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ing to their best discretion, and the discretion of the Cours cil of that colony; and that none of our subjects shall be pers mitted, or suffered, to plant or inhabit behind, or on the back of them, towards the main land, withoạt the express licence of the Council of that colony, in writing there

unto first had and obtained: Provided VI. Provided always, and our will and pleasure herein is, that the set- that the plantation and habitation of such of the said colonies, that shall be as Thall laft plant themselves, as aforesaid, shall not be made

within one hundred like English miles of the other of them, thall be more that first began to make their plantation, as aforesaid.

VII. And we do also ordain, establish, and agree, for us,

our heirs, and fucceffors, that each of the said colonies fhalt the first.

have a council, which shall govern and order all matters and

causes, which fhall arise, grow, or happen, to or within the nies Thall be fame feveral colonies, according to fuch laws, ordinances, governed by and instructions, as shall be, in that behalf, given and signed a council of with our hand or sign manual, and pass under the privy seal 13 persons of our realm of England; each of which Councils fhall conby the king; fift of thirteen perfons, to be ordained, made, and removed,

from time to time, according as fhall be directed and comprised in the same instructions ; and fall have a several feal,

for all matters that shall pass or concern the the same several have seals.

Councils; each of which feals fhall have the king's arms engraven on the one fide thereof, and his portraiture on the ocher; and that the feal for the Council of the said first colony hall have engraven round about, on the one fide, these words; Sigillum Regis Magnæ Britannia, Francia, & Hibernia; on the other fide this inscription, round about Pro Concilio primæ Coloniæ Virginia. And the seal for the Council of the said second colony shall also have engraven round about the one side thereof, the aforesaid words, Sigillum Regis Magnæ Britannia, Franciæ, & Hibernia; and on

the other side; Pro Concilio secunda Colonie Virginia: A superior

VIII. And that also there fhall be a Council established council of here in England, which fhall, in like manner, confift of 13 persons thirteen persons, to be, for that purpose, appointed by us, residing in England,

our heirs and fucceffors, which shall be called our Council appointedby of Virginia ; and thall, from time to time, have the superior the king. managing and direction, only of and for all matters that thall

or may concern the government, as well of the said several colonies, as of and for any other part or place, within the aforesaid precincts of four-and-thirty and five-and-forty degrees, above-mentioned; which Council fhall, in like manner, have a seal, for matters concerning the Council of

colonies,

colonies, with the like arms and portraiture, as aforesaid, with this inscription, engraven round about on the one fide; Sigillum Regis Magne Britannia, Francie, & Hibernia; and round about the other fide, Pro Concilio fuo Virginie.

IX. And moreover, we do grant and agree, for us, our Liberty to heirs and fucceffors, that the faid several Councils, of and work all for the faid several colonies, fhall and lawfully 'may, by gold and'filvirtue hereof, from time to time, without any interruption vet in said of us, our beirs or fucceffors, give and take order, to dig, coloniespaymine, and fearch for all manner of mines of gold, silver, and

king a fifth copper, as well within any part of their faid several colonies, part of the as of the said main lands on the backfide of the same colonies ; gold and filand to have and enjoy the gold, silver, and copper, to be gotten, fifteenth of thereof, to the use and behoof of the fame colonies, and the the copper. plantations thereof; yieläing therefore, to us, our heirs and succeffors, the fifth part only of all the same gold and filver, and the fifteenth part of all the same copper, fo to be gotten or had, as is aforesaid, without any other manner of profit or account, to be given or yielded to us, our heirs, or fucceffors, for or in respect of the fame.

X. And that they fhall, or lawfully may, establish and Power to elcause to be made a coin, to pass current there between the tablish coins people of those several colonies, for the more ease of traffic and bargaining between and amongst them and the natives there, of such metal, and in such manner and form, as the said several Councils there shall limit and appoint.

