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Upon the cop right of his nose he hade
A gentil MAUNCIPLE was ther of a temple,
564.-stele corn. During the middle ages, millers enjoyed, above all other tradesmen, the reputation of being thieves; and their depredations were the more generally felt, as people in all classes of society carried their own corn to the mill to be ground, often in very small quantities.
565.—a thombe of goli. “If the allusion be, as is most probable, to the old proverb,—every honest miller has a thumb of gold, this passage may mean, that our miller, notwithstanding his thefts, was an honest miller,-i. e., as honest as his brethren.”—Tyrwhitt.
567.—a baggepipe. The bagpipe was a very popular instrument of music in the middle ages, and figures in the illuminated manuscripts of various countries. In modern times its use has been restricted to Scot. land (probably because minstrelsy was longer preserved there) until it was looked upon as the national music.
Now is not that of God a ful fair grace,
The REEVE was a sklendre colerik man,
588.-sette here aller cappe ; i. e., outwitted them all. Conf. v. 3145.
591.- rounde. The MS. Harl. has neighe, but all the other MSS. I have consulted agree in the reading I have adopted in the text. This des cription is illustrated by the cut given on p. 13.
His swyn, his hors, his stoor, and his pultrie,
A SOMPNOUR was ther with us in that place,
619.-pers. The MS. Harl. alone reads blew ; perse was a sky.blue colour.
622.---Baldeswelle. A parish in Eynford hundred, Norfolk.
That hadde a fyr-reed cherubyns face,
626.-cherubyns face. H. Stephens, Apol. Herod., i. 30, quotes the same thought from a French epigram,
“ Nos grands docteurs du cherubin visage." 648.—Questio quid juris. “ This kind of question occurs frequently in Ralph de Hengham. After having stated a case, he adds, quid juris ? and then proceeds to give the answer to it. See Heng. Mag., c. xi. Esto autem quod reus nullo modo venerit ad hunc diem, quid juris ? &c. See also c, xü."--Tyrwhitt.
He was a gentil harlot and a kynde;
649.—harlot. Chaucer gives us here an excellent picture of the class of society to which this name was applied in the middle ages. See the glossary.
664.significavit. “ The writ de excommunicato capiendo, commonly called a significavit, from the beginning of the writ, which is as follows: Rex vicecomiti L. salutem. Significavit nobis venerabilis pater H. L., episcopus, &c. Cod. Jur. Ecc., p. 1054.”—Tyrwhitt.
665.-in daunger. The old meaning of the word danger was jurisdiction, or dominion whereby persons were liable to fine for certain offences to him in whose danger they were. Most of the MSS. have gise instead of assise.