus Christ.”

ling; he had been chosen to fill the place of Probst, as The Inquisitors. “We declare you to be heretics, preachers at Antwerp. Finding no peace in his dunworthy of being burnt alive; and we deliver you over geon, he was terrified at the prospect of death; but to the secular arm."

still more by conscience, which reproached him with Lambert was silent. The prospect of death terrified his cowardice, and urged him to confess the Gospel. him: distress and uncertainty agitated his heart. “I Delivered ere long, from his fears, he boldly proclaimed request four days' respite," said he, in stifled emotion. the truth, and died like his brethren. He was taken back to prison. As soon as this respite A noble harvest sprung up from the blood of these was expired, Esch and Voes were degraded from their martyrs. Brussels manifested a willingness to receive priestly office, and handed over to the council of the the Gospel. Wherever Aleander lights a pile," rereigning governess of the Low Countries. The coun- marked Erasmus, "there it seems as if he had sown cil delivered them bound to the executioner. Hoch- heretics.” straten and three other inquisitors accompanied them "I am bound with you in your bonds," exclaimed to the place of execution.

Luther; "your dungeons and your burnings my soul Arriving at the scaffold, the young martyrs contem- takes part in. All of us are with you in spirit; plated it with calmness. Their constancy, their piety, and the Lord is above it all!” and their youth, drew tears from the inquisitors them He proceeded to compose a hymn commemorative selves. When they were bound to the stake, the con of the death of the young monks; and soon, in fessors drew near. “Once more we ask if you will every direction, throughout Germany and the Low receive the Christian faith."

Countries, in towns and in villages, were heard The Martyrs. “ We believe in the Christian Church, accents of song which communicated an enthusiasm but not in your Church.”

for the faith of the martyrs. Half an hour elapsed. It was a pause of hesitation.

Flung to the heedless winds, A hope had been cherished that the near prospect of

Or on the waters cast, such a death would intimidate these youths. But,

Their ashes shall be watched,

And gathered at the last. alone tranquil of all the crowd that thronged the

And from that scattered dust, square, they began to sing psalms,—stopping from

Around us and abroad, time to time to declare that they were resolved to die

Shall bring a plenteous seed for the name of Jesus Christ.

Or witnesses for God. “Be converted, be converted," cried the inquisitors,

Jesus hath now received “or you will die in the name of the devil.” “No,"

Their latest living breath,

Yet vain is Satan's boast answered the martyrs; “we will die like Christians,

Of victory in their death. and for the truth of the Gospel.”

Still-still-though dead, they speak, The pile was then lighted. Whilst the flame slowly

And trumpet-longued proclaim ascended, a heavenly peace dilated their hearts; and

To many a wakening land,

The one availing Name. one of them could even say, “I seem to be on a bed of roses.” The solemn hour was come-death was at hand. The two martyrs cried with a loud voice, “O After praying to God not to lead you into tempLord Jesus, Son of David, have mercy upon us!" anu || tation, do not throw yourself into it.

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Original.

It is the mistake of many parents to applaud
AMI ABILITY.

and to praise their child whilst yet an infant, for "Out of the heart are the issues of life.” This those little performances which evince spirit and saying of the wise man applies no less aptly to the energy, in preference, nay, often to the exclusion life of the world than to that of the spirit; and it of those acts which betoken kindness and love. requires not the teaching of ethics to inform us who How then shall the child learn to know, if the are they that win to their earning the world! They former be not far more valuable than the latter? are the amiable and the gentle-tempered. We speak Yet the former has its basis in self, and is much in general sense, and of those whose abilities, talents more easy, and accordant to the vanity of nature, and opportunities are about upon a par with each than is the latter. The writer, very conversant other. Particularly we speak to females; to the young with children, has noticed manifold instances of amongst them who have yet their course to run; this sort, where the parent, without reflection, and and probably, very probably, the difference of gen-certainly without injurious intention, has administleness-not of manners only, but of the heart, shall || tered to a false principle, and perverted a true one, make to them either a happy or a disastrous life. It by this injudicious praising of smartness, and paswill not be imputed that there is any idea of self- sing over of goodness. The effect, besides the imrighteousness in this statement; for this flow of mediate influence of flattery upon the infant mind, gentleness is but the effluence and constant giving was always, in the absence of judgment, to give forth of that spirit of lowliness and humility which, a strong bias to prefer and to value in themselves it is asserted, is the very ground and foundation and their associates, the mental distinctions of charof the Christian character.

