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say the organs of the ring--and their record, of course, is true. The list was moderately good, consisting of five races and a walk over, no one fancying to meet Stockwell for the Foal Stakes. For the opening Handicap eight raced, Charity, the favourite, winning in a canter. Mr. Merry's Valour found favour at the commencement of business at 2 to 1, and receded in popular esteem before it finished to 100 to 1. The name of the lad who rode her was Knott, and why not? The Scarborough Stakes was run a match between Allegro and Phantom-2 to 1 on the former, who won as he pleased. The Eglinton Stakes was the feature of the card. Of the entries-48 in amount--nine came to the post ; 2 to 1 against Exact, 9 to 4 Pelion, 5 to 2 Vindex, 6 to 1 Stilton, and 10 to 1 Longbow. Vindex carried 7st. 7lbs., lllbs, over the weight without penalty for winning. Moreover he made mischief before he would settle to his task, and lots of time, to say nothing of a slice of chance, was lost. The start was not a good one. One of the earliest hors de combat was the favourite ; the finish, between Pelion and Longbow, was a brilliant bit, the former just beating the “roarer" by a head ; Exact was an indifferent third ; Vindex was “nowhere." The Cleveland Handicap came off a quartet, Brawn being backed against the other three. The winner, cleverly, was Evadne. A Sweepstakes, 10 sovereigns each, for two-year-olds, was the last event in the list. Eight went, with 5 to 4 on The Queen. After a bad start, Lambton won in a canter by two lengths.
“ The end crowns all”-a good old hopeful saying, and, on the occasion to which we would here apply it, an eminently true one. The last was by many degrees the best day of the four. The attendance was befitting the object of the rendezvous, and the racing had a good deal of the ancient legitimate character. The appointment--as usual on the final day, here and elsewhere--was for an early hour, the sport opening with the Park Hill Stakes, called among the profession the Northern Oaks. This three-year-old filly race had twenty-four nominations, and a quartet at the post. Of these they laid 6 to 4 on Bird on the Wing, 3 to 1 against Hirsuta, and 7 to 2 Sally ; and the running followed suit, for the favourite took the lead, kept it, and won in a canter. The Don Stakes-also for three-year-olds--with five subscriptions, was run a match between Hobbie Noble—ill-omened courser !--- with 6 to 4 on him also, and Harbinger. It was a race, the favourite having waited to the Stand, where he made his effort, and passed the chair a neck in advance of his adversary. The Nursery Plate, for two-year-olds, mustered one-and-twenty runners. The betting ranged over the moiety of the lot, beginning at 6 and finishing with 10 to 1. Corybantes, one of the 6 to 1 division, was an easy winner. The next event was the Doncaster Cup. A field of a sound sporting sort was telegraphed, at the subjoined prices :--Kingston, 5 to 4 against him ; ditto Teddington 6 to 4; and 10 to 1 apiece about Caracara, Newminster, and Truth. One of Mr. Morris's pair, Hungerford, set away with the running for the other, Kingston ; at least, so it was said. And thus it is the fashion to reason-or, more properly to speak—to deduce; but by what hypothesis I am not capable of explaining. The office of a jockey should seem to be to win the race he is engaged in, the most logical means towards such an end being to get his horse over the distance to be done in the shortest time possible. This one animal will do by saving him
in the first half of the way, and “rushing” him the rest ; another requires “ to be made use of all through : one goes easiest behind his horses ; another requires that they should be clattering at his heels to make him give his speed. But theories inust wear themselves out : the next generation will have its own hobby. Well, be that as it may, all this time Hungerford is going a “ buster.” leading them round the Leger starting post turn, and up the hill, wild-geese ways. Down the mile post fall they took closer order, and at the Red House the two “ cracks” began to creep to the front. At the distance they were tied together, and stride for stride they passed the Stand and the chair, Kingston winning by a neck. It was a brilliant finish, for Kingston and Teddington can gallop, and Marson and Flatman can ride. From the start to the ultimate point Nancy brought up the rear. Had the Cup winner been in the St. Leger, it would have been an accountable anniversary of that great stake. Two or three rows having cleared the social atmosphere, the Doncaster Stakes