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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MONTANA.

Article. 1. Boundaries. 2. Military reservations. 3. Declaration of rights 4. Distribution of powers. 5. Legislative department. 6. Apportionment and representa

tion. 7. Executive department. 8. Judicial department. 9. Rights of suffrage and qualifi

cations to hold office. 10. State institutions and public

buildings. 11. Education. 12. Revenue and taxation. 13. Public indebtedness. 14. Military affairs. 15. Corporations other than muni

cipal. 16. Municipal corporations and off

cers. 17. Public lands. 18. Labor. 19. Miscellaneous subjects and fu

ture amendments. , 20. Schedule.

Section
3. All persons are born equally

free and have certain inalen

able rights. 4. Freedom of religious thought

and worship.
5. All elections to be free.
6. All courts of Justice hall be

open to every person; right
and justice shall be adninis-

tered without sale or delay.
7. Unreasonable searches and

seizures prohibited. 8. All criminal actions in the Dis

trict Court, except those on appeal, shall be prosecuted by information after examination and commitment by a magis

trate. 9. Treason against the State de

fined. 10. Freedom of speech. In suits for

libel truth may be given in evi

dence. 11. No expost lacto law or law im

pairing the obligation of con

tracts shall be passed. 12. No persons shall be imprisoned

for debt. 13. The right to bear arms. 14. Private property taken for pub

lic use shall have just compen

sation, 15. In regard to the use of water. 16. In all criminal prosecutions the

accused shall have the right to defend in person and by

council. 17. Witnesses not to be unneces

sarily detained. 18. No persons put in Jeopardy

twice for the same offense. 19. All persons shall be bailable,

except for capital offenses.

ARTICLE I.

Boundaries. Section 1. The boundaries of the State.

ARTICLE II.

Military Preservation. 1. United States has authority over

certain military reservations.

ARTICLE III.

Declaration of Rights. 1. All political power is vested in

the people.
2. People have the sole and exclu-

sive right of governing them-
selves.

Section 20. Excessive bail or excessive fines

shall not be required nor cruel

punishments inflicted. 21. The writ of habeas corpus. 22. The military subordinate to the

civil power. 23. The right of trial by jury shall

remain inviolate. 24. Laws for the punishment of

crime founded on principles of reformation and preven

tion. 26. Resident aliens shall have the

same right as citizens to acquire and purchase property,

etc. 26. The people have the right to

assemble peaceably for the

common good. 27. No person shall be deprived of

life, liberty or property with

out due process of law. 28. Slavery or involuntary servi

tude prohibited, except

as

punishment for crime. 29. The provisions of this consti

tution are mandatory and

prohibitory.
30. The enumeration of rights in

this Constitution shall not
impair other rights held by

the people.
31. No armed body of men shall be

brought into this State for the
suppression of domestic vio-
lence, except.

Section

-The State shall be divided into Senatorial and Represen

tative districts. 5. Compensation of members of the

Legislative Assembly.Sessions shall not exceed

sixty days. 6. The time for beginning the ses

sions. 7. No Senator or Representative

shall be appointed to any civil

office, 8. No member shall have an in

crease of salary or mileage

during his term. 9. President of the Senate and

Speaker of the House to be elected. Each house shall be judge of the elections and

qualifications of its members. 10. Majority of each house shall

constitute a quorum. 11. The powers of each house. 12. Each house shall keep a journal

of its proceedings. | 13. The sessions of each house shall

be open, unless. 14. They may not adjourn for more

than three days. 15. To be privileged from arrest.

When. - 16. The sole power of impeachment

shall vest in the House of

Representatives. 17. Certain State officers liable to

impeachment. 18. All officers not liable to im

peachment shall be removed. 19. No law shall be passed except

by bill, 20. The enacting clause of every

law. 21. No bill for the appropriation of

money, except the expenses of the government, shall be introduced within ten days of the closing of the session, es

cept. 22. No bills shall be considered or

become a law unless referred to a committee, returned there. from and printed for the use of the members.