acter, before those charities of the heart, which both And here let us remark the difference perceptible adorn and soften humanity. The intellectual charin the theories of religious or of merely ethical | acter we shall find often in strong alliance with that writers. Whilst the former hold up to imitation pride which is so adverse to gentleness and to that that subduing of the natural heart which is said to sweetness of intercourse which every condition of be the perfection of saintly grace, the latter fre-life calls for. Good principles cannot commute for quently assert that firmness and well sustained strength want of gentleness—it is the expression of kindis most consistent with the dignity of man's moral be- ness, which the occasion of every day calls foring. The writers of biography in a particular manner a character of spirit we often find united with a tend to mislead the young in what is to be endeavored good heart. Yet it is manifest, if the one is calafter in character—the representation mostly is that it tivated and the other neglected, that in a very is force, enterprise and spirit that gain supremacy and short term of years they will bear no sort of promaintain dominion in the world; yet the success of a portion to each other; and, perhaps, in such cases, conqueror is but a fallacious test, but the outside of it is only the care of nature herself, and not of things, the phase, and not the centre—the ascription her human guardians, the parent, that the heart of the multitude, showing what they themselves which is thus smothered, be not entirely destroyed! would desire, rather than the acknowledgment of Conscience, in such cases, acts occasionally the the hero himself.

mentor, and incites to the performance of considerIt is mostly the lives of the illustrious and uncom- ate and obliging acts; yet the tenor of such a life mon that are chronicled, and not those of every presents not that lovely flow of the affections, that day capacity that are thus held forth. And the humane softness of word and look, which attract points insisted on by the biographer are calculated the sympathy of all within its sphere. And this to mislead; for, after all, it is the patience of delib-kindness of heart, as evinced in habitual acts and eration, the long study of planning, the quiet in- deeds, in forbearances, in considerate gentleness, dustry, that precede, which secure achievement; but wins not "golden opinions” only, but it often wins these are mostly unnoticed, kept out of sight-yet that I preferment of place and station, which the such are generally the preliminaries that lead to the ambitious and proud have struggled and sighed for success of performance. Another distinction. The in vain. But this result is not held up as a moidea of fame is not that of happiness-a hero is tive, (for the promptings of kindness should be disingenerally carried along by some impulse almost terested,) but it is shown as an effect. Whilst the irresistible—in his mission, and at the instant, he female of proud nature, the intellectual aspirant makes to himself no question whether he would with perhaps the keenest susceptibilities, but of prefer the plaudits of the world, or the approbation ungentle and unregenerate heart, has been robbed of Heaven and the contentment of his own soul; of much happiness, her perverted sensibilities, like yet the day will come, if he live long enough, a stream turned away from its course, have been when such question and such consciousness will absorbed in admiration of the grand and the stuarise. But our young female readers have nothing | pendous; and the affections, which naturally had to do with these grand speculations, which, indeed, || been sufficient to have fed all the sources of doat this time of day are getting out of fashion mestic and of social life, have expended themselves everywhere.

in these fruitless speculations-elevated and vague,

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unassociated and unreciprocated! How little do pa- | young persons will doubtless, by this time, be wilrents think of cultivating gentleness of heart in ling to acknowledge the great obligation they owe to their children, yet how grievously do they deplore their keeper. that unhappiness which results to them from the The young is by this time become a woman.

She want of it. In training, their motto is, on, on, when is, with all propriety, looking to a partner in life; it should be, restrain, restrain!