were mounted. The nominations were eighty, the runners were-two. These were Longbow (3 to l on him) and Alfred the Great Won, in a waiting race, by the favourite, in a canter. Lerrywheat won the Town Plate, easily..... And thus the curtain descends. With facilities of access multiplied almost beyond calculation, with a positive raging mania for racing, as at present understood and practised, it needs no adventitious aids of description to convey the conditions of the antique popular Yorkshire tryst. It was head quarters, locally and phrenologically, for the sporting circles of the United Kingdom-Bull and Pat, Sawney and Taffy. How it fares with the Olympic spirit in our own great metropolis is journalized daily in the reports of the civil and criminal tribunals. With such appliances and means, behold the climax of fair Doncaster during her revels of 1852. Study her status about the lour of midnight at the Rooms. Look upon this picture : it is no counterfeit presentment, but the identity, as he lives, of “a finished gentleman from top to toe"that is, a peer of the British realm. Now “ look upon this :” a true type of the Macaire school—the proper apotheosis of a rascal ; that is a member of the British ring. “ Arcades ambo :" they take counsel together : they canyass the merits of men and horses. My lord knows what won't go to Newmarket: he lays a “ monkey” against it with the leg. He pencils the odds ; he clasps his little golden-cyphered volume ; and, turning on his heel, whispers a baronet of the Conqueror's series “What a horrid villain that is that I have been betting with about the Cesarewitch !" So runs the world away. Fellows of infinite wit assure you that “it's all right.” They tell you that the turf always was queer, from the time of the never mind the exact epoch-and that it will always be so. There certainly is no sign of a change-at these presents.
The latter portion of September was embarrassed with a mighty multitude of meetings, to which it would be impossible to make even the most epitomised reference here. I therefore crave leave to grace my conclusion with a Times' leader of that date. It shall be its own advocate and mine : I quote it, as a witness whose testimony none may dispute ; and to its evidence I submit the cause which I have so long and so earnestly pleaded in these columns........
“ At the Middlesex Sessions this week Thomas Scott, a gentleman's
butler, was indicted for robbing his master, Mr. MATTHEW FORSTER, of plate to the value of £200 and upwards. To this charge he pleaded
Guilty,' alleging that horse-racing and betting-houses had brought him to the dock: that he had been sometimes worth £1,000 and sometimes not a penny; and that if he had had a few days he could have set himself right again. His master deposed that the prisoner had lived in his service fifteen or sixteen years, with a good character; and besought the indulgence of the Court for him, not only on this ground, but • because he thought that until those nurseries of crime and dens of vice, the betting-houses, were put down, we were not justified in acting harshly to their unfortunate victims.' Mr. WITHAM considered that this was no excuse,' and that everyone who went to a betting-house ought to be ashamed of himself. However, in deference to the prosecutor's recommendation, he looked leniently on the matter, and recorded
twelve months with hard labour,' as the sentence of the Court. Without discriminating very rigorously betwcen the several principles here exemplified, we can close at once with one of Mr. Forster's observations, that these betting-houses ought to be put down.
" To the summary action, indeed, of the legislature in this respect, we can only conceive one honest objection, and that is, that it is unwise to interfere with private dealings, and unjust to circumscribe the poorer classes in a license which is permitted to their superiors. Noblemen and gentlemen go to Newmarket and Doncaster, enjoy the spectacle, stake their money, and satisfy their cravings for excitement or gain. Poorer men cannot leave their work or their abodes ; but if they can snatch a little pleasure from a practice which brings the amusement to their own doors, why should they not do so ? Perhaps they sometimes get into difficulties in consequence, and when a man is in difficulties he is driven to hard thoughts to get out of them : but gentlemen run just the same risks, and we do not hear of Epsom or Ascot being put down because some • well-known character' has come to a shocking end. This we take to be about all that any honest person would have to say for the system of betting-houses.
