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taxation, rate, or contribution whatsoever, in and upon the bitants of
dwellers and inhabitants of the aforesaid province, for their
lands, tenements, goods, or chattels within the said province,
or in or upon any goods'or merchandize within the said pro-
vince, or to be laden or unladen within the ports or harbours
of the said province. And our pleasure is, and for us, our
heirs and succeflors, we charge and command, that this our
declaration shall henceforward, from time to time, be re-
ceived and allowed in all our courts, and before all the judges
of us, our heirs and successors for a fufficient and lawful dis-
charge, payment and acquittance ; commanding all and fin-
gular our officers and ministers of us, our heirs and successors,
and enjoining them, upon pain of our high displeasure, thac
they do not presume, at any time, to attempt any thing to the
contrary of the premises, or that they do in any fort with-
stand the same; but that they be at all times aiding and affift-
ing, as fitting, unto the said now Lord Baltimore, and his
heirs, and to the inhabitants and merchants of Maryland
aforesaid, their servants, ministers, factors, and assigns, in the
full use and fruition of the benefit of this our charter.
And further our pleafure is, and by these presents, for us, This pro-

vinte shall our heirs and successors, we do grant unto the said now Lord

not be a part Baltimore, his heirs and assigns, and to the tenants and inha- of any other bitants of the said province of Maryland, both present and to colony, but come, and to every of them, that the said province, tenants, parate proand inhabitants of the said colony or country, shall not from vince, subhenceforth be held or reputed as a member, or as part of ject to the the land of Virginia, or of any other colony whatsoever, now England, transported or hereafter to be transported; nor shall be de- and depende pending on, or subject to their government in any thing, ing on it. from whom we do separate that and them. And our pleasure is, by these presents, that they be separted, and that they be subject immediately to our crown of England, as depending thereof for ever.

And if perchance hereafter it should happen any doubts or This char. questions Thould arise concerning the true sense and under.

ways be con standing of any word, clause, or sentence contained in this our ftrued in fapresent charter, we will, ordain and command, that at all times, vour of the and in all things,such interpretations be made thereof and al grantees. lowed, in any of our courts whatsoever, as shall be adjuged most advantageous and favourable unto the said now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and affigns; provided always, that no interpretation be admitted thereof, by which God's, holy and truly Christian religion, or the allegiance due unto us, our

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heirs and successors, may suffer any prejudice or diminution;) although express mention be not made in these presents of the true yearly value of certainty of the premifes, or of any part thereof, or of other gifts and grants made by us, our progenitors or predeceffors, unto the said now Lord Baltimore, or any statute, act, ordinance, provision, proclamation, or reftraint heretoforé had, made, published, ordained, or provided, or any other thing, cause, or matter whatsoever to the con trary thereof, in any wise notwithstanding. In witness, &c. Witness Ourself at Westminster, the twenty-eighth day of June, A. D. 1632, in the eighth year of our reign.

By Writ of Privy Seala

1

GEORGIA

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Granted by King GEORGE the Second, in the Fifth Year

of his Reign.

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EORGE the Second, by the grace of God, of Great faith, &c. to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas we are credibly informed, that many of our poor subjects are, through misfortunes, and want of employments, reduced to great necessities, insomuch as by their labour they are not able to provide a maintenance for themselves and families; and if they had means to defray their charge of passage, and the expences incident to new settlements, they would be glad to be settled in any of our provinces in America, where, by cultivating the lands at present waste and desolate, they might not only gain a comfortable subsistence for themselves and families, but also strengthen our colonies, and increase the trade, navigation and wealth of these our realms : and whereas our provinces in North America have been frequently ravaged by Indian enemies, more especially that of South Carolina, which in the late war, by the neighbouring favages, was laid waste with fire and sword, and great numbers of the English inhabitants miserably massacred; and our loving fubje&ts, who now inhabit there, by reason of the smallness of their numbers, will, in case of any new war, be exposed to the like calamities, inasmuch as their whole fouthern frontier continueth unsettled, and lieth open to the faid lavages : and whereas we think it highly becoming our crown and royal dignity to protect all our loving subir jects, be they never so distant from us, to extend our fatherly compassion even to the meanest and most unfortunate of our people, and to relieve the wants of our above-mentioned poor subjects; and that it will be highly conducive for accomplishing those ends, that a regular colony of the said poor people. be settled and established in the southern frontiers of Carolina : and whereas we have been well assured, that if we would be moft graciously pleased to erect and fettle a corporation for the receiving, managing, and dispofing of the contribucions of our loving fubječts, divers perfons would be induced to contribute to the uses and purposes aforesaid : Know ye, therefore, that we have, for the confiderations aforesaid, and

for

for the better and more orderly carrying on the said good pur, poses, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, willed, ordained, conftituted and appointed, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and fucceffors, do will, or

dain, constitute, declare and grant, That our right trusty Incorporati- and well-beloved John Lord Viscount Percival, of our kingpersons into dom of Ireland, our trusty and well-beloved Edward Digby, one body George Carpenter, James Oglethorpe, George Heathcote, politic and Thomas Tower, Robert More, Robert Hucks, Roger Holcorporate.

