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only of all ore of gold and silver, that from time to time, and: at all times hereafter, fhall be there gotten, had, or obtained, for all manner of services.

VII. And nevertheless, our will and pleasure is, and we Power in do, by these presents, charge, command, warrant, and au- faid treathorise, that the said treasurer and company, or their succes. Surer and fors, or the major part of them, which shall be present and company na assembled for that purpose, fhall, from time to time, under aflign under their common seal, distribute, convey, assign, and fet over,

mon seal, such particular portions of lands, tenements, and heredita-particular ments, by these presents, formerly granted, unto such our portions of loving subjects, naturally born, or denizens, or others, as

hereby well adventurers as planters, as by the faid company (upon a

granted to commission of survey and distribution, executed and returned the comfor that purpose) shall be nominated, appointed, and allowed ; pany to parwherein our will and pleasure is, that respect be had, as well

planters or of the proportion of the adventurer, as to the special service, adventuhazard, exploit, or merit of any person, so to be recompen- rers. fed, advanced, or rewarded. VIII. And forasmuch, as the good and prosperous success

Etablishof the said plantation cannot but chiefly depend, next under the blessing of God, and the support of our royal authority, council to upon the provident and good direction of the whole enter

London and prize, by a careful and understanding council, and that it is not convenient, that all the adventurers shall be so often the affairs drawn to meet and assemble, as shall be requisite for them to of the comhave meetings and conference about the affairs thereof; therefore we do ordain, establife, and confirm, that there shall be perpetually one council here resident, according to the tenour of our former letters patents; which council Thall have a seal, for the better government and administration of the said plantation, besides the legal seal of the company or corporation, as in our former letters patents is also expressed.

ix. And farther, we establish and ordain, that Henry, This couna Earl of Southampton, William, Earl of Pembroke, Henry, çil shall Earl of Lincoln, Thomas, Earl of Exeter, Robert, Lord have a feal, Viscount Lisle, Lord Theophilas Howard, James, Lord the common Bishop of Bath and Wells, Edward, Lord Zouche, Thomas, seal of the Lord Lawarr, William, Lord Monteagle, Edmund, Lord whole comSheffield, Grey, Lord Chandois, John, Lord Stanhope, George, Lord Carew, Sir Humfrey Weld, Lord Mayor of London, Sir Edward Cecil, Sir William Wade, Sir Henry Nevil, Sir Thomas Smith, Sir Oliver Cromwell, Sir Peter Manwood, Sir Thomas Challoner, Sir Henry Hobert, Sir


refide at

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Francis Bacon, Sir George Coppin, Sir John Scot, Sir
Henry Carey, Sir Robert Drury, Sir Oratio Vere, Sir
Edward Conway, Sir Maurice Barkeley, Sir Thomas Gates,
Sir Michael Sandys, Sir Robert Mansel, Sir John Trevor,
Sir Amias Preston, Sir William Godolphin, Sir Walter
Cope, Sir Robert Killigrew, Sir Henry Fanshaw, Sir
Edwin Sandys, Sir John Watts, Sir Henry Montague, Sir
William Romney, Sir Thomas Roe, Sir Baptist Hicks, Sir
Richard Williamson, Sir Stephen Poole, Sir Dudly Digges,
Christopher Brooke, Efq; John Eldrid, and John Wol-
stenholme, shall be our council for the said company of ad-

venturers and planters in Virginia. Nomination

X. And the said Thomas Smith we do ordain to be trea. of the first members of

surer of the said company: which treasurer shall have autho-
this council rity, to give order, for the warning of the council, and sum-
by the king. moning the company, to their courts and meetings.
Election of XI. And the said council and treasurer, or any of them,
thetreafurer shall be from henceforth, nominated, chosen, continued,
lors in all displaced, changed, altered, and supplied, as death, or other
future va- several occasions, shall require, out of the company of the
cancies by said adventurers, by the voice of the greater part of the said
of the said company and adventurers, in their assembly for that purpose :
company. provided always, that every counfellor, so newly elected,

shall be presented to the Lord Chancellor of England, or to
the Lord High Treasurer of England, or to the Lord Cham-
berlain of the houshold of us, our heirs, and succeflors, for
the time being, to take his oath of a counsellor to us, our
heirs, and successors, for the said company of adventurers and

colony in Virginia,
Power of XI. And we do, by these presents, of our special grace,
appointing a
deputy trea-

certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs and furer, in fucceffors, grant unto the said treasurer and company, and

their fucceffors, that if it happen, at any time or times, the necessity.