ARTICLE IV.

Distribution of Power. 1. Shall be vested in the Legisla

tive, executive and judicial.

ARTICLE V.

Legislative Department. 1. Vested in the Senate and House

of Representatives. 2. Senators elected for four years,

Representatives for two years. 3. To be eligible for a member of

the Legislature. 4. To consist of sixteen Senators

and fifty-five Representatives. Legislative Assembly promising to give his influence or

by

Section
39. In regard to the liability or ob-

ligation of any person, asso-
ciation or corporation held or

owned in the State. 40. All orders, resolutions or votes

shall be presented to the Goyernor before it shall take ef

fect. 41. In regard to any member of the

Section
23. No bill to contain more than

one subject.
24. No bill shall become a law ex-

cept by a vote of the majority

of each house.
25. No law shall be revised or

amended, etc., or the provi-
sions thereof extended

vote for or against a measure. 42. In regard to bribing State ot

ficers. 43. Corrupt solicitation. 44. A member who has a personal

or private interest in any
measure or bill shall not vote

thereon.
45. When a vacancy

occurs

in either house the Governor shall issue writs of election to fill the same.

reference to its title only.
26. The Legislative Assembly shall

not pass local or special laws,
as in the following enumer-

ated cases.
27. The presiding officer of each

house shall sign bills and joint

resolutions.
28. The number, duties and com-

pensation of the officers and
employes of each house shall

be prescribed by law.
29. In regard to extra compensa-

tion to public officers, ser

vants, employes, etc. 30. In regard to stationery, print

ing, etc.
31. Except as otherwise provided

in this constitution, no laws
shall extend the term of any
public officer or increase or

diminish his salary.
32. All bills for raising revenue

shall originate in the House

of Representatives. 33. The general appropriation bills

shall embrace nothing but ap

propriations. 34. No money shall be paid out of

the treasury except an appro

priation made by law.
35. No appropriations for educa-

tional or charitable purposes
unless under absolute control

of the State.
36. No private corporation or asso-

ciation shall have the power
to interfere with any muni-

cipal improvement, etc.
37. In regard to the investment of

trust funds.
38. The State may not contract any

debt in the construction of
any railroad.

ARTICLE VI.
Apportionment and Representation.
1. One Representative-at-large to

be elected to Congress. 2. A census shall be taken in 1895,

and every tenth year thereafter.-The apportionment for Representatives shall be re

vised after each census. 3. Representative districts may be

altered from time to time. 4. When new counties are created,

they shall be entitled to one

Senator. 5. The Senatorial districts of the

State are as follows. 6. The present apportionment of

Representatives.

ARTICLE VII.

Erecutice Department. 1. To consist of whom, 2. Their election.-In case of tie

how decided. 3. To be eligible to the officce

of Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Superintendent of Public Instruction, etc.

Section 4. Compensation for the same. 5. The supreme executive power

vested in Governor, who shall see that the laws are faith

fully executed. 6. The Governor shall be com

mander-in-chief of the mill

tary forces of the State. 7. The Governor to nominate and,

with the consent of the Sen

ate, to appoint all officers, etc. 8. A State Examiner.-His duties,

compensation. 9. The Governor shall have power

to grant pardons, reprieves,

etc. 10. The Governor may require in

formation from the officers of

the executive department, etc. 11. He may, on extraordinary occa

sions, convene the Legisla

ture. 12. Every bill passed by the Legis

lature, before it shall become a law, shall be signed by the

Governor. 13. The Governor shall have the

power to disapprove of any

item. 14. When the Lieutenant-Governor

has to fill the office of Goy

ernor. 15. Lieutenant-Governor shall be

President of the Senate, 16. When the President of the Sen

ate pro tempore is to act as

Governor. 17. Seal of State, shall be kept by

the Secretary of State. 18. All grants and commissions

shall be in the name and by

the authority of the State. 19. All moneys received and dis

bursed by State officers shall

be accounted for. 20. Board of State Prison Commis

sioners.-To consist of whom.

