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the reviewing personage, and remain there until the rear has passed. When the column has passed, it will return to the original ground and wheel up into line. From this position,
be required by the reviewing personage, and according to a card which he will hand to the commanding officer. The camp colour previously placed, shall be the point on, and from which they are made, although the reviewing personage may be occasionally absent.
INSPECTION. 276. The inspection of troops will generally be preceded by a review, the form of which is prescribed above. The inspecting officer, and the field and staff on foot. The following instructions for a regiment, can be applied to any number of troops, with very little variation.
The battalion being in the order of battle, and all the men of each company standing contiguous to each other,-on an intimation from the inspector, the colonel will cause the regiment to break into open column of companies, the right in front, each company entire. He will next order the ranks to be opened, at which the colours and colour-guard, will, under the conduct of the adjutant, be placed ten paces ahead of the column.
The colonel, seeing the ranks aligned, will add : Officers and non-commissioned officers to the front of your companies—MARCH; on which the officers will form themselves in one rank, şix pages in advance, along the fronts of their respective companies, in the order of rank, the highest on the right and the lowest on the left; the pioneer and music of each company at the same time take post two paces behind the non-commissioned officers..
Seeing the last order in a train of execution, the colonel will command-Field and staff, to the front-March. The commissioned officers thus designated, will form themselves in one rank, six paces in front of the colours, and in the following order, beginning on the right: lieutenant-colonel, major, adjutant, quartermaster, paymnaster, surgeon, surgeon's mates. The noncommissioned staff form themselves in a similar manner, two paces in the rear of the preceding rank. The band, if there be one, will be formed in one rank ten paces in the rear of the colunn, the chief musician four paces in its front.
The colonel will now take post on the right of the lieutenantcolonel ; but such of the field officers as may be superior in rank to the inspector, will not take post as above.
The inspection will commence in front. After inspecting the dress and general appearance of the field and commissioned staff under arms, accompanied by these officers, the inspector will pass down the open column, looking at every rank in front and in rear with a view to the same objects, viz.-dress and general
The colonel will now command : order-ARMS; stand at EASE ; for the whole column ; when the inspector will proceed
to make a minute inspection of the several ranks or divisions in succession, commencing in front.
On approaching the non-commissioned staff and the band, the adjutant will give the necessary orders for the inspection of knapsacks. In like manner, in case of the colour guard, &c. he will give the order for arms, boxes and knapsacks. To enable the colour bearers to display their knapsacks, after bringing the colours to an order, as arms are brought to an order after inspection) they will be planted firm in the ground. This division being inspected, the adjutant may direct the arms to be piled, and noncommissioned officers to disperse, until the colours are to be escorted back to the place from which they were taken. The non-commissioned staff may be dismissed as soon as inspected.
As the inspector successively approaches the companies, each captain will command :- ATTENTION, Spring-RAMKODS ; Open -PANS ; when the inspector will commence with those of the non-commissioned officers, and go through with the whole company. The captain will then add, open-BOXES.
The boxes having been inspected, the captain will next command :-ATTENTION, shoulder-ARMS; front rank, right about
-FACE ; rear rank close order— MARCH ; trail-ARMS; pileARMS ; front rank, right about—FACE; rear rank, open orderMARCH ; unsling-KNAPSACKS; stand at-EASE.
The knapsacks will be placed at the feet of the men, the flaps from them, with the great coats on the flaps, and the knapsacks leaning forward on the great coats. In this position, the inspector will examine the contents of the whole, or of as many as he may think necessary, beginning again with the non-commissioned officers, noticing, in passing, the tools, &c. of the pioneers, and the drums of the musicians.
As the inspector passes the companies, they will successively, under the orders of the respective captains, re-pack and re-sling knapsacks, resume their arms, and file off to their tents or quarters, * excepting the company that is to re-escort the colours, which will await the further orders of the colonel.
DRUM BEATS AND SIGNALS. 277. Beats OF THE DRUM.-The general, is a signal to strike tents and prepare to march ; The march, for the whole to move;
The assembly, to repair to the colours; The reveille, is beat at day-break for the soldiers to rise ; The troop, assembles them for calling the roll; The retreat, is beat at sunset ; The tattoo, for the soldiers to repair to their tents; To arms, is the signal for getting under arms in case of an alarm ; The parley, for a conference.
SIGNALS.-Adjutant's call-First part of the troop. Sergeant's call-One roll and three flams. To go for wood-Poin stroke and ten stroke roll. Water-Two strokes and a flam. Provision-Roast beef. Front to halt- Two fams from right to left, and a full drag with the right, a left hand flam and a right hand full drag. Front to advance quicker - The long march. Slower-The tap. For the drummers-Drummers! call. For a fatigue party- The Pioneers' march. Church call -Parley.
