« PreviousContinue »
adjoining to, and upon the coast of Virginia, as alfo for some other piatters and articles, concerning the better government of the said company and colony, in which point our faid former letters patents do not extend so far, as time and experience hath found to bę needful and convenient.
IV. We therefore, tendering the good and happy success of the said plantation, both in regard of the general weal of human society, as in respect of the good of our own estate. and kingdoms, and being willing to give furtherance to all good means, that may advance the benefit of the said company, and which may secure the safety, of our loving subjects, planted in our faid colony under the favour and pro-, tection of God Almighty, and of our royal power and authority, have therefore, of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, given, granted, and confirmed, and for us, our heirs and successors, We do, by these presents, Grant of a
further tract give, grant, and confirm, to the said treasurer and company of adventurers and planters of the city of London for the to the faia first colony in Virginia, and to their heirs and successors, for London ever, all and fingular those islands whatsoever, situate and be company. ing in any part of the ocean seas bordering upon the coast of our faid 'first colony in Virginia, and being within three hundred leagues of any the parts heretofore granted to the faid treasurer and company, in our said former letters patents, as aforesaid, and being within or between the one-andfortieth and thirtieth degrees of northerly latitude, together : with all and fingular foils, lands, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, filhings, mines, and minerals, as well royal mines of gold and silver, as other mines and minerals, pearls, precious stones, quarries, and all and fingular other commodities, jurisdictions, royalties, privileges, franchises, and preheminences, both within the said track of land upon the main, and also within the said island and seas adjoining, whatsoever, and thereunto or thereabouts, both by sea and land, being and fituate : and which, by our letters patents, we may, or can, grant, and in as ample manner and fort, as we, or any our noble progenitors, have heretofore granted to any person or persons, or to any company, body politic or corporate, or to any adventurer or adventurers, undertaker or undertakers, of any discoveries, plantations or traffic, of or into any foreign parts, whatsoever, and in as large and ample manner as if the same were herein particularly named, mentioned, and expressed : provided, always, that the said islands, or any, the premises herein mentioned, or by these presents intended or meant to be granted, be not actually
possessed or inhabited by any other christian prince or estate, nor be within the bounds, limits or territories of the northern
colony, heretofore by us granted to be planted by divers of Habendum. our loving subjects, in the north parts of Virginia. To have
and to hold, possess and enjoy, all and fingular the said islands, in the said ocean seas so lying, and bordering upon the coast and coasts of the territories of the said first colony in Virginia, as aforesaid; with all and fingular the said soils, lands, and grounds, and all and singular other the premises, heretofore by these presents granted, or mentioned to be granted, to them, the said treasurer and company of adventurers and planters of the city of London for the first colony in Virginia, and to their heirs, successors, and affigns,' for ever, to the sole and proper use and behoof of them, the said trea
surer and company, and their heirs, and successors, and are Tenendum. signs, for ever. To be holden of us, our heiss, and succes
sors, as of our manor of East-Greenwich, in free and com. Reddendo. mon soccage, and not in capite. Yielding and paying there.
fore to us, our heirs, and successors, the fifth part of the ore of all gold and silver, which shall be there gotten, had, or
obtained, for all manner of services whatsoever. I Associati- y. And further, our will and pleasure is, and we do, by ons of di- these presents, grant and confirm, for the good and welfare of
• the said plantation, and that pofterity may hereafter know, nent perfons to the who have adventured, and not been sparing of their purses in said Lon such a noble and generous action for the general good of
compa: their country, and at the request, and with the consent, of ny.
the company aforesaid, that our trusty and well-beloved fubjects, George, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, Edward, Earl of Bedford,' Richard, Earl of Clanrickard, &c. who since our said Jaft letters patents, are become adventurers, and have joined themselves with the former adventurers and planters of the said company and rociety, shall, from henceforth, be reputed, deemed, and ta. ken to be, and shall be, brethren and free menibers of the company, and sball and may, respectively, and according to the proportion and value of their several adventures, have, hold, and enjoy all such intereft, right, title, privileges, preheminencies, liberties, franchises, immunities, profits, and commodities, whatsoever, in as large, and ample, and beneficial manner, to all intents, constructions, and purposes, as any other adventurers, nominated and expressed in any our former letters patents, or any of them, have or may have, by force and virtue of these presents, or any our former letters patents whatsoever,
ny Harrington, Contgomery, ciddition of
VI, And we are further pleased, and we do, by these pre. Addition of sents, grant and confirm, that Philip, Earl of Montgomery, diver
Yo nent per William Lord Paget, Sir John Starrington, Knt. &c. fons, to the whom the said treasurer and company have, since the said last council of letters patents, nominated and set down, as worthy and dif- the said
į company. creet persons, fit to serve as counsellors, to be of our council for the said plantation, shall be reputed, deemed, and taken, as persons of our said council for the said first colony, in such manner and sort, to all intents and purposes, as those, who have been formerly elected and nominated, as our counsellors for that colony, and whose names have been or are inserted and expressed, in our said former letters patents. .
VII. And we do hereby ordain and grant, by these presents, Courts of that the said treasurer and company of adventurers and plan- allemblies
of the comters aforesaid, shall and may, once every week, or oftener, at
at pany shall their pleasure, hold and keep a court and assembly, for the be held better order and government of the said plantation, and such once every things as shall concern the same; and that any five persons of
of week, or our council for the said first colony in Virginia, for the time transaktion being, of which company the treasurer, or his deputy, to be of ordinary always one, and the number of fifteen others, at the least, of buhn the generality of the said company, assembled together in such manner, as is and hath been heretofore used and accufa tomed, shall be said, taken, held, and reputed to be, and shall be a sufficient court of the said company, for the handlings and ordering, and dispatching of all such casual and particular occurrences, and accidental matters, of less consequence and weight, as shall, from time to time, happen, touching and concerning the said plantation.