treasurer for the time being to be sick, or to have any such
cause of absence from the city of London, as shall be allowed
by the said council, or the greater part of them, assembled,
só as he cannot attend the affairs of that company, in every
such case, it shall and may be lawful for such treasurer for the
time being, to affign, constitute and appoint; one of the
council or company, to be likewise allowed by the council,
or the greater part of them, assembled, to be the deputy trea-
surer of the said company; which deputy shall have power,
to do and execute all things, which belong to the faid trea-
furer, during such time, as such treasurer shall be either fick,
or otherwise absent upon cause allowed of by the faid council,

cases of



or the major part of them, as aforesaid, fo fully and wholly, and in as large and ample manner and form, to all intents and purposes, as the said treasurer, if he were present, himself might or could do and execute the same.

Xili. And further, of our special grace, certain know- The council ledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs, and succeffors, fhall have we do, by these presents, give and grant full power and au- power to thority to our faid council, here resident, as well at this point and to present time, as hereafter from time to time, to nominate, change or make, constitute, ordain, and confirm, by such name

displace all

governors names, stile or ftiles, as to them shall seem good; and like- and other wise to revoke, discharge, change, and alter, as well all and officers of fingular governors, officers, and ministers, which already be the main have been made, as also which hereafter shall be by them colonies. thought fit and needful to be made or used, for the government of the said colony and plantation.

XIV. And also to make, ordain, and establish all manner And to of orders, laws, directions, instructions, forms, and cere- make laws

for the good monies of government and magistracy, fit and necessary, for

government and concerning the government of the said colony and planta- of the said tion ; and the same, at all times hereafter, to abrogate, re-colonies. voke, or change, not only within the precincts of the said colony, but also upon the seas in going and coming, to and from the said colony, as they, in their good discretion, shall think to be fittest for the good of the adventurers and inhabitants there,

XV. And we do also declare, that, for divers reasons and Upon the considerations us thereunto especially moving, our will and arrival of a pleasure is, and we do hereby ordain, that immediately from governor and after such time, as any such governor or principal officer, by the said so to be nominated and appointed, by our faid council, for council in the government of the said colony, as aforesaid, shall arrive Virginia, in Virginia, and give notice unto the colony there resident of thepresident our pleasure in this behalf, the government, power and au- and council thority of the president and council, heretofore by our former already eftaletters patents there established, and all laws and constitutions, and of all by them formerly made, shall utterly ceafe and be determined, other offiand all officers, governors, and ministers, formerly constituted cers of go or appointed, shall be discharged, any thing, in our former hall in. letters patents concerning the said plantation contained, in any Atantly cease wise to the contrary notwithstanding; straightly charging and and be decommanding the president and council, now refident in the termined. said colony, upon their allegiance, after knowledge given unto them of our will and pleasure, by these presencs fignified and declared, that they forthwith be obedient to such governor or


into the

governors, as by our faid council, here resident, thall be named and appointed, as aforesaid, and to all directions, ore ders and commandınents, which they shall receive from them, as well in the present resigning and giving up of their authority, offices, charge and places, as in all other atten

dance, as shall be by them, from time to time, required. Admiffion XVI. And we do further, by these presents, ordain and of new

establish, that the said treasurer and council here resident, and members

their successors, or any four of them, being assembled (the cumpany. treasurer being one) shall, from time to time, have full power

and authority, to admit and receive any other person into Disfran their company, corporation, and freedom; and further, in a chisemeat.

