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their heirs and assigns, and to thei- affociates, for ever, by the said recited indenture. To have and to hold the faid part of New England, in America, and other the premisses thereby mentioned to be granted and confirmed, and every part and parcel thereof, with the appurtenances, to the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Sir Richard Saltenstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicots, Simon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnfon, Samuel Aldersay, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown,

Thomas Hutchins, William Vafall, William Pincheon, and George Foxcroft, their heils, and affigns, for ever, to their only proper and absolute use and behoof, for evermore: to be holden of our said royal grandfather, his heirs and fucceffors, as of his manor of East-Greenwich aforesaid, in free and common soccage, and not in capite, nor by knights fervice; and also yielding and paying therefore, to our faid royal grandfather, his heirs and successors, the fifth part only of all the ore of gold and silver which, from time to time, and at all times after, should be there gotton, had, or obtained, for all services, exactions, and demands whatsoever, according to the tenor and reservation in the said recited indenture expressed. And further, our faid royal grandfather, by the said letters patents, did give and grant unto the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Sir Richard Saltenstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicott, Simon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Mat. thew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaflall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pincheon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs and assigns, all that said part of New-England, in America, which lies and extends between a great river there, commonly called Monomack, alias Merimack River, and a certain other river there, called Charles River, being in the bottom of a certain bay there, commonly called Massachusets, alias Mattachusetts, alias Maffatusetts Bay; and also all and fingular those lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the space of three English miles, on the south part of the said river, called Charles River ; or of any or every part thereof. And also, all and fingular the lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying and being within the space of three English miles to the southward of the southermost part of the faid bay called Massachusets, alias Mattachusetts, alias Mafsatusetts Bay. And also, all those lands and hereditaments whatsoever, which lie and be within the space of three English miles to the northward of the said river called Monomack, alias Merimack, or to the northward of any and every part thereof, and all lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the limits aforesaid, north and south in Jatitude, and in breadth, and in length, and longitude of and within all the breadth aforesaid throughout the main lands there, from the Atlantic or Western Sea and Ocean on the east part to the South Sea on the west part; and all lands, grounds, place and places, soils, woods, and wood-lands, havens, ports, rivers, waters, and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the said bounds and limits, and every part and parcel thereof. And also, all islands in America aforesaid, in the said seas, or either of them, on the western or eastern coasts or parts of the said tracts of lands, thereby mentioned to be given and granted, or any of them; and all mines and minerals, as well royal mines of gold and silver, as other mines and minerals whatsoever, in the said lands and premisses, or any part thereof; and free liberty of fishing in or within any of the rivers or waters within the bounds or limits aforesaid, and the feas thereunto adjoining; all filhes, royal fishes, whales, balene, sturgeon, and other fishes of what kind or nature foever, that should at any time thereafter be taken in or within the said seas or waters, or any of them, by the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Sir Richard Saltenstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicott, Simon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Valfall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, Thomas Hutchins, William Vassall, William Pincheon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs or assigns, or by any other person or persons whatsoever there inhabiting, by them, or any of them, to be appointed to fish therein. Provided always, that if the said lands, islands, or any the premisses before-mentioned, and by the said letters patents last mentioned, intended, and

thereof.

ment meant to be granted, were, at the time of the granting of the faid former letter patents, dated the third day of November, in the eighteenth year of the reign of his late Majesty, King James the First, actually possessed or inhabited by any other christian prince or state, or were within the bounds limits, or territories of the said southern colony, then before granted by the said King, to be planted by divers of his loving subjects in the south parts of America, That then the said grant of our said royal grandfather should not extend to any such parts or parcels thereof, so formerly inhabited or lying within the bounds of the southern plantation as aforesaid; but as to those parts or parcels, so possessed or inhabited by any such Christian prince or state, or being within the boundaries aforesaid, should be utterly void. - To have and to hold, possess and enjoy, the said parts of New-England, in America, which lie, extend, and are abutted, as aforesaid, and every part and parcel thereof; and all the islands, rivers, ports, havens, waters, fishings, fishes, mines, minerals, jurisdictions, franchises, royalties, libercies, privileges, commodities, and premisses whatsoever, with the appurtenances, unto the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Sir Richard Saltenstall, Thomas Southcot, John Humphreys, John Endicott, Simon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnston, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Har. wood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vaffal, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, Thomas Hutchins, William Vassall, William Pincheon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs and assigns, for ever ; to the only proper and absolute use and behoof of the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Sir Richard Saltenstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicoott, Simon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vassall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pincheon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs and afligns, for evermore, to be holden of our faid royal grandfather, his heirs and successors, as of his manor of East Greenwich, in the county of Kent, within the realm of England, in free and common foccage, and not in capite, nor by knights fer