XI. And we do likewise, for us, our heirs, and suc- Power to cessors, by these prefents, give full power and authority to carry out the faid Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard the king's Hackluit, Edward-Maria Wingfield, Thomas Hanham, setile the Ralegh Gilbert, William Parker, and George Popham, faid coloand to every of them, and to the faid several companies, plantations, and colonies, that they, and every of them, shall and may, at all and every time and times hereafter, have, take, and lead in the said voyage, and for and towards the faid several plantations and colonies, and to travel thitherward, and to abide and inhabit there, in every the faid colonies and plantations, such and so many of our subjects, as thall willingly accompany them, or any of them, in the faid voyages and plantations; with sufficient shipping, and furniture of armour, weapons, ordnance, powder, victual, and all other things, necessary for the faid plantations, and for their use and defence there : Provided always, that none of the said persons be such, as shall hereafter be specially reStrained by us, our heirs, or successors.

XII. More

for those com lonies.

nies.

Power to re XII. Moreover, we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs, fist and ex. and successors, give and grant licence unto the said Sir Thomas truders into Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hackluit, Edward-Maria the faid co- Wingfield, Thomas Hanham, Ralegh Gilbert, William Parlosies,

ker, and George Popham, and to every of the said colonies, that they, and every of them, shall and may, from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, for their several defences, encounter, expulse, repel, and refift, as well by sea as by land, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person and perfons, as without the especial licence of the said several colonies and plantations, shall attempt to inhabit within the said several precincts and limits of the said several colonies and plantations, or any of them, or that shall enterprise or attempt, at any time hereafter, the hurt, detriment, or annoyance, of the said several

colonies or plantations, Power to Xiil. Giving and granting, by these presents, unto the raise two & faid Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hacka half per luit, Edward-Maria Wingfield, and their affociates of the all goods faid first colony, and unto the said Thomas Hanham, Ralegh imported Gilbert, William Parker, and George Popham, and their thither by affociates of the said second colony, and to every of them, fubjects, & from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, power

per centand authority to take and surprise, by all ways and means imported by

whatsoever, all and every person and persons, with their ships, vessels, goods, and other furniture, which shall be found trafficking, into any harbour or harbours, creek or creeks, or place, within the limits or precincts of the said several colonies and plantations, not being of the same colony, until such time, as they, being of any realms or domi. nions under our obedience, shall pay, or agree to pay, to the hands of the treasurer of that colony, within whose limits and precincts they shall fo traffic, two and a half upon every hundred, of any thing so by them trafficked, bought or sold; and being strangers, and not subjects under our obeysance, until they shall pay five upon every hundred, of fuch wares and merchandizes, as they shall traffic, buy, or sell, within the precincts of the said several colonies, wherein they shall so traffic, buy, or sell, as aforesaid ; which sums of money, or benefit, as aforesaid, for and during the space of one-andtwenty years, next ensuing the date hereof, shall be wholly employed to the use, benefit, and behoof of the said several plantations, where such traffic shall be made; and after the said one-and-twenty years ended, the fame shall be taken to the use of us, our heirs, and successors, by such officers and ministers, as by us, our heirs, and fucceffors, shall be there unto affigned or appointed.

XIV. And

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XIV. And we do further by these presents, for us, our Liberty to heirs and succeffors, give and grant unto the said Sir Thomas carry goods Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hackluit, and Edward - into the faid Maria Wingfield, and to their associates of the said first co- from the lony and plantation, and to the said Thomas Hanham, Ralegh King's Gilbert, William Parker, and George Popham, and their al- other domifociates of the said fecond colony and plantation, that they, from custom and every of them, by their deputies, ministers and factors, for 7 years. may transport the goods, chattels, armour, munition, and furniture, needful to be used by them, for their faid apparel, food, defence, or otherwise, in respect of the said plantations, out of our realms of England and Ireland, and all other our dominions, from time to time, for and during the time of seven years, next ensuing the date hereof, for the better relief of the said several colonies and plantations, without any custom, sübfidy, or other duty, unto us, our heirs, or succeffors, to be yielded or paid for the fame.