general assembly of the adventurers, with the consent of the greater part, upon good cause, to disfranchise and put out

any person or persons, out of the said freedom and company. Power to XVII. And we do also grant and confirm, for us, our heirs work all forts of

and fucceffors, that it shall be lawful for the said treasurer mines. and company, and their successors, by direction of the

goo vernors there, to dig and to search for all manner of mines of gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, tin, and all forts of minerals, as well within the precinct aforesaid, as within any part of the main land, not formerly granted to any other and to have and enjoy the gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, and tin, and all other minerals, to be gotten thereby, to the use and behoof of the said company of planters and adventurers yielding thereof, and paying yearly, unto us, our heirs

and succeflors, as aforesaid.
Power to XVIII. And we do further, of our special grace, certain
carryout the knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs, and fuccef-
jects or any fors, grant, by these presents, to and with the said treafurer
Itrangers to and company, and their successors, that it shall be lawful and
Settle the free for them, and their affigns, at all and every time and
faides dony, times hereafter, out of our realm of England, and out of all
with all ne- other our dominions, to take and lead into the said voyages,
celary arms and for and towards the said plantation, and to travel thither-
fence, and wards, and to abide and inhabit there in the said colony and
merchan. plantation, all such and so many of our loving subjects, or
difes proper any other strangers, that will become our loving subjects,
for trading and live under our obedience, as shall willingly accompany
ple there : them in the faid voyage and plantation ; with sufficient ship-

ping, armour, weapons, ordinance, munition, powder, shot,
victuals, and such merchandises or wares, as are esteemed by
the wild people in those parts, cloathing, implements, furni-
ture, cattle, horses, and mares, and all other things, neces-
sary for the said plantation, and for their ufe and defence,


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and trade with the people there; and in passing, and returning to and fro; without yielding or paying subsidy, custom, withoutpayimpofition, or any other tax or duty, to us, our heirs, or ing any culo fucceffors, for the space of seven years from the date of these presents; provided, that none of the said persons be such, as them for 7 Thall be hereafter, by special name, restrained by us, our heirs, years. and fucceflors.

XIX. And for their further encouragement, of our special No automs grace and favour, we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs shall be paid and successors, yield and grant, to and with the said treasurer in Virginia and company, and their successors, and every of them, their for 21 years; factors and assigns, that they and every of them, shall be free that time of all the subsidies and customs in Virginia, for the space of thesaidcomone-and-twenty years, and from all taxes and impositions, pany and for ever, upon any goods or merchandizes, at any time or shall pay ontimes hereafter, either upon importation thither, or exporta- ly a duty of tion from thence, into our realm of England, or into any 5 per cent. other of our realms or dominions, by the said treasurer and upon, all company, and their successors, their deputies, factors, or ported from aligns, or any of them; except only the five pounds per cent. Virginia in, due for custom, upon all such goods and merchandizes, as

to England;

after which shall be brought or imported into our realm of England, or they may any other of these our dominions, according to the antient export the trade of merchants; which five pounds per cent. only being

same into

foreignparts paid, it shall be thenceforth lawful and free for the said ad- within the venturers, the same goods and merchandizes to export, and space of 13 carry out of our faid dominions, into foreign parts, without months afany custom, tax, or other duty, to be paid to us, our heirs, ing first lana or successors, or to any other our officers or deputies; pro- ded in Engvided, that the said goods and merchandizes be shipped out, land, withwithin thirteen months, after their first landing within any any other part of those dominions,

duty. XX. And we do also grant and confirm to the faid treasurer Power to reand company, and their succeflors, as also to all and every fift and exsuch governor, or other officers and minifters, as by our faid peld all in council shall be appointed to have power and authority of the said com government and command, in or over the said colony or plan- lony. tation ; that they, and every of them, shall and lawfully may, from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, for their several defence and safety, encounter, expulse, repel, and resist, by force and arms, as well by sea as by land, and all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person and perfons whatsoever, as (without the special licence of the said treasurer and company, and their successors) shall attempt to inhabit, within the said several precincts and limits of the said M


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