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into full power and forever, all and every per other furn
colony and plantation; and also, all and every such person and persons whatsoever, as shall enterprize or attempt, at any time hereafter, destruction, invasion, hurt, detriment, or annoyance, to the said colony and plantation, as is likewise specified in the said former grant.
XXI, And that it shall be lawful for the faid treafurer and raise 5 per cent. úpon company, and their successors, and every of them, from time all goodsim- to tiine, and at all times for ever hereafter, and they shall have ported into full power and authority, to take and surprise, by all ways laid colony or exported and means whatsoever, ,all and every person and persons whatqut of it by soever, with their fhips, goods, and other furniture, traf
ficking in any harbour, creek, or place, within the limits or subjects not members of precincts of the said colony and plantation, not being allowed the said by the said company to be adventurers or planters of the faid company colony, until such time as they, being of any realms and do
minions under our obedience, shall pay, or agree to pay, to the hands of the treasurer or of some other officer, deputed by the faid governor of Virginia (over and above such subsidy and custom, as the faid company is, or hereafter shall be, to pay) five pounds per cent, upon all goods and merchandises so
brought in thither, and also five per cent. upon all goods by and 10 per them shipped out from thence; and being strangers, and not cent. upon, all goods
por under our obedience, until they have paid (over and above such imported subsidy and custom, as the faid treasurer and company, or thither or their succeffors, is, or hereafter shall be, to pay) ten pounds exported thence by per cent. upon all such goods, likewise carried in and out, ftrangers" any thing, in the said former letters patents, to the contrary not under notwithstanding; and the same fums of money and benefit, the king's
as aforesaid, for and during the space of one-and-twenty obedience,
years, shall be wholly employed to the benefit, use, and behoof of the said colony and plantation; and after the said one-and-twenty years ended, the same shall be taken to the use of us, our heirs, and successors, by such officers and ministers, as by us, our heirs, or fucceffors, shall be thereunto affigned and appointed, as is specified in the said former
letters patents, General de XXII. Also, we do, for us, our heirs, and successors, nization of de all such per- u
6 declare, by these presents, that all and every the persons, fons as hall being our subjects, which shall go and inhabit within the be born in said colony and plantation, and every of their children and
posterity, which shall happen to be born within any the limits thereof, shall have and enjoy all liberties, franchises, and immunities of free denizens and natural subjects, within any of our other dominions, to all intents and purposes, as if they
had been abiding and born within this our realm of England, i or in any other of our dominions.
XXIII. And forasmuch, as it shall be necessary for all such Power to our loving subjects, as fhall inhabit within the said precincts the officers
of governof Virginia, afori said, to determine to live together, in the ment that fear and true woríhip of Almighty God, christian peace, and shall be apcivil quietness, each with other, whereby every one may, point with more safety, plea[ure, and profit, enjoy that, whereunto bythe coun
that purpose they fall attain with great pain and peril; we, for us, our cil aforesaid, heirs, and successors, are likewise pleased and contented, and to govern
the people of by these presents, do give and grant unto the said treasurer the and company, and their successors, and to such governors, lony accordofficers, and ministers, as shall be, by our faid council, con- ing to such ftituțed and appointed, according to the natures and limits
laws, crimi. of their offices and places respectively, that they shall and as civil, as máy, from time to time for ever hereafter, within the said shall be es precincts of Virginia, or in the way by fea thither and from the standay
tablished by thence, have full and absolute power and authority, to cor- council. rect, punish, pardon, govern, and rule, all such the subjects of us, our heirs, and successors, as shall, from time to time, adventure themselves in any voyage thither, or that shall, at any time hereafter, inhabit in the precincts and territories of the said colony, as aforesaid, according to such orders, ordinances, constitutions, directions, and instructions, as bý our faid council, as aforesaid, fall be established ; and in defeet thereof, in case of necesity, acccording to the good discretion of the said governor and officers, respectively, as well in cases capital and criminal as civil, both marine and other; so always, as the said statutes, ordinances, and proceedings, ās near as conveniently may be, be agreeable to the laws, statutes, government, and policy of this our realm of England.
XXIV. And we do further, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, grant, declare, and ordaine that such principal governor, as, from ţime to time, shall . duly and lawfully be authorised and appointed, in manner. and form in these presents heretofore expressed, shall have full power and authority, to use and exercise martial law, in cafes of rebellion or mutiny, in as large and ample manner, as our lieutenants in our counties, within this our realm of England, have, or ought to have, by force of their commillions of lieutenancy.
