The Enigma of Reason
If reason is so useful and reliable, why didn’t it evolve in other animals and why do humans produce so much thoroughly reasoned nonsense? Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber argue that reason is not geared to solitary use. It evolved to help justify our beliefs to others, evaluate their arguments, and better exploit our uniquely rich social environment.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thcson - LibraryThing
In short, the authors argue that reasoning works better in confrontation and in social interaction than in solitary contemplation. It's an entertaining read which includes accounts of many ... Read full review
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12 Angry Men accept actually animals answer approach to reason argue argumentative theory arguments asked behavior beliefs Bertillon better biased cards Chapter claim classical logic cognitive communication confirmation bias convince counterarguments cultural debate decisions Descartes developed discussion doesn’t domain dual process Eratosthenes evaluate evidence evolutionary evolved expect experiment experimental explain exploit fact fallacy function of reason happens human reason Ibn Al-Haytham ideas individual infants inferential instance intellectualist interaction interactionist approach intuitive inference justify kind Linus Pauling logical look major premise mechanisms mental Mercier metacognitive metarepresentational mindreading modular modus ponens modus tollens moral myside bias norms one’s participants people’s perception philosopher predictions problem procedures produce psychology of reasoning rational reason module reflective conclusion relevant representations role scientists selection task sense social soning specific Sperber Sudoku syllogism theory things tion typically unconscious inference understand Wason Wason selection task