Saviours of the Nation: Serbia's Intellectual Opposition and the Revival of Nationalism
An examination of the trajectory of Serbia's dissidence, from its origins in the 1950s to its consolidation in the early 1980s around the defence of civil and human rights. Yugoslavia's breakup in 1991 and the wars that followed in its wake have been widely blamed on Serbian nationalism. Most analyses, however, have not examined this nationalism in the years before Slobodan Milosevic's rise to power, when its principal articulators were opposition intellectuals. Jasna Dragovic-Soso asks why this strong and apparently democratic opposition movement subsequently turned towards an extreme form of nationalism and had by the end of the 1980s accepted Milosevic's undemocratic policies. Based on the author's extensive primary source research and interviews with key protagonists, Saviours of the Nation examines both the causes and the consequences of the opposition's transformation into a nationalist force. High-lighting the role of historical context, it argues that three main factors contributed to the intellectuals' elaboration of a radical nationalist ideology: abandonment of cultural Yugoslavism in conjunction with the post-Tito crisis of the state, difficulties in solving the thorny Kosovo question, and relationships between the dissidents and their Slovenian counterparts.
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Albanian anti-bureaucratic revolution argued Association of Serbia autonomous Belgrade intellectuals Belgrade intelligentsia Borislav Bulatovid Chetniks Ciril Zlobec Committee constitutional Cosic's creation critical intellectuals criticised Croatian Croatian Democratic Union Croats cultural Danas debate Defence of Freedom democracy democratic dissidents Djilas Djukid Dobrica Cosid Draskovid emigration ethnic federal flying university Freedom of Thought genocide Goli Otok historian historical Horvat human rights ibid ideological independent intellectual opposition intelligentsia interview Jovid Knjizevne novine Kosovo question Kosovo Serbs liberal literary Ljubljana March Markovid Memorandum Mihajlovid-Mihiz Milan Kucan Milosevid mobilisation Montenegrin national question nationalist Nova revija official organisation Partisan Party passim political Popovid post-Tito Praxists Predrag Palavestra president province rally regime represented republic Serbian Academy Serbian intellectuals Serbian leadership Serbian national Slobodan Slovenes Slovenian intellectuals Slovenian Writers socialist Society South Slav Tadid Taras Kermauner Thought and Expression Tito Tito's unity Ustasha Vojislav Vojvodina Yugoslavia Zagreb