she is a candidate for the honors of marriage. In Nature is generally sufficient for herself—at least this she makes no overt step; but it is an underit should be the part of education to direct and stood case; for so entirely proper, as well as natural subdue, rather than to urge her. All science, ex- is it, that the female, as well as those of the other cept the science of domestic training, goes to this sex, should look to marriage, that in those instances effect. The Humanities are all upon the restrictive where they do not marry, the failure is, in general, plan. Nature is commuted in the attainment of all. to be imputed to some other over-mastering principle The divine preaches the subduing of the carnal of character, rather than to a determination against heart, as the first and last effort. The leech abstracts it, or, as is vulgarly believed, to the “want of a the blood he depletes; he takes away the excesses chance." But if my young lady is petulant, overwhich have accrued, and economizes the system bearing, self-sufficient, who will approach her ? Let which he would build up. The lawyer, by inverse her beauty and accomplishments be what they may, method, does the same; he asserts that the right if she is not amiable she will not be loved; or, to is of possession, where no fault of title exists. The take our epithet in its etymological sense, if she be mechanic turns all his effort to reduction, and by this not loveable she will not be loved. But she wishes method sets his own strength above that which is a not to pass through life alone; and, however the thousand times superior to it. The sculptor, by one circumstances of the case, ber fortune, her beauty, ungentle blow, would destroy the work of years; or her meretricious fascinations, may effect a marriage and he effects that by restraint of hand which all for her, it will not be a happy one: she will find his force could never do. The orator may be that the hollowness of compliment, the voice of vehement, but he must be gentle; he may persuade, adulation, the homage of the senses, are of no abiwhere he could not command. Even the warrior, ding date their own nature forbids that it should be whose trade is violence, gains his victory, not by so. She will find that it is only affection that can urging, but by the adroit saving of his strength. command affection; that only gentleness and truth And in the arena the wild bull of the hills is con- shall insure to her the allegiance of that friend who quered and overcome by the arm of him, whose fra- has become the guardian of her life. Young ladies gility is, in comparison with his own power, but as are quite too apt to believe the absurd and monstrous the dust of the balance.

flatteries that, in their day of power, are proposed But the child is trained, not perhaps by precept, and recapitulated to their too credulous simplicity. but certainly by practice, to exert, and not to gov- However an enamored swain may persuade himself, ern, the outgoings of energy and spirit! This, par- | as well as his fair one, that this rhodamontade of ticularly in female character, is a most deplorable sentiment is genuine love, it should be observed mistake. The child of smartness, and of a pre- that the more deep attachment seldom deals in such cosity out-growing its judgment, is still urged on asseveration, and that the sentiment in alliance with to signalize herself by out-shining others—others, the truth of a superior character partakes also of possessed perhaps with quite as much ability, and its sincerity. But the young girl is imposed on, gifted with a better preponderance of character than partly by the folly of her lover, partly by her own her own; but not so quick, not so smart, not so vanity, which is thus fostered, often to the serious energetic. In the meantime the intrinsic merits of disadvantage of her whole life; for the notion of a the heart are thrown in the shade, or unaccounted superiority over her lover, and of a sort of subjection, of at all. Is it strange, then, that she shall never which he has himself so foolishly instituted, puts know to value them? or only know when the pen- her, if she be not at all gentle, upon many coquetries alty of bitter experience shall have taught her their and airs, which finally become habitual, even to the worth. The prime duty of the young is obedience; shrouding of whatever good sense and real merit of yet, with such dispositions, how difficult is obedi- character she may possess. And often, especially

rendered. Restraint, then, without severity, before a stipulated engagement has conferred upon should be a fundamental principle in the training of the gentleman the right of expostulation, the unhappy youth. The gentle will find this an easy sway; girl finds herself, to her own consternation, deserted ! and the petulant and the froward will be over-ruled Deserted by one who, had she been gentle, sincere, to a salutary subordination whilst young; and when conciliating, had been well content to assume the sufficient years have rendered it proper that they partnership of life in her company. In this case, become their own counselors, and take the govern. the lady, knowing her own real regard, which, ment of their own characters into their own dis hidden under her affectations, he could never know, cretion, the task will be much less arduous than imputes the whole blame to him-outwardly making if no such restraint had ever existed; and such ll the best of the case she can--shrouding a sad heart

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ORIENTAL MISSIONS.

ness.

