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His purchasyng might nought ben to him suspecte.
A FRANKELEYN ther was in his companye ;
339 Was verraily felicité perfyt. An househaldere, and that a gret, was he; Seynt Julian he was in his countré. His breed, his ale, was alway after oon; A bettre envyned man was nowher noon. Withoute bake mete was never his hous, Of fleissch and fissch, and that so plentyvous, It snewed in his hous of mete and drynk,
347 Of alle deyntees that men cowde thynke, Aftur the sondry sesouns of the yeer,
312. St. Julian was the patron of hospitality.
He chaunged hem at mete and at soper.
An HABURDASSHER and a CARPENTER,
352.-in stewe ; i. e., in a fish pond. The great consumption of fish under the Romish regime rendered a fish.pond a necessary accessory to every gentleman's house. 355.-table dormant. Probably the fixed table at the end of the hall.
For catel hadde they inough and rente,
A Cook thei hadde with hem for the nones,
A SCHIPMAN was ther, wonyng fer by weste:
384.--London ale. Tyrwhitt has cited a passage of an old writer, which shews that London ale was prized above that of other parts of the country.
396.—the hoote somer. Perhaps this is a reference to the summer of the year 1351, which was long remembered as the dry and hot summer. Other allusions in this general prologue seem to shew that Chaucer in. tended to lay the plot of his Canterbury pilgrimage soon after this date. 410.-Scotland. Most of the MSS. have Gotland, the reading adopted by Tyrwhitt, and perhaps the correct one.
From Burdeux-ward, whil that the chapman sleep.
410 And every cryk in Bretayne and in Spayne : His barge y-clepud was the Magdelayne.
Ther was also a DOCTOUR OF PHISIK,
420 He knew the cause of every maladye, Were it of cold, or hete, or moyst, or drye,
416.- Astronomye. A great portion of the medical science of the middle ages depended on astrological and other superstitious observances.
417.-a ful gret del. This is the reading of most of the MSS. ; the MS. Harl. has wondurly wel.
And where thei engendrid, and of what humour ;
431,-Wel knew he. The authors mentioned here were the chief medical textbooks of the middle ages. Rufus was a Greek physician, of Ephesus, of the age of Trajan ; Haly, Serapion, and Avicen, were Arabian physicians and astronomers of the eleventh century; Rhasis was a Spanish Arab, of the tenth century; and Averroes was a Moorish scholar, who flourished in Morocco in the twelfth century; Johannes Damascenus was also an Arabian physician, but of a much earlier date ; Constantius Afer, a native of Carthage, and afterwards a monk of Monte Cassino, was one of the founders of the school of Salerno,-he lived at the end of the eleventh century; Bernardus Gordonius, professor of medicine at Montpellier, appears to have been Chaucer's contemporary; John Gatisden was a distinguished physician of Oxford, in the earlier half of the fourteenth century; Gilbertyn is supposed by Warton to be the cele. brated Gilbertus Anglicus. The other names inentioned here are too well known to need further observation. The names of Hippocrates and Galen were, in the middle ages, always (or nearly always) spelt Ypocras and Galienus.