XXV. And furthermore, if any person or persons, ad- Personswho. venturers or planters of the said colony, or any other, at any under pretime or times hereafter, shall transport any monies, goods, ding to this
tence of traa M 2
or colony, mall
to the gran
Send goods or merchandizes, out of any of our kingdoms, with a prem countries,
}" tence or purpose, to land, sell, or otherwise dispose of the Thall forfeit same, within the limits or bounds of the said colony, and yet their ships nevertheless, being at sea, or after he hath landed within any
part of the said colony, shall carry the fame into any other foreign country, with a purpose there to sell and dispose thereof; that then, all the goods and chattels of the said person, or persons, fo offending and transported, together with the ship or vessel wherein such transportation was made, shall
be forfeited to us, our heirs and successors. Doubtful XXVI. And further, our will and pleasure is, that in all passages in questions and doubts that shall arise, upon any difficulty of these and
1102. construction or interpretation of any thing, contained either in tents all this orinour faid former letters patents, the same shall be taken be construedand interpreted, in molt ample and beneficial manner for the beneficially ī
cally said treasurer and company, and their successors, and every tees. member thereof. Confirmati- XXVII. And further, we do, by these presents, ratify on of former and confirm unto the said treasurer and company, and their patents, not successors, all the privileges, franchises, liberties, and immurevoked or altered by nities, granted in our faid former letters patents, and not in the present these our letters patents revoked, altered, changed or charter. abridged. Extension of XXVIII. And finally, our will and pleasure is, and we the privile-do further, hereby, for us, our heirs and successors, grant ges granted , by this char
when and agree, to and with the said treasurer and company, and ter to all fu. their succeffors, that all and singular person and persons, ture mem- which shall, at any time or times hereafter, adventure any faid compa
of the fum or sums of money, in and towards the said plantation of ny duly ad- the faid colony in Virginia, and shall be admitted, by the mitted into faid council and company, as adventurers of the faid co
the lony, in form aforesaid, and shall be enrolled in the book council thereof, in or records of the adventurers of the said company, shall and the manner may be accounted, accepted, taken, held, and reputed, ado. above de
- venturers of the said colony, and shall and may enjoy all and fcribed.
singular grants, privileges, liberties, benefits, profits, commodities, and immunities, advantages, and emoluments' whatsoever, as fully, largely, amply, and absolutely, as if they, and every of them, had been precifely, plainly, fingu. larly, and distinctly named and inserted in these our letters patents.
XXIX. And lastly, because the principal effect which thall go into we can defire or expect of this action, is the conversion and the said reduction of the people in those parts unto the true worship try of God and Christian religion, in which respect we lould'
witball and lines hereafte raid
bers of the
be loath, that any person should be permitted to pass, that without hawe suspected to effect the superstitions of the church of Rome;
i ken the we do hereby declare, that it is our will and pleasure, that oath of fue none be permitted to pass, in any voyage, from time to time premacy. to be made into the said country, but such as first shall have taken the oaths of supremacy; for which purpose we do, by these presents, give full power and authority, to the treasurer for the time being, and any three of the council, to tender and exhibit the said oath, to all such persons as shall, at any time, be sent and employed in the said voyage. Although express mention of the true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of them, or of any other gifts or grants, by us, or any of our progenitors, or predecessors, to the afore. faid treasurer and company heretofore made, in these presents is not made; or any act, statute, ordinance, provifion, proclamation, or restraint, to the contrary hereof had, made, ordained, or provided, or any other thing, cause, or matter, whatsoever in any wise notwithstanding. In witness whereof, we have caused these our letters to be made patent; witness ourself at Westminster, the 23d day of May, in the seventh year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the *****
Per ipfum Regem.
LUK I N..
Charter of King JAMES I. to the Treasurer and
1. JAMES, by the grace of God, King of England, Scot- Recital of
Jland, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith; to the suball, to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas
cas the Charter at the humble suit of divers and fundry our loving subjects, as of May 27, well adventurers as planters of the first colony in Virginia, 1609. and for the propagation of christian religion, and reclaiming of people barbarous to civility and humanity, we have, by our letters patents, bearing date, at Westminster, the three
and-twentieth day of May, in the seventh year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and the two-and-fortieth of Scotland, given and granted unto them, that they, and all fuch and so many of our loving ľubjects, as should, from time to time for ever after, be joined with them, as planters or adventurers in the faid plantation, and their succeffors, for ever, should be oné body politic, incorporated by the name of, The treasurer and company of adventurers and planters of the city of London for the first colony in Virginia.
II. And whereas also, for the greater good and benefit of the said company, and for the better furtherance, strengthen ing, and establishing of the said plantation, we did further give, grant, and confirm, by our faid letters patents, unto the faid treasurer and company, and their successors, for ever, all those lands, countries, or territories, situate, lying, and Keing, in that part of América called Virginia, from the point of land called Cape or Point Comfort, all along the sea coasts, to the northward, two hundred miles, and from the said point of Cape Comfort, all along the sea coast, to the southward, two hundred miles, and all that space and circuit of land, lyirig from the sea coast of the precinct aforesaid, up or into the land, throughout from sea to sea, west and northwest, and also all the islands, lying within one hundred miles, along the coast of both the reas of the precinct aforesaid, with divers other grants, liberties, franchises, and preheminences, privileges, profits, benefits, and commodities, granted, in and by our said letters patents, to the said
treasurer and company, and their successors, for ever. Petition of III. Now, forasmuch as we are given to understand, that the grantees in thote seas, adjoining to the faid coafts of Virginia, and for the en- without the compafs of those two hundred miles, by us so largement of their for- granted unto the said treasurer and company, as aforesaid, mer charter. and yet not far distant from the said colony in Virginia,
there are, or may be, divers iflands, lying defolate and un inhabited, some of which are already made known and difcovered, by the industry, travel, and expence of the said company, and others also are supposed to be and remain, as yet, unknown and undiscovered, all and every of which it may import the said colony, both in safety and policy of trade, to populate and plant, in regard whereof, as well for the preventing of peril, as for the better commodity and prosperity of the said colony, they have been humble fuitors unto us, that we would be pleased to grant unto them an enlargement of our said former' letters patents, as well for a more ample extent of their limits and territories into the seas