under a derisive and bitter wit at the offending sex. || the natives, in reference to having the women taught, On the other hand, the recreant suitor recriminates will readily conclude, that this is a great step gained. the fault, and thinks the lady a heartless and thor-o that it may receive the benediction of Almighty ough-going coquette. Yet he was himself the first God, and prove an opening for the dispensing of spiraggressor, and she the dupe of his affectations, the vic-itual blessings to the perishing daughters of India, at tim of his flatteries; and this rather than to be guilty present so strongly bowed down by the chains of superof the more flagitious sin of coquetry. Let the stition, and so thickly enveloped in the clouds of darkhonorable man be open in his addresses to a lady; ness and sin! let the lady be sincere, and he never need feel hum Did I not fear trespassing on forbidden ground, I bled should it happen that he be not the one out of would beg to make an appeal to the hearts of the the world whom she can prefer. Let the lady not Christian ladies of highly-favored England, in behalf be sincere only, but gentle, amiable, kind, accounting of their Hindoo sisters, through the medium of the her suitor, in all simplicity, her friend, and not her Missionary Notices." I would endeavor to awaken slave. And thus far, in my statement of a topic their sympathies more fully than they have ever which is seldom touched upon, though of moment to yet been, by telling of the firm and strenuous supevery young lady to be counseled upon-namely, porters idolatry finds in the women of India. I the conduct of her courtships. And this reminds would recount to them instances—and those not me of the distinct illustration which I might make few and far between-of Hindoo mothers walking of my principal subject, by presenting the histories scores of miles, carrying their tender babes, to be of two female characters within my cognizance; be present at some great festival; the child receiving ing in most points characters, which, though not with its mother's milk a love of that religion which alike, are a fair balance to each other, with only-id is leading her to the shades of everlasting darkness, I say onlythe difference made in their welfare of and which is so mixed up with filth and obscenity, life—that the one is proud, the other amiable. But that the first words a child is taught to lisp in this I am writing to the young ladies of the “Repository”— benighted land are those that would make an Euof a Christian community. If they be all truly re- ropean female blush, nay, more, shed tears of bitterligious, my address is an impertinence, and not to How different from that passage in Holy Writ, them; but are there some amongst them who labor "Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings hast under the mistake that the peccadelloes of courtship thou perfected praise!" Would that the day had are not cognizable to earnest animadversion, and in arrived, when such might be said of the babes and volve no sin—they are totally mistaken, and should sucklings of India! And shall we not endeavor to reflect that a subject which engages so many of their hasten it by our prayers, pecuniary offerings, and thoughts, often to the exclusion of important duties, labor? I fancy I hear my little Wesleyan friendscannot claim immunity of judgment.

M. children of prayers and promises-say, “We will

give our farthings and half-pence, that the litile Hin

doo children may be taught not to use bad words." ORIENTAL MISSIONS.

But this is not all: could I transport the Wesleyan

ladies of England to this hemisphere, and bid them Extract of a letter from Mrs. Bachelor, to the Rev. Elijah listen to the sound of frantic grief, as it comes Hoole, dated Negapatam, Tanjore, November 16, 1842.

wafted on the wing of the night breeze, as the last Previous to my departure from my native land, breath of some beloved object is drawn, perhaps a you were kind enough to say, that you would be husband, perhaps a child; and could I then take glad to hear from me; and now that I am more them to the wretched dwelling, and there point out intimately connected with the Wesleyan Missionary to them the widow or mother beating her breast, Society, I take the liberty of availing myself of tearing her hair, and refusing to be comforted, beyour kind request.

cause death had deprived her of the desire of her I rejoice to be enabled to inform you, that on the eyes,-no hope, no resignation, no drops of com1st of October I commenced a girls' school in Ne fort mingled with her bitter cup;-would they not gapatam. My numbers are as follows: Native chil- strain every nerve, and use every effort, to bestow dren of good caste, twenty-four; East Indians, twenty; upon these poor creatures that glorious knowledge Pariah caste, twenty-four; total, sixty-eight. Twelve which has “brought life and immortality to light;" of these caste-girls form my boarding department. which would enable them to submit to the chas

My heart overflows with gratitude to my heavenly tening rod, and say, “Father, not my will, but Father, for thus putting so much honor on one of thine be done?” his most unworthy children, and for crowning my My heart yearns over the women of India. I humble endeavors with such abundant success. would they were made partakers of the like pre

I have to-day received an invitation from a native cious faith with myself. of considerable rank, to visit and instruct the females It is indeed a stupendous work, beset with diffiin his family in needle-work. You, my dear sir, culties. So peculiar and astringent are the habits who are so well acquainted with the prejudices of ll of the female part of the population, that it appears

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