Section 2. A Supreme Court, except as

otherwise provided, shall have

appellate jurisdiction only. 3. It shall extend to all cases at

law and in equity.-Its powers. 4. At least three terms in the

Supreme Court shall be held each year at the seat of gov

ernment. 5. The Supreme Court shall con

sist of three justices. 6. How they shall be elected. 7. Their terms of office. 8. Particulars in regard to elec

tion of judges of the Supreme

Court. 9. Clerk of the Supreme Court,

his term of office and election. 10. To be eligible to the office of

justice of the Supreme Court, 11. The District Court shall have

original jurisdiction, etc. 12. The State shall be divided into

judicial districts, in each of which there shall be elected one judge of the District

Court. 13. Until otherwise provided by

law, the judicial districts of

the State shall be as follows. 14. The Legislative Assembly may

increase or decrease the number of judges in any judicial

district. 15. Writs of error and appeal from the District Courts to

the Supreme Court. 16. To be eligible to the office of

judge of District Court. 17. District Court shall always be

open except on legal holidays

and non-judicial days. 18. There shall be a clerk of the

District Court in each county. 19. Each county to have a county

attorney, his qualifications,

etc. 20. Justices of the peace, their elec

tion and term of office. 21. Their jurisdiction. 22. Justice Courts shall always be

open except on legal holidays and non-judicial days.

ARTICLE VIII.

Judicial Departments. 1. The judicial power of the State

shall be vested in the Senate.

ARTICLE IX.

be

Section 23. Appeals shall be allowed from

Justice Courts in all cases. 24. The Legislative Assembly shall have power

to create such Police and Municipal Courts

as may be deemed necessary. 25. The Supreme and District

Courts shall Courts of

Record. 26. All laws relating to courts shall

be general and of uniform

operation. 27. The style of process shall be. 28. There shall be but one form of

civil action. 29. The pay of justices of the Su

preme Court and judges of the

District Court. 30. No justice of the Supreme Court

or judge of the District Court shall receive any perquisites, etc., except the salary pro

vided by law. 31. No justice or clerk of the Supreme Court,

nor judge or clerk of any District Court

shall practice law. 32. Opinions and decisions of the

Supreme Court may be pub

lished. 33. All officers provided for in this

article shall reside, during the term of their office, in the aistrict, etc., from which they

were elected or appointed. 34. Vacancies in Supreme and Dis

trict Courts to be filled by ap

pointment of the Governor. 35. Judges of the Supreme and Dis

trict Courts shall hold

Rights of Suffrage and Qualifications to

no

other public office. 36. A civil action in a District Court

may be tried by a judge pro

tempore, etc.
37. Any judicial officer who shall

absent himself from the State
for more than sixty consecu-
tive days shall be deemed to
have forfeited his office.

Hold Office.
Section
1. All elections by the people shall

be by ballot. 2. Qualifications required to vote. 3. For the purpose of voting no

person shall be deemed to have gained or lost a residence by reason of his presence or absence while employed in the service of the

State or the United States. 4. Electors privileged from arrest. 5. No elector obliged to perform

military duty, etc. 6. No soldier, or seaman or marine

in the army or navy of the United States shall be deemed

a resident, etc. 7. No person shall be elected or

appointed to any office in this State who is not a citizen of

the United States, etc. 8. Those who may not vote. 9. Legislature shall have the

power to secure purity of elec

tions. 10. Women may hold office and

vote in school districts. 11. Those qualified to vote shall be

eligible to any office in the State, except as otherwise pro

vided. 12. Questions submitted to the vote

of the taxpayers of the State or any political division thereof, women who are taxpayers, etc., shall have the right to

vote. 13. A person receiving the highest

number of legal votes shall be declared elected.

ARTICLE X.

State Institutions, Public Buildings. 1. They shall be supported by the

State, as prescribed by law. 2. The location of the seat of gov

ernment.

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