« PreviousContinue »
which generally attend such an in his own church-yard. His wit advanced period of life. “ The was ever poignant, and always Kesignation,” a poern, the last levelled at those who shewed any and least esteemed of all Dr. contempt for decency or religion. Young's works, was published a His epigram, spoken externpore, short time before his death, and upon Voltaire, is well known; only served to manifest the taper Voltaire happening to ridicule of genius, which had so long shone Milton's allegorical personages of with peculiar brightness in him, death and sin, Dr. Young thus was now ylimmering in the socket. addressed him :He died in his parsonage house, Thou art so witty, profligate and thin, at Welwyn, April 12th, 1705 ; and Thou seem'st a Milton, with his death
and sin. was buried, according to his own desire, (attended by all the poor The attention which Young of the parish,) under the altar- bestowed upon the perusal of piece* of that church, by the side books is not unworthy of imitaof his wife.
tion. When any passage pleased Before the Doctor died, he him, he appears to have folded ordered all his manuscripts to be down the leaf; on these passages burned. Those that knew how he bestowed a second reading. much he expressed in a small But the labours of man are too compass, and that he never wrote frequently vain. Before he reon trivial subjects, will lament turned to much of what he approvboth the excess of his modesty (if ed he died. Many of his books, we may so term it) and the irre- which I have seen, are by those parable loss to posterity. notes of approbation so swelled
As a Christian and Divine, he beyond their real bulk that they might be said to be an example of will hardly shut. primeval piety. The turn of his what tho' we wade in wealth or soar mind was naturally solemn; and in fame! he usually, when at home in the Earth's highest station ends in Here country, spent many hours in the he lies! day walking among the tombs And dust to dust concludes her
The author of these lines is not • This altar-piece is reckoned one of the most without his Hic jacet. His son has curious in the kingdom, adorned with an ele. gant piece of needle-work by the late Betty erected a small marble monument Young. lu the middle are inscribed these words
to mark the spot where he is “I am the bread of life.” On the north side of the chancel is this inscription, as supposed by buried; but he has a more lastthe Doctor's order, “VIRGINIBUS ...--In- ing monument in his works, which crease in Wisdom and Understanding ;” and will endure for many generations, opposite on the south side, “ PUERISQUE.And in favour with God and Man,”
until time shall be no more,
Thus in the years 1782 and 1783
it was ascertained that bags full of (Continued from page 130.)
hydrogen gas, or of rarefied com: The attempts to fill this bag mon air, either of which is lighter commenced on the twenty-third than common air in its usual state, of August, 1783. But the opera- would ascend into the atmosphere, tors met with many difficulties and that they might take up con and disappointments, from iaad- siderable weights. vertences, want of materials, want Soon after the success of the of precaution, &c. so much so, first attempt, the Montgolfers rethat the accomplishment of the peated the experiment in the open experiment, viz, the actual ascent air, and with bags of different of the balloon, did not take place sizes ; but their first grand and before the 26th of the same inonth. public exhibition in the presence On the morning of that day the of a very respectable and numerinflated balloon, having a small ous assembly, was made on the cord fastened to its neck, was per- 5th of June, 1783, with an aerosmitted to rise only to the height of tatic inachine or bag that measured about 100 feet; but at five o'clock thirty-five feet in diameter. The in the afternoon of the 27th, the machine, inflated by the rarefied balloon was disengaged from its air, ascended to a considerable fastenings, in the Champ de Mars, height, and then fell at the distance and rose majestically in the atmos- of 7668 feet from the original phere before the eyes of a great place of ascension. - This experimany thousand spectators, and a- ment was described and recorded midst a copious shower of rain. with accuracy; and accounts of In about two minutes time it rose it were immediately forwarded to to the height of about 3123 feet. the court of France, to the academy After remaining in the atmosphere of sciences, and almost as far as three-quarters of an hour, this bal- literary and entertaining corresloon fell in a field near Gonesse, a pondence could reach. The youngvillage about 15 iniles from Paris. er Montgolfier, arriving at Paris Its fall was attributed to a rupture not long after the above-mentioned that was found in it, and it was public exhibition, was invited by reasonably imagined, that the ex- the Academy of Sciences to repeat pansion of the hydrogen gas, when his singular aerostatic experiment; the balloon had reached a much in consequence of which invitation, less dense part of the atmosphere, that gentleman began to construct had burst it. When this balloon an aerostatic machine of about went
ир, it was found upon trial seventy-two feet in height, at the to be 35 pounds lighter than an expence of the academy. But equal bulk of common air. while this operation was going on,
and as a successful experiment al family of France, and an innuwith an inflammable air balloon had merable concourse of spectators. already been performed on the The preparation for filling the 27th of August, the project of mak-machine with rarefied air consisting balloons became general; and ed of an ample scaffold, raised those who wished to make the ex- some feet above the ground; in the periment on the smallest scalesoon middle of which there was a well calculated the necessary particu- or chimney, about 16 feet in dialars, and found that the perform- meter ; in the lower part of which, ance of the experiment was far near the ground the fire was made. from being either difficult or ex- The aperture of the balloon was pensive. The baron de Beauma- put round the chimney or well, noir, at Paris, by the suggestion of and the rest of it was laid down a Mr. Deschamps, was induced to over the well and the surrounding try gold-beater's skin, and soon scaffold. As soon as the fire was made a balloon by gluing several lighted the machine began to swell, pieces of that skin together. This acquired a convex form, stretched balloon was no more than 19 inches itself on every side, and in 11 in diameter; it was of course easi- minutes time, the cords being cut; ly filled with hydrogen gas; and the machine ascended, together on the 11th of September, 1783, with a wicker basket or cage, it mounted with rapidity into the which was fastened to it by means atmosphere.