VIII. And that nevertheless, 'for the handling, ordering, And for the and disposing of matters and affairs of great weight and im- manage
ment of the portance, and such, as fhall or may, in any sort, concern the more ime weal public and general good of the said company and planta- portant bution, as namely, the manner of government from time to time liness of the
Ć company, to be used, the ordering and disposing of the lands and pof- four great fesfions, and the settling and eftablishing of a trade there, or and general such like, there shall be held and kept, every year, upon the alle
of thememe laft Wednesday, fave one, of Hillary term, Easter, Trinity, bers of it and Michaelmas terms, for ever, one great, general, and so- fhall be lemn assembly, which four assemblies shall be ftiled and called, held in eveThe four great and general courts of the council and com- "Y pany of adventurers for Virginia; in all and every of which said great and general courts, so assembled, our will and pleasúre is, and we do, for us, our heirs, and succeffors, for ever, give and grant to the faid treasurer and company, and their
successors, for ever, by these presents, that they, the said trea ' surer and company, or the greater number of them, so allem
bled, fhall and may have full power and authority, from time Election of to time, and at all times hereafter, to elect and chuse discreet counsellors persons to be of our faid council for the said first colony in officers of Virginia, and to nominate and appoint such officers, as they government shall think fit and requisite, for the government, managing,
ordering, and dispatching of the affairs of the said company :
and shall likewise have full power and authority, to ordain and Making
make such laws and ordinances, for the good and welfare of the said plantation, as to them, from time to time, shall be thought requisite and meet : so always, as the same be not, * contrary to the laws and statutes of this our realm of England:
and shall, in like manner, have power and authority, to exDisfranchi- pulse, disfranchise, and put out of and from their faid comfement of pany and society, for ever, all and every such person and perthat neglect sons, as having either promised, or subscribed their names, to to pay the become adventurers to the said plantation of the said first comoney, they lony in Virginia, or having been nominated for adventurers, have subcribed.
in these or any other our letters patents, or having been otherwise admitted and nominated to be of the said company, have nevertheless, either not put in any adventure at all, for and towards the said plantation, or else have refused and neglected, or shall refuse and neglect to bring in his or their adventure, by word or writing promised, within six months after
the same shall be so payable and due. Directions IX. And whereas the failing and not payment of such to thecourts
frutto monies, as have been promised in adventure for the advanceenforce the ment of the said plantation, háth been often by experience payment of found, to be dangerous and prejudicial to the same, and much he said mo to have hindered the progress and proceeding of the said plannies,
tation, and for that it seemeth unto us a thing reasonable, that such persons, as by their hand writing have engaged themfelves for the payment of their adventures, and afterwards reglecting their faith and promise, should be compelled to make good and keep the same; therefore our will and pleafure is, that in any suit or suits commenced, in any of our courts at Westminster, or elsewhere, by the said treasurer and company, or otherwise, against any such persons, that our judges for the time being, both in our court of Chancery, and at the Common Pleas, do favour and further the said fuits, fo far forth as law and equity will, in any wise, further
and permit. Power to X. And we do, for us, our heirs, and successors, further give persons, and grant to the said treasurer and company, or their successors,
for ever, that they, the said treasurer and company, or the whether na.
ī tural born greater part of them, for the time being, so in a full and general court assembled, as aforesaid, shall and may, from time to time, the King, and at all times for ever hereafter, elect, chuse, and admit into or aliens,
into the their company and society, any person or persons, as well a
company. strangers and aliens, born in any part beyond the feas where : foever, being in amity with us, as our natural liege-subjects, born in any our realms and dominions: and that all such perfons so elected, chosen, and admitted to be of the said company, as aforesaid, shall thereupon be taken, reputed, and held, and shall be free members of the said company, and shall have, hold, and enjoy all and singular freedoms, liberties, franchises, privileges, immunities, benefits, profits, and commodities whatsoever, to the said company in any sort belonging or appertaining, as fully, freely, and amply, as any other adventurers, now being, or which hereafter at any time shall be of the faid company, hath, have, shall, may, might, or ought to have and enjoy the same, to all intents and purposes whatsoever.
XI. And we do further, of our special grace, certain know- Power to ledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs, and successors, give carry out
the King's and grant unto the said treasurer and company, and their subjects of successors, for ever, by these presents, that it shall be lawful ftrangers, to and free for them and their asligns, at all and every time settle the
said planta. and times hereafter, out of any our realms and dominions tion whatsoever, to take, lead, carry, and transport in and into ther' with the said voyage, and for and towards the said plantation of all necessary our said first colony in Virginia, all such and so many of our their des loving subjects, or any other strangers that will become our fence, and loving subjects, and live under our allegiance, as shall wil, merchandi. lingly accompany them in the said voyages and plantation ; with shipping, armour, weapons, ordnance, munition, pow- with the der, shot, victuals, and all manner of merchandises and wares, peoplethere, and all manner of cloathing, implements, furniture, beasts, ma
1S, paying any cattle, horses, mares, and all other things necessary for the custom or said plantation, and for their use and defence, and for trade duty for with the people there, and in passing and returning to and focon Torre
seven years. from, without paying or yielding any subsidy, custom, or imposition, either inward or outward, or any other duty, to us, our heirs, or successors, for the same, for the space of leven years from the date of these presents,
XII. And we do further, for us, our heirs, and successors, Power to give and grant to the said treasurer and company, and their thetrea
of the comfucceffors, for ever, by these presents, that the said treasurer any. or his of that company, or his deputy, for the time being, or any deputy, or two other of the said council, for the said firft colony in Virz any two of
the council, N 2