Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments

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Vivien Gornitz
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 2008 - Science - 1049 pages
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Concern exists over human-generated increases in atmospheric greenhouse gases and their potential consequences to society. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2007 finds that global temperatures have increased by 0.8oC since 1850 and that climate warming is now 'unequivocal'. While the human imprint is becoming increasingly apparent, Earth’s climate has shifted dramatically and frequently during the last few million years, alternating between ice ages, when vast glaciers covered Northern Europe and much of North America, and interglacials—warm periods much like today. Farther back in geologic time, climates have differed even more from the present. Thus, to fully understand the unusual changes of the 20th century and possible future trends, these must be placed in a longer-term context extending beyond the period of instrumental records.

The Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments, a companion volume to the recently-published Encyclopedia of World Climatology, provides the reader with an entry point to the rapidly expanding field of paleoclimatology—the study of climates of the past. Highly interdisciplinary in nature, paleoclimatology integrates information from a broad array of disciplines in the geosciences, ranging from stratigraphy, geomorphology, glaciology, paleoecology, paleobotany to geochemistry and geophysics, among others. The encyclopedia offers 230 informative articles written by over 200 well known international experts on numerous subjects, ranging from classical geological evidence to the latest research. The volume is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings, black-white and color photographs. Articles are arranged alphabetically, with extensive bibliographies and cross-references.

 

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this book provides u a lot about genesis of geography ,wonderful works ,lovely

Contents

Bremen
2
Mark Pagani
5
Robert R Gaines and Mary L Droser
12
Stan Jacobs
21
Ocean Paleocirculation
22
Kathy Licht
29
Radiolaria
34
William H Peck and John W Valley
37
483
558
LakeLevel Fluctuations
582
Late Paleozoic Paleoclimates
589
Late QuaternaryHolocene Vegetation Modeling
595
Laurentide Ice Sheet
606
Marine Clay Minerals
625
Garland R Upchurch
634
Roger Francois
643

Anne de Vernal
44
Andrew Goudie
50
XXV
56
2
62
13
89
45
100
Borehole Climatology
103
Abraham Lerman
117
Interstadials
119
Bernhard Stauffer
123
Jan Veizer
132
Torsten Bickert
138
Dan Bosence
147
Wright
155
Hays
163
Thomas J Crowley
173
Michael E Mann
181
Coastal Environments
247
David J Nash
285
Wim Z Hoek
300
Iron and Climate Change
319
David Archer
359
Early Paleozoic Climates CambrianDevonian
389
Eemian Sangamonian Interglacial
403
319
413
Eolianite
425
Evaporites
438
Faint Young Sun Paradox
446
Isotope Fractionation
479
Glacial Erratics
494
Colgan
522
Coccoliths
527
Jeremy R Young
672
COHMAP
712
Adina Paytan
762
Organic Geochemical Proxies
768
Peter G Knight
774
Glacial Eustasy
775
Keith Alverson and Christoph Kull
783
Paleocean Modeling
795
Katrin J Meissner Alvaro Montenegro and Chris Avis
804
Gavin A Schmidt
813
Robert J Oglesby and Kirk A Maasch
823
Donald R Prothero
833
Red Beds
837
PaleoOcean
854
Paul A Baker
860
France bickertunibremen
871
Sheldon
872
Continental Sediments
873
Jan Mangerud
879
Kenneth G Miller
886
Stephen F Pekar
887
Vivien Gornitz
892
Michael S Kearney
902
Young
910
Speleothems
916
German Mora
923
Glacial Geomorphology
949
Corals and Coral Reefs
960
748
997
Sulfur Isotopes
1014
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