of a rope, and in which a sheep, Mr. Montgolfier having com-cock, and a duck, had been placed. pleted his large balloon, agreeably These were the first animals that to the desire of the academy, made ever ascended with an aerostatic a private experiment with it on the machine. The apparatus rose to 11th of September, which succeed- the height of about 1440 feet, and ed.” On the following day another remained in the atmosphere during experiment was made with the eight minutes ; then fell at the dissame, before the commissaries of tance of about 10,200 feet from the academy, and a vast number of Versailles, with the animals safe other spectators; but this experi- in the basket.
in consequence of a violent After the success of this experishower of rain, was attended with ment with the animals, &c. and partial success : and the aerostat when ten months had scarcely was considerably damaged. elapsed since Mr. Montgolfier
A similar machine was speedily made his first experiment of this constructed by the same Mr. Mont- sort, Mr. Pilatre de Rozier pubgolfier, by whom the experiment licly offered himself to be the first was performed at Versailles, on the adventurer in this newly-invented 19th of September, before the roy-'machine. His offer was accepted,
his courage remained undaunted, thing better than to gaze on the and on the 15th of October, 1783, varied groups that present themhe actually ascended into the at- selves to the keen observer of men mosphere, to the astonishment of and things; and to enter into all the a gazing multitude. The balloon minutie of the varied scene, all, with which he ascended was of an especially about the market-places, oval shape, its height being about is noise, bustle, and confu74, and its horizontal diameter 48 sion; all gives busy note of prefeet. The aperture or lower part paration for the morrow, yet all of the machine had a wicker gal- seems happy and contented. The lery, about three feet broad, with a mechanic, with face shining and balustrade both within and with half washed, has received his out, about three feet high. The wages, and hastens to provide the inner diameter of this gallery, and morrow's dinner :—the · dapper of the neck of the machine which apprentice has just closed the passed through it, was nearly 16 shop, and hurries to the tailor, or feet. In the middle of this aper- hatter, to provide an article in ture an iron grate or brazier was which he can figure away in on supported by means of chains the morrow; perchance he conwhich came down from the sides templates a trip to Richmond, if of the machine. In this construc- the skies forbid it not, or a jourtion, when the machine was up in ney to Hertford ; (for that at prethe air, with a fire lighted in the sent is the centre spot of attracgrate, it was easy for a person who tion for all the idle gadabouts of stood in the gallery, and had fuel London.) About eleven the buswith him, to keep up the fire in the tle is at its height, and Babal beat opening of the machine, by throw- hollow at sounds ;—now the gining the fuel on the grate through shops begin to fill, and crowds of port-holes made in the neck of the servant-girls, dustmen, and intelmachine; by which means the ma- lectual butcher-boys, indulge their chine might be kept up as long as tender sensibilities at the shrines of the person in its gallery thought some neighbouring ballad-singer, proper, or till he had no fuel to who, with note unmusical, warsupply the fire with.
bles, or rather roars out plaintive ditty :—now the flying pieman, with voice and gesture, a la Harley, scatters around his puns and pastry in rich profusion,
much to the edicfiation of the surATURDAY NIGHT IN LONDON. rounding vegetable vendors, don
I love the bustle and confusion key-drivers, cats'-meat men, and of a Saturday Night :- I like no-match merchants; on one side
To be continued.
may be seen a group composed offroin the forid drunkard to the f:sh-women and oyster-wenches, distressed mechanic, who pledges, discussing their tipple and small an article for the morrow's meal.: talk, perhaps scandal ; for ladies Such is Saturday Night in Louin whatever sphere they may move, don. will talk scandal ; in St. James's, we may, if admitted into the boudoirs of some fair-one of rank,
Travels hear sly innuendoes and allusions to the. Lady Marys and Lady Janes; we may hear of singular An Abridgment of the Travels of a circumstances :
- Bless me! can Gentlemun through France, Italy, it be possible ?" "Do you believe “
Turkey in Europe, the Holy Land, it ?" 56. Who did you have it
Arubia, Egypt, &c. from” Now, in St. Giles's it is much the same, only clothed in
(Continued from page 132.) different language; we may there hear how mighty high Moll holds
HAVING thus given an ample her bead, and what good clothes description of this famous MetroBet wears, and how strange 'tis polis, it is time to take a view of we' a'nt seen Sall lately, and so the manners, &c, not only of the on to the end of the chapter. Turn Parisians but of the French Nation, your eyes, and you may, perchance, in general : previous to which, we see a group of ragged urchins risk- shall just observe with respect to ing their pence and suppers, by their persons, that they are genetossing halfpence with some itine- rally of a lower stature than their rant vendor of mutton-pies. Mark neighbours of Germany or Hol, well the eager and expectant look land, of a much slighter make, but of the young aspirant for fortune's nimble active, and well-proportifavours, and the calm and subdued oned. eoantenance of the man, ere the hand There is a certain levity in the is removed that decides the issue genius of the French, which disof the toss. Now the well known coveres itself in their discourse, and oft repeated cry of, " What gestures, and apparel. In this do you buy, what do you buy,” last particular especially they are is silenced for this simple reason, making continual variations, their ail are too busy to cry it. Now fashions or modes of dress changdrunken tailors and printers reel ing almost as often as the moon. by you, perhaps upset you ; and On this account, a Venetian, who the pawn-brokers' shops have was ordered to paint a Frenchman, been filled since six o'clock with drew him naked, with a pair of every description of characters, /shears and a piece of cloth lying