XV. Also we do, wir us, our heirs, and succeffors, declare, General deby these presents, that all and every the persons; being our all such persúbjects, which shall dwell and inhabit within every or any fons as ihall of the said several colonies and plantations, and every of their be born in children, which shall happen to be born within any the limits and precincts of the said several colonies and plantations, shall have and enjoy all liberties, franchises, and immunities, within any of our other dominions, to all intents and purposes, as if they had been abiding and born within this our realm of England, or any other of our faid dominions.

XVI. Moreover; our gracious will and pleasure is, and Persons we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs, and fucceffors, who, under declare and set forth, that if any person or persons, which of trading to shall be of any of the said colonies and plantations, or any

these Coloother, which shall traffic to the said colonies and plantations,

nies, shall or any of them, shall, at any time or times hereafter, trans. into foreign port any wares, merchandizes, or commodities, out of any of countries, our dominions, with a pretence to land, sell, or otherwise'dir.

shall forfeit

their ships pose of the fame, within any, the limits and precincts of any and goods. the faid colonies and plantations, and yet nevertheless, being at sea, or after he hath landed the same within any of the said colonies and plantations, shall carry the same into any other foreign country, with a purpose there to sell or dispose of the fame, without the licence of us, our heirs and successors, in that behalf first bad and obtained ; that then, all the goods and chattels of such person or persons, so offending and transporting, together with the said ship or vessel, wherein such

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transportation was made, shall be forfeited to us, our heirs

and fucceffors. Provifion in XVII. Provided always, and our will and pleasure is, and cale any of we do hereby declare to all christian kings, princes and the inhabi- ftates, that if any person or persons, which shall hereafter be hefe Colo- of any of the said several colonies and plantations, or any nies hall other, by his, their, or any of their licence and appointment, any other of thall, at any time or times hereafter, rób or spoil, by sea or the King's by land, or do any act of unjust and unlawful hoftility, to subjects, or any the subjects of us, our heirs, or fucceffors, or any the thenlubides subjects of any king, prince, ruler, governor, or ftate, being or State in then in league or amity with us, our heirs or fucceffors, and amity with that upon such injury, or upon just complaint of such prince, England.

ruler, governor, or state, or their subjects, We, our heirs, or successors, shall make open proclamation within any of the ports of our realm of England, commodious for that purpose, that the said person or persons, having committed any such rob. bery or spoil, shall, within the term to te limited by such proclamations, make full reftitution or fatisfaction of all fuch injuries done, so as the said princes, or others, so complaining, may hold themselves fully satisfied and contented; and, that if the faid person or persons, having committed such robbery or spoil, Thall not make, or cause to be made, fatisfaction accordingly, within fuch time fo to be limited, that then it shall be lawful to us, our heirs, and fucceffors, to put the said person or persons, having committed fuch robbery or spoil, and their procurors, abettors, or comforters, out of our allegiance and protection, and that it shall be lawful and free, for all princes and others, to pursue with hoftility the faid offenders, and every of them, and their and every of their procurers, aiders, abettors, and comforters in that

behalf. Promise to XVIII. And finally, we do, for us, our heirs and fucgrant the cessors, grant and agree, to and with the said Sir Thomas

Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hackluit, and Edwards cupied by Maria Wingfield, and all others of the faid first colony, that the first co-We, our heirs and fucceffors, upon petition in that behalf lony,to such persons as

to be made, shall, by letters patent under the great seal of thall be ap- England, give and grant, unto fuch persons, their heirs and pointed for affigns, as the council of that colony, or the most part of that purpose by the

them, shall, for that purpose, nominate and assign, all the Council of lands, tenements, and hereditaments, which shall be within thatColony. the precincts limited for that colony, as is aforefaid, to be holden of us, our heirs, and fucceffors, as of our manor of

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