vice vince; and also yielding and paying therefore, to our faid royal grandfather, his heirs and fucceffors, the fifth part only of all the ore of gold and silver, which, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, fould be gotten, had, or obtained, for all services, exactions, and demands whatsoever. Provided always, and his Majesty's express will and meaning was, That only that one fifth part of all the gold and silver ore abovementioned, in the whole, and no more, should be answered, reserved, or payable unto our faid royal grandfather, his heirs and successors, by colour or virtue of the said last mentioned letters patent, the double reservations or recitals aforesaid, or any thing therein contained notwithstanding. And to the end that the affairs and business which, from time to time, should happen and arise concerning the said Jands, and the plantations of the same, might be the better, manage and ordered, and for the good government thereof, our faid royal grandfather, King Charles the First, did, by his laid letters patents, create and make the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Sir Richard Saltenstall, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicott, Simon Whetcombe, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vassall, and Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, Thomas Hutchins, William Vaffall, William Pincheon, and George Foxcroft, and all such others as should thereafter be admitted and made

free of the company and society therein after mentioned, A body cor- One body corporate and politic in fact and name, by the porate. name of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts

Bay, in New England ; and did grant unto them, and their fucceffors, divers powers, liberties, and privileges, as in and by the said letters patents may more fully and at large appear. And whereas the said governor and company of the Massachusetts Bay in New-England, by virtue of the said letters patents, did settle a colony of the English in the said parts of America, and divers good subjects of this kingdom, encouraged and invited by the said letters patents, did transport themselves and their effects into the fame, whereby the said plantation did become very populous, and divers counties towns, and places, were created, erected, made, and set forth, or designed, within the said parts of America, by the said governor and company, for the time being. And

whereas, whereas, in the term of the Holy Trinity, in the thirtyfixth year of the reign of our deareft uncle, King Charles the The firft Second, a judgment was given in our court of chancery, charter. va then fitting at Westminster, upon a writ of fcire facias a

. cated by a brought and prosecuted in the said court against the gover-chancery, nor and company of the Massachusetts Bay, in New Eng. anno 16846 land; and that the said letters patent of our faid royal grandfather, King Charles the First, bearing date at Westminster, the fourth day of March, in the fourth year of his reign, made and granted to the said governor and company of the Massachusetts Bay, in New-England, and the enrollment of the same, should be cancelled, vacated, and annihilated, and should be brought into the said court to be cancelled, (as in and by the said judgment, remaining upon record in the said court, doth more at large appear). And whereas several The agents persons employed as agents in behalf of our faid colony of of that co: the Massachusetts Bay, in New-England, have made their lony pe

" oned to be humble application unto us, that we would be graciously reincorpo pleased, by our royal charter, to incorporate our subjects in rated, as our said colony, and to grant and confirm unto them such formerly, powers, privileges and franchises, as in our royal wisdom should be thought most conducing to our interest and service; and to the welfare and happy state of our subjects in NewEngland. And we being graciously pleased to gratifie our faid subjects; and also to the end our good subjects within our colony of New-Plymouth, in New England aforesaid, may be brought under such a form of government, as may put them in a better condition of defence ; and considering as well the granting unto them, as unto our subjects in the said colony of the Massachusetts Bay, our royal charter, with reasonable powers and privileges, will much tend not only to the safety but to the flourishing eftate of our subjects in the said parts of New England, and also to the advancing of the ends for which the said plantations were at first encouraged, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have willed and ordained, and we do by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, will and ordain, That the territories and colonies commonly called The Mallia and known by the names of the colony of the Massachusetts chusetts, Bay, and colony of New Plymouth, the province of Main. Plymouth,

and the prothe territory called Accada, or Nova Scotia; and all that tract vince of of land lying between the said territories of Nova Scotia, Main, Noand the said province of Main, be erected, united, and in- va Scotia,

united, and corporated : and we do by these presents unite, erect, and made ons incorporate the same into one real province, by the name of province.

our .

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