“ As all such argument is based on the assumed interests of the poorer classes themselves, we can very quickly dispose of it. It is simply preposterous to describe as beneficial to any class of people a system which this very class charges with bringing them to ruin. That betting-houses have undermined the probity, and ruined the prospects of hundreds of persons in places of trust, we learn from their own mouths. The complaint did not originally proceed from proprietors: it was put on record week after week by some wretched victim of the system. No person objected to betting-houses till their results became manifest in the police-courts. A practice, which notoriously and by confession seduces into crime those who have been proof against all other temptations of their position, must necessarily stand condemned by its own effects. What do these advocates of the poorer classes say when a master leaves valuable property in the way of a servant, and thus puts sin within his reach? They say that the master is the true culprit, for that the servant has been deprived of the protection against temptation, to which he was fully entitled. To what protection, then, is he entitled in the case before us? And how can those who thus argue maintain the defensibility of establishments, in which temptation is organized to its very highest pitch of power ? Be it remenbered, too, that the property' at stake is not confined to the possessions of a landlord or master. The very first to perish is that of the poor themselves-the small inheritance, or the hard-earned savings of many years' labour. Thomas Scott, we may safely presume, did not resort to his master's plate-chest till he had exhausted all the stock which fifteen years' faithful service, in a good place, had enabled him to amass. It is not only the goods of the rich that are endangered, but the earnings of the poor. In every one of the hundred cases which have come before the public we may be perfectly certain that the prisoner had been reduced to beggary before he was driven to theft.
“ To those, again, who think that the subject is not one for legislative action, we commend the following considerations :-Some vears ago a portion of the revenue of this country was raised by public lotteries, and the tax thus collected had at least this remarkable advantage over other taxes ever known, that it was paid not only with cheerfulness, but with avidity. In point of fact, people ruined themselves both in pocket and character, as they do now in the betting houses, for the sake of satisfying the CHANCELLOR OP TILE EXCHEQUER in this particular contribution to the revenue. Thus the State gained a considerable supply with a positive gratification to the tax-payer ; but the whole system and practice was absolutely forbidden by law even in private hands. And why was this? Because it was incontestably shown to foster a spirit of immorality and dishonesty ; because it diverted men's minds from honest labour to dangerous gambling, and induced them to stake character and credit on the chance of rapid gain. Now, how can betting-houses be defended if lotteries have been suppressed ? Lotterics were immeasurably the less noxious of the two ; for not only did a certain advantage actually result to the State, but there was at least no fraud or imposture in the administration of the scheme. A man buying one of Mr. Bish's tickets bought all the chances he conceived himself to be buying, and was guaranteed against all disadvantages but those of the lottery itself; whereas the bettinghouses not only inveigle their victims, but cheat them into the bargain. Servants are not only ruined, but ruined by foul play.
“ But, perhaps, it will be said Parliament cannot directly interfere in so small a matter. The matter is not small ; but even if it were far less serious than it really is, we could bring a precedent for prompt legislative interference. Six or seven years ago - persons of quality' lost their dogs at a rate which was thought alarming. These little quadrupeds--the henchmen of the nineteenth century-were kidnapped in such numbers, and by an organized system of thievery, that an Englishman's terrier was no longer safe in his own castle. Parliament set to work at once. A committee was appointed to take evidence, and the caterans of Piccadilly were caressed into disclosing all the secrets of modern cattle-lifting. The result, though half a dozen measures of importance were left to stand over, was a Blue-book and a Dog Bill. A like promptitude in the present case would soon terminate the system of betting-houses. The police, armed with proper powers, could make an end of them in a fortnight; and this is a subject on which Lord Derby and Mr. Disraeli may push “protection" to its very fullest extent, with the hearty co-operation of the country. It is really high time for