* This instruction is only applicable in camps-militia inspections are generally succeeded by other exercise.
FUNERALS. 278. HONOURS TO THE DEAD.-Funeral escorts will be composed as follows: for a major-general's funeral, a battalion, a squadron, and two pieces of artillery; for a colonel's, a battalion ; for a lieutenant-colonel's, six companies ; for a major's, four companies ; for a captain's, two companies; for a subaltern's, one company; for a sergeant's, twenty men; for a corporal's, twelve men ; and for a private's, eight men, with a suitable allowance of music in each case—the whole escort on foot.
A funeral escort will be commanded by an officer or non-commissioned officer, of the grade of the deceased, or that next below or above such grade, according to the rank of the persons present, but in case of a deceased private, a corporal will command the escort.
The pall bearers, six in number, will be detailed from the grade of the deceased, or from the grade or grades next above or below it.
The escort, at shoulder arms, bayonets unfixed, being in line, opposite the tent or quarters of the deceased, will receive the coffin with the highest salute. When it has cleared the right of the escort, the latter will break into open column, left in front, and in that order precede the deceased to the grave. Artillery and cavalry, if a part of the escort, will be preceded by the infantry. Arms will be reversed, which will be executed by bringing the firelock under the left arm, the butt to the front, the barrel downwards, the the muzzle within inches of the ground, the left hand sustaining the lock, and the right steadying the firelock behind the back ; swords are reversed in a similar manner, under the right arm.
Persons joining in the procession, follow the coffin in the inverse order of their rank, side arms by their sides.
The column will be marched to solenn music, and with its pivot flank next to the grave; when opposite, the commander will cause arms to be shouldered, and the line to be formed.
When the coffin is brought along the front, the escort will salute it, as before ; and again shoulder arms when it reaches the grave; when the commander will give orders to prime and load.
[All orders at funerals should be given by signal, or in a very low voice.]
As the coffin is let down, the escort, including the artillery, will fire the first round; and a third, or last, at the inoment the interment is ended. The column will be re-formed, right in
front, and marched off to music, in quick time; the music not to begin until clear of the enclosure.
If there be a chaplain to perform divine service, the escort, after saluting at the grave, will rest on arms, wbich is done by placing the muzzle on the left foot, both hands on the butt, the head on the hands, and the right knee a little bent. In this case, the three rounds will be fired after the interment is ended. .
Officers in funeral processions will wear black crape attached to the bilts of their swords. As family mourning, crape will be only worn by officers, (when in uniform, around the left arın.
The drums of funeral escorts will be covered with black crape or thin black serge.
:: STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA.
Aliens and transient persons, No. 286 Owners of plantations,
282 | Patrol districts, how formed, 295 Captain or leader of patrol,
Patrol duty, who to perform,296, 297
*. 297, 298, 304 Prosecutions against patrol, Captain of militia company, 297, 309
285, 289, 308
296 | Slaves out of owners' plantations, 298
311 | Substitute, Fines, 290, 295, 297, 301, 302, 303 | Ticket for slave,
279 Firing guns in the night, 280 | Unlawful assemblies of slaves, Incorporated towns,
287, 288, 306 ACT of May 10, 1740. Grimke's Public Laws, 163. 279. Sec. il. And for the better keeping slaves in due order and subjection, Be it further enacted, That no person whatso- Ticket to be ever, shall permit or suffer any slave under bis or their care or given to
slave. management, and who lives, or is employed in Charleston, or any other town in this province, to go out of the limits of the said town, or any such slave who lives in the country, to go out of the plantation to which such slave belongs, or in which plantation such slave is usually employed, without a letter superscribed and directed, or a ticket in the words following, “ Permit this slave to be absent from Charleston, (or any other town, or if be lives in the country, from Mr. - 's plantation, in m parish,] for day or hours, dated the day of
" or to that purpose or effect; which ticket shall be signed by the master or other person having the care or charge of such slave, or by some other person by bis or their order, direction and consent.
280. SEC. XLI. And whereas an ill custom has prevailed in this province, of firing guns in the night time: for the prevention thereof for the future, Be it enacted, That if any person shall Firing suns fire or shoot off any gun or pistol in the night time after dark and before Jay light, without necessity, every such person shall forfeit the sum of forty shillings current money, for each gun so fired as aforesaid ; to be recovered by warrant from any one justice of the peace of the county where the offence is committed, according to the direction of the act for the trial of small and