The Conservation of Cultural Landscapes
CABI, Oct 23, 2006 - Political Science - 320 pages
Landscape today is no longer just a cultural aspect, intended as an elitist phenomenon, but emerges as an essential element in the definition and the application of a modern approach in sustainable development. Historical locally adapted distinctive and ingenious combinations of management practices have contributed and continue to contribute tremendously to the biodiversity of the world, resulting not only in outstanding aesthetic beauty, but, in the sustained provision of multiple goods and services, food and livelihood security and quality of life. The development of policies to preserve and manage landscape resources, has to face both the degradation of cultural landscape due to socio-economic development and the need to develop appropriate methods and approaches. This book presents different methodologies developed to analyse, manage and plan landscape resources. It reports recent research findings and case studies from Europe and North America, suggesting also the revision of some orientations and views of the current policies concerning forestry, rural development and nature conservation, often contributing to degrade cultural landscapes.
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19th century abandoned activities afforestation Agnoletti agricultural analysis Angelstam approach Ariège assessment biodiversity CAB International changes chestnut orchards conifer Conservation of Cultural coppice Council of Europe created cultivated cultural land cultural landscapes diversity dynamics ecological economic ecosystem environment environmental European Landscape Convention farming Farmland Afforestation fire forest area forest landscape forest management Forest Stewardship Council grazing habitat heritage human impact important increase indicators Italy land use/cover Landscape Ecology landscape history maps meadows Mediterranean ment Moscheta Mount Tom mountain National Historical Park National Park natural and cultural Östlund patches pine pixels planning plantations population practices production programme reforestation region remotely sensed restoration role rural scape social soil Spannocchia spatial species stewardship strategies structure sustainable forest management sustainable forestry Sweden territory timber tion traditional trees tural Tuscany urban valley vegetation Viennese Forest wildlife wood pastures woodland