land, William Sloper, Francis Eyles, John Laroche, James Vernon, William Balitha, esquires ; Stephen Hales, master of arts, John Burton, bachelor of divinity, Richard Bundy, master of arts, Arthur Badford, master of arts, Samuel Smith, master of arts, Adam Anderson, and Thomas Coram, gena tlemen, and such other persons as shall be elected in the manner hereafter mentioned, and their successors, to be elected in

manner as herein after is directed, be, and shall be one body Name of politic and corporate, in deed and in name, by the name of the corpo- The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in Amezation. rica ; and them and their successors, by the same name, we

do, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, really and fully make, ordain, constitute and declare to be one boa

dy politic and corporate, in deed and in name, for ever; Perpetual

and that by the same name they, and their fucceffors, fhall fucceffion. and may have perpetual succession, and that they, and their

fucceflors, by that name, shall and may for ever hereafter be Capacity to purchase

persons able and capable in the law to purchase, have, take, lands in receive, and enjoy to them, and their successors, any manors, Great Bri- meiluages, lands, tenements, rents, advowsons, liberties, value of privileges, jurisdictions, franchises, and other hereditaments joool. per whatsoever, lying and being in part of Great Britain, of

whatsoever nature, kind, and quality they be, in fee and in perpetuity, not exceeding the yearly value of one thousand pounds beyond reprises, alfo eftates for lives and for years, and all other manner of goods, chattels, and things whatsoever, of what name, nature, quality, or value foever they be, for

the better settling, supporting, and maintaining the said coPower to make leafes lony, and other uses aforesaid ; and to give, grant, let, and of the fame demise the said manors, messuages, lands, tenements, herefor thirty- ditaments, goods, chattels, and things whatsoever aforesaid, one years. by leale or leases, for term of years, in poffeffion at the time

of granting thereof, and not in reversion, not exceeding the term of one-and-thirty years from the time of granting thereof, on which, in case no fine be taken, shall be reserved the full value, and, in case a fine, be taken, shall be reserved at

least

annum.

least a moiety of the full value, that the same shall reasona- Power to bly and bona fide be worth at the time of such demise ; and purchase that they, and their successors, by the name aforesaid, shall merica in and may, for ever hereafter, be persons able and capable in any quanthe law to purchase, have, take, receive, and enjoy, to them tity. and their successors, any lands, territories, poffeffions, tenements, jurisdictions, franchises, and other hereditaments whatsoever, lying and being in America, of what quantity, quality, or value foever they be, for the better settling, fupporting, and maintaining the said colony; and that by the Capacity to name aforesaid, they shall and may be able to sue and be su- fue and be ed, plead and be impleaded, answer and be answered unto, fusd. defend and be defended, in all courts and places whatsoever, and before whatsoever judges, justices, or other officers, of us, our heirs and fucceffors, in all and singular actions, plaints, pleas, matters, suits, and demands, of what kind, nature, or quality soever they be ; and to act and do all other matters and things in as ample manner and form as any other our liege subjects of this our realm of Great Britain; and that they, and their successors, for ever hereafter, A commor shall and may have a common seal, to serve for the causes seal. and business of them, and their successors; and that it shall and may be lawful for them, and their successors, to change, break, alter, and make new, the said seal from time to time, and at their pleasure, as they shall think beft. And we do further grant, for us, our heirs and successors, that the said corporation, and the common council of the said corporation herein after by us appointed, may, from time to time, and at all times, meet about their affairs, when and where they please, and transact and carry on the business of the said corporation. And for the better execution of the purposes aforesaid, we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs and succesfors, give and grant to the said corporation, and their successors, that they, and their fucceffors, for ever may, upon the third Thursday in the month of March, yearly, meet at some convenient place, to be appointed by the said corporation, or the major part of them who Ihall be present at any meeting of the said corporation to be had for the appointing, of the said place; and that they, or two thirds of such of them that ihall be present, shall, at such yearly meeting, and at no other meeting of the said corporation, between the hours of ten in the morning and four in the afternoon of the same day, chuse and elect such person or persons to be members of the faid corporation as they shall think beneficial to the good designs of the said corporation. And our further will and pleasure is, that if it Ihall happen that any of the persons herein R

after

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