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XII. A Relation of the Colony of the Lord Baron of Balti-
more, in Maryland near Virginia; A Narrative of the Voy-
By the description of the main land of
Florida, her next neighbour:
Out of the foure yeeres continuall trauell and discouerie, for aboue one thousand miles East and West, of Don Ferdinando de Soto, and sixe
hundred able men in his companie.
Wherin are truly obserued the riches and fertilitie of those parts, abounding with things necessarie, pleasant, and profitable for the life of man: with the natures and dispositions of
Written by a Portugall gentleman of Eluas, emploied in all the action, and translated out of Por
tugese by RICHARD HACKLVYT.
Printed by FELIX KYNGSTON for Matthew Lownes, and are to be sold at the signe of the Bishops head in Pauls Churchyard.
TO THE RIGHT HONOVRABLE, THE Right Worshipfull Counsellors, and
others the cheerefull aduenturors for
His worke, right Honourable, right Worshipfull, and the rest, though small in shew, yet great in substance, doth yeeld much light to our enterprise now on foot : whether you desire to know the pre
sent and future commodities of our countrie; or the qualities and conditions of the Inhabitants, or what course is best to be taken with them.
Touching the commodities, besides the generall report of Cabeça de Vaca to Charles the Emperour (who first trauelled through a great part of the Inland of Florida, next adioyning vpon our Virginia) That Florida was the richest countrie of the world; and, that after hee had found clothes made
Chap 35. of cotton wooll, he saw gold and siluer, and stones of great value: I referre you first to the rich mines of gold reported to be in the prouince of Yupaha, and described in the twelfth Chupter of this Treatise to come within our limits : And againé, to the copper hatchets found in Cutifachiqui, standing upon the Riuer of Santa Helena, which were said to haue a mixture of gold. It seemeth also that the last Chronicler of the West Indies, Antonio de Herrera, speaking of the foresaid Riuer of Santa Helena, which standeth in 32. degrees and an halfe, alludeth to the prouince of Yupaha, in
Decad. 3. these words : Y el oro, y plata, que hallaron, no era de lib. 8. cap. aquella tierra, sino de 60. leguas, adentro al norte, de 8. los pueblos dichos Otapales y Olagatanos, adonde se intiende, que ay minas de oro, plata, y cobre. That is to say, That the gold and siluer which they found, was not of that countrie (of